Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Ford Industrial Service Engine Training

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Ford Industrial Service Engine Training"— Presentation transcript:

1 Ford Industrial Service Engine Training
By Kyle Lick

2 Overview About EDI Engine Basics Cooling System
Who is Engine Distributors Industrializing a Ford Engine Engine Basics Identification Specifications Cooling System Water Pump Thermostat Fuel system; Gasoline, LPG, NG Differences in Setups Gasoline Fuel Pump, Fuel Block, Injector Wiring Gaseous Fuel DEPR and Lock Off Valve Wiring Exhaust System General Layout O2 Sensor Positioning and Wiring Engine Electronics GCP Specs/Capabilities Controls Interface Sensors Fuse box Component Wiring; MAP, Throttle, CAM, CRANK, ECT/CHT Starting and Charging Circuits Engine Display Interface Software (EDIS) Purpose Installing the Software Using the Software Using the MIL

3 Who is Engine Distributors?
Engine Distributors, Inc. has been a leading distributor of Ford, Deutz, Kubota, and Crusader engines and parts for over 30 years. As a family owned business since 1958, EDI is recognized as a leader in the industry. President Glenn Cummins Jr., with sons Glenn Cummins III and Jaime Cummins have taken all of the necessary steps to provide OEM’s and consumers with product support, sales and service. Our highly experienced personnel, coupled with our deep product line of inventory, insure our commitment to total customer satisfaction. Our corporate office is located in Blackwood, NJ and with our 5 branch locations along the East Coast and Worldwide distributor network; EDI is dedicated to distributing our product lines domestically and globally.

4 Industrializing a Ford Engine
EDI purchases base engines from Ford Ford has excess capacity within their plants Engines selected are based on availability and whether it was designed for dry fuels EDI fits the control and fuel system to the engine Engine is EPA and CARB certified Other items are added onto the engine Bell housing and flywheel Cooling packages

5 Engine Indentification
Affixed to the valve cover of the engine Contains the model and serial number Use all numbers when seeking information or ordering replacement parts Figure 1: Engine identification decal.

6 Emissions Label Also located on the engine manifold
Figure 2: Emissions label *Useful life is the amount of time the engine and its emissions components should be able to comply with emissions

7 Engine Specifications TSG416
Engine Type…………….. I-4, SOHC Bore and Stroke………… 3.23” x 2.97” Displacement…………… 1.6L (97.4 CID) Compression Ratio…….. 9.5:1 Oil Capacity……………… 4.4 qts. Including filter Net Weight………………. 200 Lbs. Basic Dimensions.……... L24.1” x W18.9”x H24.7” Certified on Gasoline, LPG, and NG 650 – 3200rpm SAE 5 Housing and SAE 7.5” flywheel available

8 Engine Specifications MSG425
Engine Type…………….. I-4, DOHC Bore and Stroke………… 3.5”x3.93” Displacement…………… 2.5L (152.5 CID) Compression Ratio…….. 9.7:1 Oil Capacity……………… 7 qts. Including filter Net Weight………………. 351 Lbs. w/acc. Basic Dimensions.……... L30.3” x W23.3”x H32.6” Certified on Gasoline, LPG, and NG 650 – 3200rpm SAE 4 Housing and SAE 10” flywheel available

9 Engine Specifications WSG1068
Engine Type…………….. V-10, SOHC Bore and Stroke………… 3.55” x 4.17” Displacement…………… 6.8L (415 CID) Compression Ratio…….. 9:1 Oil Capacity……………… 6 qts. Including filter Net Weight………………. 640 Lbs. Basic Dimensions.……... L30.4” x W28.5”x H31.7” Certified on Gasoline, LPG and NG 650 – 3200rpm SAE 3 Housing and SAE 11.5” flywheel available

10 Power Specifcations Fuel Type Gasoline (corrected per SAE J1995)
Fuel Spec……………..87 A.K.I. TSG416 Inter. Gross Power….56 RPM Cont. Gross Power… RPM Inter. Gross Torque…92 Ft RPM Cont. Gross Torque…79 Ft RPM MSG425 Inter. Gross Power….84 RPM Cont. Gross Power… RPM Inter. Gross Torque…137 Ft RPM Cont. Gross Torque…123 Ft RPM WSG1068 Inter. Gross Power….222 RPM Cont. Gross Power… RPM Inter. Gross Torque…360 Ft RPM Cont. Gross Torque…324 Ft RPM

11 Cooling System Liquid cooled
Engine mounted coolant pump External radiator Full flow system regulated behind thermostat Located behind water outlet connection Controls and maintains engine temperature Typically opens at 180ºF, fully open around 200ºF Figure 4: 2.3L Belt layout

12 Water Pump Driven off of the main FEAD belt
Full flow depending on engine speed Regulated by thermostat

13 Thermostat Typically starts to open between 180-190° F
Fully Open between °F Engines will operate between °F depending on load and ambient temperatures. Located at coolant inlet on 2.3/2.5L (front intake side of engine) Located back of 1.6L at the coolant inlet Sensors will be covered in the electronics section

14 Cooling Fans EDI offers a suction and pusher fan for every engine model TSG416 and MSG425 use separate belt drive for the fan. Tension is applied by tightening the bearing bracket up. DSG423 and WSG1068 run the fan off of the main FEAD. Tension is supplied by an auto tensioner DSG423 runs off a lone fan pulley WSG1068 runs off of the coolant pump

15 MSG425 Fan Drive Fan Pulley Main FEAD Belt Extended Crank Pulley
TSG416 Uses Similar Type of Drive

16 Fuel Systems Two Types of Fuel Systems Utilized Liquid Fuel
Unleaded Gasoline (87 or 89 octane) E10 Gaseous Fuel LP Vapor LPG (HD-5) Natural Gas (1050 btu/ ft 3 ) CNG

17 Gasoline Fuel System System consists of Fuel block Fuel filter
Fuel pump Fuel Rail Fuel injectors Figure 6: Gas Fuel system

18 Gasoline Fuel System Fuel block provides fuel temperature and pressure readings to ECU Fuel pump is PWM controlled based on the pressure reading from fuel block Fuel pressure is a preset value in the ECU TSG416: psia DSG423: 74.7 psia MSG425: 58.0 psia WSG1068: psia

19 Gasoline Fuel System Fuel Pump Typical Voltages
Fuel Pump positive to direct ground ~12 volts DC Power is supplied through 15Amp fuse and fuel pump relay Fuel Pump positive to fuel pump negative ~6-7 volts DC depending on pressure Fuel Block Wiring / Voltages (four wires) Pressure – White/Lt Green – Typically 1.0 to 2.7 volts Temperature – Lt. Green/White – 0 to 5 volts 5 Volt Reference – Brown/White – 5 volts 5 Volt Return – Gray/Red

20 Fuel Injectors Each injector has a red wire
Supplies 12 volts from relayed power Always on when cranking and running Color wires are ground pulses from ECU This triggers the fuel injectors to spray Timing is preset in the ECU

21 Fuel Injector Wiring

22 Gaseous Fuel Systems LPG System Natural Gas System CNG System
LP Vapor System

23 LPG Fuel System Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG Grade HD-5)
Propane is vaporized and pressure reduced Pressure is regulated with an Electronic Pressure Regulator (EPR) Fuel goes to the mixer where it is mixed with air and then goes through the throttle and into the intake air manifold

24 LPG Fuel System Consists of
Dry Fuel Mixer Electronic Pressure Regulator Vapor Regulator Lock off Valve This is true for all current EDI Ford engines TSG416 and MSG425 utilize the same components for their LPG fuel system WSG1068s components are the same as the smaller displacement engines except larger in scale

25 LPG Fuel Schematic WSG1068 LPG Fuel System (shown)
LPG tank pressure = 120 to 180psi Vapor regulator pressure = 11” W.C. LPG from tank; lock off valve located here Air to Mixer Coolant to Vapor regulator LP Vapor to DEPR Air and fuel mixer to engine Vapor Regulator DEPR and Mixer Figure 10: V10 LPG System

26 LPG System Pict Lock Off Mixer TSG416 Vapor Regulator DEPR

27 Natural Gas Fuel System
1050 btu/ft^3 is supplied to the engine at 11 inches of water columun Pressure is then regulated with an Electronic Pressure Regulator (EPR) Fuel goes to the mixer where it is mixed with air and then goes through the throttle and into the intake air manifold

28 Natural Gas Fuel Schematic
WSG1068 NG Fuel System (shown) Natural Gas pressure to DEPR = 11” W.C. Same for whole product line regardless of engine size Air to Mixer LPG from tank; lock off valve located here NG to DEPR Air and fuel mixer to engine DEPR and Mixer

29 Natural Gas System Pict
Mixer Lock off DEPR MSG425 Engine

30 CNG and LP Vapor Fuels stored at higher pressures
LP Vapor – Propane already in a vapor state; typically at 300psi Setup is similar to natural gas; low pressure lock off valve Pressure needs to be reduced to 11” W.C. before reaching the electronic pressure regulator CNG – Natural stored at ~3000psi. Similar to LPG setup; high pressure lock off valve Pressure needs to be reduced to ~ psi before entering supplied regulator on engine

31 DEPR (Direct electronic pressure regulator)
TSG416 WSG1068

32 DEPR (Direct Electronic Pressure Regulator)
Actuator in the EPR controls the fuel pressure to the mixer Actual “delta P” matches the GCP command Extremely accurate open loop type of fuel control After preset amount of time (50 seconds), engine goes to closed loop control Uses information from the pre and post cat oxygen sensors to allow further adjustment to meet emission regulations Delta P sensor in the EPR

33 DEPR Wiring Relayed and Vbat = ~12 volts
Measuring resistance across CAN+ and CAN- should result in 120 ohms

34 Mixer WSG1068 TSG416

35 Dry Fuel Mixer Device by which fuel can be added to passing air flow
Amount of fuel is related to amount of air passing through the mixer This is controlled by the differential pressure across the diaphragm More air the engine demands the lower the pressure in the throat is which relates to the diaphragm Diaphragm overcomes the spring force holding it down to allow more fuel to mix with the air

36 Figure 12: Diaphragm Mixer Operation

37 Lock Off Valve 12 volt DC Solenoid driven valve located before the EPR or vapor regulator Only open when the engine is starting and running When user initiates engine shutdown, the valve closes Prevents fuel from getting to the intake system Engine will continue to run for about 3 seconds to use up the remaining fuel in the manifold Prevents an engine backfire from occurring during the next startup Referred to as Fuel Run-Out Low pressure valve used for NG/LP Vapor Higher pressure valve used for LPG/CNG

38 Lock Off Valve Positioning
Lock off should be placed as close as possible to vapor regulator (LPG) or DEPR (NG) This will reduce fuel run-out time Lock Off Here on LPG DEPR and Mixer Lock Off Here on NG LPG Vapor Regulator

39 Lock Off Valve Wiring Red/Lt Green = 12 volts White/Black = Ground
Fed from power relay Initial ignition cycle Cranking Running White/Black = Ground Controlled by ECU

40 Dry Fuel System Review Vapor Regulator (Vaporizer)
Used on LPG only Fuel from tank connects directly Combined with the EPR on the 2.3L Separate on all other engines (D)EPR (Electronic Pressure Regulator) Precisely controls the fuel into the engine Used for both LPG and NG 11” W.C. to EPR on NG Lock Off valve Prevent fuel from building up in the intake which could cause a backfire Mixer Where the fuel from the EPR is mixed with air Governor After the fuel and air is mixed the governor regulates the mixer into the air intake manifold

41 Dry Fuel System Installation Notes
Position of the vapor regulator to mixer/DEPR is very important Refer to emission install instructions for: Length of LPG hose between vapor regulator and mixer Height relative to mixer If these are not followed this could lead to premature failure of the vapor regulator Could cause oils to build up in vapor regulator and LPG lines Keep Distance of Lock off valve to vapor regulator or DEPR as short as possible

42 Exhaust System Exhaust must be a closed system
Emission install instructions list Distance of pre-cat sensor from exhaust manifold Distance of center of catalyst from exhaust manifold Length of solid pipe required after post-cat sensor to avoid false oxygen readings Ensure oxygen sensors are properly oriented to prevent water from burning out the sensors Use 409 stainless steel pipe or equivalent Must last useful life of engine

43 Exhaust Layout Example
Post-cat sensor Pre-cat sensor Must be within 8 inches of exhaust manifold Figure 13: Exhaust layout

44 Oxygen Sensor Positioning
Must be inclined at least be 10º above the horizontal Figure 14: O2 Sensor Positioning

45 Oxygen Sensor Wiring Gray/Red – 5 volt return
Gray/Lt. Blue – Sensor signal to ECU 0 – 1.2 volts Post cat sensor = Gray/Yellow Red – 12 volts from relayed power Black/Lt Green – Heater ground

46 GCP Capabilities GCP (Global Control Platform)
90 pin computer that connects to the below components on the engine Figure 15: GCP components

47 GCP Specs 12 volt system only (6-18volts) IP 67 rated
-40°F to 225°F normal operating temp. 1m drop onto concrete surface 15 mins. in four inches of water 8G vibration at ECM header pins 0.005 AMP draw when powered down

48 GCP Features Programmable four speed electronic governing, throttle-by- wire or variable speed control governing. Programmable emergency warning/shut-down feature for high water temperature, low oil pressure, etc. Starter lockout Programmable over speed protection Automatic altitude compensation Sequential port fuel injection (gasoline) with pressure regulator to precisely control fuel delivery Certified closed loop dry fuel control Configurable outputs available based on ECT, RPM or MAP signals and customer requirements Diagnostic software allows viewing of historical and active faults with on-demand diagnostics to assist technicians and reduce equipment downtime.

49 GCP Safety Features Protects the user and the engine from hazards such as: Over speed Over temperature Over voltage Low oil pressure Unauthorized tampering Over cranking the starter motor Dry fuel run-out

50 GCP Inputs Operating conditions being read Engine coolant temperature
Exhaust oxygen content Manifold absolute pressure Battery voltage Throttle Position/Electronic actuator Fuel pump voltage Intake air temperature Camshaft position Crankshaft position

51 GCP Control Throttle Potentiometer Discrete Speed Tap Up / Tap Down
0 – 5 volts with an IVS Potentiometer 0 – 5 volt input Discrete Speed 12 volt signals directly ramp the engine to a set speed Tap Up / Tap Down 12 volt signals variably increases or decreases the speed J1939 Can use TSC1 Commands

52 GCP Outputs Systems controlled Spark Electronic throttle control
Electric fuel pump or Dry Fuel Pressure Regulator Diagnostics – Malfunction indicator lamp (check engine lamp) Diagnostics – Data Link Connector (DLC)

53 GCP J1939 Outputs common J1939 Parameters
Throttle position Engine Speed Engine Temperature Oil Pressure (9psi or 99psi with switch) Engine Hours Fuel Consumption Battery Voltage Faults codes via a SPN and FMI # Can also take throttle commands via TSC1 Address is configurable

54 Closed Loop Control ECU monitors the output of the engine and makes changes so the desired output is achieved

55 Closed Loop Fueling Certain conditions must be must Once closed loop
Coolant temp of 100 deg[F] Run time of engine, 15 seconds after reaching temp above Once closed loop ECU actively monitors the EGO sensor to determine fueling accuracy If it is not accurate it will begin adding or subtracting fuel to achieve a stoichiometric fuel mixture

56 42 Pin Connector Primary interface from the OEM customer wiring to the engine harness – Pin kit with 42 pin connector F8JL14324AC – 42 pin connector with wire leads

57 42 Pin Connector Key Connections
Pin 1 – Voltage Switch (VSW), primary ignition input to ECU. 12 volts when key is on, cranking, running. Remove 12 volts for shutdown Pin 3 – MIL diagnostic trigger. Ground to start flash code sequence when key is on, engine off Pin 5 – Fuel pump positive on gasoline Pin 6 – MIL control ground, other side of lamp is 12 volts with key on Pin 7 – Fuel select, used on dual fuel units, typically ground/open = gasoline, 12 volts = LPG Pin 14 – Potentiometer input, volts Pin 15 – Crank input, on DSG423 and WSG1068 this must be a low restricted source of power. On TSG416 and MSG425, this input controls a relay. Pin 18 – Fuel Pump negative on gasoline Pin 23 – Gov 1 input, speed # 1 when discrete or increase speed when tap u/d control is used. 12 volt input Pin 24 – Gov 2 input, speed # 2 when discrete or decrease speed when tap u/d control is used. 12 volt input Pin 25 – IVS input with foot pedal Pin 28 – CAN + for J1939 input/output Pin 29 – CAN - for J1939 input/output Pin 31 – Vref, 5 volts, used with potentiometer Pin 33 – Analog return, used with potentiometer

58 Distributorless Ignition System
Electronic Distributor less Ignition System (EDIS) Individual ignition coils (DSG423/MSG425/WSG1068) Located directly above each spark plug Ignite the fuel in the cylinders Each coil has a red wire; 12 volts from relayed power Engine ECU provides ground to fire coil (color wires) Spark is only allowed when the CAM and crank sensor are detected together

59 MSG425 Coil Wiring (coil on plug)
2.3L/2.5L and 6.8L use the same coil on plug system

60 TSG416 Coil Pack Wiring Waste Spark Circuit 1 fires cylinders 1 & 4

61 2.3L and 6.8L Fuse Box (NC Starter)
10 Alternator

62 1.6L and 2.5L Fuse Box (NO Starter)

63 Actuator Wiring TPS1 and TPS 2 = 5 volts added together
Brown/White = 5 volt ref.

64 Charging Circuit Regulator is integrated into alternator
Pin 1 is Excite Wire (Rd/tan) 12 volts from relayed power Pin 2 is stator (white) Pin 3 is voltage reference (Rd) battery voltage Schematic shown refers to WSG1068 and MSG425 TSG416 only has excite wire

65 Starting Circuit – NC Starter
DSG423 and WSG1068 Starter relay is a pass through ECU opens circuit after 8 seconds of continuous cranking to prevent over cranking Voltage to the solenoid is provided by the users panel side

66 Starting Circuit – NO Starter
TSG416 and MSG425 Starting circuit Starter Solenoid Engagement circuit is internal to the wiring harness ECU controls ground side of starter Relay. User controls positive side of starter relay.

67 ECT/CHT Sensor 1.6L and 2.5L utilize a ECT sensor
Engine coolant temperature direct measurement Both located on back of engine near the coolant outlet 2.3L and 6.8L utilize a CHT sensor Cylinder head temperature measurement Coolant temp. displayed is based off of calculation from CHT measurement 6.8L located underneath the intake manifold towards the front of the engine 2.3L located in between coils 2 and 3 on top of the engine Both sensor types are 0 – 5 volts

68 ECT/CHT Wiring Pull up type circuit Gray/Red – 5 volt return
When open the circuit defaults to 5 volts Sensor applies a resistive load between the sensor signal and its ground and brings down the voltage Gray/Red – 5 volt return Lt Green/Red (37) – Signal to ECU

69 Resistance vs. Temperature
DSG423 MSG425

70 Resistance vs. Temperature
WSG1068 TSG416

71 TMAP Sensor Intake air temperature and manifold air pressure measurement sensor Intake air = ~ambient air temperatures MAP = 4psia to 14.7psia The greater the delta from 14.7, the smaller the load The closer to 14.7psia, the larger the load Both are 0 – 5 volt sensors. Same sensor used on all Ford NA engines

72 TMAP Wiring Lt.Green/Black – MAP signal in
Brown/White – 5 volt reference Gray – IAT signal in Gray/Red – 5 volt return IAT - Pull up type circuit When open the circuit defaults to 5 volts Sensor applies a resistive load between the sensor signal and its ground and brings down the voltage MAP – Pull down type circuit 3 wire circuit where the signal in and 5 volt circuit are separate. When unplugged the signal defaults to 0 volts A resistive load is placed between the 5 volt circuit and the sensor ground

73 CAM Sensor 2.5L/1.6L – Hall effect with pull-up
MSG425 CAM sensor resistance Measurements Component Measurement Unit CAM Sensor: Viewing PINS with sensor side down 5.2 MΩ OL 4.6 2.5L/1.6L – Hall effect with pull-up Three wire sensors 5 volt reference CAM+: Signal CAM –: 5 volt return 2.3L/6.8L Magnetic Pickup Two wire sensor; crank+ and crank- Typical resistance values 2.3L: kΩ 6.8L: kΩ TSG416 CAM sensor resistance Measurements Component Measurement Unit CAM Sensor: Viewing PINS with sensor side down 265 kΩ OL 2.6 MΩ

74 Crank Sensor 1.6L/2.3L/2.5L/6.8L – Magnetic pickup
Two wire sensor of crank+ and crank- Typical resistance values 1.6L: kΩ 2.3L: kΩ 2.5L: kΩ 6.8L: 1.3 Ω 2.3L/2.5L/6.8L – Read off of the front crank pulley 1.6L – Reads off of the flywheel

75 Knock Sensor Monitors engine noise to prevent pre-ignition
Two wire sensor – knk+ and knk- Typical resistance values 1.6L: 1Ω 2.3L: 4.8 MΩ 2.5L: 4.8 MΩ

76 Oil Pressure Switch All engines utilize a normally open switch
Open without pressure Closed with pressure Monitored by ECU and will cause a shutdown if open for 15 seconds when above 650 RPM Typically opens/closes at 7psig 0 volts on circuit when running 5 volts on circuit when low or off

77 MSG425 Variable Valve Timing Solenoid
Only on the MSG425 Constant 12volts on hot side; at initial key on, cranking, and running Ground is PWM Controlled Will through DTC 11: Intake cam/distributor position error Typically a result of the positive or PWM wire being disconnected

78 Obtaining Fault Codes Three methods to obtain fault codes
Flash codes out via MIL (malfunction indicator lamp) Retrieve the fault using the GCP display software Via SPN and FMI #s from CAN display

79 How to Read the MIL If a fault is present the MIL will blink when the key is on and the engine is off otherwise it will be on solid until the engine is started If the engine is running and the light is on then there is an active code Ground Pin 3 of the 42 Pin Connector Put the key into the accessory position with the engine NOT running The default “all clear code” will be displayed three times If that is all that is displayed then there are no codes A code will be 3 to 4 digits long and will be repeated three times in a row then will go back to the “all clear code” and restart the cycle again All historic codes are stored on the GCP Can only be cleared via the GCP display software

80 All Clear Code TSG416/DSG423/WSG1068 MSG425/All future engines
1 – 2 – 3 MSG425/All future engines 1 - 6 – 5 - 4

81 Engine Display Interface Software (EDIS)
GCP (Global Control Platform) Display Purpose Real time engine data with plotting capabilities Display / retrieve fault code information Reprogramming the GCP module Desktop logo and gauges page

82 Cable Serial connection to the PC
Can use a USB to serial adapter if needed Connector below attaches to adapter located on the engine harness Figure 18: GCP connector

83 Installing the Software
Open the CD “GCP Display” Latest_GCP_Display PC_Display Double Click “GCP Display” file Follow install instructions Once installed copy password from gcp password text file Paste password into prompt box when opening the software Figure 19: Enter GCP password

84 In the software Menus located on top of the screen
File Menu: Used primarily to perform disk and file management functions. Page Menu: Used to select the active page and configure which pages will be visible for use during a software session. Flash Menu: Commits updated calibration variables to flash memory Comm Port Menu: Selects the PC’s active serial communication port and displays communication statistics. Plot/Log Menu: Graphically plots or numerically logs static and dynamic variables and metrics that have been tagged for plotting or logging. Tag by right clicking a variable. Help: Provides general information about EDIS and defines shortcuts for use in the software

85 Display Header Figure 20: Header while not connected to a GCP
Figure 21: Header while connected to a GCP

86 File Menu Functions Save Calibration to Disk: Saves calibration variables, accessible from the display software, from the GCP’s flash memory to the PC. Load Calibration from Disk: Loads a partial calibration from a calibration file on the PC to the GCP’s flash memory. Only variables for which your password has write access will be updated. Clear Cal Tags: Removes all calibration tags from EDIS memory during software use. Reprogram Target: Reprograms the GCP processor with a binary MOT file (S-record) that contains both a full calibration and embedded software control algorithms. Bulk Reprogram: Used to program multiple GCPs for an OEM’s end-of-line production process. Print Panel: Sends a snapshot of the active EDIS page to a printer.

87 File Types Calibration File (.CAL) MOT File (.mot) Static variables
Not the entire calibration Use “Load Calibration from Disk” to upload MOT File (.mot) Full calibration Embedded software algorithms Necessary to completely configure the GCP Can not be viewed or executed on a PC Use “Reprogram Target” to upload

88 Load Calibration from Disk
Uploads a calibration from a partial calibration file stored on the connected PC to the GCP flash memory Only changes variables your password has write access to Figure 22: Successful calibration load prompt

89 Reprogram Target Reprograms the GCP’s microprocessor with a binary MOT file that contains the full calibration and embedded software control algorithms. Performed when software modifications have been released or a full calibration is needed to be loaded

90 Go to File ->Reprogram Target
Locate the .mot file on your PC Click Ok Then follow these prompts Clicking Yes Figure 23: Prompts

91 After the Progress Bar Reaches 100%
Figure 24: Successful MOT load

92 Reprogramming Target If there is an error while uploading the MOT file, you will receive this prompt Try reloading again If it continues to fail contact EDI Figure 25: Unsuccessful MOT load prompt

93 Comm Port Menu Functions
Allows the user to select the PC’s active serial port and provides information about communication statistics Automatic (Default): Permits the software to cycle through available RS-232 serial communication ports until a connection is established with a target. COM1, COM2, etc.: Specifies which communication port to connect through for a given software session. This setting is not retained once the software has been exited. Show Stats (Ctrl+S): Displays communication statistics between the PC and ECM once a connection has been established Statistics include serial baud rate, transmit and receive loads, and time information.

94 Plot/Log Menu Functions
Allows the user to graphically plot or numerically log variables that have been tagged for plotting/logging To plot or log variables, a tag must be assigned to each variable of interest Right click over the variable to tag it If a variable is tagged it will be highlighted green Maximum of 20 variables can be tagged for logging and 10 for plotting

95 Plot/Log Menu Functions
Clear Tags: Releases all plot/log variables. Plot Tags (Ctrl + P, or P): Graphically plot all tagged variables. Log Tags (Ctrl + L): Numerically log all variables that have been tagged for plotting/logging. New Mark: Takes a 5 second average of highlighted variables and saves into an excel file Mark: View marks taken during GCP display session, marks are deleted unless saved Recorder Settings: Change recorded settings (time, sampling rate, etc..) Load Recorder Settings:Loads and tags same variables for plotting/logging that are present in a plot file (.bplt).

96 *Tagged variables shown in green

97 Plotting Can plot up to 10 different tagged variables

98 Plotting Once completed hit Snapshot!
This will open up the data in a .bplt window Can save the .bplt file to windows Can then use the EDIS_SADBPLT program to view the .bplt files View parameters with the cursors Click show cursors

99 Logging Can log up to 20 variables Can be viewed in Excel
Set the file name and save location Can set to log for a set time or until stopped

100 Pages Available to View
Gauges RawVolts Service1 Service2 Faults Figure 29: GCP display pages

101 Gauges Page Main Function: Secondary Functions:
Initial screen shown at start-up. Presents visual indication of most viewed information. Secondary Functions: Displays ECI and customer configuration information including the GCP’s part numbers, displays the customer’s emissions calibration MOT filename, and displays governor calibration information Displays system states based on current operating conditions

102 Gauges page

103 EDI part # Calibration # Engine Part # Displacement Firing order

104 Calibration # *Also located on GCP sticker
EDI Ford Calibration Identification Key Model, Customer and Base Cal # Quick Reference Parameters # # # # X XX X# Module OEM (EDI REFERENCE) Engine Model Option 1 Option 2 Revision -- Fuel Control Type Speeds idle(optional), max MISC Module # Type of Module Manufacturer GAS FP - Foot Pedal 1 EPM Econtrols LP HT - Hand Throttle 2 L series Woodward NG TAPUD - Tap Up/Down 3 GCP DF( Gas/LP) DIS - Discrete Speed TSC1 - J1939 CAN Control FIXED - Goes directly to set RPM (Genset) D DSG 423 T TSG 416 E ESG 642 W WSG 1068 M MSG425 Notes: Example Engines from December 2012 and beyond will follow the above labeling system. 3125M13B_NG_TAPUD_2100 Explanation Customer # 125 has an MSG425 on natural gas with tap up/down control up to 2100 RPM. Engines prior to December 2012 and large volume OEMs that have standardized calibrations will follow the "Model, Customer, Base Cal #" system *Also located on GCP sticker

105 RawVolts Page Main Function:
Displays raw voltage feedback from GCP inputs and outputs.


107 Key Rawvolts Page Parameters
Aux_DIG1 volts – Fuel select; 12 volts, gnd, open Aux_DIG3 volts – Brake input if used TPS1_Raw volts – Throttle position sensor 1 voltage TPS2_Raw volts – Throttle position sensor 2 voltage FPP1(2)_raw – Foot pedal (1 & 2) input voltage Gov1_raw – Governor 1 input; 12 volts (engage), 0 volts (ground) or 2 volts (open) Gov2/DIG4_raw - Governor 2 input; 12 volts (engage), 0 volts (ground) or 2 volts (open) Oil pressure voltage – Reference voltage; 5 volts = open, 0 volts = ok MAP_raw – Sensor is 0 volts if open, 0-5 volts when operating ECT_raw – ECT/CHT Sensor is 5 volts if open, 0 -5 volts when operating IAT_raw - Sensor is 5 volts if open, 0 -5 volts when operating Aux_PWM3 – Gasoline fuel pump ground control Aux_PU1 – Gasoline fuel block temperature voltage Aux_PD2 – Gasoline fuel block pressure voltage

108 Faults Page Main Function:
Displays information generally used during fault detection and provides fault code interaction. Historic and active faults are displayed here Provides some variables to aid in diagnosing faults Can clear the faults from this page as well

109 Figure 32: Faults page

110 Key Faults Page Parameters
Engine Speed – Reading from the crank sensor Manifold Pressure – Pressure reading from intake manifold; typically 4 to 14psia depending on load Barometric pressure – Reading from MAP sensor at key on; typically 14.7psia Coolant temperature – Direct reading from ECT sensor or estimation from CHT Cylinder head temp – Direct reading CHT if equipped Intake air temperature – Reading of the manifold intake temperature from TMAP sensor Spark Advance – Shows current timing of ECU, preset in ECU Fuel rail pressure – Pressure reading from gasoline fuel block Fuel temperature – Temperature reading from gasoline fuel block Gaseous pressure target – DEPR target output pressure to mixer Gaseous pressure actual – DEPR actual output pressure to mixer; should match target Current governor target – Engine speed ECU is trying to achieve Engine load; torque – Estimation of % load/torque based on MAP, Engine speed, etc. Vbattery – Battery voltage value into GCP; should equal battery voltage Vswitch – Ignition voltage from keyswitch; voltage at start/running, zero volts at shutdown Hour meter – current engine hours logged by ECU MIL-total on time – Amount of hours engine ran with MIL on Cumulative starts – Amount of start attempts made on engine

111 Key Faults Page Parameters 2
EG01 – Pre-catalyst O2 sensor voltage; switches between volts Closed loop 1 – shows fueling accuracy, 0 = stoichiometric; typically will switch between negative (rich) and positive (lean); +/-1%. Adaptive 1 – Where the fueling correction is added to the ECU permanent memory. If closed loop 1 goes more than +/- 1% for a certain amount of time. Compensates for manufacturing tolerances in the engine assembly. EGO2 – Post catalyst sensor voltage; typically ~1 volt OL, 0.8 volts CL TPS Command – Throttle position ECU is commanding TPS Position – Actual position of the throttle, should match the command TPS1 percent – throttle position sensor 1 % open TPS2 percent – throttle position sensor 2 % open TPS1 voltage – Voltage value of the throttle position 1 TPS2 voltage – Voltage value of the throttle position 2; TPS1 and TPS2 = 5 volts added together FPP Command - % of the foot pedal being registered by ECU FPP Position - % of the actual foot pedal position FPP1 Voltage – Voltage input of foot pedal, 0.2 to 4.8 volts FPP2 Voltage - Voltage input of foot pedal 2, 0.2 to 4.8 volts IVS Voltage – Voltage of the IVS switch from foot pedal

112 Key Faults Page Parameters 3
Run Mode – Shows the current engine state; stopped, cranking, running Power Mode – Key Off, Standby, Active Fuel Type – Current fuel type the ECU is set too; Gasoline, Propane, Natural Gas Fuel supply – On or off Fuel Control Mode – Showing if the system is open loop, closed loop, or closed loop with adaptive learn Active governor mode – Isochronous or droop, typically all EDI engines are isochronous Oil pressure state – low, low-ignored, OK Oil Pressure config. – Ground = Ok, or visa versa Gov 1 Voltage – Governor 1 input; 12 volts (engage), 0 volts (ground) or 2 volts (open) Gov 2 Voltage - Governor 2 input; 12 volts (engage), 0 volts (ground) or 2 volts (open) Oil pressure voltage – Reference voltage; 5 volts = open (low or off), 0 volts = closed (ok) MAP Voltage – Sensor is 0 volts if open, 0-5 volts when operating ECT/CHT voltage – Sensor is 5 volts if open, 0 -5 volts when operating IAT voltage - Sensor is 5 volts if open, 0 -5 volts when operating

113 Key Faults Page Parameters 4
Spark kill – On gasoline only coils can be disabled to locate a possible bad coil; #s listed is firing order Injector kill - On gasoline only fuel injectors can be disabled to locate a possible bad injector; #s listed is firing order DBW test – To test the throttle body by verifying if it goes to commanded position, KOEO, sends the throttle to 0% position. External power – KOEO; Auto (standard ECU control), Relay On (turns power relay on), All On (turns power relay and fuel pump relay on) De-rates/Warnings – Shows if a code is forcing a de-rate, idle, or other condition onto the engine. Snapshot / Flight data base definitions – Shows defaults settings as well as custom definitions that can be added Historic Faults – All of the faults that have occurred on the engine, can only be cleared via the GCP display software Active fault – Only shows faults that are currently active on the engine. Once issue is corrected this fault will disappear and only be listed as historic.

114 Key Faults Page Parameters 5
Monitored Drivers Injector-on low-side voltage 0 volts all times Injector-off low-side voltage 12 volts when running 0 volts when unplugged or off Coil Driver Spark dwell [ms] Preset Values in ECU– based on system voltage

115 Viewing a Fault Two sets of data are recorded
Fault snapshot and Flight data recorder All the variables recorded for each can be seen on the bottom right of the faults page Double click red light next to fault code

116 Viewing a Fault After double clicking this page comes up
Can clear the fault or view the Snap Shot Data or the Flight Data Recorder

117 SSD and Flight Data Recorder

118 Common Issues Diesel/Contaminated fuel introduced into the gasoline system Clean lines/fuel rail, replace injectors, block filter and pump Low power on a natural gas Genset Typically not enough fuel pressure to the engine No start, no codes present Typically fuel related issue High gasoline fuel pressure; code 1561 Bad fuel block or fuel was grounded directly (normally PWM controlled) O2 sensor failure; code 134 or 154 Improper mounting from installation Liquid being introduced into the Bricked GCP (Bootstrap Mode) User lost power or unplugged the COMs cable while programing

119 Important Service Documents to Have
On the Flash Drive Engine Wiring Schematics Panel Wiring Schematics GCP Diagnostic Manual J1939 to DTC Fault Code List Service Manuals Parts Manuals Warranty Information

120 Questions???

Download ppt "Ford Industrial Service Engine Training"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google