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MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES PROTECTION MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES PROTECTION THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL AGENCY NEA.

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Presentation on theme: "MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES PROTECTION MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES PROTECTION THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL AGENCY NEA."— Presentation transcript:

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2 MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES PROTECTION MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES PROTECTION THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL AGENCY NEA ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING WITH THE STRESS ON THE BLACK SEA GEORGE KORDZAKHIA EMODNET Chemistry 2 EMODNET Chemistry 2 Kick-off meeting Kick-off meeting TRIEST, ITALY 3-4 JUNE,

3 SHORT HYSTORY   In May 1 4, 1844 the Tbilisi magnetic - metorological observatory was founded;   The Agency and its hydrometeorological department are heir-at-law. Therefore the Agency is the oldest organization in Georgia.

4 FUNCTIONS OF THE AGENCY   On the territory of Georgia and Black Sea in the fields of meteorology, hydrology, environmental monitoring and geodynamics carrying out observations, analysis, researches, forecasting and provision with products population, governmental bodies, and various sectors of economy ;   Issuing warnings in case of disasters of meteorological, hydrological and geodynamic origin and in occasion of high and extreme pollution of the environment ;   Fulfillment of international commitments under various conventions and bilateral and multilateral agreements in the spheres of meteorology, hydrology, geodynamics and environmental pollution monitoring in frames its competence.

5 STRUCTURE OF THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL AGENCY STRUCTURE OF THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL AGENCY DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT POLLUTION MONITORING DEPARTMENT OF HYDROMETEOROLOGY DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGICAL DISASTERS E BRANCHES OF THE AGENCY ADJARAKOLCHKHETIKARTLI SAMTSKHE- JAVAKHETI KAKHETI STATIONS POSTS LABORATORIES STATIONS POSTS LABORATORIES STATIONS POSTS LABORATORIES STATIONS POSTS LABORATORIES STATIONS POSTS LABORATORIES DEPARTMENT OF COASTLINE PROTECTION

6 ACTIVITIES IN THE SPHERE OF MONITORING OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION

7 MONITORING OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION For assessment of natural and anthropogenic impact on the environment the Agency is responsible and obliged to carry out continuous and systematic monitoring of the environmental (soil, water, SEA and air) pollution. The monitoring includes: Regular sampling of the water, soil and atmosphere on the whole territory of Georgia; Caring out of corresponding chemical analysis (57 ingredients); Calculation of various statistical characteristics; and Producing various data sets and informational materials, such as data sets of pollutants, polluting objects, passports of observing stations network, annual bulletins etc. The service has in its disposal a rich historical material years long observational data, including 54 ingredients (physical-chemical parameters, main ions, biogenic substances, heavy metals etc.).

8 MONITORING OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION MONITORING OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION The Environmental Monitoring Unit (at present the Department of Monitoring of Environmental Pollution) was established at It possesses the special observational network, that provides the Department with probes and samples. The Department have in its disposal the rich historical material (40-50 years old) according 80 ingredients, namely: so called first day observations (specific conductivity, salinity, pH, temperature, dissolved oxygen and redox potential); so called first day observations (specific conductivity, salinity, pH, temperature, dissolved oxygen and redox potential); organic (pesticides, oil products, phenols, surface active synthetic substances etc.); organic (pesticides, oil products, phenols, surface active synthetic substances etc.);

9 MONITORING OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION non-organic pollutants (Main ions: CO 3 --, HCO 3 -, Cl -, SO 4 --, Na +, K +, Mg +2, Ca +2 ; Biogens: NO 3 -, N H 4 + NO 2 -, N H 3, Si, PO ); non-organic pollutants (Main ions: CO 3 --, HCO 3 -, Cl -, SO 4 --, Na +, K +, Mg +2, Ca +2 ; Biogens: NO 3 -, N H 4 + NO 2 -, N H 3, Si, PO ); heavy metals (Cu, Zn, Mn, Cd, Pb, Fe, Mn, Co, Ni, As) etc. heavy metals (Cu, Zn, Mn, Cd, Pb, Fe, Mn, Co, Ni, As) etc. The main areas of analysis services are to carry out monitoring of water, soil and air pollution. The Centre is analysing 54 ingredients in water (at present 35), 10 components in air (4-5) and 16 components in soil. In addition the Agency is fulfilling the specific analysis (Gravimetric analysis, chemical analysis of the precipitation and radio-chemical analysis in water and soil) The main areas of analysis services are to carry out monitoring of water, soil and air pollution. The Centre is analysing 54 ingredients in water (at present 35), 10 components in air (4-5) and 16 components in soil. In addition the Agency is fulfilling the specific analysis (Gravimetric analysis, chemical analysis of the precipitation and radio-chemical analysis in water and soil)

10 LIST OF ANALYZED PARAMETERS From 1970 until 1999Since 2006 May Heavy Metals: Fe; Zn; Cd; Cu; Ni; As; Co; Pb; V; Ag; Al; Mn; Ti. Heavy Metals: Fe; Zn; Cu; Pb. Pesticides: DDT, DDE, Heqsachloran, Lindane. Smell (ball); Transparency; Total Suspended Solids; Carbonate; CO 2 ; Dissolved Oxygen; Saturation (%); BOD;COD; Collor (grad) N(NO 2 ); N(NO 3 ); N(NH 4 ); N(NH 4 );Ammonia; Total N; Phosphate; Sulfate (dissolved); Chloride; Hydrocarbon;K;Na;Ca;Mg;Conductivity;Mineralization; silica aside; Phenols; Oil products; Caprolactam;Pesticides;Humus;TDS; Mineral Oils; Moisture. Smell (ball); Transparency; Total Suspended Solids; Carbonate; CO 2 ; Dissolved Oxygen; Saturation (%); BOD; Collor (grad) N(NO 2 ); N(NO 3 ); N(NH 4 ); N(NH 4 );Ammonia; Total N; Phosphate; Sulfate (dissolved); Chloride;Hydrocarbon;K;Na;Ca;Mg;Conductivity;Mineralization; silica aside; Phenols; Oil products; Pesticides;TDS; Mineral Oils; Moisture.

11 MONITORING OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION MONITORING OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION For assessment of pollution the Agency has prevalent methodological background of the analysis (physical- chemical methods of the analysis) of all ingredients, namely:  Spectrophotometric,  Atomic-absorption,  Chromatographic, Titrimetric methods and etc. The monitoring of the contamination of surface waters (Black Sea, lakes, reservoirs) until recent time were carried out in 223 control points.

12 HYDROCHEMICAL ANALYSES From 1970 until 1999Since 2006 May Heavy Metals: Fe; Zn; Cd; Cu; Ni; As; Co; Pb; V; Ag; Al; Mn; Ti. Heavy Metals: Fe; Zn; Cu; Pb. Pesticides: DDT, DDE, Heqsachloran, Lindane. Smell (ball); Transparency; Total Suspended Solids; Carbonate; CO 2 ; Dissolved Oxygen; Saturation (%); BOD;COD; Collor (grad) N(NO 2 ); N(NO 3 ); N(NH 4 ); N(NH 4 );Ammonia; Total N; Phosphate; Sulfate (dissolved); Chloride; Hydrocarbon;K;Na;Ca;Mg;Conductivity;Mineralization; silica aside; Phenols; Oil products; Caprolactam;Pesticides;Humus;TDS; Mineral Oils; Moisture. Smell (ball); Transparency; Total Suspended Solids; Carbonate; CO 2 ; Dissolved Oxygen; Saturation (%); BOD; Collor (grad) N(NO 2 ); N(NO 3 ); N(NH 4 ); N(NH 4 );Ammonia; Total N; Phosphate; Sulfate (dissolved); Chloride;Hydrocarbon;K;Na;Ca;Mg;Conductivity;Mineralization; silica aside; Phenols; Oil products; Pesticides;TDS; Mineral Oils; Moisture.

13 Analytical Balance “BЛK-500” Analytical Balance (German) Analytical Balance (Poland) Centrifuge “OPN-3” Thermostat “A-48”, Biological thermostat Biological thermostatThermostat BOD-s Thermostat Distiller “ED-4-2” Air conditioner BK-1500 pH-Meter “pH-673” Muffle furnace Photo colorimeter “KFK-2”, ‘KFK-3” Automatic sample taker (water) Speqtrometer“CF-26” Ionometer “U-115” Conduktometer “KEL-1M” Fluorometer “AN-1” Fluorometer “KVANT-7” Light-photometer “PFP” / Infra red spectrometer PERKIN ELMER Atom-adsorption Speqtrometar“GBC-900” Chromatograph “LXM-80” (ECD, FID) Chromatograph “LXM-80” (TCD) Chromatograph “TSVET-500M” (FPD, FID) Chromatograph “TSVET-500 M” (ECD,FID) Chromatograph “TSVET-550” (ECD, FID) Chromatograph VARIAN 3800 CP-8400 Automatic sampler CP-8410 with sample Automatic inputting Atom-absorption Spectrometer PERKIN ELMER “Analyst-200” MHS-15 Equipment: HORIBA “U-10” HORIBA “U-10” 85 YSI 85 YSI pH meter YSI Freezer /4

14 QUALITY CONTROL OF MONITORING DATA Until 1992 Quality Control of surface waters characteristics were carried out according to methodological … of the Hydrochemical Institute of Rostov, (Russia) based on so called interlaboratory control. Until 1992 Quality Control of surface waters characteristics were carried out according to methodological … of the Hydrochemical Institute of Rostov, (Russia) based on so called interlaboratory control. On the basis of interlaboratory control is carried out: On the basis of interlaboratory control is carried out: Assessment of Recurrence accuracy of the analysis; and Assessment of Recurrence accuracy of the analysis; and Control of adequacy of analysis. Control of adequacy of analysis. Inter laboratory Control of recurrence of error s made by assessment of accidental component and its interpretation. Therefore it provides determination of recurrence of accidental error by 95 % reliability. For that some amount of hydro chemical samples are repeatedly estimated determination of accidental error mean square deviation from standard. Inter laboratory Control of recurrence of error s made by assessment of accidental component and its interpretation. Therefore it provides determination of recurrence of accidental error by 95 % reliability. For that some amount of hydro chemical samples are repeatedly estimated determination of accidental error mean square deviation from standard. This method is called determination of controlled pair as the part of earlier analyzed sample is used. This method is called determination of controlled pair as the part of earlier analyzed sample is used.

15 ECOLOGICAL MONITORING OF THE BLACK SEA ECOLOGICAL MONITORING OF THE BLACK SEA For the assessment of the ecological conditions of the Black Sea Coast the Center of the Black sea Monitoring of the National Environmental Agency is carring out hydrochemical, hydrobiological and ichthyological monitoring. The observations are undertaken in 5 stations: For the assessment of the ecological conditions of the Black Sea Coast the Center of the Black sea Monitoring of the National Environmental Agency is carring out hydrochemical, hydrobiological and ichthyological monitoring. The observations are undertaken in 5 stations: i. R. Chorokhi inflow; ii. Batumi;iii.Tsikhistdziri-Kobuleti; iv. R. Supsa inflow; v. Poti.

16 ECOLOGICAL MONITORING OF THE BLACK SEA Sampling is carried seasonaly, on two horizonts of 20 m izobaths (0-5 m, 0-20 m) that are distuinguished by the optimal life environment for the development of marine organisms. Samples were gathered from starboard side of the seiner using bathometer, Iuday net and Petersen dredge. Sampling is carried seasonaly, on two horizonts of 20 m izobaths (0-5 m, 0-20 m) that are distuinguished by the optimal life environment for the development of marine organisms. Samples were gathered from starboard side of the seiner using bathometer, Iuday net and Petersen dredge. Based on carried investigations : i. the chemical parameters; ii. type composition, abundance and seasonal dynamic of marine plankton (fito- and zoo-) and bentos organisms; iii. the biodivercity index are determined. Based on carried investigations : i. the chemical parameters; ii. type composition, abundance and seasonal dynamic of marine plankton (fito- and zoo-) and bentos organisms; iii. the biodivercity index are determined. Due to ichthyological monitoring: i.fish types and species spreaded in Georgian coast; ii. their preservative status; iii. The fish reserves and fishery quota are refined. Due to ichthyological monitoring: i.fish types and species spreaded in Georgian coast; ii. their preservative status; iii. The fish reserves and fishery quota are refined. The outputs of the monitoring are dispatched to the Black Sea Commission (Located Stambul, Turkey). The outputs of the monitoring are dispatched to the Black Sea Commission (Located Stambul, Turkey).

17 INDICATORS OF THE GEORGIAN BLACK SEA COAST WATER MONITORING PHYSICAL AND OCEANOGRAPHYCAL CHARACTERISTICS : I. Conductivity; ii. Suspended particles. CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS: i. Salinity; ii. Dissolved oxygen (mg/l); iii. Percent of oxygen; iv. pH; BIOGENIC ELEMENTS: i. Ammonium (mg/l); ii. Nitrites (mg/l); iii. Nitrates (mg/l); iv. Phosphates (mg/l); v. Silicates (mg/l); vi. Chlorophyll-A (mkg/l).

18 INDICATORS OF THE GEORGIAN BLACK SEA COAST WATER MONITORING MICROBIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS: i. Collie index; ii. General amount of saprophytes; iii. General amount of microorganisms. HYDROBIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS: FITOPLANCTON: FITOPLANCTON: i. Amount of species; ii. Abundance (cell /m 3 ); iii. Biomass (mg/m 3 ). ZOOPLANCTON: ZOOPLANCTON: i. Amount of species; ii. Abundance (instance/m 3 ); iii. Biomass (mg/m 3 ); MACROZOOBENTOS: MACROZOOBENTOS: i. Amount of species; ii. Abundance (instance/m 2 ); Biomass (g/m 2 ). Biomass (g/m 2 ).

19 THANK YOU!


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