Presentation on theme: "How is your body like a machine?"— Presentation transcript:
1 How is your body like a machine? Body SystemsHow is your body like a machine?
2 Let’s think back…. Why do all the body systems work together? See if the students know the answer…You may point out a few systems and see if they know the major functions of them.
3 To maintain homeostasis! Review homeostasis - maintaining an internal balance in living organisms. All body systems must work together for this to happen.
4 SKELETAL SYSTEM What are the functions? -movement -structural support -produces red and white blood cells-movement-structural support-provide mineralsWhat other systems are involved?You have to click to bring in each text box. Ask the function question first, see what responses you get. Red and white blood cells are found in the marrow. Movement is done with muscles. Our skeleton is internal. Are all “skeletons” internal?Other system involved – muscular (movement), immune (red and white blood cells),-muscular-immune
5 MUSCULAR SYSTEM What are the functions? -movement (body parts, digestion, circulation)What other systems does it involve?You might ask them again what organic compound you find in large amounts in muscles. – proteinOther systems involved – skeletal (movement), digestive (movement of food), circulatory (moving oxygen to muscles)-Skeletal-Nervous-Digestive-Circulatory
6 Muscle Types SKELETAL SMOOTH CARDIAC The names of the muscle types come in individually when you hit return. Go through with the students how to identify the different types. (Ex: skeletal is striated and multi-nucleated)SKELETALSMOOTHCARDIAC
7 How do you bend your elbow? To what are muscles attached?The bicep muscle contracts, causing the elbow to bend.The tricep muscle contracts, causing the elbow to straighten.Muscles are attached to bone by ligaments.Show where the bicep and tricep muscles are in an arm.This works similar to a simple machine – lever.This works similar to what simple machine?
8 LYMPHATIC SYSTEM What are the functions? protect body from disease contains white blood cells, antibodies and lymphDo not need to go into much detail here – will do that during microorganism unit.
9 INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM Function System Protection/Barrier Immune Protect Against DehydrationExcretoryCutaneous SensationNervousEach function comes in individually when you hit return. This slide correlates with a question on the Scavenger Hunt/Making Bodies. This is showing how the functions of the integumentary correlate with other systems.Regulate Body TempExcretoryExcrete Sweat, GasesExcretory
10 IntegumentaryParts of the integumentary system. Each part comes in individually when you hit return.
11 How does skin vary in different organisms? Skin variations – hair, fur, scales, thick, thin, moist, dryAsk the skin type of each of each organism. How is their structure related to their function?
12 NERVOUS SYSTEM What are the functions? Respond to internal and external stimuliHow does the nervous system work?Arrows on diagram show the direction of a nerve impulse being transmittedWhat other systems are involved?all
13 The Brain Medulla oblongata Brain Stem Cerebrum Hypothalamus Parts of the brain. Discuss functions.HypothalamusCerebellumMedulla oblongataBrain Stem
14 EXCRETORY What are the functions? Detoxifies blood Urea, water, salts, excess glucose, excess protein, CO2What other systems are involved?What substance is made from detoxified blood?CirculatoryEndocrineNervous
15 Excretory Kidney Ureter Bladder Urethra Blood Urine The arrows follow the path of blood through the kidneys, then urine.BladderUrethra
16 REPRODUCTIVE What are the functions? What other systems are involved? produce gametesproduce hormonessecondary sex characteristicsWhat other systems are involved?Keep the discussion of the parts of this system to a minimum – ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, testes.Endocrine
17 Reproductive Vagina Penis Ovary Fallopian Tube Uterus Testes Parts of the reproductive system. Discuss the hormones that are produced.TestesPenis
18 ENDOCRINE What are the functions? -produce hormones -deliver chemical messages through the bodyWhat other systems are involved?Discuss the generalized function of the endocrine system, not specifics.nervouscirculatory
19 Endocrine Hypothalamus Pituitary Thyroid Adrenal Pancreas Ovary Testes On each gland, or part of the brain, discuss in general what it does. Review fight-or-flight and diabetes (on Scavenger Hunt/Making Bodies)Testes
20 CIRCULATORY What are the functions? transport: -gases -fluids -waste products -nutrients -hormonesWhat other systems are involved?Do not need to know the pathway of blood through the heart. Need to know the function of gas exchange.ExcretoryRespiratoryEndocrine
21 Circulatory Capillary Aorta (Artery) Heart Vein Parts of the circulatory system. Discuss the difference between arteries of veins, only referring to gases. Discuss function of capillaries.Vein
22 RESPIRATORY What are the functions? -exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen between the blood, air and tissuesWhat other systems are involved?Relate circulatory to respiratory system.Circulatory
23 Respiratory Where does gas exchange take place? Alveoli Trachea Bronchi/ BronchiolesLungsParts of the respiratory system. Discuss surface area of alveoli during gas exchange.Diaphragm
24 DIGESTIVE What are the functions? to break down food into smaller particles with the help of enzymes so it can be absorbed and used by cells.What other systems are involved?Discuss the function of the system.CirculatoryNervous
25 Digestive Salivary Glands Mouth Esophagus Stomach Liver Pancreas Parts of the digestive system. Include peristalsis here.LiverPancreasSmall IntestineLarge IntestineRectum
26 Digestive What substances help break down the food that you eat? ENZYMESCompoundEnzymeMonomerStarchAmylaseMonosaccharideFatty Acids/ GlycerolLipidsBile/LipaseDiscussion of enzymes.ProteinsProteaseAmino Acids
27 Digestive Follow the path of food during digestion. Where is food mechanically digested? Chemically digested?Go through the pathway of food. Enter to show each arrow.
28 What do we call the maintenance of an internal environment? HomeostasisAs the question and see if they can come up with homeostasis. Remember, we briefly went over homeostasis in several other units so this should be a review.
29 4 Major Themes in Maintaining Balance These 4 major themes are interrelated to help your body maintain homeostasis:Feedback loopsStructure and functionDivision of laborInterdependence of organ systemsThese are the 4 main concepts that will be studied in this powerpoint. All of these things help your body maintain homeostasis.
30 Feedback Loops Room temperature falls Thermostat activates heater Thermostat shuts off heaterWarm air is producedThermostat feedback loopTell the students to see how close they came. Explain that this is a loop that continues to happen whenever the temperature goes up or down from the set temperature.Room temperature rises
31 Feedback LoopsWhat happens to your body when you run outside in 100o temperature?Again, let them discuss this at their desk. Tell them to think about the responses their body would have to being very hot. Then go to the next slide for the answer.
32 Feedback Loops How does this happen? This is a stimulus-response Sensors in the brain and skin detecta change in body temperatureHormone message sentBlood vesselsin skindilateSweat glandsrelease moresweatresponseClick to add each box. Ask the students how this is similar to the thermostat. Your body must keep its temperature in a normal range. You have an internal thermostat that does this – your brain.Body temperatureregulates
33 Feedback LoopsSo….What are some of the things that feedback regulates?Feedback systems regulate:Blood sugar (glucose)Salt content in bloodHormone productionBlood pressureIon content in bloodWater content in bloodThis is a list of some of the things feedback loops control. They should not be tested on this.
34 Structure and Function How is the structure of your thumb related to its function?Talk about how an opposable thumb has a structure that aids in the function of your hand.
35 Structure and Function TRY THIS!Put a rubber band around your hand so that the thumb cannot be used. Pick up your textbook and hand it to the student next to you.Now - pick up a penny without going to the edge of the desk or putting the penny up against something.This slide and the next have 4 examples of students using their hand without the use of their thumb. You can go in and change these to things you have available.
36 Structure and Function What is the function of plant leaves?Maple leafConiferGet responses to the first question before moving on to the second question. The function of a leaf is to do photosynthesis and it must collect energy. The maple leaf is flat and thin because it has a supply of water so it does not need to conserve water. The cactus leaf is thick to conserve water because its environment is dry.The conifer leaf is dense because it lives in a colder environment and this helps it conserve water. They are needle shaped to help them shed water efficiently so they do not get a lot of frozen water on them to weigh them down. The point of this slide is to show that even though the function of each leaf is the same, its structure matches the environment they live in. Again, show surface area as a part of structure and function.Why are these leaves shaped differently?Cactus
37 Structure and Function Fish – Queen snapperMammal - dolphinThe dolphin and the fish are unrelated organisms.Why do they have similar structures?htmlhttp://marinefisheries.org/fish/quensnap.jpg These two unrelated organisms have the same basic structure because they live in the same basic environment. Their bodies function in a similar manner.
38 Division of Labor How many people does it take to build a building? Ask the question. Let them tell you all the people they think ae necessary to build a building.
39 Division of Labor You would need: Architect Construction workers ForemanPlumbersElectriciansPaintersWhy do you need all of these people?This is a list of some of the people needed to build a building. Ask why you need all of these people. The idea is to get the students to tell you that each person has a special job. You would not want the painter to put in the electricity. The building would not be built properly if only one of these people is missing.
40 Division of LaborWhy do you need so many different parts to digest your food?Let them give responses. See if they know what some of the parts of the digestive system specialize in.
41 Division of Labor Your body systems are divided into different parts. Each part has its own special function.This is called a Division of Labor.Summarize division of labor. You can go back over the digestion example.
42 Interdependence of Body Systems All the body systems work together to maintain homeostasis.