Presentation on theme: "Awareness Prevention and"— Presentation transcript:
1 Awareness Prevention and Each slide will provide a question, after thinking and answering the question click on the picture to reveal the correct response.GOOD LUCK!
2 SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome) SAFE SLEEPSIDS(sudden infant death syndrome)“Back to Sleep” only!!
3 What is Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)? SIDS is the sudden and unexpected death of an infant under one year of age that remains unexplained after a complete investigation including:- An autopsy- A death scene investigation- Review of medical history
5 What causes SIDS?There are still no adequate medical explanations for SIDS deaths, current theories include:stress in a normal baby, caused by infection or other factorsa birth defectfailure to developa critical period when all babies are especially vulnerable, such as a time of rapid growth.
6 What is the triple threat theory? Vulnerable Infant: an infant with this underlying abnormality in an area of their brainstem that controls respiration, heart rate, thermoregulation and other major bodily functions during early life.Critical Development Period: the first six months of life where the baby is growing and developing very rapidly. This rapid growth can make a baby’s system become unstable.External Stressors: (outside or environmental challenges) which a normal baby can easily overcome and survive, but that an already vulnerable baby night not.
7 Triple Risk ModelCertain infants possess underlying vulnerabilities that place them at risk for sudden death.It is believed that the convergence of these three factors can set the stage for a SIDS death.Risk reduction efforts are geared toward keeping these factors from converging.
8 What are some risk factors for SIDS? Prone sleep positionSoft beddingMaternal smoking during pregnancyExposure to nicotine after birthOverheatingLate or no prenatal carePrematurity and/or low birth weightYoung maternal ageMale gender
9 At what age does SIDS most likely occur? SIDS is the leading cause of death in infants between one to 12 months old.Most SIDS deaths occur when a baby is between 2 and 4 months of age.
11 Why does sleep position make a difference? Less potential for rebreathing CO2More arousableLess “burrowing”Less moving around the sleep areaJaw is less likely to occlude airwayMay have better airway and cardiovascular protective mechanismsMay be less compression of vertebral arteries
13 Will a baby choke on spit-up or vomit during sleep if placed on its back? No, babies have a natural reflex to turn their head and spit will drip out the side of the mouth instead of pooling around the mouth (which may put them at a higher risk).
14 What is a healthy temperature environment for a sleeping infant? Avoid over heating/ over bundling, can disrupt arousal.Dress as is comfortable for adults.Thermostat no higher than 70̊Dress in layers
15 How does Nicotine relate to SIDS? Smoking during pregnancy and exposure to second hand smoke are highly correlated with SIDS riskResearch suggests that nicotine may further disrupt an infant’s arousal mechanismDose-response: the more the cigarettes smoked, the higher the riskMaintain a smoke-free zone around the babyNicotine on clothing can also be harmful
16 Can pacifiers help reduce the risk of SIDS? Studies have consistently shown that there is a significant reduced risk of SIDS with pacifier use.Consider offering baby a pacifier at naptime and bedtime.Do not force baby to take pacifier if he/she refuses it.Do not resist once baby falls asleep.Introduce pacifier after one month of age to breastfed infants to ensure breastfeeding is firmly established.
17 What is a safe sleep environment? Firm, flat sleep surface is essentialUse of crib or portable crib is recommendedNo pillows, sheepskins, fluffy comforters, blanket rolls, bumper pads or burp rags.No stuffed toys in bed with the babyNo waterbeds EVERAvoid use of blankets that can cover the baby’s face; instead dress the baby in layers under blanket sleeper in cold weatherPosition infants “feet-to-foot” if blankets are used
18 If a blanket is being used, put the baby’s feet at the foot of the bed If a blanket is being used, put the baby’s feet at the foot of the bed. Tuck the blanket around the crib mattress only as far as the baby’s chest.
19 What is SIDS not? SIDS is NOT: caused by external suffocation Caused by vomiting and chokingContagiousPainful and does not cause sufferingPredictableNEW (Referred in Old Testament-1Kings 3:19)
20 Could a baby who died of SIDS be resuscitated? No, a baby who dies of SIDS will die. However, this should never be a reason not to attempt resuscitation.SIDS is only a diagnosis after death and a complete investigation.
21 What do you do if baby will not sleep on his/her back and cries? Sing, hum, or play soft music. Even making a soft rhythmic sound (Shhhhhhh) over and over will help calm the baby.If needed, walk baby in your arms, then place him/her on back in the crib when baby is sleepy.If baby still cries, ask for advice from your doctor or from a trusted friend or family member who has experience getting infants to sleep on their backs.Place baby’s crib near your bed for at least 6 months. Your breathing may help your baby’s breathing patterns. This can help to lower the risk of SIDS.
22 Are babies uncomfortable on their backs? Babies do sleep longer and more soundly on their tummies, but that is the problem. They sleep so deeply that they can not wake up easily when they might be in danger.Some babies seem happier on their tummies. However, babies will adjust to sleeping on their backs if you start placing them on their backs for EVERY sleep.
23 What if baby wakes up fussy during the night? Wait a moment to make sure the baby is actually awake. Some babies fuss a bit during an “active phase” of sleep, and then fall back asleep.If baby wakes up and cries, go to him/her as quickly as possible (that helps calm baby so he/she can fall asleep again.Hold and feed baby is he/she is hungry, and comfort him/her before placing back to sleep in their own crib.Try not to play with baby during the night when he/she wakes up.
24 Why is tummy time important? To help develop upper body strength and prevent flat spots on the baby’s head.Tummy time should be encouraged during play time.Limit time baby spends in swings, bouncy chairs, car seats, and other devices to reduce the incidence of flat spots.
25 Without blankets or toys On a properly fitting firm mattress Create a safe sleep zoneEVERY TIME!On their BackIn a crib or bassinetWithout blankets or toysALONEOn a properly fitting firm mattress
26 Risk Factors Protective Factors No Influence R Side SleepingN HeredityN Low Socio-Economic StatusR Age 2-4 monthsR Male GenderR Bumper PadsR BlanketsR Sleep Positioning DevicesR African AmericanR Born in the Fall/WinterR Brain Stem AbnormalityP Back SleepingP Tummy Time While AwakeR Soft BeddingN NeglectR Layers of ClothingR Mom Smoking During PregnancyN Infant ApneaN Apnea MonitorR Sleeps on Tummy at Daycare ONLYP Flat Firm SurfaceR Warm Room TemperatureR Sleeping on Dad’s ChestN Vomiting While SleepingR Sleeps Better on TummyP ImmunizationsR Slight ColdP CaucasianP Use of FanR Young MomR Co-SleepingP Sleeping in a Dresser DrawerP Pacifier UsedR Exposure to Nicotine after BirthP Sleeping in Same Room as ParentsR Advice from Relatives
27 Risk Factors Protective Factors No Influence R Side SleepingN HeredityN Low Socio-Economic StatusR Age 2-4 monthsR Male GenderR Bumper PadsR BlanketsR Sleep Positioning DevicesR African AmericanR Born in the Fall/WinterR Brain Stem AbnormalityP Back SleepingP Tummy Time While AwakeR Soft BeddingN NeglectR Layers of ClothingR Mom Smoking During PregnancyN Infant ApneaN Apnea MonitorR Sleeps on Tummy at Daycare ONLYP Flat Firm SurfaceR Warm Room TemperatureR Sleeping on Dad’s ChestN Vomiting While SleepingR Sleeps Better on TummyP ImmunizationsR Slight ColdP CaucasianP Use of FanR Young MomR Co-SleepingP Sleeping in a Dresser DrawerP Pacifier UsedR Exposure to Nicotine after BirthP Sleeping in Same Room as ParentsR Advice from Relatives