1 Effective Prevention And Control Measures Presented by: Derek C. Valdo, Sr. Loss Prevention Specialist AMERIND Risk Management Corporation
2 General Fire Prevention Information Escape Routes Planned Smoke Alarms in place, and tested Exits Clear First Aid Kit stocked and easily available Location of shut-off valves known (gas, water & electricity) Practice fire drills Home identifier visible for emergency responders Emergency information located near every phone
3 Children & Matches and Smoking Store matches and lighters out of reach of children and in a secure location Take the mystery out of fire play by teaching children that fire is a tool, not a toy Use large, deep, non-tip ashtrays Never smoke when drowsy or in bed Dispose of ashes and cigarette butts in a metal can at least daily Check furniture for smoldering cigarettes every night, especially after social events
6 Heating Equipment Ensure fireplace inserts and gas/wood stoves comply with local codes Clean and inspect chimney annually Dispose of ashes in metal container Keep clothes, furnishings, and electrical cords at least 12” from wall heaters and 36” from portable heaters Service furnace annually Set hot water heater thermostat at 120-125 F Elevate new or replacement LP gas water heaters at least 18” above the floor
9 Electricity Avoid the use of extension cords (If used, ensure the correct wattage rating) Plug only one heat producing device into an electrical outlet Ensure cords are not placed under rugs Verify circuits are not overloaded Replace damaged cords, plugs, sockets Use bulbs with the correct wattage for lamps and fixtures Check fuses/circuit breakers for the correct amperage ratings Do not override or bypass fuses or circuit breakers
11 Kitchen Keep cooking areas clean and clear of combustibles Do not leave cooking food unattended Keep pan handles turned in while cooking Keep a pan lid or “fire towel” nearby in case of fire Wear snug-fitting clothes when cooking Electrical appliances, cords and plugs in good condition Ensure outlets near the kitchen sink are GFCI (Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter) equipped and not overloaded
13 Fire Extinguisher Verify that an all purpose fire extinguisher (Class ABC) is maintained in an accessible location Ensure that all occupants know how to use it Are additional fire extinguishers kept in the kitchen, garage, basement, and sleeping area?
14 P A S S The fire extinguisher test P ull the pin A im at the base of the fire S queeze the handle (at least 5-10 ft away) S weep (left to right while you carefully approach the fire)
15 Smoke Detector Installed properly on every level? Battery replaced every year? Tested once each month? Consider using a photoelectric smoke detector to reduce false alarms Great time to educate children on its purpose and sound Practice is a great way to help your family plan and remember what to do in case of a disaster or emergency
16 Family Preparedness Plan two unobstructed exits from every room, including the second floor, and make sure everyone knows them Designate a meeting place outside Develop an escape plan and practice it regularly PRESENTATION EXERCISE – Take 5 minutes to draw the floorplan of your home and develop an escape plan.
17 Bedroom 1 Bedroom 2 Bedroom 3 Bathroom Dining Room Kitche n Living Room Garage Covered Porch Sample – Floor Plan Furnace Rm Door Window Covered Porch Legend Closet Washer & Dryer Fireplace
18 Bedroom 1 Bedroom 2 Bedroom 3 Dining Room Kitche n Living Room Garage Scenario 1 – Escape Route Bedroom 2 (repeat for each room and location of fire) Furnace Rm Family Meeting Place First Escape Route Second Escape Route Fireplace
19 Bedroom 1 Bedroom 2 Bedroom 3 Dining Room Kitche n Living Room Garage Scenario 2 – Escape Route Bedroom 2 (repeat for each room and location of fire) Furnace Rm Family Meeting Place First Escape Route Second Escape Route Fireplace
20 Things to Consider Have an out-of-state contact for family to check after a major disaster/emergency Store important papers and valuables in a fire proof safe/cabinet and/or off-site Maintain proper insurance coverage for your home and its contents (dwelling, renter’s, fire, theft, vandalism, etc.) 10 Minute Break
21 Control Measures -What you can do to control fire?
22 Basic Residential Fire Control Fire Extinguisher ABC Rated Recharged Easy access Know how to use Avg. Cost $15-30 Dry ChemicalHalonWaterCarbon Dioxide
23 Smoke Detector Photo-electric (recommended) Hard-wired w/ battery backup Lithium batteries (recommended) Avg. Cost $8 (Ionization) $25 (Photoelectric) http://www.firstalert.com/home_safety/smoke_alarm s/help.htm# Basic Fire Control Systems
24 Advanced Fire Control Systems – Total Dwelling Residential Fire Sprinkler System Automatic sprinkler system for home Total or partial protection Less water damage from fire department Avg. Cost $1,500 (new construction 1200 sqft home)
25 Advanced Fire Control Systems – Dwelling Structure Application of Fire Retardant/Resistant Coating Increase burn rating of building material Firefree 88 -“painted” on like a primer/first coat for both new and existing dwellings Noburn Woodguard - Applied to entire building at framing for new construction http://www.homefirepreventionkit.com/home_ fire_prevention_kit_applica.htm
27 Sample Structure Treated With Fire Retardant (FF88) Two identical buildings. Two identical fires. DoD Force Protection Equipment Demonstration, Quantico, VA
28 Fire Control Systems - Contents Contents provide fuel for the fire Foam and fabric produce “black” smoke Apply fire retardant to contents and furniture Avg. Cost: $200-500 retardant + labor
29 Fire Control Systems – Contents Installation
30 Alternative Fire Control Systems “Home Fireman” Water hose to put out small ordinary fires 90 linear ft of coverage Easy install Avg. Cost: $220 / unit + install
31 Alternative Fire Control Systems-Range Only Rangehood Fire Suppression Canisters Grease Fires Automatic (out of sight out of mind) Avg. Cost: $41 StoveTop Automatic Fire Extinguisher in use
32 Alternative Fire Control Systems-Miscellaneous Fire towel-grease Grease fires Avg. Cost: $7 Exterior coating – fire retardant (i.e. Enerchron) http://www.enerchro n.com/ http://www.enerchro n.com/ Training Fire Department Police Department ARMC Education Policy Negative must outweigh the positive
33 The End Consider AMERIND for your property and liability needs.