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BRAZIL BRAZILBRAZIL César Wedemann November 22th, 2010 Technische Universität Berlin.

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Presentation on theme: "BRAZIL BRAZILBRAZIL César Wedemann November 22th, 2010 Technische Universität Berlin."— Presentation transcript:

1 BRAZIL BRAZILBRAZIL César Wedemann November 22th, 2010 Technische Universität Berlin

2 BRAZIL 18/4/2015César Wedemann2

3 BRAZIL Geography Demography History Nation at a Glance Educational System Economy Energy Contents 18/4/2015César Wedemann3

4 BRAZIL About the flag 18/4/2015César Wedemann4 Forests Ores Sky “Order and Progress”

5 BRAZIL Geography – Location of Brazil 18/4/2015César Wedemann5 Source: Google MapsGoogle Maps

6 BRAZIL Geography – Location of Brazil 18/4/2015César Wedemann6 BRAZIL Argentina Uruguay Chile Peru Bolivia Paraguay Ecuador Colombia Venezuela Guiana French Guiana Suriname

7 BRAZIL Geography – Size of Brazil 18/4/2015César Wedemann7 Brazil’s area: km 2 Germany’s area: km 2 Brazil = 24x Germany Source: IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics)IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics)

8 BRAZIL Geography – The five regions 18/4/2015César Wedemann8 North Northeast Midwest Southeast South

9 BRAZIL Geography – The states 18/4/2015César Wedemann9 São Paulo Minas Gerais Rio de Janeiro Rio Grande do Sul Amazonas Bahia Distrito Federal

10 BRAZIL Geography – Climate and Natural Resources 18/4/2015César Wedemann10 CLIMATE:  Tropical (equatorial, tropical, semiarid, high altitude tropical, temperate and subtropical) TERRAIN:  Diverse (hills, mountains, plains, plateaus and savannahs) NATURAL RESOURCES:  Bauxite, gold, iron, manganese, nickel, platinum, aluminum, uranium, oil and opal (PI).  Brazil has been self-sufficient in oil since Apr LAND USE:  Arable: 5%  Permanent crops: 1%  Permanent pastures: 22%  Forests and woodland: 58%  Other: 14% Source: Brasil.gov.br andBrasil.gov.br IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics)

11 BRAZIL Geography Demography History Nation at a Glance Educational System Economy Energy Contents 18/4/2015César Wedemann11

12 BRAZIL Demography - Urban structure 18/4/2015César Wedemann12 1) Berlin 2) Hamburg São Paulo = 3.2 Berlin Inhabitants in total (2010): (2.3 Germany) Source: IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics), 2009IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics), 2009

13 BRAZIL Demography - General Information -Area: km 2 (47% of South America, 91% compared to USA and 2385% compared to Germany) -Pop. density: / km 2 = 21.8 people / km 2 (73% compared to USA and 9% compared to Germany) 18/4/2015César Wedemann13 Source: Census.gov, DEStatis.de,Census.govDEStatis.de

14 BRAZIL Demography - General Information -Age pyramid: 18/4/2015César Wedemann14 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Internation Data Base

15 BRAZIL Geography Demography History Nation at a Glance Educational System Economy Energy Contents 18/4/2015César Wedemann15

16 BRAZIL History -Brazil was “discovered” on April 22th, 1500 by Pedro Álvares Cabral. -Until 1530, Portugal had very little interest in Brazil -Brazil was a Portuguese colony until September 7th, /4/2015César Wedemann Discovery of Brazil Independence of Brazil EXPLORATION! End of monarchy (1889) Republic

17 BRAZIL Geography Demography History Nation at a Glance Educational System Economy Energy Contents 18/4/2015César Wedemann17

18 BRAZIL -Current President: Luís Inácio Lula da Silva (01/01/2003 – 31/12/2006 and 01/01/2007 – 31/12/2010) -Next President: Dilma Roussef (01/01/2011 –...) (Elected on October 31st, 2010) Nation at a Glance 18/4/2015César Wedemann18

19 BRAZIL - Elections: Can vote Can vote Nation at a Glance 18/4/2015César Wedemann19 AGE Cannot vote Have to vote Source: TSE (Electoral Court)

20 BRAZIL Nation at a Glance -Political stability -Good relationship with the big nations in the world 18/4/2015César Wedemann20 He’s the man! April, 2009

21 BRAZIL Nation at a Glance - Official name: República Federativa do Brasil (Federal Republic of Brazil) -Official website: (available in Portuguese, English and Spanish) -Official religion: none (74% are Catholic and 15% are Protestant) - Official language: “Brazilian” Portuguese 18/4/2015César Wedemann21 Source: Brasil.gov.brBrasil.gov.br

22 BRAZIL Geography Demography History Nation at a Glance Educational System Economy Energy Contents 18/4/2015César Wedemann22

23 BRAZIL Educational System 18/4/2015César Wedemann23 AGE Basic Education Elementary School (1st grade) High School (2nd grade) Higher Education (University) Source: MEC (Ministry of Education)MEC (Ministry of Education)

24 BRAZIL Educational System - Best Universities 18/4/2015César Wedemann24 University of São Paulo World Ranking: 175 University of Campinas World Ranking: 177 Source: THE (Times Higher Education)

25 BRAZIL Geography Demography History Nation at a Glance Educational System Economy Energy Contents 18/4/2015César Wedemann25

26 BRAZIL Economy -Brazil is member of big conglomerates, such as > G20 > Mercosul > BRIC 18/4/2015César Wedemann26

27 BRAZIL Economy -Brazil is the third largest agricultural exporter in the world ; (1 st : USA | 2 nd : EU) -Great and healthy financial system 18/4/2015César Wedemann27 Source: Estadão (Brazilian Newspaper) and m&m onlineEstadão (Brazilian Newspaper)m&m online One of 10 biggest banks in the world Brazil’s stock exchange New Brazilian brands in the list of top 500 financial institutions

28 BRAZIL Economy - Monetary unit: Real, since 1994 – 1€ = R$ 2.35 (12/11/2010) 18/4/2015César Wedemann28 Source: BCB (Central Bank of Brazil)BCB (Central Bank of Brazil)

29 BRAZIL Economy 18/4/2015César Wedemann29 1st2nd4th8th3rd4th107th113th70th19th Source: Presentation about Germany, GPM

30 BRAZIL Economy 18/4/2015César Wedemann30 GDP per capita Source: Ipeadata / * LCA estimates

31 BRAZIL Geography Demography History Nation at a Glance Educational System Economy Energy Contents 18/4/2015César Wedemann31

32 BRAZIL Energy - Brazil has the biggest watershed in world 18/4/2015César Wedemann32 12% of the world's fresh water is in Brazil Source: PortalBrasil.netPortalBrasil.net

33 BRAZIL Energy -Brazil is the 10th largest energy consumer in the world; -The Brazilian energy matrix is based on renewable sources such as hydroelectric power and ethanol; -Self-sufficient in oil (it is able to produce what it consumes); 18/4/2015César Wedemann33

34 BRAZIL Energy -Most of the energy used in Brazil is generated by hydropower plants; -Nuclear energy represents just 3% of Brazilian energy matrix. 18/4/2015César Wedemann34

35 BRAZIL Thank you for your attention! 18/4/2015César Wedemann35 More onwww.BlogdaViagem.com/Englishwww.BlogdaViagem.com/English


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