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C hapter 7 West Virginia’s First People Review
the beliefs, customs, and civilization of a particular people or group
before written history
What three cultures are included as prehistoric cultures? Paleo Archaic Early and Middle Woodland
earliest primitive hunters
used to throw spears with more force
studies the origin, development, customs, and beliefs of humans
most lasting remains of the Adena
Earthen mounds and walls
Institute Mound – Kanawha County
items such as bits of stone, bone, pottery, tools, cave paintings, and weavings that are left behind by people artifacts
In WV, where are the majority of the mounds located?
Ohio, Kanawha, Potomac River Valleys
largest mound east of the Mississippi River
Grave Creek Mound, Moundsville, Marshall County
Grave Creek Mound – Marshall County
second largest mound in WV
Creil Mound, South Charleston, Kanawha County
South Charleston Mound – Kanawha County
needed to construct the mounds with such accuracy
Knowledge of mathematics
Why bury their dead in vault ?
They believed in the after life
found on Mount Carbon in Fayette county
Walls in Tyler County
Woodland Indians changed from hunting and gathering to -
agriculture - farming
What kind of crops did they grow?
corn, beans, squash
two methods of making fire
friction and spark
clearings made by burning off the ground cover
Indians only domesticated animal
Indians main of means transportation
Indian method of education
learn by doing, skills that were necessary for their way of life
Method of appreciation of their heritage
free verse poetry
What three reasons are given for the Indians’ migration? 1.Famine 2.Disease 3.Driven out by Iroquois
disease devastating to the Indians
What Indian tribes made up the Iroquois Nation?
Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk, Seneca, later Tuscarora
What tribes were forced west of the Ohio River by the Iroquois?
Shawnee, Mingo, Delaware
What the area that is WV become when the Indian tribes no longer lived here
hunting and fishing ground
study what people leave behind
strip of land that at one time joined together NA and Asia
Studies origin, history, structure of earth
Values or traditions handed down from previous generations
Moving from one area to another
Shortage of food
Natural resistance to disease
Powerful union of tribes
Middle era of Woodland Culture
Early period of Woodland Culture
Culture that followed the Paleo Indians, gatherers, not only hunters
Long walls in Fayette County
Compare the size of Grave Creek and Creil Mounds
Grave Creek is twice as big
Found inside the mounds
Found in mounds Chambers Shell beads Skeletons Mica Copper bracelets
Conclusions from what was found in mounds
Conclusions Life after death Contact with others Form of government Leadership Craftsmen
Theory on the purpose of the long walls
Defense & Worship
Purpose of Indian celebrations
Religious (thanked Gods)
Earliest WV culture that we have much information
Place of the foot
Place of white stone
Narrow bottomed river
River of plenty fat doe
White foaming river
Endless mountain range
Daughter of the stars
River of fat elk
Elk or Tiskelwah
County named for Chief
County named for Indian Princess
County named for Indian Tribe
Once great Indian Town
Identify the Indian Culture associated with the following items
7-foot skeleton Early/Middle Woodland
Clovis Point Paleo
Farming Early/Middle Woodland
Folsom point Archaic
fruits and nuts Archaic
mounds Early/Middle Woodland
wooly mammoth Paleo
woven nets Archaic
Wigwams Early/Middle Woodland
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