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C hapter 7 West Virginia’s First People Review.

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Presentation on theme: "C hapter 7 West Virginia’s First People Review."— Presentation transcript:

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2 C hapter 7 West Virginia’s First People Review

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4 the beliefs, customs, and civilization of a particular people or group

5 culture

6 before written history

7 prehistory

8 What three cultures are included as prehistoric cultures? Paleo Archaic Early and Middle Woodland

9 earliest primitive hunters

10 Paleo Indians

11 used to throw spears with more force

12 atlatl

13 studies the origin, development, customs, and beliefs of humans

14 anthropologist

15 most lasting remains of the Adena

16 Earthen mounds and walls

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18 Institute Mound – Kanawha County

19 items such as bits of stone, bone, pottery, tools, cave paintings, and weavings that are left behind by people artifacts

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22 In WV, where are the majority of the mounds located?

23 Ohio, Kanawha, Potomac River Valleys

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25 largest mound east of the Mississippi River

26 Grave Creek Mound, Moundsville, Marshall County

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28 Grave Creek Mound – Marshall County

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34 second largest mound in WV

35 Creil Mound, South Charleston, Kanawha County

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37 South Charleston Mound – Kanawha County

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41 needed to construct the mounds with such accuracy

42 Knowledge of mathematics

43 Why bury their dead in vault ?

44 They believed in the after life

45 found on Mount Carbon in Fayette county

46 Long Walls

47 Walls in Tyler County

48 Ben's Run

49 Woodland Indians changed from hunting and gathering to -

50 agriculture - farming

51 What kind of crops did they grow?

52 corn, beans, squash

53 Woodland shelters

54 Wigwams

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57 Longhouses

58 two methods of making fire

59 friction and spark

60 clearings made by burning off the ground cover

61 Old Fields

62 Indians only domesticated animal

63 dog

64 Indians main of means transportation

65 canoe

66 Indian method of education

67 learn by doing, skills that were necessary for their way of life

68 Method of appreciation of their heritage

69 free verse poetry

70 What three reasons are given for the Indians’ migration? 1.Famine 2.Disease 3.Driven out by Iroquois

71 disease devastating to the Indians

72 smallpox

73 What Indian tribes made up the Iroquois Nation?

74 Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk, Seneca, later Tuscarora

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77 What tribes were forced west of the Ohio River by the Iroquois?

78 Shawnee, Mingo, Delaware

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80 What the area that is WV become when the Indian tribes no longer lived here

81 hunting and fishing ground

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83 study what people leave behind

84 archaeologist

85 strip of land that at one time joined together NA and Asia

86 Bering Strait

87 Studies origin, history, structure of earth

88 geologist

89 wanderer

90 nomads

91 Values or traditions handed down from previous generations

92 heritage

93 Moving from one area to another

94 migration

95 Shortage of food

96 famine

97 Natural resistance to disease

98 immunity

99 Powerful union of tribes

100 Iroquois

101 Middle era of Woodland Culture

102 Hopewell

103 Early period of Woodland Culture

104 Adena

105 Culture that followed the Paleo Indians, gatherers, not only hunters

106 Archaic

107 Long walls in Fayette County

108 Mount Carbon

109 Compare the size of Grave Creek and Creil Mounds

110 Grave Creek is twice as big

111 Found inside the mounds

112 Found in mounds Chambers Shell beads Skeletons Mica Copper bracelets

113 Conclusions from what was found in mounds

114 Conclusions Life after death Contact with others Form of government Leadership Craftsmen

115 Theory on the purpose of the long walls

116 Defense & Worship

117 Purpose of Indian celebrations

118 Religious (thanked Gods)

119 Earliest WV culture that we have much information

120 Adena- Hopewell

121 Place of the foot

122 Allegheny

123 Place of white stone

124 Kanawha

125 Narrow bottomed river

126 Guyandotte

127 River of plenty fat doe

128 Pocatalico

129 White foaming river

130 Ohio

131 Endless mountain range

132 Appalachian

133 Daughter of the stars

134 Shenandoah

135 River of fat elk

136 Elk or Tiskelwah

137 County named for Chief

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139 Logan

140 County named for Indian Princess

141 Pocahontas

142 County named for Indian Tribe

143 Mingo

144 Once great Indian Town

145 Buffalo Village

146 Identify the Indian Culture associated with the following items

147 7-foot skeleton Early/Middle Woodland

148 Atlatl Archaic

149 Clovis Point Paleo

150 Farming Early/Middle Woodland

151 Folsom point Archaic

152 fruits and nuts Archaic

153 gatherers Archaic

154 hunters Paleo

155 mounds Early/Middle Woodland

156 wooly mammoth Paleo

157 woven nets Archaic

158 Wigwams Early/Middle Woodland


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