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USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program & Benthic Overview Karl E. Brown, Vegetation Mapping.

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Presentation on theme: "USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program & Benthic Overview Karl E. Brown, Vegetation Mapping."— Presentation transcript:

1 USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program & Benthic Overview Karl E. Brown, Vegetation Mapping Program Mgr Natural Resource Program Center Biological Resources Management Division Benthic Habitat Mapping Workshop June 3-5, 2008

2 USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service Outline and Overview Background Background Approach, Process & Products Approach, Process & Products Present Program Status Present Program Status Hybrid Techniques Hybrid Techniques Available Data / Website Available Data / Website Suggestions to the Benthic Habitat Mapping Effort USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program Overview

3 USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service What is it? High priority requirement of the NPS I&M Program National (Service Wide) Program Begins long term vegetation monitoring program Has many short term immediate applications Background

4 USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service NPS I&M Program Base Cartographic Base Cartographic Soils Soils Geology Geology Vegetation Vegetation Bibliographies Bibliographies Species lists Species lists Air quality Air quality Water quality Water quality Background

5 USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service National Program Differs from other NPS vegetation mapping projects 270 park units (full park coverage) minute USGS quadrangles National scope Participation of multiple agencies Consistency in detail and accuracy between parks Produces digital products available on WWW Coordination at multiple levels Background

6 USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service Standards NPS management policies, standards & guidelines Federal Geographic Data Committee standards metadata, transfer, classification etc. Nationally consistent, hierarchical, classification scheme National Map Accuracy Standards Thematic accuracy >80% per class Scale of 1:24,000 Minimum mapping unit of 0.5 hectare Background

7 USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service Major Steps for each Park Scoping meeting Data review Data acquisition Field sampling Classification characterization Photo interpretation, mapping and automation Accuracy assessment Final product review Data Issues

8 USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service Products from the Program Aerial photography/ imagery (hardcopy / digital, some new DOQQs) Field data (hardcopy and database) Classification report (Description and Key) Photo interp report (Description and Key) Accuracy report Vegetation map data (digital coverage) All appropriate metadata Data Issues

9 USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service FGDC National Vegetation Classification System 2006 A. PHYSIOGNOMY Division/Order - Tree Dominant (dominant life form) Class - Woodland (spacing & height of dominant form) Subclass - Evergreen Woodland (morphological & phenological similarity) Group - Temperate Evergreen Needle-leaved (climate, latitude, growth form, leaf form) Formation - Evergreen Needle-leaved Woodland with Rounded Crowns (mappable units) B. FLORISTICS Alliance (Cover Type) - Douglas Fir Woodland (dominant species) Association (Community) - Douglas Fir / Snowberry Woodland (subdominant or associated species) Data Issues

10 USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service Standard Comparisons ALLIANCEASSOCIATION 7 GROUP ALLIANCE 6 MACROGROUPFORMATION 5 DIVISIONFORMATION SUBGROUP 4 FORMATIONFORMATION GROUP 3 SUBCLASS 2 CLASS 1 Revised HierarchyFGDC standard New mid levels ASSOCIATION 8

11 USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service Present Status Approximately 165 projects in process 30 Parks started ( ) 29 Park projects started in Park projects started completed 11 more parks, continued 73 ongoing projects, and initiated 24 new starts 39 Parks completed for web access more completed soon; 62 AA stage completed 62 FY 05; 80 FY 06; 116 FY 07; 146 FY 08 Alaska: 6 parks complete in 2003; 3 in 2004; 3 new ongoing in 2005; 4 more completed ; 3 more starts USGS partnering on funding, 3 methods, archiving contract, collaborative fire and fuels datasets, variability analysis and surface model developments Data Issues

12 USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service Program Status Status June 2007

13 USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service Maps and Spatial Data Process & Products

14 USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service Accuracy Assessment Assessment of class accuracy across the park: Process & Products

15 USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service Metadata Process & Products

16 USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service Reports Process & Products

17 USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service Data Availability All products are made available via a public internet website: Process & Products

18 USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service USGS-BLM Vegetation & Invasive Plants Characterization Projects Gunnison Gorge NCA Program Status

19 USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service USGS-USFWS Vegetation Mapping Projects Ouray NWR Lacreek NWR Program Status

20 USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service New Models “New/other” technologies High Resolution Remote Sensing eCognition segmentation Laser Rangefinder Remote GPS positioning Sister Bureau hybrid techniques FWS Lower cost Vegetation Map “Light” Savings from reduced field collection BLM / USFS vegetation cross walks ROMO/GRSA Field Vegetation Guides – VOYA Network strategy / plans PACN & MOJN New Models

21 USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service

22 USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service Multiresolution Segmentation Levels can be used to compare results of segmentation based on different scale parameters and homogeneity criterion. Layers can be weighted. Weights determine to which degree the information is used during the process of object generation. Hybrid Techniques

23 USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service Hybrid techniques – summary of current efforts Mixed imagery and Sister Bureau eCog segmentation and skeleton polygon sampling (GRSA) PI / eCog linework and model verification (MEVE) / ground reference; add attributes (field & automation savings) Classical accuracy assessment (AA) or small park methodology (census of GRKO, LIBI, KNRI, FOUN) Verify eCog gradient test against completed AA (ROMO) Machine classification and PI field sample verification (LAVO) Hybrid Techniques

24 USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service National Park / Environs – data successes Consider areas of interest for small park methodology Evaluate sparse vegetation sampling need and plot sizes Fire and fuels protocols may integrate fuels stratification in sample design Develop fuel model polygons from NVCS vegetation polygons / photos Other fire and monitoring program data needs… Summary & Partnerships 1

25 USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service NPS / Environs – fire data summary Park Fire Management team field verify / photo reference fuel model types Evaluate LANDFIRE data potential; AA of EVT layers How map classes improve Landfire and other models Research partnering for a hybrid approach, as needed Fire fuel classes / types Fuel loadings (1/10/100 hr…) Fire Regime Condition Class LANDFIRE update as appropriate and as supported by partnership Summary & Partnerships 2

26 USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service Summary of Efforts in Fund $4M ongoing projects in 25+ networks Provide technical support and planning assistance to parks, networks, and regions Prioritize candidate projects with VMP team Facilitate new planning based on park and network leveraged funding using hybrid innovations; new starts in ~ Action plan for creation / migration of NPS data, and USGS-NPS archiving Develop and serve planning templates on the web and a PLOTS 3.0 database update Summary & Partnerships 3

27 USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service Suggestions to Benthic Efforts Stabilize the mapping standard, even a draft for NPS Marine Parks Work the 3 prototype parks, networks, and regional candidate areas Evaluate candidate projects against the draft standard Grow / update from the prototypes Benthic Partnerships 1

28 USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service

29 USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service Suggestions to Benthic Efforts Learn the USGS business model and facilitate joint papers on standards innovations Regional Executive partnership on Green Book budget development, and USGS- NPS archiving Develop and serve planning templates on the web and a draft 1.0 (geo?) database container Benthic Partnerships 2

30 USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service More Information Visit the USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Website: Chris Lea NPS I&M (Ecologist) Karl Brown, Ph.D. NPS I&M (Program Lead) Contact Information Mike Mulligan USGS (Program Lead) Theresa Singh USGS (VMP Website) Tammy Hamer NPS I&M (Program Assistant)

31 USGS-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program The National Park Service Thanks Karl Brown, Ph.D. NPS I&M (Program Lead) (970) Chris Lea NPS I&M (Ecologist) (303) Tammy Hamer NPS I&M Program Assistant (970)


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