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ARE LIGURIA SPA Regional Energy Agency of Liguria Via Peschiera 16 16121 Genova Tel. +39 010 8403343 Fax +39 010 8403397 “Robin.

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Presentation on theme: "ARE LIGURIA SPA Regional Energy Agency of Liguria Via Peschiera 16 16121 Genova Tel. +39 010 8403343 Fax +39 010 8403397 “Robin."— Presentation transcript:

1 ARE LIGURIA SPA Regional Energy Agency of Liguria Via Peschiera 16 16121 Genova E-mail: are.liguria@filse.it Tel. +39 010 8403343 Fax +39 010 8403397 “Robin Wood” Technical meeting Presov Dec 15th -16th, 2005

2 Summary 1.Liguria and ARE Liguria: who we are 2.The Regional Energy Plan 3.Link with Robinwood 4.Our “choices”… 5.What we have done practically Val di Vara Val Bormida 6.Other projects going on in Liguria 7.Robinwood deliverables

3 1. Liguria Region Population: 1.560.748 inhabitants Area: 5.421 km 2 Provinces: Genova, Savona, La Spezia, Imperia Municipalities: 235 GENOVA LA SPEZIA SAVONA IMPERIA

4 ARE Liguria S.p.A.: who we are INSTITUTIONAL ROLE Carrying out regional policies OPERATIVE ROLE Taking initiative, promoting and participating directly in the implementation of projects ARE Liguria S.p.A. is the “technical structure serving the Region of Liguria in the area of energy policies and sustainable development” (Regional Law no. 18/99) Technical Support to Public Administrations Managing relations between local government and private/public operators Solution finding for projects in the energy field Promoter of projects with renewable energy sources Dissemination and Education

5 2. The Regional Energy Plan In December 2003 the Region of Liguria approved its Regional Energy and Environmental Plan (PEAR) with the following objectives by 2010: toStabilise emissions to 1990 levels; Increase energy efficiency in the most consuming sectors; Reach at least 7% of the total energy production through RES

6 Implementation approach TWO phases: 1. Testing: Energy Plan to be tested in pilot areas (best practices) in 2003-05 2. Implementation: throughout the Region in 2006-2010.

7 What is a “pilot area”? Pilot areas, selected by the Region together with Local Authorities, are conceived to find and test:  economic feasibility  repeatibility of interventions especially in the field of renewable sources of energy.

8  Test the implementation process of the Plan  Find and measure the tools to apply afterwards to the whole regional territory. Objectives of the pilot areas

9 Pilot areas: selection criteria TerritoryTerritoryEnergyEnergy Socio-economicsSocio-economics Territorial planning (PTR, PTCP, ECC) Territorial planning (PTR, PTCP, ECC) Renewable energy potential potential InfrastructuresInfrastructures Energy demand TechnologyTechnologyEnvironmentEnvironment From the macro-criteria: territory and energy we derive more specific criteria

10 Pilot areas 1. Energy from wooden biomass 2. Solar thermal in tourism 3. Energy savings in buildings 4. Energy efficiency in industrial areas through self-production 5. Special interventions in the fields of wind energy and small-hydro

11 3. Link with Robinwood… Resorting to woodland biomass becomes particularly important as a way of protecting and safeguarding the natural environment. The use of this energy source could mean the reclamation of neglected woodland areas, not only for recreational and cultural reasons, but also as a means of developing a defence against fires and hydro-geological disruption, two illnesses which devastate vast areas of Liguria every year.

12 Objectives Strategy Manage and care abandoned forests Prevent fires and hydrogeological hydrogeological disorders disorders Promote the economic exploitation economic exploitation of wood (agricolture, tourism, of wood (agricolture, tourism, handcraft, commerce, etc.) handcraft, commerce, etc.) Increase employment Manage and care abandoned forests Prevent fires and hydrogeological hydrogeological disorders disorders Promote the economic exploitation economic exploitation of wood (agricolture, tourism, of wood (agricolture, tourism, handcraft, commerce, etc.) handcraft, commerce, etc.) Increase employment Forest management Wood residues for energy Small heating plants Wood residues for energy Small heating plants 3. Link with Robinwood…

13 4. Our choices: Wood to energy Wood to energy Waste to energy PEAR classification for wooden biomass

14 Biomass sources Following PEAR classification, biomass can be divided in: Wooden biomass originating from forestry use in the woodland areas  Wooden biomass originating from forestry use in the woodland areas Wooden biomass originating from scraps, woodchip, saw-mill (untreated)  Wooden biomass originating from scraps, woodchip, saw-mill (untreated)  Wooden biomass originating from the upkeep of urban parks and gardens

15 Sizes of wooden biomass power plants Target: to install a capacity of 150 MWth (also in CHP) Priority: thermal power < 300 MWth (per plant) Size suggested by PEAR: 1-4 MWel

16 Tools for the implementation of wood chain Financial tools: incentives, taxes, etc. Administrative tools: shorter procedures, Sportello Unico (special single office that gives all autorizations) Marketing tools: labelling, promotion and dissemination Sustainability tools: Environmental Impact Assessment, Environmental Strategic Assessment, EMAS, ISO 14000, energy certification Evaluation and monitoring tools

17 Tools for the implementation of wood chain Managerial tools: ESCos, cooperatives, multiutility companies Cooperation tools: partnerships with local stakeholders and between regional/local authorities Technical assistance: for start-ups Technical tools: building regulations, feasibility studies, Informative Energy System

18 Approach For a correct biomass plant project it is necessary to take into account: Energy demand (especially thermal energy) Availability of wooden biomass Availability of suitable areas Possibility of grid connection (in case of electricity production)

19 5. What we have done practically Pilot areas for wooden biomass: where? Alta Val BormidaVal di Vara GENOVA LA SPEZIA SAVONA IMPERIA Mountain community In Liguria there are 19 mountain communities

20 Activities in pilot areas Energy consumption analysis Identification of best sites Power plant project Business plan (plant and supply chain) Implementation (2006) Analysis of territorial barriers Energy potential from biomass

21 Energy consumption and potential from biomass ALTA VAL DI VARA 34.310 t/year M. B. VALLE 13.089 t/year 47.399 t/year STEEPNESS < 35 % ALTA VAL DI VARA 74.429 t/year MEDIA BASSA VAL DI VARA 31.829 t/year 106.258 t/year STEEPNESS < 50 % Thermal consumption not concentratedThermal consumption not concentrated Widespread distribution of the methane gas networkWidespread distribution of the methane gas network Electricity consumption: 78,2 GWh Thermal consumption: Private houses(104.696 MWh industrial (2.500 MWh), others (18.000 MWh). Low value of thermal consumption steepness

22 Foreseen biomass plants Capacity: 2 t/h (9.000t/y) Woodchip consumption: 16.000 t/y Electricity supplied to the grid Thermal power used for pellets production plant and others industrial users Size: 1.6 MW or 500 kW (electric power) 1.Pellets production plant 2. Matching with CHP TechnologyPlantPotential Biomass annual consumption Cost (Millions €) FuelPellets2 t/year14.4001,8 Co- generation plants Steam Organic fluids 1.700 kWel 475 kWel 22.000 6.400 3,9 3.5

23 Management tool: consortium! Who will join the consortium ? Municipalitiesprivate landwood owners - Municipalities and private landwood owners -Others -Others (mountain community, local enterprises related to forest activities) Which will be the mission? Redaction of local Forest Management Plans Research for public funds Forest certification Training, negotiation, partnerships

24 Business plan Cost analysis Cash-flow Payback period Profit-loss balance aims: Test the economic profitability Address the repeatibility of interventions (in other areas)

25 Business plan: results Pay back time: –Pellet 8 years –CHP (Rankine Cycle): 5 years –CHP ORC 6 years Payback period is heavily influenced by the cost of woodchip Power plant Forest management  % of managed woodland increase every year  Job creation: 30  Payback period : 8 years Forest management kick off needs financial support

26 Solutions Solutions identified for Val Bormida: District heating in the Municipality of Carcare Small CHP (in relation with local wood market) in the Municipality of Massimino

27 Biomass power plants characteristics For public users only (schools and gym) Size: 800 kW (thermal power) Consumption: ~ 1000 t/y of woodchip Electricity supplied to the grid Thermal power used for heating-processes of local enterprises (transformation of wood) and for domestic heating Size: 600 kW (electric power) Consumption: ~ 16.500 t/y of woodchip District heating Municipality of Carcare CHP - Municipality of Massimino

28 District heating for the Municipality of Carcare: success factors  Public buildings in a restricted area  Good access conditions for supply (lorry can easily reach the silo)  Good conditions for district heating network (underground)  Administration interested and committed to the project  Volume (public buildings): about 49.000 mc  Size: 800 kW (thermal power)  Energy production on annual basis: 1.308.000 kWh  Woodchip consumption : 978 t/anno  Cost: 600.000 Euro

29 CHP for the Municipality of Massimino: success factors  Availability of suitable areas  Possibility of grid connection  Green certificates for the first 8 years  Agreement between Municipality and local sawmill  Municipality that is interested and committed to the project  Possibility to use the Thermal power for heating-processes of local enterprises (transformation of wood) and for domestic heating  Net electric power: 570 kW  Thermal power: 2870 kW  Production of electricity on annual basis: 4.788.000 kWh  Woodchip consumption: 16.600 t/y  Cost: 2.800.000 Euro

30 Business plan: results POWER PLANTFOREST MANAGEMENT Both based on technical average life of plants 15 years Increase in managed woodland area Protection of environment Development of local wood market Job creation BENEFITS

31 Conclusions District heating is interesting from an economical point of view only if supported by public funds (around 30%) with a pay-back period below 5 years and 20 – 25 % savings for final users CHP is interesting also for privates (construction and management of plant) with a pay-back period around 5 years

32 Next steps – january 2005 Document of intent between public bodies involved in the projects (region, provinces, mountain communities) Detailed analysis of supply chain Detailed analysis legal and administrative steps to put in practice to start-up the plants Call for tender (project financing)

33 6. Other projects going on in Liguria Mountain Community Valli Stura e Orba 3 district heating plants (Rossiglione and Campoligure in use, Masone under construction) Total Thermal Power  3 MWth Average use per plant  1.000 tons/year Forest consortium S.O.B.E.A. combining forest owners, forest operators, plant management team. Alta Valle Arroscia Project for CHP Plant Electric Power  1.8 MWe Annual use of chips  20.000 tons/year District pipe length  1.200 m Project co-financed with public fund (objective 2 area)

34 Other projects going on in Liguria Mountain Community Valle Scrivia – CHP 1.8 MW Municipality of Rocchetta Vara – District heating 100 kW Municipalities of Calizzano, Bardineto, Bormida Mountain Community Giovo Project for District Heating plant Thermal Power  2.4 MWth Annual Use of chips  2.600 tons/year Percentage of local wood  95% Interested area  600 hectare Final planning  farm out phase

35 7. Robinwood deliverables A.Wood fuel report for Liguria Region (done) B.Analysis of regional resources (done) C.Analysis of wood resources and energy demand (in progress) D.List of stakeholder (in progress) E.Catalogue of technologies and logistic systems (in progress)

36 A. Wood fuel report for Liguria Region - 1 Woodland areas: 83% private ownership 11% municipalities Wood fuel report for Liguria Region: Wood fuel resource Data source and parameters Resource assessment Typical trading condition for timber Conclusions of resource assessment Wood energy use Typical energy users Different types of wood energy use The stake of renewable energy sources against total energy production Regulation Support mechanisms and activities Specific regional activities and projects Specific regional instruments to encourage the use of renewable energy sources Stakeholders Potential market for wood fuelled heating Potential market Conclusions and recommendations

37 The analysis highlights: potential development for wood fuel market, deriving from the high availability of woodland biomass of the territory obstacles rising from scarce attention to the management and maintenance problems of woodland asset and rural areas often characterised by progressive depopulation of both inhabitants and industries connected to the local resources. Regional Energy Environmental Plan planning instrument both for energy and environment. solutions for the improvement of woodland biomass foundation for the successful replication within the regional territory, of plants and organisational and managerial schemes based on associations of forestry management that, together with the traditional timber products, are capable of energy production within a technically viable and economically sustainable process. Conclusions and recommendations Through the promotion of the use of wood fuel and the support to troubled sectors connected to the wood resources, the Plan seeks for successful effects on a local scale, also in terms of employment generated by new local industries. pilot areas A. Wood fuel report for Liguria Region - 2

38 Province Woodland surface (hectares) Regional Forestry PlanISTAT survey 1991CORINE Programme Genova99.66947.993121.212 Imperia44.29531.54951.077 La Spezia52.13932.31958.357 Savona98.45880.011106.201 TOTAL294.561191.872336.847 Energy potential from woodland biomass ProvinceToe% Genova155.95934% Imperia69.24415% La Spezia81.86518% Savona156.54534% TOTAL463.613100% A. Wood fuel report for Liguria Region - 3

39 Short-medium term perspectives for wood-energy in Liguria Small district heating plants For public/private users - Demand for spot thermal energy - Lack of funding Co-generation plants in industrial areas/wood transformation - Critical point: small size for scarce resources availability - High cost of wood chips (> 0,45 €/ton) Plants for pellets production - High demand of pellets - Small demand of wood chips (19.000 tons/year) - Funding of Environmental Ministry 10% plant 30 – 50% stoves

40 B. Regional resources available Information about usable resources concerning wood energy in Liguria comes from: Forestry Map (2002) official Regional Technical Map - scale 1:25.000. Land Use Map (2000) originates from the CORINE legend - scale 1:25.000.

41 Forestry map Forestry Map It ensures an immediate view of useful territorial reference points, permits the organisation of forestry/woodland themes on a geometrical matrix identical to all the different products on the Territorial Informative System of the Region of Liguria (S.I.T.A.R.) For each forestry/woodland theme it is possible to know the surface and the perimeter

42 Land use map Land Use Map It indicates the inhabited and settled areas, burnt land areas, anthropic strips and terracing, inlay of the categories, artificially (manmade) shaped terrain, farming land, woodlands and semi- natural environments, humid areas, water, etc. The Land Use Map originates from the CORINE legend (CORdination de l’INformation pour l’Environment)

43 C. Analysis of wood resources - 1 The theoretical potential of extractable wood biomass was calculated on the basis of woodland surface area which could be cut down annually in accordance with an appropriate turnover system, followed up by quantifying the volume of biomass that could, in theory, be extracted while leaving the forestry patrimony intact. percentage of the areas annually felled set at 2% for each type of high forest and 4% for copses. turnover of the trees, aged 50 for high forest and 25 years for copses, takes into account an operation of tree- felling that does not cause alteration to the area’s natural physiology. volume mass, for dry substances in high forest, of 0.45-0.60 t/mc (as per type), in comparison with timber production equal to 300-400 mc/ha, while in the case of coppices the mass to be used is 0.70 ton/m3 (dry material) and timber production is set at 140 m3/ha. Volume mass, wood production and felling Woodland type% per year Volume mass (tons/mq) Wood production (mq/ha) Resinuous (high forest) coppice20,45400 Hardwood coppice20,60300 Mixed coppice20,50300 Copse40,70140 Next step: find more detailed data for every single mountain community

44 C. Analysis of energy demand ELECTRICAL available data for every province (derived from a survey) per sector (buildings, industry, agricolture) THERMAL available data only for domestic heating for every municipalities (not derived from a survey but from calculations) Lack of information on thermal consumpion Different level of fragmentation (region, province, mountain community, municipalities) Difficulties to overcome

45 D. Selection of technologies On the basis of results achieved in the pilot areas, the most interesting technologies for Liguria are: District heating (especially for public users) CHP (<5MW) with classical Rankine Cycle or with Organic Rankine Cycle Pellets stoves Pellets production plants


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