8South East Indians Lived about 4000 years ago. Each tribe had their own government and languages.The tribes believed in their own gods and goddesses to guide them through life.
9South East IndiansWattle & Daub Houses: made by weaving rivercane, wood, and vines into a frame, then coating the frame with plaste (Cherokee)Chickees: Huts, stilt housesick posts supporting a thatched roof and a flat wooden platform raised several feet off the ground. They did not have any walls (Florida )Earth Homes: in the ground
10South East Indians Produced colorful art using their dyes. Made their own baskets from natural materials.Used shells to make tools and hunting knives.Most known for their beautiful beadwork.
11Northeast Indians Tribes The group of Native American known as the Woodland Indians is made up of several tribes. These are some of the major tribes.Delaware Wampanoag HuronNarraganset Powhatan IroquoisMohawk Oneida OnondagaCayuga Seneca Tuscarora
12Dyed quills decorated moccasins in red, blue and violet Dyed quills decorated moccasins in red, blue and violet. These are Seneca quilled moccasins
13This is a picture of the traditional dress of men in many of the Eastern Woodland tribes. In the summer, the men wore a breechcloth, a short piece of buckskin that hung from the front to the back of the Indian. The women wore their grass dresses, and the children wore nothing at all
14FoodCorn, beans, and squash were the most important crops planted. They were know as “The Three Sisters” as they were also grown together.
15North East HomesWigwams-woven mats and sheets of birchbark (Algonquian)Longhouse: Longhouses could be 150 feet long, 20 feet wide, and 20 feet high (Iroquois)
16Iroquois ConfederacyPolitical alliance formed by five language related tribes in the Northeastern WoodlandsMohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, SenecaAlliance formed to ensure protection of tribal landsU.S. uses similar ideas when creating its own government
25Pacific Northwest Kwakiutl, Nootka, Haida Abundant environment - sea and forestWhale huntersWealth leads to social classesPotlatch - giving away ceremony to show wealth
26The carvings on each totem pole told about a family’s history. The Northwest Coast region had many forests. The Native Americans in this region used wood from the forests to carve tall totem poles.The carvings on each totem pole told about a family’s history.
27Indians from the Northwest Coast hunted sea animals in the Pacific Ocean. There were many salmon in the rivers for them to eat. They also hunted animals in nearby forests.
28North West IndiansPlank Houses: Flat planks of cedar wood
34California Encompasses the western states. The Pomo, an Indian tribe, crafted beautiful baskets of all different sizes and for all different occasions.Lived in communities numbering up to 2,000More than 100 languages flourished in California before European contact; most are gone today.
35Great BasinFrom the Rockies to the Sierra Nevada mountain ranges. Largely consisting of desert.Water & food was hard to come by, too dry for farming- few animals to hunt. Gathered nuts and seeds.Tribes had to stay on the move, most natives had a routine route they traveled every year. Because they were always moving their dwellings were mostly temporary.California and Intermountain regions used shells as currency.
36PlateauEastern Oregon and Washington, southern Alberta and British Columbia, northern Idaho and western Montana.Hot summers and long cold winters.Pattern of life similar to Great Basin peoples but was enhanced by annual runs of salmon up the Columbia River.People lived in villages made of partly sunken circular dwellings in the cold months and camped in grass mat houses in the warm months