Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Thursday Lecture – Fruits and Nuts of Temperate Regions II Reading: Textbook, Chapter 3.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Thursday Lecture – Fruits and Nuts of Temperate Regions II Reading: Textbook, Chapter 3."— Presentation transcript:

1 Thursday Lecture – Fruits and Nuts of Temperate Regions II Reading: Textbook, Chapter 3

2 OPTIONAL ASSIGNMENT What are the tropics? - define and explain this term, especially as it applies to the factors that affect the growth of plants, including economically important ones. Due Tuesday, Feb. 8 - return as hard copy or by

3

4

5

6

7 Quiz 1.Fill in the blank. An ovule develops into a(n) _____ An ovary develops into a(n) _____ 2.Which of the following is actually a berry: strawberry raspberry blackberry blueberry cherry

8 Temperate Fruit & Nut Crops Rosaceae – Rose Family - Apples, Pears, and Quinces - Plums, Cherries, Peaches, Apricots, Almonds - Strawberries, Raspberries, Blackberries Blueberries & Cranberries Grapes Olives Kiwi Fruit Walnuts & Pecans Pistachios See Tables 3.2, p. 55; Table 3.5, p

9 Stone Fruits – Plums, Cherries, Peaches, Apricots

10 Stone Fruits – Cherries

11 Stone Fruits – Plums and Peaches Plum Peach

12 Berries that are not really berries Brambles – raspberries and blackberries Fruit = aggregate of small drupes (drupelets)

13 Berries that are not really berries Raspberry – receptacle stays behind when fruit detached Blackberry – receptacle detaches with fruit BoysenberryLoganberry Black raspberry Blackberry

14 Berries that are not really berries Strawberry - Fragaria See Fig. 3.8, p. 66

15 Berries that are not really berries Strawberry - Fragaria See Fig. 3.8, p. 66 A polyploid origin involving both New and Old World.

16 Berries that are not really berries Strawberry - Fragaria See Fig. 3.8, p. 66 A polyploid origin involving both New and Old World. Old World: woodland strawberry 2x

17 Berries that are not really berries Strawberry - Fragaria See Fig. 3.8, p. 66 A polyploid origin involving both New and Old World. Old World: woodland strawberry 2x New World: North America 8x South America 8x

18 Berries that are not really berries Strawberry - Fragaria See Fig. 3.8, p. 66 A polyploid origin involving both New and Old World. Old World: woodland strawberry 2x New World: North America 8x South America 8x New World species  Old World, hybridize in gardens

19 Berries that are not really berries Strawberry - Fragaria See Fig. 3.8, p. 66 A polyploid origin involving both New and Old World. Old World: woodland strawberry 2x New World: North America 8x South America 8x New World species  Old World, hybridize in gardens  Fragaria x ananassa Garden strawberry

20 Berries that are really Berries Blueberry See Fig. 3.9, p. 67

21 Berries that are really Berries Blueberry Cranberry See Fig. 3.9, p. 67

22 Another Popular Berry Grapes - Vitis Vineyard grapes Muscadine grapes Table grapes Flowers See Fig. 3.11, p. 68

23 A Berry with an Accent See Fig. 3.14, p. 70 Note: some individuals can be allergic to kiwi Kiwi Fruit – Actinidia deliciosa (original common name = Chinese gooseberry)

24 Drupes Again Olive – Olea europea See Fig. 3.12, p. 68

25 Nuts to You Pecans Walnuts See Fig. 3.15, 3.16, p

26 More Nuts Hazelnut See Figs. 3.17, 3.18, p. 72 Chestnut - Castanea

27 Nuts that are not nuts Pistachio – Pistacia vera Almond - Prunus Fig. 3.19, p. 73; Figs. 3.20, 3.21, p. 74

28 Tropical Fruits & Nuts

29 Citrus See Fig. 4.1, p. 79

30 Citrus fruit = hesperidium Hesperidium = special type of berry (name from the Hesperides, sisters in the garden of Hera, visited by Hercules)

31 Citrus Crops Citron – C. medica

32 Citrus Crops Citron – C. medica Grapefruit – C. paradisi (hybrid – C. maxima x C. sinensis)

33 Citrus Crops Citron – C. medica Grapefruit – C. paradisi (hybrid – C. maxima x C. sinensis) Lemon – C. limon (trihybrid – C. medica, C. maxima, other)

34 Citrus Crops Citron – C. medica Grapefruit – C. paradisi (hybrid – C. maxima x C. sinensis) Lemon – C. limon (trihybrid – C. medica, C. maxima, other) Lime – C. aurantifolia (trihybrid, like lemon)

35 Citrus Crops Citron – C. medica Grapefruit – C. paradisi (hybrid – C. maxima x C. sinensis) Lemon – C. limon (trihybrid – C. medica, C. maxima, other) Lime – C. aurantifolia (trihybrid, like lemon) Orange, bitter – C. aurantinum (C. reticulata x C. maxima) Orange, sweet – C. sinensis (C. reticulata x C. maximia)

36 Citrus Crops Citron – C. medica Grapefruit – C. paradisi (hybrid – C. maxima x C. sinensis) Lemon – C. limon (trihybrid – C. medica, C. maxima, other) Lime – C. aurantifolia (trihybrid, like lemon) Orange, bitter – C. aurantinum (C. reticulata x C. maxima) Orange, sweet – C. sinensis (C. reticulata x C. maximia) Pummelo – C. maxima

37 Citrus Crops Citron – C. medica Grapefruit – C. paradisi (hybrid – C. maxima x C. sinensis) Lemon – C. limon (trihybrid – C. medica, C. maxima, other) Lime – C. aurantifolia (trihybrid, like lemon) Orange, bitter – C. aurantinum (C. reticulata x C. maxima) Orange, sweet – C. sinensis (C. reticulata x C. maximia) Pummelo – C. maxima Tangerine, Mandarine, Clementine – C. reticulata

38 Citrus Crops Citron – C. medica Grapefruit – C. paradisi (hybrid – C. maxima x C. sinensis) Lemon – C. limon (trihybrid – C. medica, C. maxima, other) Lime – C. aurantifolia (trihybrid, like lemon) Orange, bitter – C. aurantinum (C. reticulata x C. maxima) Orange, sweet – C. sinensis (C. reticulata x C. maximia) Pummelo – C. maxima Tangerine, Mandarine, Clementine – C. reticulata Uglifruit – hybrid, C. paradisi x C. reticulata

39 Orangerie

40 Kumquat – Fortunella japonica and F. margarita

41 Yes, We Have No Bananas See Fig. 4.17, p. 94

42 Banana Republics Banana wars Strain European-US relations From "L'Italo Americano," March 11, 1999 GENEVA (AP) - The European Union has filed a complaint against the United States before the World Trade Organization, saying U.S. moves to impose sanctions in a dispute over bananas violate global trading rules. Wheat: 1300 lbs/acre Corn: 2,800 lbs/acre Bananas: 18,000 lbs/acre Late 19 th -mid-20 th century – U.S. Interventions in Central America 1990s – disputes over tariffs with World Trade Organization

43 Pineapples – The Multiple Fruit Ananas comosus - Bromeliaceae See Fig. 4.16, p. 93

44 Tuesday Lecture – Fruits and Nuts of Warm Regions Reading: Textbook, Chapter 4


Download ppt "Thursday Lecture – Fruits and Nuts of Temperate Regions II Reading: Textbook, Chapter 3."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google