Presentation on theme: "EQ: What are the characteristics of the Paleo, Archaic, Woodland, and the Mississippian Indian Cultures?"— Presentation transcript:
EQ: What are the characteristics of the Paleo, Archaic, Woodland, and the Mississippian Indian Cultures?
Brainstorming With your partner, quietly discuss the stereotypes of Native Americans and how they been portrayed in American History. Write down your groups ideas in your composition notebook. Think of movies, cartoons, commercials, books, stories, etc.
Stereotypes of Native Americans Have we been lied to our entire lives about who they really are?
Stereotypes of Native Americans Someone wearing feathers Someone living in a tipi Someone who makes a "whooping" sound Someone to associate with Thanksgiving and the pilgrims People who never waste anything People who respect the land and never harm anything People who are often seen in the wild or portrayed as animals or part of the land Fought like the “brave”
Stereotypes continued Smoked the “peace” pipe – say there was never peace and that narcotics were never in the peace pipe. People who worship nature That every one chose an animal name or had a animal spirit as protector Native are lazy and not motivated Always associated with handcrafts – dream, jewelry, Stereotype that all Indians were the same A lot of the ideas mentioned above are all ideas that are found in Mainstream America.
Things we have heard "Sit like Indians" "You act like a bunch of wild Indians" "I'm dressing like an Indian for Halloween" "You're an Indian giver" "Too many chiefs, not enough Indians“ Have we (American history/society) turned Native groups into simply movie roles and costume ideas?
Earliest Native Americans Where did they come from? How did they get here? When did they get here?
BERINGIA! At least 10,000-15,000 years ago Land bridge was formed Coined “Beringia” Came from Asia
Before “Contact” Native Americans Paleo Archaic Woodland Mississippian What was the cultural evolution of these Americans? Complete Chart
Paleo Indians Tools & Weapons: – Atlatl: 2 ft. long wood shaft with a spear on the end/Simple tools Food: – Mammoth – Bison – Nuts and wild berries – Over hunted large animals causing extinction
Paleo Indians Culture: – 1 st Indians in North America – Beringia: A narrow strip of land that use to connect Alaska & Russia
Archaic Indians Migratory Patterns: – Settle in one place Housing: – More permanent – Small camps Social Structure: – Larger groups/ communities
Archaic Indians Tools and Weapons: –G–Grooved Axe Food: –B–Berries, nuts, and fruit &…
Whitetail Deer Opossum Turkey Rabbit Bear Fox Shellfish
Archaic Indians Cultural Aspects: – 1 st signs of clay pottery – Decorative stone and bone pieces
Woodland Indians Migratory Patterns: – Settled in villages Housing: – More sturdy structures Social Structure: – Tribes are formed
Woodland Indians Tools and Weapons: – Bow and Arrow is invented Food: – Small game: Small animals such as rabbit & squirrel – Nuts – Fish
Woodland Indians Cultural Aspects: – Burial mounds in the shape of animals – Markings on pottery
Mississippian Indians Migratory Patterns: – Large tribes near rivers Housing: – Groups of houses of wood and clay surrounded by Palisade (tall wooden wall) & moat (wide ditch w/ water) Social Structure: – Chiefdom: villages ruled by a priest-chief
Mississippian Indians Tools and Weapons: – Stone weapons & farming tools