1Delaware Wampanoag Huron Narraganset Powhatan Iroquois The group of Native American known as the Woodland Indians is made up of several tribes. These are some of the major tribes.Delaware Wampanoag HuronNarraganset Powhatan IroquoisMohawk Oneida OnondagaCayuga Seneca Tuscarora
2Map of the area the Eastern Woodland Indians lived.
3Clothing. Buckskin is clothing made from the skins of deer.In the winter, the menwore shirts,leggings, andmoccasins.
4Clothing. The women woreskirtswoven from thewild grasses,with leggingsunderneath.
5WampumWampum belts and necklaces were made from shells. Wampum wasused as money between white man and Indians. Wampum belts were used as a form of communication between Indian tribes.
6This is a sample of a wampum belt. The Great Chain, or Covenant Belt, is generally thought to be a belt presented by the U.S. government to the Iroquois in 1794 at the Pickering Treaty at Canandaigua, N.Y. Adapted from The Native Americans. Edited by B. & I. Ballantine. 1993
7FoodEastern Woodland tribes hunted small game such as deer, rabbit, and bear.They also fished using spears and nets.Berries, nuts, and wild plants were important forms of food..
8Food Corn, beans, and squash were the most important crops planted. They wereknow as “The Three Sisters”as they were growntogether.
9Wigwams were made by bending young trees to form the round shape of the home. Over this shape pieces of tree bark were overlapped to protect the Indians from bad weather.
10Over the bark a layer of thatch, or dried grass, was added Over the bark a layer of thatch, or dried grass, was added. A small hole in the top allowed smoke from the fires to escape. Beds were matting covered with animal skin.
11Longhouses were long rectangular homes Longhouses were long rectangular homes. Longhouses were made by building a frame from,saplings.
12They were then covered with bark sewn together They were then covered with bark sewn together. There was a long hallway with rooms on both sides.
13Sleeping platforms, covered with deerskin, lined each wall Sleeping platforms, covered with deerskin, lined each wall. There were also shelves for storing baskets, pots, and pelts. Pelts are the skins of animals with the fur attached.Several families would live in the long house, but the families were related to each other.
14The Iroquois village consisted of two or more longhouses The Iroquois village consisted of two or more longhouses. In the early years the longhouses were built near streams.
15Pots were madeusing clay coils,etched with sticksand other things,and fired in coals.
16ToolsThe men created dugout canoes from tree logs. They used carving and wood burning to create the canoes.
17Sometimes the Indians wore corn husks masks or painted their faces to frighten away the evil spirits.