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Native Americans: The First Inhabitants of Virginia.

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Presentation on theme: "Native Americans: The First Inhabitants of Virginia."— Presentation transcript:

1 Native Americans: The First Inhabitants of Virginia

2 Virginia Studies 2 d, e The student will demonstrate knowledge of the geography and early inhabitants of Virginia by. Locating three American Indian (First American) language groups (the Algonquian, the Siouan and the Iroquoian) on a map of Virginia. Describing how American Indians (First Americans) adapted to the climate and their environment to secure food, clothing and shelter.

3 Native Americans: The First Inhabitants of Virginia:Table of Contents Christopher Columbus: Indians Native Language Groups Native Americans in Virginia: Map Native Americans: Evidence & Artifacts Virginia Climate Eastern Woodland Indians Food: Winter, Spring, Summer, FallFoodWinterSpringSummerFall Clothing Shelter Assessments: One, Two, ThreeOneTwoThree

4 Christopher Columbus: Indians Christopher Columbus called the people he found in the lands he discovered “Indians” because he thought he was in the Indies (near China).

5 Native Language Groups Three major language groups. 1.Algonquian was spoken primarily in the Tidewater region; the Powhatans were a member of this group. 2.Siouan was spoken primarily in the Piedmont region. 3.Iroquoian was spoken in Southwestern Virginia and in Southern Virginia near what is today North Carolina; the Cherokee were a part of this group. Map

6 Native Americans In Virginia: Map Algonquian (Powhatan ) Siouan Iroquoian (Cherokee)

7 Evidence & Artifacts Today we know that Native Americans lived in all areas of the state by the artifacts they left behind. Artifacts such as arrowheads, pottery, and other tools that have been found tell a lot about the people who lived in Virginia.

8 Virginia Climate The climate in Virginia is relatively mild with distinct seasons—spring, summer, fall, and winter—resulting in a variety of vegetation.

9 Eastern Woodland Indians Virginia’s Indians are referred to as Eastern Woodland Indians, due to the forests which cover most of the land. The kinds of food they ate, the clothing they wore, and the shelters they had depended upon the seasons. Click below for more information Click on the back arrow to return here Food Clothing Shelters

10 Eastern Woodland IndiansEastern Woodland Indians: FoodFood Foods changed with the seasons: –Winter - hunted birds and animalsWinter –Spring - fished and picked berriesSpring –Summer - grew crops (beans, corn, squash)Summer –Fall - harvested cropsFall Click on the season for more information Click on the back arrow to return to this slide Back to Eastern Woodland Indians

11 Eastern Woodland IndiansEastern Woodland Indians: Food - Winter Hunted Animals and Birds

12 Eastern Woodland IndiansEastern Woodland Indians: Food - Spring Fished, Picked Berries

13 Eastern Woodland IndiansEastern Woodland Indians: Food - Summer Planted Crops (beans, corn, squash)

14 Eastern Woodland IndiansEastern Woodland Indians: Food - Fall Harvested Crops

15 Eastern Woodland IndiansEastern Woodland Indians: ClothingClothing Animal skins (deerskin) were used for clothing. Back to Eastern Woodland Indians

16 Eastern Woodland IndiansEastern Woodland Indians: ShelterShelter Shelter was made from materials around them mainly wood and bark. Back to Eastern Woodland Indians

17 Assessment Assessment – 1 of 3 Why were Virginia’s Indians referred to as the Eastern Woodlands Indians? Answer Answer What were Indians clothes made from? Answer Answer Click here to go to Assessment #2

18 Assessment Assessment - 2 of 3 What type of food did the Eastern Woodland Indians eat during the winter? Answer Answer What type of food did the Eastern Woodland Indians eat during the summer? Answer Answer Click here to go to Assessment #3 Click here to go back to Assessment #1

19 AssessmentAssessment – 3 of 3 What did the Eastern Woodlands Indians depend upon to determine what foods they ate, type of clothing they wore and shelters they lived?AnswerAnswer What were the three major Indians languages spoken in Virginia? Answer Answer Click here to go back to Assessment #2

20 Hunted Animals and Birds Native Americans: Food - Winter

21 Planted Crops (beans, corn, squash) Native Americans: Food - Summer

22 Eastern Woodland Indians Virginia’s Indians are referred to as Eastern Woodland Indians, due to the forests which cover most of the land.

23 Animal skins (deerskin) were used for clothing. Eastern Woodland Indians: Clothing

24 Eastern Woodland Indians: The Seasons The kinds of food they ate, the clothing they wore, and the shelters they had depended upon the seasons.

25 Native American Language Groups: Map Algonquian (Powhatan ) Siouan Iroquoian (Cherokee)

26 Credits Virginia Studies Curriculum Framework, Commonwealth of Virginia, Board of Education, 2001 Virginia Studies Posters (http://chumby.dlib.vt.edu/melissa/posters/vastudiesposter.html) Google Image Search (www.google.com/images)


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