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Native Americans: The First Inhabitants of Virginia

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1 Native Americans: The First Inhabitants of Virginia
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2 Virginia Studies 2 d, e The student will demonstrate knowledge of the geography and early inhabitants of Virginia by. Locating three American Indian (First American) language groups (the Algonquian, the Siouan and the Iroquoian) on a map of Virginia. Describing how American Indians (First Americans) adapted to the climate and their environment to secure food, clothing and shelter.

3 Native Americans: The First Inhabitants of Virginia:Table of Contents
Christopher Columbus: Indians Native Language Groups Native Americans in Virginia: Map Native Americans: Evidence & Artifacts Virginia Climate Eastern Woodland Indians Food: Winter, Spring, Summer, Fall Clothing Shelter Assessments: One, Two, Three

4 Christopher Columbus: Indians
Christopher Columbus called the people he found in the lands he discovered “Indians” because he thought he was in the Indies (near China). Add picture of Christopher Columbus on this slide

5 Native Language Groups
Three major language groups. Algonquian was spoken primarily in the Tidewater region; the Powhatans were a member of this group. Siouan was spoken primarily in the Piedmont region. Iroquoian was spoken in Southwestern Virginia and in Southern Virginia near what is today North Carolina; the Cherokee were a part of this group. Map

6 Native Americans In Virginia: Map
Algonquian (Powhatan) Iroquoian (Cherokee) Siouan

7 Evidence & Artifacts Today we know that Native Americans lived in all areas of the state by the artifacts they left behind. Artifacts such as arrowheads, pottery, and other tools that have been found tell a lot about the people who lived in Virginia.

8 Virginia Climate The climate in Virginia is relatively mild with distinct seasons—spring, summer, fall, and winter—resulting in a variety of vegetation.

9 Eastern Woodland Indians
Virginia’s Indians are referred to as Eastern Woodland Indians, due to the forests which cover most of the land. The kinds of food they ate, the clothing they wore, and the shelters they had depended upon the seasons. Click below for more information Click on the back arrow to return here Food Clothing Shelters

10 Eastern Woodland Indians: Food
Foods changed with the seasons: Winter - hunted birds and animals Spring - fished and picked berries Summer - grew crops (beans, corn, squash) Fall - harvested crops Back to Eastern Woodland Indians Click on the season for more information Click on the back arrow to return to this slide

11 Eastern Woodland Indians: Food - Winter
Hunted Animals and Birds

12 Eastern Woodland Indians: Food - Spring
Fished, Picked Berries

13 Eastern Woodland Indians: Food - Summer
Add Squash clip art Planted Crops (beans, corn, squash)

14 Eastern Woodland Indians: Food - Fall
Harvested Crops

15 Eastern Woodland Indians: Clothing
Animal skins (deerskin) were used for clothing. Add different clothing pictures on this slide Back to Eastern Woodland Indians

16 Eastern Woodland Indians: Shelter
Shelter was made from materials around them mainly wood and bark. Back to Eastern Woodland Indians

17 Click here to go to Assessment #2
Assessment – 1 of 3 Why were Virginia’s Indians referred to as the Eastern Woodlands Indians? Answer What were Indians clothes made from? Answer Click here to go to Assessment #2

18 Assessment - 2 of 3 What type of food did the Eastern Woodland Indians eat during the winter? Answer What type of food did the Eastern Woodland Indians eat during the summer? Answer Click here to go back to Assessment #1 Click here to go to Assessment #3

19 Click here to go back to Assessment #2
Assessment – 3 of 3 What did the Eastern Woodlands Indians depend upon to determine what foods they ate, type of clothing they wore and shelters they lived? Answer What were the three major Indians languages spoken in Virginia? Answer Click here to go back to Assessment #2

20 Native Americans: Food - Winter
Hunted Animals and Birds

21 Native Americans: Food - Summer
Planted Crops (beans, corn, squash)

22 Eastern Woodland Indians
Virginia’s Indians are referred to as Eastern Woodland Indians, due to the forests which cover most of the land.

23 Eastern Woodland Indians: Clothing
Animal skins (deerskin) were used for clothing.

24 Eastern Woodland Indians: The Seasons
The kinds of food they ate, the clothing they wore, and the shelters they had depended upon the seasons.

25 Native American Language Groups: Map
Algonquian (Powhatan) Iroquoian (Cherokee) Siouan

26 Credits Virginia Studies Curriculum Framework, Commonwealth of Virginia, Board of Education, 2001 Virginia Studies Posters (http://chumby.dlib.vt.edu/melissa/posters/vastudiesposter.html) Google Image Search (www.google.com/images)


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