Background Seven stage of LTAD Common Issues 10 Factors Opportunities
Athlete centred, coach driven and administration, sport science and sponsor supported Centré sur l’athlète, dirigé par l’entraîneur, et appuyé par l’administration, les sciences du sport et les commanditaires What is LTAD ? Qu’est-ce que le DLTA?
What is LTAD ? Qu’est-ce que le DLTA? Optimal training, competition and recovery programming with relation to biological development and maturation Programmes optimaux d’entraînement, de compétition et de récupération, adaptés au développement biologique et à la maturation
Adapted from Sport England 2006 THREE KEY OUTCOMES
Kid’s are less active -many do not walk to school -many do not have as much physical play -many have less PE and/or lower quality PE -participate in sport less -many do not stay in sport as long -are over structured/organized Adults are less active Busy lifestyles Two parents working – priorities……. Changed Landscape
Active Start FUNdamental Active for Life Training to Win Training to Train Training to Compete Learning to Train Physical Literacy Excellence Life-long Physical Activity
Background - insanity Seven stage of LTAD Common Gaps 10 Factors Opportunities
Training and competition is based on chronological age Athletes can be 4 - 5 years apart by maturation levels Developmental Age
Adult competition for young athletes Adult training programmes for young athletes Male programmes for females Young athletes under-train and over-compete Chronological age versus biological age Sensitive“ periods not utilized by coaches Knowledgeable coaches only at elite level Coaching education marginal Parent's education is neglected Administrators education is neglected Poor integration of sport science & medicine Poor at developing physical literacy Summary of Issues = Problems
1.Physical Literacy 2.Specialization 3.Age 4.Sensitive Periods of Trainability 5.Mental / Cognitive / Emotional Development 6.Periodization 7.System Alignment and Integration 8.Competition (Calendar planning) 9.Excellence Takes Time 10.Continuous improvement (KAIZEN) The 10 Key Factors Influencing LTAD
Factor #1 Physical Literacy Acquiring the skills and confidence to be motivated to be active a variety of sports and physical activities
ACQUIRE THE SKILLS & CONFIDENCE TO ENJOY A VARIETY OF SPORTS Fundamental Movement Skills Fundamental Sport Skills Decision Making ++= Physical Literacy
TYPES OF FUNDAMENTAL MOVEMENT SKILLS Running Jumping Swimming Sliding / Skating LOCOMOTOR Sending Receiving Dribbling Striking OBJECT Agility Balance Coordination Speed Rhythm BODY
PHYSICAL LITERACY KEEPS YOUR CHILD IN THE GAME Run Soccer Basketball Volleyball Track and Field Squash Tennis Badminton Football Field Hockey
PHYSICAL LITERACY KEEPS YOUR CHILD IN THE GAME Catch Baseball Softball Basketball Football Goalball Rugby Lacrosse
PHYSICAL LITERACY KEEPS YOUR CHILD IN THE GAME Throw Baseball Softball (Wheelchair) Basketball Shot Put Frisbee Golf Water Polo Cricket
Physical Literacy Assessment for Youth www.physicalliteracy.ca
Early Sports Gymnastics Rhythmic Gymnastics Figure Skating Diving Swimming (age 8) Others? Late Sports All other sports are late specialization sports Specialising early in a late specialization sport contributes to one sided preparation, injuries, early burnout and early retirement Factor #2 - Specialization
"In youth hockey, in most cases, it's really important for kids to play other sports - whether it's indoor lacrosse or soccer or baseball. I think what that does is two things."In youth hockey, in most cases, it's really important for kids to play other sports - whether it's indoor lacrosse or soccer or baseball. I think what that does is two things. One, each sport helps the other sport.One, each sport helps the other sport. And then I think taking time off in the off-season - that three- or four-month window - really rejuvenates kids so when they come back at the end of August, they're more excited. They think, 'All right, hockey's back, I'm ready to go.' "And then I think taking time off in the off-season - that three- or four-month window - really rejuvenates kids so when they come back at the end of August, they're more excited. They think, 'All right, hockey's back, I'm ready to go.' "
LTAD Now, first we make a player and after we want to make an athlete out of the player! Reverse Procedure Future, we have to make an athlete first and make a player out of the athlete !
Chronological age vs. biological age / developmental age Training and competition is based on chronological ageTraining and competition is based on chronological age Athletes can be 4 - 5 years apart by maturation levelsAthletes can be 4 - 5 years apart by maturation levels
Basic Characteristics General Consequences: Performance Capabilities and Limitations and Implications to the Coach Factor #5 Factor #5 Mental, cognitive and emotional development
Making or Breaking an Athlete 8 – 12 years of age Active Start Training to Win Learning to Train Training to Train Training to Compete FUNdamental Important Very Important Very Important
Integration and Sequencing of Sport Science, Sport Medicine and Sport- Specific Technical-Tactical Activities Factor #6 Periodization
Competition is a good servant but poor master ! Factor #7 Competition – Calendar Planning
Factor #8 System Building, Alignment and Integration
Shelton and Way 2009 4 Sectors sport, recreation, health and education
It takes 10 years of extensive practice to excel in anything ! H. Simon Nobel LaureateIt takes 10 years of extensive practice to excel in anything ! H. Simon Nobel Laureate 10 year or 10,000 hour rule10 year or 10,000 hour rule Ericsson and Charness, 1994 and Salmela et al., 1999 Ericsson and Charness, 1994 and Salmela et al., 1999 Includes app. 10% of the participants 90% ?Includes app. 10% of the participants 90% ? Factor #9 Excellence Take Time
Change is constant Societal impacts International sport Be a student of your sport Factor #10 Continuous Improvement
Is Athlete Development a priority in your program?Is Athlete Development a priority in your program? Is Coach Development a priority in your program?Is Coach Development a priority in your program? Is there a better/more effective way to deliver your sports?Is there a better/more effective way to deliver your sports?Opportunities……..
“The definition of insanity is doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results.” Albert Einstein « La définition de la folie, c’est refaire toujours la même chose en s’attendant à un résultat différent. » Albert Einstein