Presentation on theme: "Surrey School District, Sept 2013"— Presentation transcript:
1 Surrey School District, Sept 2013 5 minute welcome & introductionSurrey School District, Sept 2013
2 BackgroundSeven stage of LTADCommon Issues10 FactorsOpportunities
3 What is LTAD ? Qu’est-ce que le DLTA? Athlete centred, coach driven and administration, sport science and sponsor supportedCentré sur l’athlète, dirigé par l’entraîneur, et appuyé par l’administration, les sciences du sport et les commanditairesImportance égale attachée aux loisirs et à la compétitionWe have worked with athlete centreerd for 15 yrs. We believe LTAD is athlete centered decision sbased on athlete in situtation fiurther defined by athlete cedntered.2 14 yr old bone desinety skeltion. Man against boySwimming, size & strenght irrelevant at younger ages, get everyone to sawim by times instead of ages? Used to be one way. Several sports use tiered approach to comp. But lots still use chrono age. Speed skating go by ability not age, raquetsports do it consistently.Performance is not necessarily the key indivcatior but how it is doing, alpine a classic expalample, competiency skill that underlies performance, tech checklist thin at best some have regimented approach: diving, 1st 10 years
4 What is LTAD ? Qu’est-ce que le DLTA? Optimal training, competition and recovery programming with relation to biological development and maturationProgrammes optimaux d’entraînement, de compétition et de récupération, adaptés au développement biologique et à la maturationIT IS BASED ON BIOLOGICAL MATURATION AWAY from chronologicl age. Work of jean Cote? Hockey pros vs age. Sport – swimming, age of date competiting, why artifical date? Age at adate of comp. So all kids can fit. We ask questions aas we go
5 Adapted from Sport England 2006 THREE KEY OUTCOMESCanadian Sport for Life is a movement that recognizes the importance of:Excellence (ie providing the right opportunities so that children can excel in sport),Being active for Life (so that children have skills and abilities to participate in sport activities throughout their lives)And making sure all children are physically literate so that they have the right foundation for both.What do we want :This graphic shows exactly where we want to be.Not everyone is going to be an elite athlete, but everyone can participant in sport for life by being physically literateAdapted from Sport England 2006
6 Changed Landscape Kid’s are less active -many do not walk to school -many do not have as much physical play-many have less PE and/or lower quality PE-participate in sport less-many do not stay in sport as long-are over structured/organizedAdults are less activeBusy lifestylesTwo parents working – priorities…….
7 World bank data mirrors Stats Canada data and depicts for the first time (2009) in the history of Canada life expectancy has gone down……very tragic. Health care was the main reason that life expectancy had continued to go up every year but even great health care cannot overcome ever increasing inactivity disease such as type 2 diabetes.World Bank (April 2012)
8 Everyone who is active is important! Canadian Sport for Life (CS4L) is a movement to improve the quality of sport and physical activity in Canada. CS4L links sport, education, recreation and health and aligns community, provincial and national programming. Long-term Athlete Development (LTAD) is a seven-stage training, competition, and recovery pathway guiding an individual’s experience in sport and physical activity from infancy through all phases of adulthood.CS4L, with LTAD, represents a paradigm shift in the way Canadians lead and deliver sport and physical activity in Canada.
10 BackgroundSeven stages of LTADCommon Issues10 FactorsOpportunities
11 Physical Literacy Excellence Active Start FUNdamental Learning to TrainExcellenceTraining to TrainTraining to CompeteTraining to WinLife-long Physical ActivityActive for Life
12 Fundamental Movements Active Start Stage Chronological/ Development Age Males and Females: 0-6FundamentalMovementsGymnasticsSwimmingRunning(Wheeling)FUN and part of daily lifeFitness and movement skillsGrowing and exploringFocus on improving skills such as running, jumping, wheeling, twisting, kicking, throwing, and catchingNot sedentary for more than 60 minutes except when sleepingSome organized physical activityExploration of risk and limits in safe environmentsActive movement environment combined with well-structured gymnastics and swimming programsDaily physical activity
13 Fundamental Movements Skills + FUNdamental Stage Chronological/ Development Age Males 6-9 and Females: 6-8FundamentalMovementsSkills +
15 Fundamental Sport Skills Learning to Train Stage Chronological/ Development Age Males: 9-12 Females: 8-11FundamentalSportSkillsOverall sport skillsMajor skill learning stage: all basic sport skills should be learned before entering Training of TrainMental, cognitive, and emotional developmentIntroduction to mental preparationMedicine ball, Swiss ball, own body strength exerciseIntroduce ancillary capacitiesTalent IDSingle or double periodizationSport specific training 3 times week; participation in other sports 3 times a week
18 ExcellenceTraining to TrainTraining to CompeteTraining to Win
19 Building engine and sport specific skills Training to Train Developmental Age – onset of PHV Males: Females: 11-15Building engineandsport specific skillsMajor fitness development stage: aerobic and strength Peak Height Velocity (PHV) is the reference pointMental, cognitive, and emotional, developmentDevelop mental preparationIntroduce free weightsDevelop ancillary capacitiesFrequent musculoskeletal evaluations during PHVSelectionSingle or double periodizationSport specific training 6-9 times per week including complementary sports
20 sport / event / position skills Training to Compete Chronological Age Males: /- Females: /-Optimizing engineandsport / event / position skillsEvent, position-specific physical conditioningEvent, position-specific technical tactical preparationSport, event, position-specific technical and playing skills under competitive conditionsAdvanced mental preparationOptimize ancillary capacitiesSpecializationSingle, double, or triple periodizationSport specific technical, tactical and fitness training 9-12 times per week
21 Training to Win Chronological Age Males: 19 +/- Females: 18 +/- Maximizing engineandevent / position skillsPODIUMSMaintenance or improvement of physical capacitiesFurther development of technical, tactical, and playing skillsModeling all possible aspects of training and performanceFrequent prophylactic breaksMaximize ancillary capacitiesHigh PerformanceSingle, double, triple, or multiple periodizationSport specific technical, tactical, and fitness training 9-15 times per week
23 Active for Life Enter at any age (after physical literacy) HealthyLife-longPhysicalActivityEnter at any ageMinimum of 60 minutes moderate daily activity or 30 minutes of intense activity for adultsTransfer from one sport to anotherMove from highly competitive sport to lifelong competitive sport through age group competitionMove from competitive sport to recreational activities; move to sport careers or volunteering
25 Physical Literacy Excellence Active Start FUNdamental Learning to TrainExcellenceTraining to TrainTraining to CompeteTraining to WinLife-long Physical ActivityActive for Life
26 Common Gaps Background - insanity Seven stage of LTAD 10 Factors Opportunities
27 Developmental AgeTraining and competition is based on chronological ageAthletes can be years apart by maturation levelsThese boys on this basketball team are the same age. But they are 4-5 years apart in maturation.Look at number 21. – In normal situations, where will he play? Under the basket, getting rebounds and scoring. How many opportunities will he get to dribble, pass etc. When the other boys hit their growth spurt, not only will they have the skills, they may also have the height. What will number 21 do?
28 Summary of Issues = Problems Adult competition for young athletesAdult training programmes for young athletesMale programmes for femalesYoung athletes under-train and over-competeChronological age versus biological ageSensitive“ periods not utilized by coachesKnowledgeable coaches only at elite levelCoaching education marginalParent's education is neglectedAdministrators education is neglectedPoor integration of sport science & medicinePoor at developing physical literacy
29 Why LTAD - A Paradigm Shift in Sport ExclusionInclusionAgeStageQuantityQualityIndependenceIntegrationPeriodization - AdultJuniorGoals for Selffor SocietyGoals are Immediateare Long-termSuccess is Randomis Planned
30 The 10 Key Factors Influencing LTAD Physical LiteracySpecializationAgeSensitive Periods of TrainabilityMental / Cognitive / Emotional DevelopmentPeriodizationSystem Alignment and IntegrationCompetition (Calendar planning)Excellence Takes TimeContinuous improvement (KAIZEN)
31 Factor #1 Physical Literacy Acquiring the skills and confidence to be motivated to be active a variety of sports and physical activitiesLike a buffet – if you enjoy everything – it will be a wonderful experience. The picky eater….welllFundamental movement skills + Fundamental sport skills + Decision making (confidence) = Physical LiteracySkills + confidence = Fun Physical literacy = Active for Life
32 + + = ACQUIRE THE SKILLS & CONFIDENCE TO ENJOY A VARIETY OF SPORTS Decision making photo to change out to a winter sport and female. Female hockey play.---- Meeting Notes ( :09) -----PL starts by learning Fundamental MOVEMENT skills.Things like running, jumping, throwing, catching, kicking and tumbling. Basic swimming skills are another good example.Movement skills provide the foundation for learning Fundamental SPORT skills – where the movement skills become specially adapted to perform a sport-specific activity, liking pitching in baseball, or doing an acrobatic somersault in aquatic diving, or taking a slap shot in hockey.Add in the decision making skills that kids develop as they practice sport, and you get the complete package:Physical Literacy.Fundamental Movement Skills+Fundamental Sport Skills+DecisionMaking=PhysicalLiteracy
33 TYPES OF FUNDAMENTAL MOVEMENT SKILLS BODY LOCOMOTOR OBJECT Agility BalanceCoordinationSpeedRhythmRunningJumpingSwimmingSliding / SkatingSendingReceivingDribblingStriking
34 PHYSICAL LITERACY KEEPS YOUR CHILD IN THE GAME SoccerBasketballVolleyballTrack and FieldSquashTennisBadmintonFootballField HockeyRunSpeaker’s messageWe want to develop foundation skills so the child can participate in team sport into their older years – for fitness, social, health, productiivity, HPBeing on a team – part of a social group……Confidence to play.…with your friends
35 Catch PHYSICAL LITERACY KEEPS YOUR CHILD IN THE GAME Baseball Softball BasketballFootballGoalballRugbyLacrosseCatch…and stay fit
36 PHYSICAL LITERACY KEEPS YOUR CHILD IN THE GAME BaseballSoftball(Wheelchair)BasketballShot PutFrisbee GolfWater PoloCricketThrow…and not be left out
38 Factor #2 - Specialization Late SportsAll other sports are late specialization sportsSpecialising early in a late specialization sport contributes to one sided preparation, injuries, early burnout and early retirementEarly SportsGymnasticsRhythmic GymnasticsFigure SkatingDivingSwimming (age 8)Others?
39 The great One talks about having a varied sport experience as a kid – like he did – and not be in a hurray to specialize……
40 "In youth hockey, in most cases, it's really important for kids to play other sports - whether it's indoor lacrosse or soccer or baseball. I think what that does is two things.One, each sport helps the other sport.And then I think taking time off in the off-season - that three- or four-month window - really rejuvenates kids so when they come back at the end of August, they're more excited. They think, 'All right, hockey's back, I'm ready to go.' "
41 LTADNow, first we make a player and after we want to make an athlete out of the player!Reverse ProcedureFuture, we have to make an athlete first and make a player out of the athlete !
45 Factor #5 Mental, cognitive and emotional development Basic Characteristics General Consequences: Performance Capabilities and Limitations and Implications to the Coach
46 Making or Breaking an Athlete 8 – 12 years of age ImportantTrainingto WinImportantTraining toCompeteVeryImportantTrainingto TrainVeryImportantLearningto TrainImportantFUNdamentalImportantActiveStart
47 Factor #6 Periodization Integration and Sequencing of Sport Science, Sport Medicine and Sport-Specific Technical-Tactical Activities
48 is a good servant but poor master ! Factor #7 Competition – Calendar PlanningCompetitionis a good servant but poor master !Hide weaknesses to strategizing to win…
49 Factor #8 System Building, Alignment and Integration
50 4 Sectors sport, recreation, health and education Shelton and Way 2009
51 Factor #9 Excellence Take Time It takes 10 years of extensive practice to excel in anything ! H. Simon Nobel Laureate10 year or 10,000 hour ruleEricsson and Charness, 1994 and Salmela et al., 1999Includes app. 10% of the participants % ?
52 Factor #10 Continuous Improvement Change is constantSocietal impactsInternational sportBe a student of your sport
53 Opportunities…….. Is Athlete Development a priority in your program? Is Coach Development a priority in your program?Is there a better/more effective way to deliver your sports?
55 « La définition de la folie, c’est refaire toujours la même chose en s’attendant à un résultat différent. » Albert EinsteinIf we stay the same: volleyball, 25th in world in women, resistance to change, do you want to be the same. But what about practice isn’t it the opposite, not enough isntaead of differnetly. If repeating the same skill the wrong way, making it worse. Changing to try to find balance. Adapting. Volleyball same system going no where change is fear“The definition of insanity is doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results.”Albert Einstein