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Surrey School District, Sept 2013

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Presentation on theme: "Surrey School District, Sept 2013"— Presentation transcript:

1 Surrey School District, Sept 2013
5 minute welcome & introduction Surrey School District, Sept 2013

2 Background Seven stage of LTAD Common Issues 10 Factors Opportunities

3 What is LTAD ? Qu’est-ce que le DLTA?
Athlete centred, coach driven and administration, sport science and sponsor supported Centré sur l’athlète, dirigé par l’entraîneur, et appuyé par l’administration, les sciences du sport et les commanditaires Importance égale attachée aux loisirs et à la compétition We have worked with athlete centreerd for 15 yrs. We believe LTAD is athlete centered decision sbased on athlete in situtation fiurther defined by athlete cedntered. 2 14 yr old bone desinety skeltion. Man against boy Swimming, size & strenght irrelevant at younger ages, get everyone to sawim by times instead of ages? Used to be one way. Several sports use tiered approach to comp. But lots still use chrono age. Speed skating go by ability not age, raquetsports do it consistently. Performance is not necessarily the key indivcatior but how it is doing, alpine a classic expalample, competiency skill that underlies performance, tech checklist thin at best some have regimented approach: diving, 1st 10 years

4 What is LTAD ? Qu’est-ce que le DLTA?
Optimal training, competition and recovery programming with relation to biological development and maturation Programmes optimaux d’entraînement, de compétition et de récupération, adaptés au développement biologique et à la maturation IT IS BASED ON BIOLOGICAL MATURATION AWAY from chronologicl age. Work of jean Cote? Hockey pros vs age. Sport – swimming, age of date competiting, why artifical date? Age at adate of comp. So all kids can fit. We ask questions aas we go

5 Adapted from Sport England 2006
THREE KEY OUTCOMES Canadian Sport for Life is a movement that recognizes the importance of: Excellence (ie providing the right opportunities so that children can excel in sport), Being active for Life (so that children have skills and abilities to participate in sport activities throughout their lives) And making sure all children are physically literate so that they have the right foundation for both. What do we want : This graphic shows exactly where we want to be. Not everyone is going to be an elite athlete, but everyone can participant in sport for life by being physically literate Adapted from Sport England 2006

6 Changed Landscape Kid’s are less active -many do not walk to school
-many do not have as much physical play -many have less PE and/or lower quality PE -participate in sport less -many do not stay in sport as long -are over structured/organized Adults are less active Busy lifestyles Two parents working – priorities…….

7 World bank data mirrors Stats Canada data and depicts for the first time (2009) in the history of Canada life expectancy has gone down……very tragic. Health care was the main reason that life expectancy had continued to go up every year but even great health care cannot overcome ever increasing inactivity disease such as type 2 diabetes. World Bank (April 2012)

8 Everyone who is active is important!
Canadian Sport for Life (CS4L) is a movement to improve the quality of sport and physical activity in Canada. CS4L links sport, education, recreation and health and aligns community, provincial and national programming.  Long-term Athlete Development (LTAD) is a seven-stage training, competition, and recovery pathway guiding an individual’s experience in sport and physical activity from infancy through all phases of adulthood. CS4L, with LTAD, represents a paradigm shift in the way Canadians lead and deliver sport and physical activity in Canada.

9 Canada

10 Background Seven stages of LTAD Common Issues 10 Factors Opportunities

11 Physical Literacy Excellence Active Start FUNdamental
Learning to Train Excellence Training to Train Training to Compete Training to Win Life-long Physical Activity Active for Life

12 Fundamental Movements
Active Start Stage Chronological/ Development Age Males and Females: 0-6 Fundamental Movements Gymnastics Swimming Running (Wheeling) FUN and part of daily life Fitness and movement skills Growing and exploring Focus on improving skills such as running, jumping, wheeling, twisting, kicking, throwing, and catching Not sedentary for more than 60 minutes except when sleeping Some organized physical activity Exploration of risk and limits in safe environments Active movement environment combined with well-structured gymnastics and swimming programs Daily physical activity

13 Fundamental Movements Skills +
FUNdamental Stage Chronological/ Development Age Males 6-9 and Females: 6-8 Fundamental Movements Skills +


15 Fundamental Sport Skills
Learning to Train Stage Chronological/ Development Age Males: 9-12 Females: 8-11 Fundamental Sport Skills Overall sport skills Major skill learning stage: all basic sport skills should be learned before entering Training of Train Mental, cognitive, and emotional development Introduction to mental preparation Medicine ball, Swiss ball, own body strength exercise Introduce ancillary capacities Talent ID Single or double periodization Sport specific training 3 times week; participation in other sports 3 times a week

16 If you can, you will


18 Excellence Training to Train Training to Compete Training to Win

19 Building engine and sport specific skills
Training to Train Developmental Age – onset of PHV Males: Females: 11-15 Building engine and sport specific skills Major fitness development stage: aerobic and strength Peak Height Velocity (PHV) is the reference point Mental, cognitive, and emotional, development Develop mental preparation Introduce free weights Develop ancillary capacities Frequent musculoskeletal evaluations during PHV Selection Single or double periodization Sport specific training 6-9 times per week including complementary sports

20 sport / event / position skills
Training to Compete Chronological Age Males: /- Females: /- Optimizing engine and sport / event / position skills Event, position-specific physical conditioning Event, position-specific technical tactical preparation Sport, event, position-specific technical and playing skills under competitive conditions Advanced mental preparation Optimize ancillary capacities Specialization Single, double, or triple periodization Sport specific technical, tactical and fitness training 9-12 times per week

21 Training to Win Chronological Age Males: 19 +/- Females: 18 +/-
Maximizing engine and event / position skills PODIUMS Maintenance or improvement of physical capacities Further development of technical, tactical, and playing skills Modeling all possible aspects of training and performance Frequent prophylactic breaks Maximize ancillary capacities High Performance Single, double, triple, or multiple periodization Sport specific technical, tactical, and fitness training 9-15 times per week

22 Life-long Physical Activity
Active for Life

23 Active for Life Enter at any age (after physical literacy)
Healthy Life-long Physical Activity Enter at any age Minimum of 60 minutes moderate daily activity or 30 minutes of intense activity for adults Transfer from one sport to another Move from highly competitive sport to lifelong competitive sport through age group competition Move from competitive sport to recreational activities; move to sport careers or volunteering

24 Athletes with a Disability

25 Physical Literacy Excellence Active Start FUNdamental
Learning to Train Excellence Training to Train Training to Compete Training to Win Life-long Physical Activity Active for Life

26 Common Gaps Background - insanity Seven stage of LTAD 10 Factors

27 Developmental Age Training and competition is based on chronological age Athletes can be years apart by maturation levels These boys on this basketball team are the same age. But they are 4-5 years apart in maturation. Look at number 21. – In normal situations, where will he play? Under the basket, getting rebounds and scoring. How many opportunities will he get to dribble, pass etc. When the other boys hit their growth spurt, not only will they have the skills, they may also have the height. What will number 21 do?

28 Summary of Issues = Problems
Adult competition for young athletes Adult training programmes for young athletes Male programmes for females Young athletes under-train and over-compete Chronological age versus biological age Sensitive“ periods not utilized by coaches Knowledgeable coaches only at elite level Coaching education marginal Parent's education is neglected Administrators education is neglected Poor integration of sport science & medicine Poor at developing physical literacy

29 Why LTAD - A Paradigm Shift in Sport
Exclusion Inclusion Age Stage Quantity Quality Independence Integration Periodization - Adult Junior Goals for Self for Society Goals are Immediate are Long-term Success is Random is Planned

30 The 10 Key Factors Influencing LTAD
Physical Literacy Specialization Age Sensitive Periods of Trainability Mental / Cognitive / Emotional Development Periodization System Alignment and Integration Competition (Calendar planning) Excellence Takes Time Continuous improvement (KAIZEN)

31 Factor #1 Physical Literacy
Acquiring the skills and confidence to be motivated to be active a variety of sports and physical activities Like a buffet – if you enjoy everything – it will be a wonderful experience. The picky eater….welll Fundamental movement skills + Fundamental sport skills + Decision making (confidence) = Physical Literacy Skills + confidence = Fun Physical literacy = Active for Life

Decision making photo to change out to a winter sport and female. Female hockey play. ---- Meeting Notes ( :09) ----- PL starts by learning Fundamental MOVEMENT skills. Things like running, jumping, throwing, catching, kicking and tumbling. Basic swimming skills are another good example. Movement skills provide the foundation for learning Fundamental SPORT skills – where the movement skills become specially adapted to perform a sport-specific activity, liking pitching in baseball, or doing an acrobatic somersault in aquatic diving, or taking a slap shot in hockey. Add in the decision making skills that kids develop as they practice sport, and you get the complete package: Physical Literacy. Fundamental Movement Skills + Fundamental Sport Skills + Decision Making = Physical Literacy

Balance Coordination Speed Rhythm Running Jumping Swimming Sliding / Skating Sending Receiving Dribbling Striking

Soccer Basketball Volleyball Track and Field Squash Tennis Badminton Football Field Hockey Run Speaker’s message We want to develop foundation skills so the child can participate in team sport into their older years – for fitness, social, health, productiivity, HP Being on a team – part of a social group…… Confidence to play. …with your friends

Basketball Football Goalball Rugby Lacrosse Catch …and stay fit

Baseball Softball (Wheelchair) Basketball Shot Put Frisbee Golf Water Polo Cricket Throw …and not be left out

37 Physical Literacy Assessment for Youth

38 Factor #2 - Specialization
Late Sports All other sports are late specialization sports Specialising early in a late specialization sport contributes to one sided preparation, injuries, early burnout and early retirement Early Sports Gymnastics Rhythmic Gymnastics Figure Skating Diving Swimming (age 8) Others?

39 The great One talks about having a varied sport experience as a kid – like he did – and not be in a hurray to specialize……

40 "In youth hockey, in most cases, it's really important for kids to play other sports - whether it's indoor lacrosse or soccer or baseball. I think what that does is two things. One, each sport helps the other sport. And then I think taking time off in the off-season - that three- or four-month window - really rejuvenates kids so when they come back at the end of August, they're more excited. They think, 'All right, hockey's back, I'm ready to go.' "

41 LTAD Now, first we make a player and after we want to make an athlete out of the player! Reverse Procedure Future, we have to make an athlete first and make a player out of the athlete !

42 Factor #3 Age

43 Chronological age vs. biological age / developmental age
Training and competition is based on chronological age Athletes can be years apart by maturation levels


45 Factor #5 Mental, cognitive and emotional development
Basic Characteristics General Consequences: Performance Capabilities and Limitations and Implications to the Coach

46 Making or Breaking an Athlete 8 – 12 years of age
Important Training to Win Important Training to Compete Very Important Training to Train Very Important Learning to Train Important FUNdamental Important Active Start

47 Factor #6 Periodization
Integration and Sequencing of Sport Science, Sport Medicine and Sport-Specific Technical-Tactical Activities

48 is a good servant but poor master !
Factor #7 Competition – Calendar Planning Competition is a good servant but poor master ! Hide weaknesses to strategizing to win…

49 Factor #8 System Building, Alignment and Integration

50 4 Sectors sport, recreation, health and education
Shelton and Way 2009

51 Factor #9 Excellence Take Time
It takes 10 years of extensive practice to excel in anything ! H. Simon Nobel Laureate 10 year or 10,000 hour rule Ericsson and Charness, 1994 and Salmela et al., 1999 Includes app. 10% of the participants % ?

52 Factor #10 Continuous Improvement
Change is constant Societal impacts International sport Be a student of your sport

53 Opportunities…….. Is Athlete Development a priority in your program?
Is Coach Development a priority in your program? Is there a better/more effective way to deliver your sports?

54 Drew Mitchell Questions

55 « La définition de la folie, c’est refaire toujours la même chose en s’attendant à un résultat différent. » Albert Einstein If we stay the same: volleyball, 25th in world in women, resistance to change, do you want to be the same. But what about practice isn’t it the opposite, not enough isntaead of differnetly. If repeating the same skill the wrong way, making it worse. Changing to try to find balance. Adapting. Volleyball same system going no where change is fear “The definition of insanity is doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results.” Albert Einstein

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