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THE PILGRIM’S PROGRESS John Bunyan. The Pilgrim’s Progress  Considered the most influential religious book ever written in the English language.

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Presentation on theme: "THE PILGRIM’S PROGRESS John Bunyan. The Pilgrim’s Progress  Considered the most influential religious book ever written in the English language."— Presentation transcript:


2 The Pilgrim’s Progress  Considered the most influential religious book ever written in the English language

3 John Bunyan (1622-1688)  Learned reading and writing at village school in hometown of Elstow  Drafted into parliamentary army in 1644  Married first wife in 1649  She introduced him to various religious writings: Plain Man’s Pathway to Heaven; Practice of Piety  1653 joined a Nonconformist church

4 John Bunyan  Became a preacher  Married second wife 1659, after first wife died in 1656 (left with 4 children)  Arrested in 1660 for preaching without a license  Spent approximately next 12 years in Bedford jail

5 John Bunyan  During first half of this period, wrote 9 books  The Holy City (1665)  Grace Abounding to the Chief of Sinners (1666)  A Confession of My Faith, and a Reason of my Practice (1672)

6 John Bunyan  Released from jail in 1672  Began preaching again  Jail once again  where he probably finished the first part of The Pilgrim’s Progress

7 Timeline History of The Pilgrim's Progress  1675 (age 47)  John Bunyan wrote The Pilgrim's Progress during six months of incarceration  February 1678  The Pilgrim's Progress is published.  1678  Second edition published in the fall

8 Timeline History of The Pilgrim's Progress  1682  Bunyan's eighth edition published with additional last improvements.  1684  Bunyan's ninth edition published.  1684  John Bunyan published Part Two of The Pilgrim's Progress  1685  Bunyan published tenth edition

9 Bunyan…  "It came from my own heart, so to my head, And thence into my fingers trickled; Then to my pen, from whence immediately On paper I did dribble it daintily. Matter and manner too was all mine own, Nor was it unto any mortal known, Till I had done it. Nor, did any then, By books, by wits, by tongues, or hand or pen Add five words to it, or write half a line Thereof; the whole and every whit is mine."

10 The Pilgrim’s Progress  The allegory takes the form of a dream by the author.  Main character: Christian, an everyman character  Journey:

11 The Pilgrim’s Progress  THE FIRST STAGE  Author's Apology for his Book  Christian's deplorable condition  Evangelist directs him  Obstinate and Pliable  Slough of Despond  Worldly Wiseman  Mount Sinai  Conversation with Evangelist

12 The Pilgrim’s Progress  THE SECOND STAGE  The Gate  Conversation with Good-Will  The Interpreter's House  Christian entertained  The sights there shown him

13 The Pilgrim’s Progress  THE THIRD STAGE  Loses his burden at the Cross  Simple, Sloth, Presumption, Formalist, Hypocrisy  hill Difficulty  the Arbor  misses his roll  the Palace Beautiful  the lions  talk with Discretion, Piety, Prudence, and Charity  wonders shown to Christian  he is armed

14 The Pilgrim’s Progress  THE FOURTH STAGE  Valley of Humiliation  conflict with Apollyon  Valley of the Shadow of Death  Giants Pope and Pagan

15 The Pilgrim’s Progress  THE FIFTH STAGE  Discourse with Faithful  Talkative and Faithful  Talkative's character

16 The Pilgrim’s Progress  THE SIXTH STAGE  Evangelist overtakes Christian and Faithful  Vanity Fair  the Pilgrims brought to trial  Faithful's martyrdom

17 The Pilgrim’s Progress  THE SEVENTH STAGE  Christian and Hopeful  By-ends and his companions  plain of Ease  Lucre-hill  Demas  the River of Life  Vain  Confidence  Giant Despair  the Pilgrims beaten  the Dungeon  the Key of Promise

18 The Pilgrim’s Progress  THE EIGHTH STAGE  The Delectable Mountains  entertained by the Shepherds  a by-way to Hell

19 The Pilgrim’s Progress  THE NINTH STAGE  Christian and Hopeful meet Ignorance  Turn-away  Little-Faith  the Flatterer  the net  chastised by a Shining One  Atheist  Enchanted Ground  Hopeful's account of his conversion  discourse of Christian and Ignorance

20 The Pilgrim’s Progress  THE TENTH STAGE  Talk of Christian and Hopeful  Temporary  the backslider  the land of Beulah  Christian and Hopeful pass the River  welcome to the Celestial city

21 Part II  The second part was published in 1684  describes the journey of Christian's wife and children from the City of Destruction to the Celestial City they travel under the guidance of Mr. Greatheart, the servant of the Interpreter

22 Bunyan’s Style  Characteristics  his constant use of the phraseology and the imagery of the Bible  the frequent occurrence of provincial and colloquial expressions

23 Stylistic features  The vividness of the descriptive passages (they are usually sentences or merely phrases)  Reproduction of  scenes from the Bible (as Bunyan understood them)  scenes from provincial and rural England

24 Theme  The Pilgrim's Progress is primarily a religious allegory  in intention it is an exposition of the Protestant theory of the plan of salvation  Example of Puritan theology No fanaticism

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