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ROMANIA Romania ( i/ro ʊˈ me ɪ niə/ roh-may-nee-ə; dated: Roumania;[6] or Rumania;[7][8]Romanian: România [rom ɨˈ ni.a] ( list en)) is a country located.

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Presentation on theme: "ROMANIA Romania ( i/ro ʊˈ me ɪ niə/ roh-may-nee-ə; dated: Roumania;[6] or Rumania;[7][8]Romanian: România [rom ɨˈ ni.a] ( list en)) is a country located."— Presentation transcript:

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4 ROMANIA Romania ( i/ro ʊˈ me ɪ niə/ roh-may-nee-ə; dated: Roumania;[6] or Rumania;[7][8]Romanian: România [rom ɨˈ ni.a] ( list en)) is a country located at the intersection ofCentral and Southeastern Europe, bordering on the Black Sea. Romania shares a border with Hungary and Serbia to the west, Ukraine and Moldova to the northeast and east, and Bulgaria to the south. At 238,400 square kilometers (92,000 sq mi), Romania is the ninth largest country of the European Union by area, and has the seventh largest population of the European Union with more than 19 million people.[2] Its capital and largest city is Bucharest, the tenth largest city in the EU. i/ro ʊˈ me ɪ niə/roh-may-nee-ə[6][7][8]Romanian[rom ɨˈ ni.a] list enCentralSoutheastern EuropeBlack SeaHungarySerbiaUkraineMoldovaBulgarianinth largest countryEuropean Unionseventh largest population[2]Bucharesttenth largest city in the EU The United Principalities emerged when the principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia were united under Prince Alexander Ioan Cuza in In 1881, Carol I of Romania was crowned, forming the Kingdom of Romania. Independence from the Ottoman Empire wasdeclared on 9 May 1877, and was internationally recognized the following year. At the end of World War I, Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia united with the Kingdom of Romania. Greater Romania emerged into an era of progression and prosperity that would continue until the eve of World War II. That war caused the rise of a military dictatorship in Romania, leading it to fight on the side of the Axis powers from 1941 to It then switched sides in 1944 and joined the Allies. By the end of the war, some formerly Romanian northeastern territories were occupied by the Soviet Union, with Red Army units stationed on Romanian soil. Then Romania forcibly became a People's Republic and a member of the Warsaw Pact.United PrincipalitiesMoldaviaWallachiaAlexander Ioan CuzaCarol I of RomaniaKingdom of RomaniaOttoman EmpiredeclaredrecognizedWorld War ITransylvaniaBukovinaBessarabiaGreater RomaniaWorld War IIAxis powersSoviet UnionRed ArmyPeople's RepublicWarsaw Pact With the fall of the Iron Curtain and the 1989 Revolution, Romania began its transition towards democracy and a capitalist market economy. After a decade of post-revolution economic problems and living-standards decline, extensive reforms fostered economic recovery. As of 2010, Romania is an upper-middle-income country with a high human development index.[10]Iron Curtain1989 Revolutiondemocracymarket economyhuman development[10] Romania joined NATO on 29 March 2004, and the European Union on 1 January It is also a member of the Latin Union; the Francophonie; the OSCE; the WTO; the BSEC; and the United Nations. Today, Romania is a unitary semi-presidential republic, in which the executive branch consists of the President and the GovernmentNATOthe European UnionLatin UnionFrancophonieOSCEWTOBSECUnited Nationsunitarysemi-presidential republicPresidentGovernment

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6 CITY CARACAL department Olt

7 Department Olt

8 CARACAL CITY PICTURES City theatre City theatre The Town Hall The Town Hall The The Museum Museum Romanati Romanati Churches Churches The Park The Park

9 Caracal, Romania Caracal (Romanian pronunciation: [ka ˈ rakal]) is a city in Olt county, Romania, situated in the historic region of Oltenia, on the plains between the lower reaches of the Jiu and Olt rivers. The region's plains are well known for their agricultural specialty in cultivating grains and over the centuries, Caracal has been the trading center for the region's agricultural output. Caracal has a population of approximately 34,000 and is the second largest city in the region. Caracal (Romanian pronunciation: [ka ˈ rakal]) is a city in Olt county, Romania, situated in the historic region of Oltenia, on the plains between the lower reaches of the Jiu and Olt rivers. The region's plains are well known for their agricultural specialty in cultivating grains and over the centuries, Caracal has been the trading center for the region's agricultural output. Caracal has a population of approximately 34,000 and is the second largest city in the region.[ka ˈ rakal]OltRomaniaOlteniaJiuOlt[ka ˈ rakal]OltRomaniaOlteniaJiuOlt Probably, the origin is linked to Roman Emperor Caracalla, who supposedly established a fortress in the area. Onother theory refers to caracal, a species ofwild cat, as its original Turkish name karakulak, means "black ear". It is possible also that the city's name is derived from the Cuman language and that it means "Black fortress" (kara, meaning "black", and kal, either from the Turkish kale, or the Arabic qal'at, both meaning fortress). Probably, the origin is linked to Roman Emperor Caracalla, who supposedly established a fortress in the area. Onother theory refers to caracal, a species ofwild cat, as its original Turkish name karakulak, means "black ear". It is possible also that the city's name is derived from the Cuman language and that it means "Black fortress" (kara, meaning "black", and kal, either from the Turkish kale, or the Arabic qal'at, both meaning fortress).Roman EmperorCaracallacaracalwild catCuman languageTurkishArabicRoman EmperorCaracallacaracalwild catCuman languageTurkishArabic The end of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century saw Caracal experience significant growth and the region become one of the most important agricultural regions in Romania. Caracal was this region's capital and seat ofRomanaţi County. World War II and the communist regime brought changes to this region and to the city of Caracal. The communist government, which disestablished Romanaţi County, instituted industrialization plans and Caracal experienced continued economic growth through the establishment of industrial plants in the textile industry sector. The end of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century saw Caracal experience significant growth and the region become one of the most important agricultural regions in Romania. Caracal was this region's capital and seat ofRomanaţi County. World War II and the communist regime brought changes to this region and to the city of Caracal. The communist government, which disestablished Romanaţi County, instituted industrialization plans and Caracal experienced continued economic growth through the establishment of industrial plants in the textile industry sector.Romanaţi CountyWorld War IIcommunist regimeindustrializationRomanaţi CountyWorld War IIcommunist regimeindustrialization The town underwent major changes after the Nicolae Ceauşescu regime was overthrown by the December 1989 Revolution, with many factories collapsing under the pressure of the market economy. The town underwent major changes after the Nicolae Ceauşescu regime was overthrown by the December 1989 Revolution, with many factories collapsing under the pressure of the market economy.Nicolae CeauşescuDecember 1989 RevolutionNicolae CeauşescuDecember 1989 Revolution

10 AGRICULTURAL HIGH SCHOOL’’DIMITRIE PETRESCU’’ AGRICULTURAL HIGH SCHOOL’’DIMITRIE PETRESCU’’

11 AGRICULTURAL HIGH SCHOOL’’DIMITRIE PETRESCU’’ Our school is committed to offering its students a learning environment stimulating, modeled on their individual needs and aspirations, encouraging them to keep for a lifetime desire to discover new things and learn. our school team, supportive of cultural diversity and the European Principles, embracing national and international values. We believe that our graduates will be well prepared citizens, able to face the demands twenty- first century with confidence, tolerance and love for their chosen profession and their peers. Our school is committed to offering its students a learning environment stimulating, modeled on their individual needs and aspirations, encouraging them to keep for a lifetime desire to discover new things and learn. our school team, supportive of cultural diversity and the European Principles, embracing national and international values. We believe that our graduates will be well prepared citizens, able to face the demands twenty- first century with confidence, tolerance and love for their chosen profession and their peers.

12 DIMITRIE PETRESCU Dimitri P. Petrescu was born on October 5, 1860, in the village of Upper sting today Caracal district of the city, former capital of the Romanian county, a municipality now integrated in Olt county. He learned the first four grades of primary school no. 2 Caracal.Armed with the certificate of completion of primary education, obtained with high marks, D. Petrescu enrolled at the Central School of Agriculture and Forestry in Herastrau - Bucharest led by Professor PS Aurelian ministru.Cu future for families and Cioflan Serbanescu, D. Petrescu goes to Paris to continue their studies. Making their higher education in the city of light, D. Petrescu accumulated rich professional culture, but also participate in cultural events of the time. Demetrius Petrescu returning home in the fall of 1885, the agricultural engineer degree and Ph.D. in agronomy, acquired with so much toil. Newly laureate brings extensive theoretical knowledge and practical modern ideas about science agriculture and healthy living principles, which is eager to send them to school children and their children. Dimitri P. Petrescu was born on October 5, 1860, in the village of Upper sting today Caracal district of the city, former capital of the Romanian county, a municipality now integrated in Olt county. He learned the first four grades of primary school no. 2 Caracal.Armed with the certificate of completion of primary education, obtained with high marks, D. Petrescu enrolled at the Central School of Agriculture and Forestry in Herastrau - Bucharest led by Professor PS Aurelian ministru.Cu future for families and Cioflan Serbanescu, D. Petrescu goes to Paris to continue their studies. Making their higher education in the city of light, D. Petrescu accumulated rich professional culture, but also participate in cultural events of the time. Demetrius Petrescu returning home in the fall of 1885, the agricultural engineer degree and Ph.D. in agronomy, acquired with so much toil. Newly laureate brings extensive theoretical knowledge and practical modern ideas about science agriculture and healthy living principles, which is eager to send them to school children and their children. Throughout his work, Professor Dimitrie PETRESCU dechizator remains a pioneer in agricultural science and agricultural education, Romanian. Throughout his work, Professor Dimitrie PETRESCU dechizator remains a pioneer in agricultural science and agricultural education, Romanian.

13 A REPUTATION THAT RENFORCES Agricultural College "Dimitrie Petrescu" is an educational institution that provides students and surrounding Caracal technical training in level 1, 2, and 3 European level. Agricultural College "Dimitrie Petrescu" autonomous and creative personality seeks training of students, providing high quality training, based on general knowledge and professional skills training, enabling students to pursue a profession in their field of training, further studies higher education or pursuing their own business. Agricultural College "Dimitrie Petrescu" seeks to promote an open and flexible education capable of providing access to all levels and forms of education regardless of their social or material, sex, race, nationality, political or religious, in terms of vocational skills and competencies to achieve professional success in the current social context. School mission is to provide education to a high quality standard for training specialists able to work in production nationally and in accordance with the requirements of the labor market in the European Union, in the tradition of our school, pre-university education in Romania and social responsibility. In 1923 began the construction of the school, and in 1929 began teaching. Over time our school unit has undergone many stages of development with transformations in Romanian pre-university education: Agricultural College "Dimitrie Petrescu" is an educational institution that provides students and surrounding Caracal technical training in level 1, 2, and 3 European level. Agricultural College "Dimitrie Petrescu" autonomous and creative personality seeks training of students, providing high quality training, based on general knowledge and professional skills training, enabling students to pursue a profession in their field of training, further studies higher education or pursuing their own business. Agricultural College "Dimitrie Petrescu" seeks to promote an open and flexible education capable of providing access to all levels and forms of education regardless of their social or material, sex, race, nationality, political or religious, in terms of vocational skills and competencies to achieve professional success in the current social context. School mission is to provide education to a high quality standard for training specialists able to work in production nationally and in accordance with the requirements of the labor market in the European Union, in the tradition of our school, pre-university education in Romania and social responsibility. In 1923 began the construction of the school, and in 1929 began teaching. Over time our school unit has undergone many stages of development with transformations in Romanian pre-university education: Normal School Industrial Gymnasium Industrial Technical School for Boys Industrial Gymnasium Technical secondary school agricultural mechanization Technical secondary school of agriculture Caracal agricultural center Agricultural Technical School Agricultural High School Agroindustrial school Industrial Agricultural High School Agricultural High School Group Agricultural School "Dimitrie Petrescu" presentAgricultural College "Dimitrie Petrescu"Last transforming our educational institution is certified by OMEN no.4565/ and entered into force on Normal School Industrial Gymnasium Industrial Technical School for Boys Industrial Gymnasium Technical secondary school agricultural mechanization Technical secondary school of agriculture Caracal agricultural center Agricultural Technical School Agricultural High School Agroindustrial school Industrial Agricultural High School Agricultural High School Group Agricultural School "Dimitrie Petrescu" presentAgricultural College "Dimitrie Petrescu"Last transforming our educational institution is certified by OMEN no.4565/ and entered into force on

14 Agricultural High School’’Dimitrie Petrescu’’ The info lab The school’s library School projects School library School activities

15 TTHE AGRICULTURAL HIGH SCHOOL’’DIMITRIE PETRESCU’’CARACAL city, Olt department,Romania TTHE AGRICULTURAL HIGH SCHOOL’’DIMITRIE PETRESCU’’CARACAL city, Olt department,Romania Web adress: Web adress: Headmaster: MOISE GHEORGHE Headmaster: MOISE GHEORGHE Contact person : BADICA IONEL Contact person : BADICA IONEL Tel Tel


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