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BULGARIAN HISTORY Settlement of the Thracian tribes in our country is glorified by Homer. The main occupation of the Thracians is livestock and agriculture-proof.

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Presentation on theme: "BULGARIAN HISTORY Settlement of the Thracian tribes in our country is glorified by Homer. The main occupation of the Thracians is livestock and agriculture-proof."— Presentation transcript:

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3 BULGARIAN HISTORY

4 Settlement of the Thracian tribes in our country is glorified by Homer. The main occupation of the Thracians is livestock and agriculture-proof is Valchitran gold deposit. In XI - VI century BC started the first tribal alliances, a process continuing to I century BC BC, when Thracians were conquered by Roman troops and the territory of Bulgaria is included within the Byzantine Empire. The Thracians at that time were gradually assimilated by the newcomers are in the VI century Slavic tribes. At the end of VII century in northeastern Bulgaria settled proto-tribes came from northwestern Asia Turkic descent. After Union, Slavs and Bulgars founded the first Bulgarian state in summer 681, which is officially recognized by the Byzantine Empire, the capital Pliska was established, and the head of state is elected the son of Khan-Kubrat Asparoukh.

5 BALKAN lands under Roman influence

6 . In stay on his throne Khan Tervel from 700 to 718, expanding the territory. Great Krum ruled from 803 to 814 bases creates the Bulgarian legislation and expand the boundaries of west and east to Constantinople. During the reign of Prince Boris I to perform conversion of pagan Bulgarian population, as a single religion to Christianity. Ethnic disagreements between fame and Proto were isolated. During the ninth century Salonica brothers Cyril and Methodius created the Cyrillic alphabet train followers Angelariy Naum and Clement, who propagate it and build educational programs for the education of the ignorant people of the country. The throne comes Simeon from 893 to is booming Bulgarian culture-the so-called "Golden Age", the capital Pliska moved to Preslav. Cometh the period of Great Bulgaria. Our writing is distributed in Russia and Serbia. Bulgaria's borders on three seas- Black, White and the Aegean. It is a pity that the crown prince of Simeon, Bogomil occur many internal contradictions that led to the weakening of course the holding and the establishment of heretical movements, Bogomils.

7 Bulgaria under Byzantine rule In 1018 Bulgaria fell under Byzantine rule, which lasted until the beginning but the second Bulgarian kingdom began with the uprising driven by the boyars Asen and Peter. Bulgaria's capital is re-elected Veliko Tarnovo, the throne stands Assen. After his assassination by Ivanko, ascended the throne was his brother Peter who managed wisely and fairly. After he ascends to the throne was the youngest brother Kaloyan (from 1197 to 1207), who regained power in Bulgaria, defeated the invincible army of the Roman knights Baldwin

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9 After he ascends to the throne was the youngest brother Kaloyan (from 1197 to 1207), who regained power in Bulgaria, defeated the invincible army of the Roman knights Baldwin. During the reign of Ivan Asen II from 1218 do1241 reaches the economic, cultural and political progress of the kingdom-limits for the Black, Aegean and Adriatic Seas. In the following period until 1396 in Bulgaria to develop art and culture. Our cultural heritage by then-Chronicle of Manasses, Boyana Church, Zemen monastery, numerous churches in the capital Tarnovo, the miniatures in London Four Gospels and the office of exaltation Bulgarian spiritual head patriarch in 1375, Evtimii., Indisputably prove that. In this period because of discord Boyar Bulgaria is divided into two kingdoms, with capitals of Vidin and Turnovo, Bulgaria is now very weak and easily was conquered by the powerful at that time the Ottoman Empire-year the beginning of five centuries of Ottoman rule, years of darkness and gloom development of Bulgaria. Revival occurred with the founding of haidouck movement and revival of Bulgaria corresponding to Renaissance Europe.

10 Restoration of the Bulgarian State- 1186

11 Developed feudalism-XIII-XIV

12 THREE BULGARIAS

13 Bulgaria under Ivan Alexander

14 First and Second Bulgarian Kingdom

15 . In this period because of discord Boyar Bulgaria is divided into two kingdoms, with capitals of Vidin and Turnovo, Bulgaria is now very weak and easily was conquered by the powerful at that time the Ottoman Empire-year the beginning of five centuries of Ottoman rule, years of darkness and gloom development of Bulgaria. Revival occurred with the founding of haidouck movement and revival of Bulgaria corresponding to Renaissance Europe. This inevitably leads to a rise on the Bulgarian Church, the flame of enlightenment comes about by the monk of Plovdiv with writing and dissemination of Slav-Bulgarian History-XVIII century.

16 Bulgarian lands before their fall under Ottoman rule in the mid 14th century the beginning of five centuries of Ottoman rule, years of darkness and gloom development of Bulgaria. Revival occurred with the founding of haidouck movement and revival of Bulgaria corresponding to Renaissance Europe. This inevitably leads to a rise on the Bulgarian Church, the flame of enlightenment comes about by the monk of Plovdiv with writing and dissemination of Slav- Bulgarian History-XVIII century. Creating conditions for the start of the revolutionary idea of national independence. Vassil Ivanov Kunchev-Levski is considered the founder of the national liberation movement, creating revolutionary committees throughout the country. Regardless of his hanging, as a result of its activities, the April uprising broke out in a national character, sadly crushed and drowned in blood, but gave a great response worldwide. In 1878 Russia won its second war against Turkey and the country is independent but divided into two Principality of Bulgaria and Eastern Rumelia. In 1885 after the Kresna Uprising Razlog, Bulgaria is united only Thrace and Macedonia are still under Ottoman rule, until after joining them Ilinden uprising.

17 Riots and rebellions in century

18 Russo-Turkish War

19 Bulgaria after the liberation Unification of the Principality of Bulgaria and Eastern Romelian

20 The first king of the third Bulgarian kingdom was Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg Gotha. In the follow- Balkan, Second Balkan and First World War, Bulgaria lost much of its territory as a losing side: Western Thrace, the area around Tsaribrod and Strumica, and southern Dobrudja (to 1940) - Neuilly Peace Treaty of 1919 and Ferdinand abdicated heir to the throne stood his Boris III- Bulgaria is a clear progermanska policy, but unfortunately Germany lost both wars

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22 BULGARIA-NOWDAYS On 08 September in Bulgaria is carried out a coup, and the next day the Soviet army invaded and formed the Fatherland Front Government headed by Kimon Georgiev. In 1946 was proclaimed government of the people, began the nationalization and development of Bulgaria by the Soviet example, one-party model run by the Bulgarian Communist Party. All other parties were crushed and banned. Leaders of the country in order Georgi Dimitrov, Vasil Kolarov, Valko Tchervenkov, Anton Yugov and Todor Zhivkov, the last 35 years drove on November 10, 1989 and ousted the beginning of the change to democracy. Zhelyu Zhelev is the first Democratic president. In 2004 Bulgaria was accepted into NATO, and from January 1, 2007 is a member of the European Union.

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