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Tempo Map. Need for Empirical Data An Example: –Record Guide for Beethoven’s 9th.

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Presentation on theme: "Tempo Map. Need for Empirical Data An Example: –Record Guide for Beethoven’s 9th."— Presentation transcript:

1 Tempo Map

2 Need for Empirical Data An Example: –Record Guide for Beethoven’s 9th

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6 Literature Cook, Nicholas. “The Conductor and the Theorist: Furtwängler, Schenker and the First Movement of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony.” In: The Practice of Performance: Studies in Musical Interpretation. Edited by John Rink. 105–25. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

7 Literature Bowen, José A. “Tempo, Duration, and Flexibility: Techniques in the Analysis of Performance.” The Journal of Musicological Research 16 (1996): 111–56.

8 Steps Thinking –(Ripping) –Tapping –Pasting –Charting Thinking

9 Purpose Extract Beat Chart Commentary

10 (Ripping) Rip –from CD: FreeRIPFreeRIP –from DVD: DVD Audio to CDDVD Audio to CD save as.WAV Extract –AudacityAudacity import audio

11 Tapping Accuracy –+/ s (Cook 114, Bowen 130) –error not culmulative –broad tempo shape discernible Test/Rehearse –MetroMon: plays any frequencyMetroMon –ArBPM Beat counter: counts beats per minuteArBPM Beat counter –Timing: logs the times at which each tap occursTiming

12 Tapping and log with TIMING.exe Enter the output filename –“*.txt” (file located in the directory where “Timing.exe” is installed) –or complete path, e.g. “c:\*.txt” First press of starts program running” [if beginning of piece skip first beat!] –“timing started” Subsequent are timed Press to stop Repeat twice for average

13 Pasting into Excel Copying –open “*.txt” file – +a – +c Pasting –open “*.xls” file“*.xls –go to the “time” field – +v –labeling and baring

14 Charting with Excel from absolute time to interval average interval from interval to MM chart wizard scaling fine-tuning

15 Exercise (Beethoven 9th, Movt I, mm. 180–198, 198–216) re. Cook 1995, 111 (Fig. 5.2); 114 (Fig. 5.5) –Furtwängler 1951 (EMI), 1953 (DG) –Toscanini 1939 (Naxos), 1948 (NBC DVD), 1952 (RCA) CYNaxos –Karajan 1962 (DG), 1977 (DG), 1983 (Sony DVD) TC –Bernstein 1964 (Sony), 1979 (DG), 1989 (DG DVD) YT –Jochum 1969 (DG), 1979 (EMI) –Masur 1974 (Philips), 1990/91 (Philips) –Abbado 1986 (DG), 1996 (DVD), 2000 (DG) KT –…. [any two performances by a conductor will do] master disc with the colored above in my drawer already


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