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CJ Mr.Watts SBI4U May 15 th, 2012  Is the end of a pregnancy before the fetus can live  Help or preserve life of a woman  An abortion may be termed.

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Presentation on theme: "CJ Mr.Watts SBI4U May 15 th, 2012  Is the end of a pregnancy before the fetus can live  Help or preserve life of a woman  An abortion may be termed."— Presentation transcript:

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2 CJ Mr.Watts SBI4U May 15 th, 2012

3  Is the end of a pregnancy before the fetus can live  Help or preserve life of a woman  An abortion may be termed induced due to the difference of spontaneous abortion (miscarriage)  Abortion is safest within the first six to ten weeks  90% of women who have abortions before 13 weeks have less complications  Abortions performed between weeks have a higher rate of complications  After 24 weeks there is a limited life where the mother is in danger

4  If the continuation of abortion continues it may cause emotional or financial burdens  The women may not be in the best state of becoming a parent yet  The pregnancy may be unintentional or unwanted  The woman is being forced into aborting due to partner, parents or others  The pregnancy was the result of a rape case or incest

5  First Trimester - In the first 13 weeks after the last menstrual Advantages of medical abortions are: The procedure is non-surgical Anesthesia will not be required Drugs are administered either orally or injection The process is similar to a miscarriage Disadvantages of medical abortions are: The process may require multiple visits to doctor The bleeding after the abortion lasts long after a surgical abortion

6  Methotrexate - Works by stopping fetal cells from separating which causes fetus to die - The first visit to doctor, the woman is injected with methotrexate, on the second visit, she is given misoprostol( fatty acid which stimulates hormonal contractions of the uterus)  Mifepristone - It is also known as Mifeprex, and works by blocking action of progesterone, which is needed for pregnancy to continue, and ends pregnancy. - Side effects of this procedure may include nausea, heavy cramping, and vaginal bleeding

7  Similar as to the first trimester but with more materials  This may involve induced abortion  If having an induced abortion the woman visits doctor, where rods are inserted in her cervix or medication is given to soften cervix  On the day of abortion, a salt solution is injected into the uterus  Contractions begins 8-72 hours the woman delivers the fetus  Side effects may be vomiting, nausea, and diarrhea Process of First Trimester

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9  Very early abortions from 13 weeks or less cost between $200- $400 - Late abortions cause more  The cost of an abortion increases about $100 per week through the thirteenth and sixteenth week  If going through second trimester abortions, it will be much more costly - More risk - Services - Anesthesia - Hospital stay

10  Abortion has been legal in U.S. since 1973  During the first three months, abortions are legal in all states  If beyond three months to five months it is restricted in various states  If in the sixth to ninth month is it prohibited  As of 2012, 37 states in the U.S. passed laws that required a parent to be notified  6 states permit a small amount to obtain an abortion if a relative is involved in decision  33 states permit medical emergency and 50 states permit abortion in causes of abuse, assault, neglect or incest  Canada is one out of many countries that do not have a criminal law against abortion

11  Women may have abortions at a clinic or outpatient facility as long as it is a early pregnancy  Women who may have o diabetes o controlled epilepsy o mild to moderate high blood pressure o are HIV positive usually have abortions taken with precaution  If the women has other various side effects they may need to be hospitalized to have a proper procedure o Heart disease o Previous endocarditis o Asthma o Lupus Erythematosus o Uterine fibroid tumors o Blood Clotting o Psychological disorder

12  The doctor must be informed of the stage the women is at  The doctor will ask the woman questions about her menstrual cycle and will do examination to confirm pregnancy - May be done at office before or on day of abortion - Some states require a waiting period before having an abortion  If the women is under age 18 they will need parental assistance  Pre-abortion counseling is important

13  Serious complication before 13 weeks is rare -90% of women who have abortions in this time period have 2.5% complication -Less than 0.5% have complications that require hospitalization  Complications from abortions can include: - Unrestrained bleeding - Infection - Blood clots assembling in the uterus - A tear in the cervix or uterus - A missed abortion - Incomplete abortion

14 ProsCons -A baby should not be brought into world if unwanted - Unborn babies are innocent and have a right to live - A woman has right to choose to have an abortion or not - The sixth commandment of the Bible’s Old testament is (Exodus 20:13) is “Thou shalt not kill.” Against the will of God - Abortion gives couples an option whether to give birth to a child that may have a life threatening medical condition - The abortion industry makes an estimated $831 million, an abortion is $350 to more than $ It lowers crime- Women should use different perspectives with consulting a baby and not abortion - Effective tool in population control (Malnutrition, starvation, poverty, etc) -Abortion increases chance that women will develop breast cancer (Estrogen levels increase, leading to breast growth, and leaving immature cells in woman’s breast resulting risk of breast cancer.)

15  Abortions may help a lot of people live their life better  Result in helping control the population discreet  Could become legal all around the world

16  "Abortion, therapeutic." Debra Gordon. The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Ed. Laurie J. Fundukian. 4th ed. Detroit: Gale, vols.  "Teen Pregnancy." Teen Health and Wellness. Rosen Publishing Group, Inc., Web. 13 May  "Abortion." Debra Gordon., Tish Davidson, AM., and Brenda Lerner, RN. The Gale Encyclopedia of Children's Health: Infancy through Adolescence. Ed. Jacqueline L. Longe. 2nd ed. Detroit: Gale, vols.  Finer LB and Zolna MR, Unintended pregnancy in the United States: incidence and disparities, 2006,Contraception, 2011, doi: /j.contraception Unintended pregnancy in the United States: incidence and disparities, 2006  Jones RK and Kooistra, K., Abortion incidence and access to services in the United States, 2008,Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 2011, 43(1):41-50.Abortion incidence and access to services in the United States  ProCon.org. (2012, March 13). Abortion ProCon.org. Abortion.ProCon.org. Retrieved from

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