Presentation on theme: "Introductions Meredith King Carly Ross. Constitution Day!!!!! History and Content of the Constitution Case Discussion: The First Amendment Case Discussion:"— Presentation transcript:
Introductions Meredith King Carly Ross
Constitution Day!!!!! History and Content of the Constitution Case Discussion: The First Amendment Case Discussion: The Fourth Amendment Questions A Moment of Zen From Your Law School Friends
THE CONSTITUTIO N
The Structure of the Constitution
Article 1: The Powers of Congress Raise Revenue Raise Military Forces Lay and Collect Taxes Coin Money Regulate Interstate and International Commerce Establish Rules for Immigration Declare Ware Establish Post Office Establish Federal Courts (Art III) Enforce the 14 th Amendment
Article 2: The Powers of the President Commander in Chief Make Treaties (with advise and consent of the Senate) Appoint Ambassadors
Article 3: Powers of the Judiciary Decide Federal Questions Decide Cases Involving Ambassadors Decide Cases Involving Navigable Waters Decide Cases in Which the United States is a Party Decide Cases Between Two or More States Interpret the Constitution and the laws of the United States?
No! "[T]here is not a syllable in the [Constitution] which directly empowers the national courts to construe the laws according to the spirit of the Constitution." --Alexander Hamilton, Federalist No. 81
Marbury v. Madison Supreme Court decided that where an act of Congress violates the Constitution Federal Courts must follow the Constitution and invalidate the law First time in Western history a court invalidated a law by declaring it “unconstitutional” Opinion was written by John Marshall, first Chief Justice of the United States
"The aim of [the] [C]onstitution is, or ought to be, first to obtain for rulers men who possess most wisdom to discern, and most virtue to pursue, the common good of the society; and in the next place, to take the most effectual precautions for keeping them virtuous whilst they continue to hold their public trust." --James Madison, Federalist No. 57 Wait!!! What about the Bill of Rights?
The Bill of Rights
Freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly, freedom of religion, freedom to petition the government First Amendment: Second Amendment: Right to keep and bear arms Third Amendment: No solider can be quartered in any house during a time of peace Fourth Amendment: Right to be free from unreasonable search and seizure
The Bill of Rights Double Jeopardy – No person shall be tried for the same crime twice; Due Process– No person shall be deprived life, liberty, or property w/out due process of law Fifth Amendment: Sixth Amendment: Right to a speedy & public trial; right to counsel, right to obtain witnesses in your favor, right to confront witnesses and accusers Seventh Amendment: Right to a trial by jury in civil cases; Juries decide the facts of a case
The Bill of Rights Freedom from excessive bail, excessive fines, and cruel and unusual punishments Eighth Amendment: Ninth Amendment: All rights not listed in the Constitution are reserved for the people Tenth Amendment: All powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution are reserved for the states
Bill of Rights: A Controversial Position [The] bills of rights... are not only unnecessary in the proposed constitution, but would even be dangerous. -Alexander Hamilton, Federalist No. 84 Ninth Amendment: All rights not listed in the Constitution are reserved for the people
Dissention Soo… What’s the theme? “It would be inappropriate to offer a last word on this story (the story of our Constitution), since the whole point of [the] most insightful argument[s] for the new Constitution was that it enshrined an argumentative process in which no such thing as a last word would ever be uttered.”
THE FIRST AMENDMENT “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press, or the right of the people to peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.”
S CHWARZENEGGER V. E NTERTAINMENT M ERCHANTS A SSOCIATION
Super Columbine Massacre RPG!
WHAT DID THE COURT DECIDE? Video game HAS first amendment protection Can block minors from obscene material, but a video game is not obscene No link between video games and aggression Law imposes restriction on speech merely because it is violent and must be struck down because there is no compelling interest and law fails to narrowly address reason
THE FOURTH AMENDMENT Right to be Free from Unreasonable Search and Seizures No Warrants can be Issued Without Probable Cause
Savana Redding Safford Unified School District v. Redding—a 13-year-old who was strip-searched by school officials after a classmate’s uncorroborated accusation that she previously possessed ibuprofen.
Stratford High School Raid
School locker searches can be based on a "reasonable suspicion" of illegal activity
Our Moment of Zen: What does the Constitution mean for you?