Presentation on theme: "Advocating for Authority Control Ray Schmidt, Wellesley College February 1, 2015."— Presentation transcript:
Advocating for Authority Control Ray Schmidt, Wellesley College February 1, 2015
Music Library Association Bibliographic Control Committee Subcommittees Authorities Descriptive Cataloging MARC Formats Metadata Subject Access
Authorities Subcommittee activities Revisions to RDA Maintenance of: – Types of Composition for Use in Authorized Access Points for Music http://www.library.yale.edu/cataloging/music/typesrda.htm http://www.library.yale.edu/cataloging/music/typesrda.htm – Thematic Indexes Used in the Library of Congress/NACO Authority File http://bcc.musiclibraryassoc.org/BCCHistorical/BCC2011/Thematic_Indexes.htm
MLA Statement on Authority Control 1990s: Original statement on authority control 2007: Subcommittee charged with adapting this to create a document on why authority control is needed in the online catalog 2008-2009: Initial draft was reviewed, further revisions were discussed September 2009: an informal working group formed from members of the subcommittee produced the current statement
“As the rest of the information world realizes the benefits of authority control, libraries must continue to lead the way.” MLA Statement on Authority Control http://bcc.musiclibraryassoc.org/PositionPapers/ http://bcc.musiclibraryassoc.org/PositionPapers/ Authority_Control_Statement_2009.pdf
MLA Statement on Authority Control Defines authority control as the accurate identification of entities. Emphasis on the principles of collocation and disambiguation. Examples of these principles in library and non-library settings. Advocates for cooperative efforts, namely NACO.
Authorized Access Point (Name/Preferred title): Beethoven, Ludwig van, 1770-1827. Symphonies, no. 9, op. 125, D minor Some transcribed titles of this work in the University of North Texas catalog The best of Beethoven [electronic resource] The 9 symphonies / Beethoven. [sound recording] The complete symphonies and selected overtures [sound recording] The nine symphonies [sound recording] Symphony no. 9, in D minor, op. 125 ("Choral") Historische Aufnahmen Immortal Beethoven
Some more… Beethoven greatest hits [sound recording] The nine symphonies of Beethoven in score Edition encyclopédique des neuf symphonies 9 [i.e. Neun] Symphonien Complete nine symphonies Symphonien für Orchester in Partitur Symphonien Symphonies 1-10 Symphonies / [arranged for] piano, four hands Symphonies de L. van Beethoven. Arr. pour piano à 2 mains par Louis Winkler Symphonies. Arranged for piano by Otto Singer Symphonien / von L. van Beethoven ; für Pianoforte solo bearbeitet von Otto Singer. The 100 greatest recordings of all time, no. 87 & 88 [Beethoven, Symphonies 1, 9] Wilhelm Furtwängler [sound recording]. A survivor from Warsaw : op. 46 (for narrator, men's chorus and orchestra) / Schoenberg. Symphony no. 9 in D minor, op. 125 : ("Choral") ; Symphony no. 5 in C minor op. 67 / Beethoven [sound recording]. WRR Classical 101.1 FM, 50th anniversary [sound recording]. Beethoven symphonies nos. 6-9 / transcribed for solo piano by Franz Liszt Symphonies nos. 8 and 9
..and more. IX. Symphonie d-moll, op. 125 Symphonie Nr.8 F-dur op.93. IX. Symphonie d-moll op.125. Symphony no. 6 [sound recording] : op. 68 : Pastoral ; Symphony no. 8, op. 93 ; Symphony no. 9, op. 125 : Choral Eighth and Ninth symphonies Symphonies nos. 8 and 9 Ode an Freiheit Beethoven's ninth symphony [videorecording] Beethoven the revolutionary The 9th symphony X. [i.e. neunte] Symphonie : mit Schlusschor über Schillers Ode an die Freude. Opus 125. The Robert Shaw legacy (1956-1997) Symphonie IX, D moll/D minor, op. 125. Charles Munch [sound recording] Symphony no. 6 [sound recording] : op. 68 : Pastoral ; Symphony no. 8, op. 93 ; Symphony no. 9, op. 125 : Choral / Beethoven. The Gustav Mahler re-orchestration of Beethoven symphony no. 9 [sound recording] Symphony number nine in D minor : (choral) : Discover the symphony [electronic resource] Hymne a la joie : extrait de la 9e symphonie, pour 5 trompettes en ut ou en si ♭ Ode to joy : from Symphony no. 9 Choral finale to the ninth symphony for chorus of mixed voices, soli and orchestra, on Schiller's "Ode to joy" / by Ludwig van Beethoven, op. 125 ; English version by Henry G. Chapman. 9. Symphonie, op. 125 : Skizzen zum Finale : Faksimile des Autographs An die Freude : letzter Satz der Neunten Symphonie, opus 125 The choral symphony. Last movement Symphony no. 9 in D minor (choral), opus 125, 4th movement (finale) The artistry of Philippe Herreweghe Joy! The great composers' hits for the 70's.
With authority control, we can: Find all resources containing or related to a specific instance of an entity – a specific work contained in an MP3 file Move between their own ideas concerning certain entities and the use of such entities in a database – access provided through alternate terms that describe a specific subject Identify an entity via attributes that allow for the disambiguation of similar entities – two persons sharing the same or similar names, or two works with generic titles such as "concerto" or "quartet” See pathways and relationships among related entities in the database – exploring other resources containing information about a specific person MLA Statement on Authority Control
Long-standing advocacy needs Staffing Supporting authority control as a significant part of the work of cataloging. ILS vendors Ensuring that systems properly utilize data from authority records “Time-honored” examples: $v in series 100/240 combinations stem headings for conferences
Sources of support Expertise from NACO – Show that your expectations are reasonable by citing standards, the NACO manual, and guidance from fellow NACO participants Authority control vendors – Services provide efficiencies in authority work, but vendors can also provide information about current standards and potential new projects
Newer ground Library donor relations Digital collections platforms (institutional repositories, image galleries) The ILS (again) and RDA
Why tell donors about authority work? Information about the cost of cataloging a gift collection can be used to: solicit funding from the same or other donors (a long shot…) explain why a gift is not being accepted (these things happen) communicate the “in-kind” support the library is committing to in accepting the gift (this is good PR!)
Collocation, yes but… Digital collections platforms often provide “authority control” tools to aid in consistency, but there is no structure in place to point the user to the preferred form when the search term is a variant form. Francesco Petrarca or Petrarch? Pick one.
The ILS and RDA: indexing and display rules for relationships recorded in $i and $e ǂi should display but should not be indexed: 700 12 ǂi Container of (work): ǂa Verdi, Giuseppe, ǂd 1813-1901. ǂt Rigoletto. so that the indexing is the same as: 100 1 Verdi, Giuseppe, ǂd 1813-1901. 240 10 Rigoletto.
The ILS and RDA: indexing and display rules for relationships recorded in $i and $e ǂe should display but should not be indexed (or better still, should display and be indexed separately as a facet): 700 1 Giulini, Carlo Maria, ǂe conductor.
The ILS and RDA: New data fields New MARC Authority fields for name attributes: 046 - Special Coded Dates (R) 368 - Other Attributes of Person or Corporate Body (R) 371 - Address (R) 372 - Field of Activity (R) 373 - Associated Group (R) 374 - Occupation (R) 375 - Gender (R) 376 - Family Information (R) 378 - Fuller Form of Personal Name (NR) New MARC Authority and Bibliographic fields for work and expression attributes: 046 - Special Coded Dates (new subfields only) 370 - Associated Place (R) 377 - Associated Language (R) 380 - Form of Work (R) 381 - Other Distinguishing Characteristics of Work or Expression (R) 382 - Medium of Performance (R) 383 - Numeric Designation of Musical Work (R) 384 - Key (NR)
“I want to know about…” Women composers from Chicago who are/were also music teachers. 046 ǂf 1954 1001 Gibson, Margie, ǂd 1954- 370 Chicago (Ill.) ǂe Portland (Or.) ǂ2 naf 372 Music ǂ2 lcsh 374 Singers ǂa Composers ǂa Actors ǂa Music teachers ǂ2 lcsh 375 female 670 Berlin, I. The Irving Berlin century [SR] p1988: ǂb label (Margie Gibson) insert (classic popular singer; originally from Chicago; also composes and publishes songs; has acting experience) 670 U.S. Copyright Office WWW site, May 19, 2014: ǂb (Gibson, Margie, 1954-) 670 Margie Gibson WWW site, May 19, 2014: ǂb (Margie Gibson, now based in Portland, Oregon; has worked in the entertainment industry for several years in Los Angeles and Chicago; singer, BMI songwriter, recording artist, actress, and teacher)
“Librarians must continue to lead the way…” … by communicating a few key concepts clearly and illustrating them with specific here-and-now examples that show the benefit to library users.
Thanks to Jean Harden, University of North Texas and Jennifer Olson, Allen Library, University of Hartford And thank you!