Presentation on theme: "Let’s Look at to be sure we understand… Study Guide Review."— Presentation transcript:
Let’s Look at to be sure we understand… Study Guide Review
1. List the SIX freedoms of expression guaranteed in the First Amendment (try to do it without your text; a majority of Americans can name more Simpson family members than First Amendment rights. a. Religion b. Speech c. Press d. Petition e. Assembly
2. According to the Second Amendment, why is the government prohibited from infringing on the right to keep and bear arms? A well-armed militia is needed to keep citizens free. It allows citizens to keep their rights if the government tries to take them.
3. According to the Third Amendment, when can soldiers be quartered in citizens’ homes against the citizens’ wills? Soldiers can be quartered in the home of a citizen without consent or without Due Process rights having been followed. 4. What restrictions does the Fourth Amendment place on government agents’ searches of a person’s “home, papers, or effects?” A citizen’s home cannot be searched unless “probable cause” and a warrant was obtained.
5. According to the Fifth Amendment, Can a person be forced to testify at his or her own trial? Use text evidence by “quoting from the Bill of Rights to provide evidence that you are correct. A person cannot be forced to testify in his or her own trial. The text proves this when it states “nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself” Can the government take private property from an individual? Use text evidence by “quoting from the Bill of Rights to provide evidence that you are correct. The government can take property away from a citizen if due process of law is followed and if the citizen is “compensated” or paid for the property. The text proves this when it states, “nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.”
6. Examine the Sixth Amendment and list five protections that a person has during a criminal procedure. a. Speedy and public trial b. Right to know what they are accused of c. To confront witnesses who are against you d. To have witnesses who are for you e. To have a lawyer (counselor) 7. Examine the Seventh Amendment. Aside from criminal cases, in what types of cases are defendants guaranteed a jury trial? Citizens are guaranteed a trail in civil cases. (Cases involving money)
8. What restrictions does the Eight Amendment place on bail and punishment? Punishment and bail cannot be “excessive.” This means it cannot be too much or too harsh. 9. According to the Ninth Amendment, who retains certain rights not mentioned in the Constitution? Any rights not mentioned in the Constitution belong to the people. Point out to students that this amendment means, “just because a right is not mentioned, does not mean the right does not exist.”
10. According to the Tenth Amendment, who has powers not specifically given to the national government and not specifically forbidden to the states? Powers not given to the national government and the state government belong to the people. 11. According to the Thirteenth Amendment, what was outlawed in the United States? Are there any exceptions to this amendment? This amendment outlawed slavery in the United States. Exceptions apply if you are convicted of a crime.
12. Amendment Fourteen was designed to protect the rights of citizens. Who was this amendment designed to protect? Former slaves Immigrants “naturalized” 13. What right does the Fifteenth Amendment protect for former slaves and how do you know it is directed towards this group of people? The fifteenth amendment protects the right to vote for former slaves. The text evidence that proves this is “on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.”
16. What right does the Nineteenth Amendment give to women and how do you know it is directed towards this group of people? The Nineteenth Amendment gives women the right to vote. The text shows this when it states, “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.” 17. What right does the Twenty-Sixth Amendment protect for citizens of the United States? This amendment gives the right to vote to anyone 18 years or older.