Presentation on theme: "Dante’s Inferno. Author Biography Dante Alighieri Son of a nobleman Born May 1265 in Florence, Italy Received early education in Florence Attended the."— Presentation transcript:
Author Biography Dante Alighieri Son of a nobleman Born May 1265 in Florence, Italy Received early education in Florence Attended the University of Bologna Fought in the Florence Army in the Battle of Campaldino (1289), a conflict between the Guelphs and Ghibellines (supporters of the Pope and Holy Roman Emperor, respectively); Dante was 24
Author Biography His great love seems to have been Beatrice Portinari. They met when they were children. Dante worshipped her. Beatrice was Dante’s inspiration for The Divine Comedy. After her death in 1290, he dedicated a book of verse, La Vita Nuova, or “The New Life,” to her. Though each married, they did not marry each other.
Author Biography Dante entered an arranged marriage in 1291 with Gemma Donati, a noblewoman. They had four children—Jacopo, Pietro, Giovanni, and Antonia. Records contain little else about their life together.
Author Biography By 1302, Dante was a political exile from Florence: the Black Guelph faction had finally taken over the city and killed many of their enemies. He probably started The Divine Comedy after this exile. Personages past and present from politics, history, mythology, religion, literature, and Dante’s personal life—including Beatrice— appear throughout The Divine Comedy.
Dante’s Inferno: Introduction The Divine Comedy is made up of three parts, corresponding with Dante’s three journeys: Inferno (or Hell); Purgatorio (or Purgatory); and Paradiso (or Paradise). Each part consists of approximately 33 cantos. Inferno as epic poem = exalted subject matter, heroic actions, contains long speeches, begins in medias res Terza rima-11 syllables per line
Dante’s Inferno Dante and Virgil enter the wide gates of Hell and descend through the nine circles. In each circle they see sinners being punished for their sins on Earth; Dante sees the torture as Divine justice.
Dante’s Inferno The sinners in the circles include: Circle One—Those in limbo (basically innocent people; unbaptized and unbelievers) Circle Two—The lustful Circle Three—The gluttonous (food, drink, other addictions) Circle Four—The hoarders (greed as sin) Circle Five—The wrathful Circle Six—The heretics Circle Seven—The violent ○ Ring 1: Murderers, robbers, and plunderers ○ Ring 2: Suicides and those harmful to the world ○ Ring 3: Those harmful against God, nature, art, as well as usurers (money-lenders)
Dante’s Inferno: Introduction Circle Nine—Traitors Region i: Traitors to their kindred Region ii: Traitors to their country Region iii: Traitors to their guests Region iv: Traitors to their lords
SATAN Giant beast frozen in a lake of ice at the center of Hell Three heads Bat-like wings under each chin create a wind that freezes all other sinners in the Ninth Circle Chews on Judas, Brutus, and Cassius
Dante’s Inferno: Introduction On Easter Sunday, Dante emerges from Hell (a symbolic relation to the Resurrection). Through his travels, he has found his way to God and is able, once more, to look upon the stars.