Presentation on theme: "The Testudo and the battle of Caer Caradoc The Romans Chapter 9: Case study."— Presentation transcript:
The Testudo and the battle of Caer Caradoc The Romans Chapter 9: Case study
Sources for the Battle of Caer Caradoc, AD 50 Literary: Roman account provided by Tacitus’ Annals His father-in-law served extensively in Britain, not long after the battle. Archaeological remains: the site of the battle has not been conclusively identified. There is an Iron Age fort with a name that means ‘Caratacus’ fort’, but it does not fit the description of the site in Tacitus’ account. However, there are remains that could fit his description.
The Battle of Caer Caradoc Location: Hertfordshire, possibly near Caer Caradoc Hill Roman general: P. Ostorius Scapula Troops: c. 21,000 Ninth Legion Hispana and Twentieth Legion Valeria Victix Casualties: c. 1,200 British general: Caratacus Troops: unknown Casualties: unknown
Battle of Caer Caradoc Account in Tacitus, Annales Briton Caratacus Vs Roman P. Ostorius Scapula Step 1: Forge river Step 2: Testudo; remove stone ramparts Step 3: Scale fort; break Britons’ line between legions and auxiliaries Source:
Roman army in testudo (‘tortoise’) formation ‘Testudo formation’ by Neil Carey - Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons:
The testudo on Trajan’s Column, early 2 nd C. AD