Presentation on theme: "The Testudo and the battle of Caer Caradoc"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Testudo and the battle of Caer Caradoc The RomansChapter 9: Case study
2 Sources for the Battle of Caer Caradoc, AD 50 Literary: Roman account provided by Tacitus’ Annals His father-in-law served extensively in Britain, not long after the battle.Archaeological remains: the site of the battle has not been conclusively identified. There is an Iron Age fort with a name that means ‘Caratacus’ fort’, but it does not fit the description of the site in Tacitus’ account. However, there are remains that could fit his description.
3 The Battle of Caer Caradoc Location: Hertfordshire, possibly near Caer Caradoc HillRoman general: P. Ostorius ScapulaTroops: c. 21,000 Ninth Legion Hispana and Twentieth Legion Valeria VictixCasualties: c. 1,200British general: CaratacusTroops: unknownCasualties: unknown
4 Battle of Caer Caradoc Account in Tacitus, Annales 12.33-38 Briton CaratacusVsRoman P. Ostorius ScapulaStep 3: Scale fort; break Britons’ linebetween legions andauxiliariesStep 2:Testudo;remove stonerampartsStep 1:Forge riverSource:
5 Roman army in testudo (‘tortoise’) formation ‘Testudo formation’ by Neil Carey - Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike2.0 via Wikimedia Commons: