Presentation on theme: "The Testudo and the battle of Caer Caradoc"— Presentation transcript:
1The Testudo and the battle of Caer Caradoc The RomansChapter 9: Case study
2Sources for the Battle of Caer Caradoc, AD 50 Literary: Roman account provided by Tacitus’ Annals His father-in-law served extensively in Britain, not long after the battle.Archaeological remains: the site of the battle has not been conclusively identified. There is an Iron Age fort with a name that means ‘Caratacus’ fort’, but it does not fit the description of the site in Tacitus’ account. However, there are remains that could fit his description.
3The Battle of Caer Caradoc Location: Hertfordshire, possibly near Caer Caradoc HillRoman general: P. Ostorius ScapulaTroops: c. 21,000 Ninth Legion Hispana and Twentieth Legion Valeria VictixCasualties: c. 1,200British general: CaratacusTroops: unknownCasualties: unknown
4Battle of Caer Caradoc Account in Tacitus, Annales 12.33-38 Briton CaratacusVsRoman P. Ostorius ScapulaStep 3: Scale fort; break Britons’ linebetween legions andauxiliariesStep 2:Testudo;remove stonerampartsStep 1:Forge riverSource:
5Roman army in testudo (‘tortoise’) formation ‘Testudo formation’ by Neil Carey - Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike2.0 via Wikimedia Commons: