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Teacher’s name: Haitam Hleihil Grade : 9 “2” School : Segev shalom high school Subject : modals & semi-modals.

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Presentation on theme: "Teacher’s name: Haitam Hleihil Grade : 9 “2” School : Segev shalom high school Subject : modals & semi-modals."— Presentation transcript:

1 Teacher’s name: Haitam Hleihil Grade : 9 “2” School : Segev shalom high school Subject : modals & semi-modals

2 Modals and Semi Modals

3 Here are some of the modals & semi-modals cancould may might must should Be able to have to

4 Use We use modals and semi-modals to add meaning to the verb. We use can/could to add meaning of: 1) ability: I run fast I can run fast 2) permission: you can invite your friend. Could is the past form of can : I could run fast when I was young. We use must to talk about obligation : I must go to school everyday.

5 We use may to add meaning of : 1) possibility: it may rain later today. 2) permission: you may use my phone. We use might to add meaning of possibility: we might go out later today. We use should to add meaning of suggestion: you should study more

6 Modals

7 Form Modals behave the same with all of the pronouns: I You can/could We may/might They should He must She It

8 base form 1.Modals are always followed by a verb in its base form and come after the subject. Rule: subject modal verb in base form EXAMPLES: speak He can speak English vs. He speaks English go You may go out. take She may take the book to school. do They should do their homework. wake We must wake up early.

9 Negative form 2. We use "not“ after the modal to make negative form. be come EXAMPLES: He should not be late. They might not come to school. eat I cannot eat any more cakes.

10 3. Many modal verbs cannot be used in the past tenses or the future tenses. EXAMPLES: He will can go with us. WRONG She must studied very hard. WRONG

11 Semi modals

12 Many modals cannot be used in all of the English tenses. That's why we need to know their meaning and the substitute for these modal verbs. Semi-modals

13 Be able to We use this semi-modal to express: ability Permission use: We use “be able to” in the past, present and future tense.

14 present Positive: Positive: I am able to walk. Negative : Negative : I am not able to walk. Yes/no question: Are Yes/no question: Are you able to walk? Wh-question: When Wh-question: When are you able to walk?

15 past positive: positive: I was able to run. Negative: Negative: I was not able to run. Yes/No question: Were Yes/No question: Were you able to run? Wh-question: Why Wh-question: Why were you able to run?

16 PositivePositive: I will be able to run fast. NegativeNegative: I will not be able to run fast. Yes/no questionwillYes/no question: will you be able to run? Wh-questionwhyWh-question: why will you be able to run? future

17 have to - has to had to – will have to = it is necessary =shows obligation and giving advice. have to/has to – in the present/near future had to – in the past will have to – in the future

18 Present I You have to We don’t have to They He She has to It doesn’t have to *Don’t have to/doesn’t have to: it’s not necessary

19 Forming questions Yes/no questions: To form yes/no question we put the helping verb “do”/”does” in the beginning of the sentence : For example: 1)you have to do your homework. Do you have to do you homework? she has to do her homework. Does she have to do her homework?

20 Wh question: we add wh-word at the beginning of the yes/no question to for wh-question. For example: Do you have to do your homework? why do you have to do your homework? Does she have to do her homework? Why does she have to do her homework?

21 past I You We had to They didn’t have to He She It

22 Forming questions Yes/no questions: To form a yes/no question in the past tense we put the helping verb “did” at the beginning of the sentence: for example: she had to do her homework. Did she have to do her homework? Wh-questions: To form wh-question we add a wh-word at the beginning of the yes/no question: for example: Did she have to do her homework? why did she have to do her homework?

23 Future I You We They will have to He will not have to She It

24 Yes/no questions: To form a yes/no question in the future tense we put the word “will” at the beginning of the sentence: for example: she will have to do her homework. will she have to do her homework? Wh-questions: To form wh-question we add a wh-word at the beginning of the yes/no question: for example: will she have to do her homework? why will she have to do her homework?

25 Practice time game.asp?id=1793http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/view game.asp?id=1793http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/view game.asp?id=1793http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/view game.asp?id=1793


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