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Paryushana and Kalpa Sutra Pravin K. Shah Jaina Education Committee Jain Study Center of North Carolina 509 Carriage Woods Circle Raleigh, NC 27607-3969.

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Presentation on theme: "Paryushana and Kalpa Sutra Pravin K. Shah Jaina Education Committee Jain Study Center of North Carolina 509 Carriage Woods Circle Raleigh, NC 27607-3969."— Presentation transcript:

1 Paryushana and Kalpa Sutra Pravin K. Shah Jaina Education Committee Jain Study Center of North Carolina 509 Carriage Woods Circle Raleigh, NC Website:

2 Paryushana Parva Paryushana word is composed of Pari (Upasarga) + Vas (Dhatu) is joined with Ana (Pratyaya) Pari (Upasarga) + Vas (Dhatu) is joined with Ana (Pratyaya) To come together from all direction To come together from all directionParva Religious / Spiritual activity celebrated together Religious / Spiritual activity celebrated together Simple meaning People coming together for religious activity People coming together for religious activityReligious Direct all your thoughts from external object inward to reflect upon your qualities of the soul Direct all your thoughts from external object inward to reflect upon your qualities of the soul

3 Pariyay-vatthna Pariyay-vatthna Pajjo-samana Pajjo-samana Pagaiya Pagaiya Parivasna Parivasna Pajjusana Pajjusana Vasavas Vasavas Padhm-samosaran Padhm-samosaran Thavana Thavana Jatthoggaha Jatthoggaha Various names of Paryushana

4 1.Jiv-daya (Amari pravartan) 2.Humanitarian Activity (Sadharmik Vatslya) 3.Forgiveness (Kshamapana) 4.Penance - Fasting for three days (Aththama tap) Shold be pure and pious (no Shalya - Maya, Niyanu, and Mithyatva) 5.Spreading of Religious principles (Chaityapati) Five Activities of Paryushana

5 Meaning of Kalpa-Sutra Kalpa means an activity which enhances Religious knowledge (Jnan) Religious knowledge (Jnan) Conduct (Charitra, Shila) Conduct (Charitra, Shila) Self control (Penance or Tap) Self control (Penance or Tap) Sutra means a Scripture Kalpa-sutra is a scripture which describes; how to enhance our Jnan, Charitra, and Tap

6 Kalpa-sutra Kalpa-sutra is the ninth chapter of a religious scripture called Dashasrut-skandh Kalpa-sutra is the ninth chapter of a religious scripture called Dashasrut-skandh Dashasrut-skandh is one of the book of Chheda-sutras Dashasrut-skandh is one of the book of Chheda-sutras Chheda-sutras are classified as Ang-bahya Agam sutras Chheda-sutras are classified as Ang-bahya Agam sutras Author - Acharya Bhadrabahu-swami Last Acharya who had the knowledge of 14 purvas Last Acharya who had the knowledge of 14 purvas Its basis - Ninth Purva - Pratyakhan-pravad Its basis - Ninth Purva - Pratyakhan-pravad Kalpa-Sutra Status in Agam Literature

7  First Reading Jain monks recited in Anandpur in the courtyard of king Dhruvasen Jain monks recited in Anandpur in the courtyard of king Dhruvasen To comfort the king for the sudden demise of his son To comfort the king for the sudden demise of his son  Time period There are three king Dhruvasen There are three king Dhruvasen 519 to 549 AD 627 to 642 AD 650 to 654 AD Kalpa-Sutra... First Reading

8 Topics Life Stories of Tirthankaras Mahavir-swami Mahavir-swami Parshva-natha Parshva-natha Nemi-natha Nemi-natha Rhushabha-dev Rhushabha-dev Time Period and breied history of 24 Tirthankars Time Period and breied history of 24 Tirthankars Life Stories of Acharyas (Sthaviravali) Ganadhara-charitra Ganadhara-charitra Jambu-swami Jambu-swami Bhadrabahu-swami Bhadrabahu-swami Sthulibhadra To …… Sthulibhadra To …… Devardhigani Devardhigani

9 Rules for Monks (Samachari) Rules of staying during monsoon (Varshavas-kalpa) Rules of staying during monsoon (Varshavas-kalpa) Rules of begging (Bhikshachar-kalpa) Rules of begging (Bhikshachar-kalpa) Rules for removal of hair (Keshlocha- kalpa) Rules for removal of hair (Keshlocha- kalpa) Forgiveness (Kshamapana) Forgiveness (Kshamapana) Topics..

10 Characteristics of Monks First Tirthankar Understanding - Difficult (Jad) Understanding - Difficult (Jad) Implementation - Simple (Rhuju) Implementation - Simple (Rhuju) 22 Tirthankaras (2nd to 23rd) Understanding - Proper (Prajna) Understanding - Proper (Prajna) Implementation - Proper (Rhuju) Implementation - Proper (Rhuju) Last Tirthankar Understanding - Difficult (Jad) Understanding - Difficult (Jad) Implementation - Selfish (Vakra) Implementation - Selfish (Vakra)

11 Kalpa-Sutra Reading First Three Days (Shravan vad 12 to 14) Preparatory Days Explanation of six Ashtahnikas Parva Explanation of six Ashtahnikas Parva Duties of Laypeople (Shravak) Duties of Laypeople (Shravak) Twelve vows of Laypeople Twelve vows of Laypeople 4th Day (Shravan vad 15 - Amas) Kalpa-sutra Reading Begins Kalpa-sutra Reading Begins Mahavir's descend, Devanandi Brahmin's 14 dreams (Morning session) 27 past lives, Transfer of fetus to Trishala (Afternoon session)

12 Kalpa-Sutra Reading (continued) 5th Day (Bhadarva shud 1) Trishala's 14 dreams (Morning) Birth of Lord Mahavir (Afternoon) 6th Day (Bhadarva shud 2) Birth celebration, Childhood, Education, Marriage, Renunciation - Diksha (Morning) Various Upasargas, Keval Jnan, and Gadharavad (Afternoon) 7th Day (Bhadarva shud 3) Life stories of remaining 23 Tirthankaras (Morning) Sthaviravali, Life stories of Acharyas, Samachari (Afternoon) 8th Day (Bhadarva shud 4) Recitation of Original text sutras (Morning) Samvatsari Pratikraman (Evening)


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