2Historical Facts The Great Lent The most sacred week of the year Preparation Week: 7 daysHoly 40 days: 40 daysLazarus Saturday: 1 dayHoly Pascha Week: 7 daysThe most sacred week of the yearUsed to be celebrated separate from the great lent until the 2nd centuryPascha = Passover
3PALM SUNDAY What Did Jesus Do? He left Bethany and entered Jerusalem riding on a colt on Nissan 10(similar to the Passover lamb)The crowd were shouting “OSANNA”Jesus entered the temple and kicked out those who were selling and buying.Jesus returns back to Bethany
4PALM SUNDAY What Does the Church Do? Title of the day “Accepting Christ as a King”All hymns are in joyful tunesProcession of the Cross – Morning IncenseThe Cross is the sign of His KingdomWe are invited to accept him as a king in our life.Palms signify: peace, royalty, strength12 stations – 12 Gospel
5PALM SUNDAY What Does the Church Do? Regular liturgy except we read FOUR gospels
6PALM SUNDAY What Does the Church Do? The general funeral Prayer: Participate in the Lord’s deathThe church focuses on the Passion of the LordThe church sets us in the mood of passion week, by accepting the death of Christ in our life – “ Now if we died with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with Him” (Rom 6:8)
7PASCHA: GENERAL OUTLINE Pascha: “Passover”.The Passing-over of the Angel of death: Exo 12:13Christ is our Passover“for indeed Christ, our Passover, was sacrificed for us.” 1Cor 5:7Through Christ’s Blood, we are saved from the devil, the punishment of sin and death
8PASCHA: GENERAL OUTLINE We follow the Savior step by stepWe pray outside the alter…Why?All attention is to the passion of our Savior:No liturgies except….. Why?No Agpya prayers… Why?All prayers in a sad tune
9PASCHA: GENERAL OUTLINE OVERVIEW ON DAYSSUN MON TUES WED THUR FRI SATP A P A P A P A P A P A PN D N D N D N D N D N DMON TUE WED THUR FRI SATNO LITRUGIES
11PASCHA: GENERAL OUTLINE Contents of Each PrayerPropheciesThine is the power, the glory, the blessings, and the majesty: for ever Amen O Emmanuel: Our God and Our King...Replaces the Agpeya psalmsIt is not man made, Revelation 7:12-13
12PASCHA: GENERAL OUTLINE Contents of Each PrayerA psalm of DavidSad tuneThe Holy GospelThe expositionEnd of each night or day:LitaniesThe conclusion (O King of Peace)
13Monday of the Holy Pascha What Did Jesus Do?He left Bethany to the temple in JerusalemOn the way, He saw a fig tree that has leaves but no fruits. Christ curses the tree saying: No man will eat fruit of you for everJesus spent the day in the temple teachingThe priests try to catch him with a mistake: By what authority do you do these things?Christ returns back to Bethany
14Monday of the Holy Pascha What Does the Church Do?Title of the day:“FRUITFUL LIFE NOT APPEARANCE”“DON’T DECEIVE YOURSELF”All prophesies, psalms, and gospels focus on this objective. ExamplesFirst Hour: Isaiah 5:1-9: “What shall I do any more to my vineyard, that I have not done to it?”Sixth Hour: Exodus 32:7-15: “They Have made for themselves a calf and worshiped it!”
15Tuesday of the Holy Pascha What Did Jesus Do?He left Bethany to the temple in JerusalemOn the way, They saw the fig tree and remembered Christ’s wordsJesus spent the day in the temple teachingThe Pharisees try to catch him with a mistake: Should we pay taxes to Caesar?Christ talks about the end of the world and his second coming in detail. He gives a lot of signs for the last day.
16Tuesday of the Holy Pascha What Did Jesus Do?Christ emphasized the need to be always prepared by several proverbs:The ten virginsThe TalentsThe wedding ceremonyChrist returns back to Bethany
17Tuesday of the Holy Pascha What Does the Church Do?Title of the day:“BE WATCHFUL”“MARAN-ATHA -- The Lord’s coming is near”All prophesies, psalms, and gospels focus on this objective. ExamplesNinth Hour: Genesis 6-9: “The flood and Noah’s Ark”Eleventh Hour: Isaiah 30:25: A prophesy about the end of the world
18Tuesday of the Holy Pascha What Does the Church Do?Very Important: THE ELEVENTH HOURCHRISTTalked in detail about judgement and the last dayDetermined the time of his crucifixion for the first timeLeft the temple and NEVER came back to it; a sign of the collapse of the Jewish religionCHURCHAdds “My Good Savior” to “Thine is the power....”Reads Psalm 44:9 “Thy Throne, O God, is forever and ever” with the Royal Tune
19Wednesday of the Holy Pascha What Did Jesus Do?Christ spent the whole day in BethanyA day of contradictions:Judas contacts the chief priests to betray ChristA woman breaks an alabaster box of ointment of spikenard, very precious, and pours it on Christ’s head.
20Wednesday of the Holy Pascha What Does the Church Do?Title of the day:“WHERE IS MY HEART”“WHAT WOULD I OFFER TO CHRIST”All prophesies, psalms, and gospels focus on this objective.Very Important: Third Hour of Thursday’s EvePsalm: 54:18: “His words are smoother than oil, yet they are darts” (Royal tune)Gospel: Mark 14:3-11: The woman with ointment and Judas betrayal!
21The Great Thursday What Did Jesus Do? That was the 14th of Nissan, the day of slaying the Passover lambChrist asks Peter and John to prepare the PassoverThey prepare for the Passover in St. Mark’s houseThe disciples fight: who is the greatest.Before supper, Christ washed the disciples’ feetChrist gives the disciples his body and bloodChrist prophesizes about his betrayalJudas leaves to go to the chief priests
22The Great Thursday What Does the Church Do? We pray in the sanctuary We start with the Matin rising of incenseThe book of acts: Selecting a new apostle instead of Judas. It is scary!!!!!!Procession to rebuke Judas (OURSELVES) in the opposite direction
23The Great Thursday What Does the Church Do? Pascha prayers (1st, 3rd, 6th, 9th) about preparations for the PassoverThe prophesies of the ninth hour are very significantGenesis 22:1-19 The sacrifice of IsaacGenesis 14:17-20 MelckizedekIsaiah 61:1-6 “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me…”
24The Great Thursday What Does the Church Do? The Liturgy of the Blessing of WaterObjectives:HUMBLENESS & SALVATION THOUGH WATER (BAPTISM)We pray with annual tune in front of a basin filled with waterSeveral prophesies about salvation through water (e.g., crossing the Red Sea and Jordan RiverGospel: John 13: Christ washes the feet of the disciplesAt the end, the priest washes the feet of the congregation
25The Great Thursday What Does the Church Do? The Liturgy of the EucharistObjective: The sacrifice of ChristAnnual tuneNo Agpeya, no Catholic Epistle, no Book of ActsGospel: Matthew 26: Christ gives his body and blood to the disciplesNo prayer of Reconciliation, no commemoration of the saintsFraction of the Sacrifice of Isaac
26The Great Thursday What Does the Church Do? During communion, we pray the 11th hour of the PaschaProphesy from Isaiah 52And we saw him but he had no form nor beauty…He was a man of suffering and acquainted with the bearing of sickness…He was dishonored and not esteemed. He bears our sins and is pained for us…He was wounded on account of our sins, and was bruised because of our iniquities…He was led as a sheep to the slaughter and as a lamb before the shearer is dumb, so he opens not his mouth….Gospel from John:13And when He had dipped the sop, He gave it to Judas Iscariot, And after the sop, Satan entered into him
27The Eve of the Great Friday FROM NOW ON:We add “The Lord is my strength, my praise and has become my salvation”We read four gospels each hour from Matthew, Mark, Luke, and JohnExcept the first hour where the four gospels are from John (The Paraclete)
28The Eve of the Great Friday First HourChrist’s last talk with the disciples and his promise to send the Holy SpiritHis prayer to the Father in John 17Third HourChrist leaves with the disciples on their way to GethemaneBefore the cock crow, you shall deny me three times
29The Eve of the Great Friday Sixth HourChrist prays in Gethemane while the disciples are asleepWatch ye and pray, lest you enter into temptationNinth HourJudas arrives with the soldiers to arrest JesusPeter cut the right ear of the servant of the high priest
30The Eve of the Great Friday Eleventh HourPsalm: “Why did the heathen rage, and the nations imagine vain things? The kings of the earth stood up, and the rulers gathered themselves together against the Lord, and against his ChristGospels: First trial in front of the chief priests and all the council. Peter denies for three times
31The Great Friday First Hour Third Hour Christ is being sent to Pontius PilatePilate sends Him to HerodThird HourChrist goes back to PilatePilate sentences him to death
32The Sixth Hour of the Great Friday ProphesiesNumbers 21: The brass serpentIsaiah 53Amos 8: The sun shall go down at noon, and the light shall be darkened on the earth by day
33The Sixth Hour of the Great Friday HYMNSTAI SHOREEVAI ETAV ENFThis is He who presented upon the cross, an acceptable sacrifice for the salvation of our racePauline Epistle:But God forbid that I shall glory, save in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ
34The Sixth Hour of the Great Friday Part From the AgpeyaO MONO GENEESO Only Begotten, eternal, and Immortal Word of God….Holy Mighty, who by weakness showed forth what is greater than power.AGIOS (sad tune)Psalm and GospelLights are off
35The Sixth Hour of the Great Friday Prayer with the right thiefRemember me O Lord when you come into your kingdom…. O Master ….…. O Holy-One ...End of the Sixth Hour and lights are back
36The Ninth Hour of the Great Friday HYMNSTEE SHOREEVAI ETAV ENFPauline Epistle:And being found in fashion as a man, He humbled Himself, and became obedient unto death, the death of the crossPart from the AgpeyaAgiousPsalm and Gospels
37The Eleventh Hour of the Great Friday ProphesiesExodus and Leviticus: PassoverRegular Pascha hour
38The Twelfth Hour of the Great Friday ProphesiesLamentations of JeremiahJonahPsalm 44: The Royal TuneYour Throne, O God, is forever and everGospels
39The Twelfth Hour of the Great Friday Exposition and LitaniesMETANIAS in all directionsProcessionThe Burial and GOLGOTHAThe Book of Psalms
40APOCALYPSE Objectives: Heaven is open, therefore we read the book of RevelationsTransition between sadness and joyLet us think about what Christ has done for us and praise him for that
41APOCALYPSE We start with this psalm 151 I am the youngest among my brethren and a youth in my father’s house…..My brothers are handsome and greater than me and the Lord delighted not in them…. I went out to meet the Palestinian, so he cursed me by his idols. But I withdrew his sword that was in his hand and beheaded him and removed the reproach from the Israelites: Alleluia
42APOCALYPSE Layout Praises and prayers of the prophets Matins’ raising of incensePrayers of the third and sixth hoursReading of the book of revelationsPrayers of the ninth hourThe Liturgy
43APOCALYPSE The first Procession: Starts with “Let us thank Christ our Lord” hymn of Maran o-onhThis is to proclaim their joy in the Lord’s salvation over Satan (the spiritual Goliath)
44APOCALYPSE The first Hos: the 1st praise of Moses This tells the story of the Lord’s deliverance of His people by Moses, through the Red Sea.This was a symbol of the Lord’s deliverance of Satan (pharaoh) who enslaved us by sinCalled the praise of the Lamb (Rev 15:1-3)
45APOCALYPSE The 2nd praise of Moses(Deu 32: 1-43) These are Moses' last words to the children of Israel. In it he reminds them of God’s aid to them and calls them to repent and seek the Lord.It ends with joy in the his salvationThe church is calling us to repentance so that we may partake of the joy of the Lord’s salvation and enter the heavenly Jerusalem.
46APOCALYPSE We read several praises from the Old and New Testament Hannah (mother of Samuel), this is the prayer of thanksgiving of Hannah when she brought her son Samuel into the temple, fulfilling her promise to GodThe church likewise thanks God for granting her a Son (Christ) to redeem her from death.
47APOCALYPSE The prayer of the prophet Daniel Three young men in the furnaceAs the 3 young men were condemned to death, but they came out alive, likewise humanity was condemned to death, but Christ granted it life through his deathWhoever wishes to see the Lord, must pass through the fire of temptations and overcome it with the power of God.
48APOCALYPSE We read the story of Susanna (very Important) Jonah, Isaiah, Jeremiah, king Solomon, Baruch, Habakkuk, etc.We read the story of Susanna (very Important)As God sent Daniel to save Susanna, God sent his Son Jesus Christ to save everyone
49APOCALYPSE The 2nd procession: the praise of the three young men This is a portion of the Praise of Azarius while in the furnace, as he proclaims that he’ll follow the Lord under any condition (even in the furnace)After the church head all the prayer and praises, it goes around the church assuring the Lord that it will follow him chanting “we follow thee” ten ouweeh enthok “
50APOCALYPSEWe pray the first, third, and sixth hour of Saturday similar to regular paschafirst half with sad tune, second with annualReadings: preparations for resurrection
51APOCALYPSEWe read the book of revelationNinth hourHoly liturgy
52HOW SHALL WE ESCAPE IF WE NEGLECT SO GREAT SALVATION? CONCLUSIONHOW SHALL WE ESCAPE IF WE NEGLECT SO GREAT SALVATION?HEBREW 2:3
53PASCHA: GENERAL OUTLINE We pray outside the alter, WHY?- we were cast outside of the Paradise and remained outside, until the crucifixion- Christ suffered outside of Jerusalem: “therefore let us go forth to Him, outside the camp, bearing His reproach.” Heb 13:13
54PASCHA: GENERAL OUTLINE No liturgies except on Thursday because the Passover lamb was kept for 4 days (Exo 12:3-7)
55APOCALYPSEPsalm 151Tells us the story of David: how God transferred him from poverty to gloryTells how David transferred the children of Israel from shame to victory and salvationThe church reminds us of how the Lord saved us from spiritual Goliath, which is Satan, whom he slew on the cross.