Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Click to edit Master subtitle style CHROMOSOMES. Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Click to edit Master subtitle style CHROMOSOMES. Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level."— Presentation transcript:

1 Click to edit Master subtitle style CHROMOSOMES

2 Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level  Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles Second level  Third level  Fourth level » Fifth level The packaging for our genes Genes are the instructions used to make functional products Proteins are the basic component of all living cells CHROMOSOMES What are they?

3

4 Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level  Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles Second level  Third level  Fourth level » Fifth level In every cell of our body, except for red blood cells CHROMOSOMES Where are they?

5 Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level  Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles Second level  Third level  Fourth level » Fifth level Can see chromosomes under microscope during cell division CHROMOSOMES What do they look like?

6 CHROMOSOMES What do they look like? p arm “petit” q arm centromere telomere chromosome region “3p21”

7 Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level  Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles Second level  Third level  Fourth level » Fifth level 46 chromosomes 22 pairs of autosomes 1 pair sex chromosomes HUMAN KARYOTYPE

8

9

10 Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level  Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles Second level  Third level  Fourth level » Fifth level Which one is the Y? SEX CHROMOSOMES

11 Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level  Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles Second level  Third level  Fourth level » Fifth level Fruit Fly8 Peas14 Goldfish94 Dogs78 Humans46 CHROMOSOMES How many chromosomes do other organisms have?

12 MITOSIS

13 MEIOSIS

14

15 CHROMOSOME DIFFERENCES

16  Down syndrome  Cri du Chat syndrome  Williams syndrome CHROMOSOMES What are some disorders that are caused by chromosomal imbalances?

17 DOWN SYNDROME Photo provided by CDSS

18 Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level  Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles Second level  Third level  Fourth level » Fifth level Common Physical Features Decreased muscle tone at birth Simian crease Upward slanting eyes Heart defects Shorter height Development Moderate to severe mental retardation Delay in language, cognitive, motor Treatment Life Expectancy 50% live longer than 50 years. Impact of this condition on the affected person and their family DOWN SYNDROME

19 Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level  Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles Second level  Third level  Fourth level » Fifth level MEIOSIS AGAIN... trisomy Normal MeiosisAbnormal Meiosis: Non- disjunction

20 Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level  Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles Second level  Third level  Fourth level » Fifth level CRI-DU-CHAT SYNDROME Photos provided by

21 DELETION

22 TRANSLOCATION Reciprocal

23 46,XX,t(2;17)(q21.3;q25.2) TRANSLOCATION Reciprocal

24 45,XX,der(13q;14q) * * TRANSLOCATION Robertsonian

25 Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level  Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles Second level  Third level  Fourth level » Fifth level  Microdeletion of chromosome 7q11  “cocktail party” personality  Moderate to severe learning problems WILLIAMS SYNDROME

26 A man carries a 21q21q Robertsonian translocation. What is the chance that he will have a baby without a chromosome problem? QUESTION??


Download ppt "Click to edit Master subtitle style CHROMOSOMES. Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google