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8/17/10 Attention to Users and Visitors We are making available to our visitors the PowerPoint presentations of the speakers at our just completed 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "8/17/10 Attention to Users and Visitors We are making available to our visitors the PowerPoint presentations of the speakers at our just completed 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 8/17/10 Attention to Users and Visitors We are making available to our visitors the PowerPoint presentations of the speakers at our just completed 2010 Preterist Pilgrim Weekend. Please take note that all PowerPoint presentations here are copyrighted material. You are feel to copy, to print, and to post this material on FaceBook, YouTube, and other Internet sites, but, in doing so, you must agree to give proper attribution to the material. Integrity and Christian ethics demands that you attribute the presentations to their authors, with full name, and a link to this website. The following presentation is by Don K. Preston, President Preterist Research Institute

2 8/17/10 Peter and the Messianic Woes (The Great Trib.) 1 and 2 Peter were written in the midst of severe persecution. Peter exhorts his readers to faithfulness in the light of impending relief from that persecution Peter promises them relief and vindication very soon– Their suffering is only for a short time Their vindication / relief will be at the parousia– in fulfillment of God’s OT promises to Israel. 8/17/102

3 Peter-Suffering and The End There was a dominant view in Judaism that just prior to the glorious advent of Messiah, there would be a time of intense suffering that Israel would experience. It would refine the remnant- destroy the wicked. This was called the Messianic Woes, The Birth Pangs of Messiah, Jacob’s Trouble, etc. Mark Dubis– Messianic Woes in Peter Emile Schurer– Messianic Woes 8/17/103

4 The OT Background of Peter’s Sufferings Peter’s audience– Anticipating the fulfillment of God’s OT promises to Israel (1:10f) Brant Pitre (Tribulation, 187)– “According to the O. T., the resurrection itself would be preceded by a period of great tribulation.”... “Daniel 12 is the most explicit prophecy of resurrection in the Hebrew Old Testament. Strikingly, this description of the resurrection is preceded by the Great Tribulation.” Suffering was part of the end time scheme! 8/17/104

5 Messianic Woes And the End- OT In the OT, suffering –The Tribulation- always precedes the kingdom / resurrection / salvation! Isaiah 24: judgment of city of confusion/ destruction of earth– v. 21– YHVH reigns! 25:1-12– Destruction of city and Temple v. 1-3; Messianic Banquet, resurrection and salvation (v. 6-9) 26:16-19– In trouble they (Israel) visited you… As a woman in travail– no deliverance until… resurrection! 8/17/105

6 Messianic Woes And the End- OT In the OT, The Tribulation-always precedes the kingdom / resurrection / salvation! Micah 5:1-5– I will give them up until she who is in labor has given birth.. Then the remnant of His brethren shall return… Daniel 12:1-7– great tribulation immediately before the resurrection Hosea 13:12-13– “The iniquity of Ephraim is bound up, his sin is stored up. The sorrows of a woman in childbirth shall take hold on him… I will ransom them from the power of the grave!” 8/17/106

7 Isaiah- Hosea- Tribulation and Resurrection Isa. 25– Tribulation (destruction of city) followed by Messianic Banquet, resurrection / salvation Hos. 13– Time of trouble (abandonment/ judgment) followed by resurrection. Fact: Paul’s doctrine of the resurrection was based on, and nothing other than Isa. 25 / Hos. 13 (1 Cor. 15:54f)! How then can we divorce the time of the Great Tribulation from the time of the resurrection? 8/17/107

8 The Tribulation and the Resurrection The resurrection of 1 Corinthians 15 is the resurrection of Isaiah 25 / Hosea 13. The resurrection of Isaiah 25 / Hosea 13 would occur at the time of the Tribulation on Israel. That tribulation on Israel would be “when the power of the holy people was completely shattered” i.e. in AD 70. Therefore, the resurrection of 1 Corinthians 15 was in AD 70 8/17/108

9 Daniel 9-Tribulation-Glory Prophets foretold suffering of Christ and the glory to follow (1 Peter 1:10f). Daniel 9 foretold the suffering of Christ (v. 26)– the abomination– Great Trib.!– followed by the glory of the kingdom! Suffering therefore, was part of the end times schema. Peter’s audience was experiencing that suffering just before “the end”– foretold by Daniel Glory was about to be revealed! No postponement– No failure– No alteration! 8/17/109

10 Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles ◦Second level  Third level ◦ Fourth level  Fifth level Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles ◦Second level  Third level ◦ Fourth level  Fifth level 8/17/10 Daniel 12 1 Peter Great Tribulation Resurrection Eternal inheritance End of the age Refinement through suffering Knowledge shall be increased Time of suffering Judgment of living and the dead Eternal inheritance End of all things at hand Refinement through suffering Revelation through the Spirit 8/17/

11 Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles ◦Second level  Third level ◦ Fourth level  Fifth level Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles ◦Second level  Third level ◦ Fourth level  Fifth level 8/17/10 Peter is experiencing what Jesus foretold! Olivet Discourse 1 Peter The preaching of the gospel Persecution coming Abomination of Desolation The Great Tribulation The coming of the Son of Man This generation shall not pass Diaspora-cf. Acts 2! The fiery trial that is among you (4:12) The revelation of Christ (1:5, 7) The end of all things has drawn near (4:7) 8/17/

12 8/17/10 The Great Trib. and the Parousia Immediately (eutheos) after the tribulation of those days, they shall see the Son of Man coming… If Peter and his audience was experiencing what Daniel 9 and 12 foretold, and if they were experiencing what Jesus foretold in Mat. 24, the consummation was truly near! 8/17/

13 8/17/10 Suffering and the End In the OT (and Judaism) suffering of the last days would lead to the appearance of Messiah– Peter agreed! Salvation ready to be revealed Suffer only a little while Suffering was filling the measure (epiteleo) Christ was ready to judge the living/dead End had drawn near Appointed Time (kairos) had come for the judgment 8/17/

14 8/17/10 Suffering And Relief in 1 Peter I Pet. 1:5f-suffer A Little While -Ready To Be Revealed- Peter agrees with other writers! Matthew 23– This generation! Present Sufferings– Glory About To Be Revealed 2 Cor. 4:16f- Light Affliction- For A Moment - Eternal Glory 2 Thes. 1:7- To You Who Are Troubled, Rest Heb. 10-took Spoiling Of Goods--a Very Little While James. 5- Be Patient Until…At Hand! Rev. 6-Martyrs-suffering- Little While 1st Century Suffering– 1st Century Relief! 8/17/

15 8/17/10 Partakers of the Sufferings of Christ 1 Peter 4:13- “Rejoice that you are partakers of the sufferings of Christ” 1 Peter 5:9- “The same afflictions are being accomplished (epiteleo) among your brethren in the world.” Col. 1:24-Paul said he and the apostles- with the early church- was filling up the measure of Christ’s suffering. Matthew 23:34f– The measure of eschatological sin / suffering would be filled up in the first century- Rev. 6:9f… 8/17/

16 Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles ◦Second level  Third level ◦ Fourth level  Fifth level Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles ◦Second level  Third level ◦ Fourth level  Fifth level 8/17/10 1 Peter Revelation To churches in Asia To the Elect- the Diaspora (1:1) Current suffering More suffering coming Measure of suffering being filled– Fiery trial among them (5:9; 4:12) Suffer only a little while (1:5f; 5:10) Coming of the Lord very near (4:7) To churches in Asia The 144K- The sealed of God (7:1f) Current suffering More suffering coming– Fiery trial about to come Measure of suffering being filled (6:11; 17:6f) Suffer only a little while (6:11; 12:12) Coming of the Lord very near (22:6- 20) 8/17/

17 8/17/10 Revelation and the Great Tribulation Rev. 7: K–The full number of those in 6:9f! These come out of the Great Tribulation Time foretold by Isaiah (Messianic woes, 26:9f) / 49:6-8 fulfilled in 7:14-  22:1-3 Rv. 14: K- “the first fruit of those redeemed to God from man” The first generation of the Jewish converts of Christ– redeemed by his blood The Great Tribulation experienced by the 144K– in the first century– Peter’s audience! This means the end truly was near! 8/17/

18 8/17/10 Implications for Futurism #1 The implications of Peter’s doctrine of suffering and eschatology are profound. Daniel 9 and Daniel 12 posit the Great Tribulation at the time of the judgment of Israel. Jesus posited the Great Tribulation at the judgment of Jerusalem. Amillennialists and postmillennialists agree! Problem! The Great Tribulation is immediately before the Resurrection of the Dead! Not A Resurrection– The Resurrection! 8/17/

19 8/17/10 Implications for Futurism #2 Peter is addressing the church! They were enduring suffering They would receive relief, vindication at the revelation of Christ That “apocalupsis” was very near. But!!-- Dispensationalism says the church is not on earth, being persecuted, at the time of Christ’s coming! Peter’s epistle falsifies dispensationalism! 8/17/

20 8/17/10 Summary and Conclusion Peter was drawing on the OT promises of the end times sufferings, from Isaiah- Daniel, Hosea, etc. He also draws from Jesus’ Olivet Sermon Those prophecies foretold a time of intense suffering just before the end. His allusions to Daniel are especially relevant Peter’s affirmations of the nearness of the end– in that context– take on a great urgency– and objective meaning The end truly was near! 8/17/

21 8/17/10 Summary and Conclusion Peter’s affirmations of the end must be taken objectively: This means that the salvation of Israel was near. The salvation for the nations– for you and me– was also very near. The eternal inheritance is now ours, in Christ. The awful suffering experienced by Peter’s audience– The Messianic Woes– gave way to the Messianic Banquet and eternal life! 8/17/

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23 8/17/10 1 Peter- Exodus- Restoration Second Exodus (Exile) motif permeates 1 Peter. Exodus (suffering) before Inheritance Peter’s imagery is also drawn from Hosea– Exile, Temple, restoration (2:9f) Hosea 8:8–9:17- Wanderers (plenetes) among the Gentiles Peter– Strangers and foreigners among the Gentiles– diaspora-- wanderers– among the Gentiles- cf. 1 Pt. 2:11– but would be restored after that period of suffering / exile / wandering– in the last days (Hos 3:5) This has direct implications for “Babylon” (5:13) 8/17/


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