Presentation on theme: "Holy Week = Anamnesis §Do this in remembrance of me §The redeeming acts of Christ are continuous and boundless in time and location (birth, baptism, crucifixion,"— Presentation transcript:
Holy Week = Anamnesis §Do this in remembrance of me §The redeeming acts of Christ are continuous and boundless in time and location (birth, baptism, crucifixion, resurrection, ascension) §We have the opportunity to live all these redeeming actions (actions of salvation) during the church liturgies, i.e., the liturgy is the continuation of the redeeming actions of Christ. “Every time you shall eat of this bread and drink of this cup…” §Therefore, each time you participate in the Holy Week services, l His death: We die with him, trample death. We are there at the feet of the cross. l His resurrection: We are risen with him in his Glory
Holy Week = Anamnesis §Proof: “Therefore as we commemorate his holy passions, his resurrection from the dead, his ascension into the heavens, and his sitting at your hand O Father,…….and his second coming from the heavens, awesome and full of glory” §In the liturgy, we live the past NOW and we live the future (eternal life) NOW §We have to come to the liturgy with this mindset: I AM NOT HERE AS A BYSTANDER OR A SPECTATOR, but AS AN ACTIVE PARTICIPANT IN THESE EVENTS: l I was there during the last supper, being washed and participating in the Eucharist l I was there during his resurrection, raising the stone and enjoying the glory l NEVER SAY I WAS NOT THERE! §Is this virtual reality/imagination/frame of mind? … This is REAL REALITY and the mystical nature of Holy week. We know it by faith!
Historical Facts §The most sacred week of the year §Used to be celebrated once every 33 years §Used to be celebrated separate from the great lent until the 2nd century §Pascha = Passover
Readings of the Holy Week §Historical Background l Early Church: Read the whole Bible. l Pope Ghobrial II (77) is the one who put together the readings that we currently have (circa 1250 A.D.) l In addition, we read the whole Four Gospels and the book of Psalms during the Holy Week. l Readings are selected to match the events of each hour.
Lazarus Saturday §We start and finish the Holy Week with resurrection; victory over: l Death l Sin l Devil §Christ did not resurrect Lazarus the day before entering Jerusalem: l Christ spent most of the Holy Week (starting from this Saturday) in his house l See above
PALM SUNDAY §What Did Jesus Do? l He left Bethany and entered Jerusalem riding on a colt on Nissan 10 (similar to the Passover lamb) l The crowd were shouting “OSANNA” l Jesus spent the day in the temple. l Jesus returns back to Bethany
PALM SUNDAY §What Does the Church Do? l All hymns are in joyful tunes l Morning procession in the raising of incense We read a psalm and a gospel in front of most icons and church doors. l Regular liturgy except we read FOUR gospels
PALM SUNDAY §What Does the Church Do? l Listen carefully to the Gospel according to St. Luke 19:41-44 Now as he draw near, He saw the city, and wept over it, Saying, If you had known, even you, at least in this day, the things which belong unto your peace! but now they are hidden from your eyes. For days will come upon you when your enemies will cast a trench around you, surround you and close you in on every side, and level you and your children within you to the ground; and they will not leave in you one stone upon another; because you did not know the time of your visitation.
PALM SUNDAY §What Does the Church Do? l The General Funeral: WHY? Starts with a prophesy from Ezekiel 37:1-14 And he said to me, Son of man, can these bones live? And I answered, O Lord GOD, You know
PASCHA: GENERAL OUTLINE §We follow the Savior step by step §We pray outside the alter in the second chorus, WHY? l Hebrew 13:13 §All attention is to the passion of our Savior: l No liturgies except….. l No Agpya prayers l All prayers in a sad tune
PASCHA: GENERAL OUTLINE DAILY PRAYERS (e.g. Wednesday) NIGHT (Tuesday evening) DAY (Wednesday morning) 1ST3RD6TH9TH11TH Good Friday: 1st, 3rd, 6th, 9th, 11th, 12th
Readings of the Holy Week §Difference between the morning and evening readings. §The Eleventh Hour of the morning and evening prayers are focused on: l Confrontations between Christ and the high priests and the Jewish. l Christ prophesizing about his passions and the cross.
PASCHA: GENERAL OUTLINE Contents of Each Prayer §Prophecies §Homily (Sermon), if any §Thine is the power, the glory, the blessings, and the majesty: for ever Amen O Emmanuel: Our God and Our King... l Replaces the Agpeya psalms l It is not man made, Revelation 7:12-13
PASCHA: GENERAL OUTLINE Contents of Each Prayer §A psalm of David l Sad tune §The Holy Gospel §The exposition §End of each night or day: l Litanies l The conclusion (O King of Peace)
Monday of the Holy Pascha §What Did Jesus Do? l He left Bethany to the temple in Jerusalem l On the way, He saw a fig tree that had leaves but no fruits. Christ cursed the tree saying: No man will eat fruit of you for ever l Jesus entered the temple and kicked out those who were selling and buying l The priests try to catch him with a mistake: By what authority do you do these things? l Christ returns back to Bethany
Monday of the Holy Pascha §What Does the Church Do? l Theme of the day: “FRUITFUL LIFE NOT APPEARANCE” “DON’T DECEIVE YOURSELF” l All prophesies, psalms, and gospels focus on this objective. Examples First Hour: Isaiah 5:1-9: “What shall I do any more to my vineyard, that I have not done to it?” Sixth Hour: Exodus 32:7-15: “They Have made for themselves a calf and worshiped it!”
Tuesday of the Holy Pascha §What Did Jesus Do? l He left Bethany to the temple in Jerusalem l On the way, They saw the fig tree and remembered Christ’s words l Jesus spent the day in the temple teaching l The Pharisees try to catch him with a mistake: Should we pay taxes to Caesar?
Tuesday of the Holy Pascha §What Did Jesus Do? l Christ talks about the end of the world and his second coming in detail. He gives a lot of signs for the last day. l Christ emphasized the need to be always prepared by several proverbs: The Ten Virgins The Talents The Wedding Ceremony l Christ returns back to Bethany
Tuesday of the Holy Pascha §What Does the Church Do? l Theme of the day: “BE WATCHFUL” “MARAN-ATHA -- The Lord’s coming is near” l All prophesies, psalms, and gospels focus on this objective. Examples Ninth Hour: Genesis 6-9: “The flood and Noah’s Ark” Eleventh Hour: Isaiah 30-25: A prophesy about the end of the world
Tuesday of the Holy Pascha §What Does the Church Do? l Very Important: THE ELEVENTH HOUR §CHRIST l Talked in detail about judgement and the last day l Determined the time of his crucifixion for the first time l Left the temple and NEVER came back to it; a sign of the collapse of the Jewish religion §CHURCH l Adds “My Good Savior” to “Thine is the power....” l Reads Psalm 44:9 “Thy Throne, O God, is forever and ever” with the Royal Tune
Wednesday of the Holy Pascha §What Did Jesus Do? l Christ spent the whole day in Bethany l A day of contradictions: Judas contacts the chief priests to betray Christ A woman breaks an alabaster box of ointment of spikenard, very precious, and pours it on Christ’s head.
Wednesday of the Holy Pascha §What Does the Church Do? l Theme of the day: “WHERE IS MY HEART” “WHAT WOULD I OFFER TO CHRIST” l All prophesies, psalms, and gospels focus on this objective. l Very Important: Third Hour of Thursday’s Eve Psalm: 54:18: “His words are smoother than oil, yet they are darts” (Royal tune) Gospel: Mark 14:3-11: The woman with ointment and Judas betrayal!
The Great Thursday §What Did Jesus Do? l That was the 14th of Nissan, the day of slaying the Passover lamb l Christ asks Peter and John to prepare the Passover l They prepare for the Passover in St. Mark’s house l The disciples fight: who is the greatest. l Before supper, Christ washed the disciples’ feet l Christ gives the disciples his body and blood l Christ prophesizes about his betrayal l Judas leaves to go to the chief priests
§What Does the Church Do? l We pray in the first chorus l We start with the Matin raising of incense l The book of acts: Selecting a new apostle instead of Judas. It is scary!!!!!! l Procession to reprimand Judas (OURSELVES) in the opposite direction The Great Thursday
§What Does the Church Do? l Pascha prayers (1st, 3rd, 6th, 9th) about preparations for the Passover l The prophesies of the ninth hour are very significant Genesis 22:1-19 The sacrifice of Isaac Genesis 14:17-20 Melckizedek Isaiah 61:1-6 “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me…”
The Great Thursday §What Does the Church Do? l The Liturgy of the Blessing of Water (second chorus) Objectives: –HUMBLENESS & SALVATION THOUGH WATER (BAPTISM) We pray with annual tune in front of a basin filled with water Several prophesies about salvation through water (e.g., crossing the Red Sea and Jordan River)
The Great Thursday §What Does the Church Do? l The Liturgy of the Blessing of Water (second chorus) Gospel: John 13:1-7 -- Christ washes the feet of the disciples At the end, the priest washes the feet of the congregation
The Great Thursday §What Does the Church Do? l The Liturgy of the Eucharist Objective: The sacrifice of Christ Annual tune No Agpeya, no Catholic Epistle, no Book of Acts The lamb is examined without the 41 Kerie Layson because Christ was examined while being silent
The Great Thursday §What Does the Church Do? Gospel: Matthew 26:20-29 -- Christ gives his body and blood to the disciples No prayer of Reconciliation, no commemoration of the saints Fraction of the Sacrifice of Isaac
The Great Thursday §What Does the Church Do? l During communion, we pray the 11th hour of the Pascha in the second chorus Prophesy from Isaiah 52 –And we saw him but he had no form nor beauty…He was a man of suffering and acquainted with the bearing of sickness…He was dishonored and not esteemed. He bears our sins and is pained for us…He was wounded on account of our sins, and was bruised because of our iniquities…He was led as a sheep to the slaughter and as a lamb before the shearer is dumb, so he opens not his mouth…. Gospel from John:13 –And when He had dipped the sop, He gave it to Judas Iscariot, And after the sop, Satan entered into him
The Eve of the Great Friday §We add “The Lord is my strength, my praise and has become my salvation” §We read four gospels each hour from Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John l Except the first hour where the four gospels are from John 13-17 (The Paraclete) FROM NOW ON:
The Eve of the Great Friday §First Hour l Christ’s last talk with the disciples and his promise to send the Holy Spirit l His prayer to the Father in John 17 §Third Hour l Christ leaves with the disciples on their way to Gethemane l Before the cock crow, you shall deny me three times
The Eve of the Great Friday §Sixth Hour l Christ prays in Gethemane while the disciples are asleep l Watch ye and pray, lest you enter into temptation §Ninth Hour l Judas arrives with the soldiers to arrest Jesus l Peter cut the right ear of the servant of the high priest
The Eve of the Great Friday §Eleventh Hour l Psalm: “Why did the heathen rage, and the nations imagine vain things? The kings of the earth stood up, and the rulers gathered themselves together against the Lord, and against his Christ” l Gospels: First trial in front of the chief priests and all the council. Peter denies for three times
§First Hour l Christ is being sent to Pontius Pilate l Pilate sends Him to Herod §Psalm l For unjust witnesses have risen up against me, and injustice has lied within itself
The Great Friday §Third Hour l Christ goes back to Pilate l Pilate sentences him to death §Prophesies: l Genesis 48: Jacob blesses Manasse and Ephraim l Isaiah 63: “Who is this that is coming from Edom with red garments from Bosor?”
The Sixth Hour of the Great Friday §Prophesies l Numbers 21: The brass serpent l Isaiah 53 l Amos 8: The sun shall go down at noon, and the light shall be darkened on the earth by day
The Sixth Hour of the Great Friday §HYMNS l TAI SHOREE l VAI ETAV ENF This is He who presented upon the cross, an acceptable sacrifice for the salvation of our race l Pauline Epistle: But God forbid that I shall glory, save in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ
The Sixth Hour of the Great Friday §Part from the Agpeya §O MONO GENEES l O Only Begotten, eternal, and Immortal Word of God….Holy Mighty, who by weakness showed forth what is greater than power. §AGIOS (sad tune) §Psalm and Gospel l Lights are off
The Sixth Hour of the Great Friday §Prayer with the right thief l Remember me O Lord when you come into your kingdom l …. O Master …. l …. O Holy-One... §End of the Sixth Hour and lights are back
The Ninth Hour of the Great Friday §Prophesies l Jeremiah 12, 13: “I as an innocent lamb, did not know … Come, let us utterly destroy him from off the land of the living” §HYMNS l TEE SHOREE l VAI ETAV ENF l Pauline Epistle: And being found in fashion as a man, He humbled Himself, and became obedient unto death, the death of the cross
The Ninth Hour of the Great Friday l Part from the Agpeya l Agious §Thine is the power …. §Psalm l Save me, O God,for the waters have come into my soul. I am stuck fast in deep mire. §Gospels
The Eleventh Hour of the Great Friday §Prophesies l Exodus and Leviticus: Passover §Regular Pascha hour §Psalm l I spread forth my hands …Into Your hands, I will commit my spirit, You have redeemed me, O Lord God of truth §Gospels and conclusion
The Twelfth Hour of the Great Friday §Prophesies l Lamentations of Jeremiah l Jonah §Psalm 44: The Royal Tune l Your Throne, O God, is forever and ever §Gospels
The Twelfth Hour of the Great Friday §Exposition and Litanies §METANIAS in all directions §Procession §The Burial and GOLGOTHA §The Book of Psalms
APOCALYPSE §Objectives: l Heaven is open, therefore we read the book of Revelations l Transition between sadness and joy l Let us think about what Christ has done for us and praise him for that §We do these in reverse order
APOCALYPSE §We start with this psalm l I am the youngest among my brethren and a youth in my father’s house…..My brothers are handsome and greater than me and the Lord delighted not in them…. I went out to meet the Palestinian, so he cursed me by his idols. But I withdrew his sword that was in his hand and beheaded him and removed the reproach from the Israelites: Alleluia
APOCALYPSE §We pray several parts from midnight prayer (TASBEHA) §We read several praises from the Old and New Testament l Moses, Hannah (mother of Samuel), Jonah, Isaiah, Daniel, the Three Young Men in the fire, St Mary, etc. §We read the story of Susanna (very Important)
APOCALYPSE §We pray the first, third, and sixth hour of Saturday similar to regular pascha l first half with sad tune, second with annual l Readings: preparations for resurrection
APOCALYPSE §We read the book of revelation §Ninth hour §Holy liturgy
Holy Week is a life-changing experience §Our attitude has to match that of the church §Serious, focused. You can sense the level of intensity in the church prayers. §Dedication and consecration – business, internet, TV, other distractions §Fasting – late hours (evening) – come empty §Consistency in participating (not attending) – Streaming §Follow readings – in light of a certain topic (food) §Follow all hymns – for meditation (digest) §Spiritual warfare – stay away from judging §Silence and solitude §Repentance and confession
CONCLUSION I HAVE BEEN CRUCIFIED WITH CHRIST; IT IS NO LONGER I WHO LIVE, BUT CHRIST LIVES IN ME GALATIANS 2:20
CONCLUSION HOW SHALL WE ESCAPE IF WE NEGLECT SO GREAT SALVATION? HEBREW 2:3