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Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James.

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Presentation on theme: "Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James."— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 10.1 The black box representation of a circuit used for calculating power.

2 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 10.2 Instantaneous power, voltage, and current versus vt for steady-state sinusoidal operation.

3 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 10.3 Instantaneous real power and average power for a purely resistive circuit.

4 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 10.4 Instantaneous real power, average power, and reactive power for a purely inductive circuit..

5 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 10.5 Instantaneous real power and average power for a purely capacitive circuit.

6 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 10.6 A pair of terminals used for calculating power.

7 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel

8 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 10.7 A sinusoidal voltage applied to the terminals of a resistor.

9 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 10.8 The effective value of  s (100 V rms) delivers the same power to R as the dc voltage V s (100 V dc).

10 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel

11 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 10.9 A power triangle.

12 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure A power triangle.

13 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure The phasor voltage and current associated with a pair of terminals.

14 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure The general circuit of Fig replaced with an equivalent impedance.

15 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure The circuit for Example 10.5.

16 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure The circuit for Example 10.6.

17 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure (a) The power triangle for load 1. (b) The power triangle for load 2. (c) The sum of the power triangles.

18 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure (a) The sum of the power triangles for loads 1 and 2. (b) The power triangle for a µ F capacitor at 60 Hz. (c) The sum of the power triangles in (a) and (b).

19 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure The circuit, with solution, for Example 10.7.

20 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure A circuit describing maximum power transfer.

21 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure The circuit shown in Fig , with the network replaced by its Thévenin equivalent.

22 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure The circuit for Example 10.8.

23 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure A simplification of Fig by source transformations.

24 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure The circuit shown in Fig , with the original network replaced by its Thévenin equivalent.

25 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure The circuit for Examples 10.9 and

26 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure The circuit for Example

27 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure The circuit used to find the Thévenin voltage.

28 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure The circuit used to calculate the short circuit current.

29 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure The Thévenin equivalent loaded for maximum power transfer.

30 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure Schematic representation of a handheld hair dryer.

31 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure A circuit diagram for the hair dryer controls.

32 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure (a) The circuit in Fig redrawn for the LOW switch setting. (b) A simplified equivalent circuit for (a).

33 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure (a) The circuit in Fig redrawn for the MEDIUM switch setting. (b) A simplified equivalent circuit for (a).

34 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure (a) The circuit in Fig redrawn for the HIGH switch setting. (b) A simplified equivalent circuit for (a).

35 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.5

36 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.6

37 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.7

38 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.10

39 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.13

40 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.15

41 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.16

42 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.17

43 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.18

44 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.20

45 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.21

46 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.22

47 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.24

48 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.25

49 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.26

50 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.27

51 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.28

52 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.29

53 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.30

54 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.35

55 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.36

56 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.37

57 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.38

58 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.39

59 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.41

60 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.44

61 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.45

62 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.46

63 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.47

64 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.49

65 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.50

66 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.51

67 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.54

68 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.55

69 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.56

70 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.57

71 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.58

72 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.59

73 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.60

74 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.61

75 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.62

76 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.63

77 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.64

78 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P10.69


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