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Liang, Introduction to Java Programming, Ninth Edition, (c) 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.1 Chapter 3 Selections.

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Presentation on theme: "Liang, Introduction to Java Programming, Ninth Edition, (c) 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.1 Chapter 3 Selections."— Presentation transcript:

1 Liang, Introduction to Java Programming, Ninth Edition, (c) 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.1 Chapter 3 Selections

2 Liang, Introduction to Java Programming, Ninth Edition, (c) 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 2 Making decisions Using IF statements AreaOfFourSidedObject.java

3 Liang, Introduction to Java Programming, Ninth Edition, (c) 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 3 The boolean Type and Operators Can be used to make decisions Boolean values: true or false. boolean b = (1 > 2);

4 Liang, Introduction to Java Programming, Ninth Edition, (c) 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 4 Comparison Operators

5 Liang, Introduction to Java Programming, Ninth Edition, (c) 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 5 Using boolean AdditionQuiz.java import java.util.Scanner; public class AdditionQuiz { public static void main(String[] args) { int number1 = (int)(System.currentTimeMillis() % 10); int number2 = (int)(System.currentTimeMillis() / 7 % 10); // Create a Scanner Scanner input = new Scanner(System.in); System.out.print( "What is " + number1 + " + " + number2 + "? "); int answer = input.nextInt(); System.out.println( number1 + " + " + number2 + " = " + answer + " is " + (number1 + number2 == answer)); }

6 Liang, Introduction to Java Programming, Ninth Edition, (c) 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 6 Making decisions Using IF statements

7 Liang, Introduction to Java Programming, Ninth Edition, (c) 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 7 One-way if Statements if (boolean-expression) { statement(s); } if (radius >= 0) { area = radius * radius * PI; System.out.println("The area" + " for the circle of radius " + radius + " is " + area); }

8 Liang, Introduction to Java Programming, Ninth Edition, (c) 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 8 Note

9 Liang, Introduction to Java Programming, Ninth Edition, (c) 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 9 Simple if Demo.java import java.util.Scanner; public class SimpleIfDemo { public static void main(String[] args) { Scanner input = new Scanner(System.in); System.out.println("Enter an integer: "); int number = input.nextInt(); if (number % 5 == 0) System.out.println("HiFive"); if (number % 2 == 0) System.out.println("HiEven"); }

10 Liang, Introduction to Java Programming, Ninth Edition, (c) 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 10 X Problem: Guessing Birthday X ($5 to the first student who can explain this)

11 Liang, Introduction to Java Programming, Ninth Edition, (c) 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 11 Problem: Guessing Birthday GuessBirthday.java

12 Liang, Introduction to Java Programming, Ninth Edition, (c) 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 12 X Mathematics Basis for the Game X 19 is in binary. 7 is 111 in binary. 23 is in binary

13 Liang, Introduction to Java Programming, Ninth Edition, (c) 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 13 The Two-way if Statement if (boolean-expression) { statement(s)-for-the-true-case; } else { statement(s)-for-the-false-case; }

14 Liang, Introduction to Java Programming, Ninth Edition, (c) 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 14 if-else Example if (radius >= 0) { area = radius * radius * ; System.out.println("The area for the “ + “circle of radius " + radius + " is " + area); } else { System.out.println("Negative input"); }

15 Liang, Introduction to Java Programming, Ninth Edition, (c) 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 15 Multi-Way if-else Statements

16 Liang, Introduction to Java Programming, Ninth Edition, (c) 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 16 Multiple Alternative if Statements

17 Liang, Introduction to Java Programming, Ninth Edition, (c) 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 17 Logical Operators Operator Name ! not && and || or ^ exclusive or

18 Liang, Introduction to Java Programming, Ninth Edition, (c) 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 18 Truth Table for Operator &&

19 Liang, Introduction to Java Programming, Ninth Edition, (c) 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 19 Truth Table for Operator ||

20 Liang, Introduction to Java Programming, Ninth Edition, (c) 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 20 Truth Table for Operator ^

21 Liang, Introduction to Java Programming, Ninth Edition, (c) 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 21 Trace if-else statement if (score >= 90.0) grade = 'A'; else if (score >= 80.0) grade = 'B'; else if (score >= 70.0) grade = 'C'; else if (score >= 60.0) grade = 'D'; else grade = 'F'; Suppose score is 70.0The condition is false animation

22 Liang, Introduction to Java Programming, Ninth Edition, (c) 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 22 Trace if-else statement if (score >= 90.0) grade = 'A'; else if (score >= 80.0) grade = 'B'; else if (score >= 70.0) grade = 'C'; else if (score >= 60.0) grade = 'D'; else grade = 'F'; Suppose score is 70.0The condition is false animation

23 Liang, Introduction to Java Programming, Ninth Edition, (c) 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 23 Trace if-else statement if (score >= 90.0) grade = 'A'; else if (score >= 80.0) grade = 'B'; else if (score >= 70.0) grade = 'C'; else if (score >= 60.0) grade = 'D'; else grade = 'F'; Suppose score is 70.0The condition is true animation

24 Liang, Introduction to Java Programming, Ninth Edition, (c) 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 24 Trace if-else statement if (score >= 90.0) grade = 'A'; else if (score >= 80.0) grade = 'B'; else if (score >= 70.0) grade = 'C'; else if (score >= 60.0) grade = 'D'; else grade = 'F'; Suppose score is 70.0grade is C animation

25 Liang, Introduction to Java Programming, Ninth Edition, (c) 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 25 Trace if-else statement if (score >= 90.0) grade = 'A'; else if (score >= 80.0) grade = 'B'; else if (score >= 70.0) grade = 'C'; else if (score >= 60.0) grade = 'D'; else grade = 'F'; Suppose score is 70.0Exit the if statement animation

26 Liang, Introduction to Java Programming, Ninth Edition, (c) 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 26 Enough already!


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