Presentation on theme: "Overview of class size reduction background and steps necessary to develop a compliance plan for FY2012. Class Size Reduction (CSR) Compliance Plan Development."— Presentation transcript:
Overview of class size reduction background and steps necessary to develop a compliance plan for FY2012. Class Size Reduction (CSR) Compliance Plan Development
CLASS SIZE REDUCTION BACKGROUND: What voters approved in Legislature set implementation schedule. State failed to meet their CSR funding responsibility. SDPBC efforts to date to meet class size. Other Florida school districts experienced disruption attempting to comply this year. Legislature’s Constitutional Amendment 8 failed. SDPBC must submit a plan to comply for
CSR Amendment Approved by Voters in 2002 Stipulated State Funding Responsibility Florida Constitution- Article IX Education SECTION 1. Public education.-- (a) The education of children is a fundamental value of the people of the State of Florida. It is, therefore, a paramount duty of the state to make adequate provision for the education of all children residing within its borders. Adequate provision shall be made by law for a uniform, efficient, safe, secure, and high quality system of free public schools that allows students to obtain a high quality education and for the establishment, maintenance, and operation of institutions of higher learning and other public education programs that the needs of the people may require. To assure that children attending public schools obtain a high quality education, the legislature shall make adequate provision to ensure that, by the beginning of the 2010 school year, there are a sufficient number of classrooms so that: (1) The maximum number of students who are assigned to each teacher who is teaching in public school classrooms for prekindergarten through grade 3 does not exceed 18 students; (2) The maximum number of students who are assigned to each teacher who is teaching in public school classrooms for grades 4 through 8 does not exceed 22 students; and (3) The maximum number of students who are assigned to each teacher who is teaching in public school classrooms for grades 9 through 12 does not exceed 25 students. The class size requirements of this subsection do not apply to extracurricular classes. Payment of the costs associated with reducing class size to meet these requirements is the responsibility of the state and not of local schools districts.
Legislature set implementation schedule In 2003, the Florida Legislature enacted Senate Bill 30-A that implemented the amendment by requiring the number of students in each classroom be reduced by at least two students per year beginning in the school year, until the maximum number of students per classroom did not exceed the requirements in law. The amendment would be calculated as follows:Senate Bill 30-A , and at the district level and at the school level – The 2009 Legislature extended the calculation at the school level for an additional year to include at the classroom level (absent approval of Amendment 8)
State has Failed to meet their Funding Responsibility Base Student Allocation has nearly fallen to funding level. Total funding per student (incld. CSR) has fallen -6.5% since the start of the school year. This reflects an $80 million reduction in annual operating revenues for SDPBC. Actual CSR funding approved by Florida Legislature is far less than the Florida Department of Education’s (FLDOE) own cost projections. Legislative CSR appropriations nearly $7 billion less than FLDOE projected cost.
BSA for is only $34.28 higher than the (Pre-CSR) Or 0.9 %
DOE estimated a Total 8 Year Allocation of $25.6 billion was needed to meet CSR in Source: DOE presentation to Florida Finance Officers, November 2006.
The Legislature ultimately allocated $18.7 billion, or $6.9 billion less than the Department of Education’s projected need. Source: DOE presentation to School Finance Officers, June 9, Actual lifetime CSR allocation is $6.9 billion less than DOE’s 2006 projection of need.
Class sizes in Palm Beach County are at historic lows. SDPBC met CSR requirements at school average level. State funding reductions since the start of FY08 derailed local efforts to fully comply at the classroom level. In light of Amendment 8, Palm Beach did best to comply given resources available.
Other Districts experienced Negative Implications of CSR compliance and inadequate state funding this year Combining classes of students of different grade levels. Combining of gifted and regular classes. Elimination of fine arts and other elective courses. Closing media centers and assigning media specialists to the classroom. Assigning guidance counselors to the classroom. Denying students access to core academic elective courses (i.e. advanced placement, honors classes) Shuffling thousands of students between teachers two months into the school year. Removing students from academic elective courses mid-school year against their wishes. Capping school enrollment and directing students to alternate schools. Utilization of substitutes and less than highly qualified teachers. Under enrolled classes eliminated. Thousands of students redirected to virtual education. Teachers not distributing textbooks until end of first grading period. Reducing student graduation requirements. Changing school boundaries
Quotes regarding CSR this year "We have given up an entire grading period — a quarter of the school year — to be in compliance," said Robert Moll, head of finance for Volusia County schools. "The disruption of classes, the schedule changes, the changes of teachers." Orlando Sentinel - October 11, 2010Volusia County Some are using "problematic" methods to comply, Education Commissioner Eric Smith said. He's troubled by reports of elementary schools putting children from two grade levels, such as first and second grade, in one classroom because that means the teacher has to deal with two sets of standards. Some high school students are having trouble getting advanced classes and electives such as music and art that face elimination due to teachers being reassigned to core academic subjects covered by the class-size requirements. "At the end of the day we're going to find a lot of schools - I hope districts, but schools - that are in compliance," Smith said. "Now the real question is going to be at what academic cost did they get into compliance.” Miami AP – October 7, 2010 Ken Otero, deputy superintendent in Hillsborough, didn't take sides on that question. But he said schools are struggling this year for all the wrong reasons. "The driving force is not the quality of the instruction but the number of kids in the classroom," he said. "I have never spent more time trying to balance classrooms and make decisions that I feel aren't in the best interests of a kid, just to meet class size." Class-size limits to force new schedules for 11,000 Broward students Sun-Sentinel – October 4, 2010
Additional Quotes regarding CSR: ``[We] are sworn to uphold the Constitution,'' said Richard Hinds, chief financial officer for the Miami-Dade district. ``But we really don't have enough money to do it. And at the same time, we have to make decisions that are good for students. It's a balancing act.'' Miami Herald – October 10, 2010 "Everybody's miserable," Aronowitz said. "Certified people are being used to teach classes, which is fine, except that if it's the media specialist, and then you're not able to keep your media center open for as many periods as it should be open." Miami AP – October 7, 2010 "It was presented to us as a class size issue," said Ninomiya. The two students with the lowest scores were moved out of the class to meet the new requirement, she said. "I don't think this was the intended consequence of the amendment." Sun-Sentinel – October 12, 2010 Emmy was the 26th kid. "It makes me mad," said Boyd, 17. "I don't think it's fair to promise kids classes at the beginning of school and then pull the rug out." St. Petersburg Times - September 24, 2010
Districts that complied in October 2010 may not be able to sustain compliance Excerpt from November 18, 2010 Memorandum: TO: District School Superintendents FROM: Joy Frank, Florida Association of District School Superintendents (FADSS) Class Size Reduction – “Districts went to great lengths to be in compliance and the impact on student performance/achievement is not known. However, most felt that the changes to make CSR were not educationally sound and that student achievement will suffer. In addition, while many came into compliance this year; next year will be next to impossible since reserves were tapped, etc. Sustainability is a major concern.”
Amendment 8 - Class Size Florida Legislature placed question on November ballot to amend CSR requirements. Intent was to provide similar flexibility as existed last year (school average) and add hard cap for individual classes. Failed to garner 60% Voter approval required to pass. Grade LevelSchool AverageHard Class Cap Kndrg Grades Grades
Implications of Amendment 8 Failing to Pass For school year, Palm Beach schools did their best to comply at the individual classroom level with existing resources. The district reached 80% compliance and faces a potential financial penalty. District is penalized for each student over the class size cap. Includes loss of CSR categorical and 50% of Base Student Allocation (BSA) per FTE (approx. $3,000 per FTE). Proceeds from CSR penalties may be redistributed to school districts that comply with CSR (Bonus up to 5% of BSA). School districts failing to comply may avoid 75% or more of penalty by submitting a plan to comply for school year. Net Penalty after submitting compliance plan for FY2012 is $4 million. Under current law, penalty increases in FY12 to CSR categorical and 100% of BSA (approx. $6,000 per FTE).
Palm Beach joined CSR Lawsuit challenging penalties, but must plan to comply regardless: What is believed to be an unconstitutional financial penalty and redistribution of state and local class size reduction funds as a reward or "bonus" for school districts that meet class size requirements. Failure to meet State Funding Responsibility - The Florida Legislature appropriated $82 million for CSR for FY11 although the State Board of Education recommended $354 million in February, Lawsuit is supported by Florida Association of District School Superintendents (FADSS), Florida School Boards Association (FSBA), and Greater Florida Consortium of School Boards. – Miami-Dade, Broward, and several other counties have joined suit. "The day somebody gets a notice of a penalty we will litigate the next day," said Wayne Blanton, the association's executive director. Miami AP – October 7, 2010
How did we do this year? SDPBC October 2010 CSR Results Grade LevelTotal Core Classes Classes Over Cap% Over Cap Grades PK – 358,47810, % Grades 4 – 834,0496, % Grades 9 – 1210,7114, % Total103,23821, % School LevelFY11 (no plan for FY12) FY11 (submit plan for FY12) FY12 Penalty Projection w/out improvement Elementary$3,405,281$851,320$5,483,083 Middle$5,405,469$1,352,117$9,063,851 High$7,308,928$1,827,232$12,244,903 Total$16,122,677$4,030,669$26,791,792
Average School CSR Results LevelSchools Out of Compliance Average Penalty per School 100%) Average Penalty Per School 25%) Avg. # of Students over Cap per Class Elementary 107 $31,825 $7, Middle 34 $159,073 $39, High 22 $332,224 $83, Total 163 $98,912 $24,7282.3
Challenge is to continue comprehensive course offerings and comply with hard caps - Sample High School – Classes over cap
CLASS SIZE REDUCTION OVERVIEW OF STRATEGIES: Strategies to fully comply with class size reduction requirements are provided in Florida Statute ( ). Additional strategies from other school districts across Florida have also been listed. Ultimate CSR Compliance Plan will likely require a mix of district and school based strategies. For example, strategies selected by schools may have to be bargained with CTA. The district would address contract negotiations as a system. Financial impact of CSR Compliance Plan will be a component of the FY2012 budget challenge. Strategies to reduce cost such as eliminating support positions or closing schools would be addressed through the School Board’s budget development process.
CSR COMPLIANCE PLAN DEVELOPMENT: SDPBC must submit a plan to comply for on a school by school basis. Liquid Office form (PBSD 2391) has been created to facilitate plan submission. Schools to choose from a menu of strategies provided by Florida Statute to meet CSR. New strategies may be added. Given limited resources, schools must develop CSR plan in the most cost effective manner. Principals to meet with School Advisory Council (SAC) and faculty to gather stakeholder input. School Principal and Area Superintendent approve school plans.
Plan Development Timeline Principals approve and submit plan by Friday, January 28, Plans are routed to Area Superintendent for approval through Liquid Office. Area Superintendents’ must also approve by close of business Friday January 28, CFO approves individual plans and compiles into comprehensive district plan by Tuesday, February 1, CSR Plan is posted on E-Agenda one week prior to February 9 School Board Special Meeting to Approve CSR Compliance Plan. Submit Board approved CSR Compliance Plan by February 15, 2011 as required by statute.
Help is available Optional Open Labs will be held to assist principals with completing CSR plan: Call IT Service Desk for help accessing or submitting LiquidOffice form ( or PX 44100) Call Budget Department for questions regarding CSR strategies ( or PX48837). Call Andy Binns for questions related to scheduling and CSR implications ( or PX48542). AreaDateTimeLocation SouthJanuary 188:30 to 11:30Forest Park Elem. CentralJanuary 218:30 to 11:30FHESC - Ibis #1 WestJanuary 198:30 to 11:30Everglades Elem. NorthJanuary 208:30 to 11:30Marsh Pointe Elem.
Class Size Reduction (CSR) Compliance Plan Presentation January, 2011 Thank you for your attention