Presentation on theme: "Quality Physical Education and Health into the 21 st Century AAHPERD/CDAAAHPERD/MOAHPERD Quality Physical Education and Health into the 21 st Century AAHPERD/CDAAAHPERD/MOAHPERD."— Presentation transcript:
Quality Physical Education and Health into the 21 st Century AAHPERD/CDAAAHPERD/MOAHPERD Quality Physical Education and Health into the 21 st Century AAHPERD/CDAAAHPERD/MOAHPERD
Today’s Objectives: Begin and end on time Consider positive possibilities Participate and process Respect the needs and ideas of others Look for one "take away"
Why Quality Health and Physical Education Policy Change is Needed 65% of all U.S. citizens are obese or overweight. It is now a matter of national security. It could improve academic performance.
AAHPERD is Leading The Way AAHPERD (American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance) www.aahperd.org NASPE (National Association for Sport and Physical Education) AAHE (America Association for Health Education)
Research Based Quality Physical Education The latest research indicates that there is a need for more physical activity and physical education.
The Association Between School-Based Physical Activity, including Physical Education, and Academic Performance In April of 2010 an exciting new study was released by the CDC and other government health related departments. It was a review of relevant research articles related to physical activity and academic performance. 50 studies demonstrated 251 associations between physical activity and academic achievement, academic behavior, cognitive skills, and attitudes. http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/health_and_academic s/pdf/pa-pe_paper.pdf http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/health_and_academic s/pdf/pa-pe_paper.pdf
Four Areas of Physical Activity Measured 1.School-based physical education 2.Recess 3.Classroom physical activity 4.Extracurricular physical activity
School-Based Physical Education Studies Eleven of fourteen studies found one or more positive association between school- based physical education and improved academic performance.
Recess Studies All eight recess studies found one or more positive associations and indicators with cognitive skills, attitudes, academic behavior.
Classroom Physical Activity Studies Eight of the nine studies found positive associations between classroom-based physical activity, academic behavior and academic achievement.
Extracurricular Physical Activity Studies Examined the relationships between extracurricular physical activity and academic performance. One or more positive associations were found in students participating in activities. No negative associations were determined in any of the four areas of physical activity studied.
Implications for Change! Evidence indicates physical activity improves academic achievement. Improvements include grades and standardized test scores. Enhances concentration and attention. Improves classroom behavior.
Group Activity (Mixed Pair Share) Stand up, hand up & high five a partner. Introduce yourself. Each person will take turns sharing their physical education school experiences with 5 different people. One minute per person. Thank partner & sit back down when done.
“ Shape of the Nation Report 2010 ” No federal law requires physical education. No incentives for states or schools to offer physical education. States define guidelines and requirements. School districts are responsible for implementation. www.aahperd.org
“Shape of the Nation” Conclusions Quality Physical Education – Essential element in the formative growth of children. – Assures some degree of regular physical activity. – Creates framework of life skills which shape the whole person, encourage smart choices and influence a healthy lifestyle. QUALITY PHYSICAL EDUCATION is the BEST hope for improving the future shape & health of our nation.
NASPE and AHA Recommend Quality physical education be provided to all students as an integral part of K-12 education. Physical education be delivered by certified/licensed physical education teachers. Adequate time be provided: -150 minutes per week - elementary school - 225 minutes per week - middle and high school All states develop standards reflective of the NASPE standards of quality physical education. Set minimum standards for student achievement in quality physical education.
NASPE and AHA Recommend (continued) Meeting minimum standards in quality physical education is a requirement for high school graduation. Physical activities and other courses are not substitutes for quality physical education. Physical activity is incorporated into the school day. Parents monitor their children’s quality physical education progress and participation. Communities provide and promote the use of safe sidewalks, paths, trails and recreation facilities.
Brain Research Reports… Physical activity increases blood flow to the brain. Regular exercise helps with the transfer of information between neurons. Regular aerobic exercise helps in developing new brain cells.
Brain Rules by John Medina Rule #1 of 12 “ Exercise boosts brain power!” http://www.brainrules.net/exercise/?scene=1
Energize the Classroom Quick classroom based physical activities Require little preparation or additional materials Brain Breaks: Michigan Dept. of Educ. http://www.emc.cmich.edu/BrainBreaks/ http://www.emc.cmich.edu/BrainBreaks/ Energizers: Be Active North Carolina http://www.beactivenc.org/pages/131// http://www.beactivenc.org/pages/131// Take 10: K-5 Program http://www.take10.net http://www.take10.net NASPE: Integrating Physical Activity into the Complete School Day http://www.aahperd.org/naspe/publications/teachingTo ols/upload/PA-During-School-Day.pdf http://www.aahperd.org/naspe/publications/teachingTo ols/upload/PA-During-School-Day.pdf
Group Activity #2 Cross Crawls Thumb & Finger Switch Nose & Ear Switch Crazy Arms (one forward/one backward) Hook-ups Owl
What’s Happening in our Show-Me State? MOAHPERD Promotes Quality Health and Physical Education professional development workshops each spring in conjunction with DESE/RPDC/SW Center for Educational Excellence. Created A Position Statement on Physical Activity and Quality Health and Physical Education Programs Promotes Exemplary Program recognition. We feel that exemplary programs should be an outgrowth of quality programs.
Missouri Report Card Data is from “F as in Fat: How Obesity Policies are Failing in America (2010).” State rankings go from 1 to 50. Additional data from Kaiser Family Foundation Missouri Report Card Helps Advocate by: – Combating obesity related health issues – Promoting healthy, active lifestyles for all Missouri citizens
Missouri Report Card CDC Definitions Overweight: At or above the 85 th percentile for their age Obese: At or above the 95 th percentile for their age
Overweight Among Youth Among 6-11 year olds, 33% are considered overweight and 17% are considered obese. 34% of 12-19 year olds are overweight and 17.6% are considered obese. Among high school students, 13% are obese. These rates have roughly doubled since 1980.
Missouri Report Card Number of Obese Children Children ages 10 -17 13.6% of Missouri children are obese, which ranks 31st nationally 14.4% of Missouri high school students are obese which ranks 27 th nationally
Missouri Report Card Number of Overweight and Obese Adults by Gender Male MO: 72.5% US:69.3% Female MO: 55.7% US:52.7%
Missouri Report Card Number of Obese Adults 29.3% of Missourians are obese Missouri ranks 12 th as the most obese state in the nation. Only 11 states are more obese than Missouri.
Childhood Diabetes One in three U.S. children born in 2000 could develop diabetes during their lifetime. Obese young people are more likely than children of normal weight to become overweight or obese adults.
Missouri Report Card Adults with Diabetes 8.4% of Missouri adults have diabetes Ranks 23 rd nationally
Missouri Report Card Adults with Hypertension 29.1% of Missouri adults have high blood pressure Ranks 14th nationally
Participation in Physical Activity by Young People Vigorous activity is physical activity for at least 20 minutes that made the child sweat and breathe hard. Nationwide, less than one-third of all children, ages 6 to 17, engage in vigorous activity. 65% of high school students did not meet recommended levels of physical activity.
Missouri Report Card Adult Physical Inactivity 26.6% of Missouri adults are inactive Ranks 10 th nationally
Quality Physical Education and Health Programs Help Fight the Obesity Problem! Quality programs follow national standards (NASPE, AAHE)
Wellness Policy In 2006 each local educational agency participating in school lunch programs shall establish a local school wellness policy. What is your school’s wellness policy?
Wellness Policy (continued) Goals must be set for: Nutrition education Physical activity Campus food provision Other school-based activities designed to promote student wellness.
Missouri Curriculum Development Outstanding Schools Act (1993) The Show-Me Standards (1996) Curriculum Frameworks (1996) Assessment Annotations Gr. 5&9 (1999)
Missouri Curriculum Development (continued) Grade Level Expectations (GLEs) (2007) Activities and Assessments (HPE 2009) Common Core State Standards (2010) The sequence of knowledge and skills is similar to what is now used in Missouri’s grade-level expectations (GLE). CCSS only pertain to English Language Arts Standards and Mathematics Standards.
Physical Education Curriculum The Physical Education Grade Level Expectations (GLEs) represent content that Missouri students are expected to know and do at each grade level. Physical Education GLEs have been aligned to the Missouri Show-Me Content standards and to standards from the National Association of Sport and Physical Education (NASPE, 2004)
Health Education Curriculum Missouri follows Coordinated School Health Model. The Health Education Grade Level Expectations (GLEs) represent content that Missouri students are expected to know and do at each grade level. Health Education GLEs have been aligned to the Missouri Show-Me Content standards and to standards from the National Health Education Standards, 2007.
Use of Assessment in Physical Education and Health Make educational decisions about students. Provide feedback to students. Assess effectiveness of the curriculum and instruction. Missouri DESE Health and Physical Education Activities and Assessments available http://www.dese.mo.gov/divimprove/curriculum/hp/ http://www.dese.mo.gov/divimprove/curriculum/hp/ Fitness assessed Gr. 1-12
Elementary Physical Education Requirement Each elementary student receives instruction in art, music, and physical education for a minimum of 50 minutes in each area each week (25 minutes in each area for half-day kindergarten classes). These classes are taught by teachers certificated in these fields.
Elementary Health Requirement Each elementary student receives regular instruction in reading, language arts, mathematics, science, social studies, comprehensive health (including tobacco, alcohol and other drug prevention, and HIV/AIDS prevention education), and career awareness education. Instruction in each of the core areas reflect the Show-Me Standards.
Health & Physical Education Requirements: Junior High Physical education is scheduled and taught to all students for a minimum of 3,000 minutes each year. Health (including tobacco, alcohol and other drug abuse prevention education, and HIV/AIDS prevention education) and safety education is scheduled and taught to all students for a minimum of 1,500 minutes each year.
High School Requirements Physical Education: 1.0 credit is the minimum standard, 2.0 credits is the desirable standard. Health Education: 0.5 credit is the minimum standard, 1.0 credit is the desirable standard. Health Education includes tobacco, alcohol and other drug prevention, and HIV/AIDS prevention education.
Graduation Requirements Physical Education and Health Graduating Class of 2010 One-Unit (1.0) of Physical Education Half-Unit (0.5) of Health Education
Certification/Licensure of Health and Physical Education Teachers Missouri requires certification or licensure of health and physical education teachers at all levels. The Missouri initial certificate is a four-year license that does require a professional development plan, and professional development for a total of 30 contact hours during the four years.
Where does MO go from here? Advocate for quality health and physical education to your state senators and representatives. Advocate for your quality program to your school board, principal, colleagues, and community. Become a recognized exemplary program and/or teacher of the year (www.moahperd.org).www.moahperd.org Be a role model for a model program!
Concerns for Missouri Public School Education in 2011 Missouri School Improvement Plan (MSIP) Cycle 5 Proposal Concerns Standards and indicators for educational resources and instructional processes will be revised and referenced in a Missouri best practice document. Omission = Elimination?
Where do we go from here? Change needed in policy. Increase quality physical education, comprehensive health education, and physical activity. Make physical education a core subject. Make K-12 physical education a requirement that meets NASPE guidelines, exceed the minimum! Require physical activity for grades 6-12.
Where do we go from here? (continued) PE2020 -(NASPE Project) Opinions about future of what physical education should look like. www.pe2020.org
America’s Move to Raise a Healthier Generation of Kids Healthy Choices Healthier Schools Physical Activity Access to Affordable Healthy Food www.letsmove.gov
Let’s Move in School The AAHPERD family of national, district, and state associations support Let's Move! First Lady Michelle Obama's campaign to solve the epidemic of childhood obesity within a generation. MOAHPERD signed a letter of support for LMIS www.LetsMoveInSchool.org
Who influences the change in policy? State legislatures can make policy change. Ultimately, citizens influence elected officials. Your voice needs to be heard to your local state representatives and senators. Advocate your passion - Encourage others to advocate for our profession.
Make Your Voice Heard Locate federal & state legislators with email address: www.capitolconnect.com www.capitolconnect.com Locate and contact federal, state and local officials by entering your zip code: www.congress.org www.congress.org Track bills and look up legislator information in Missouri http://www.senate.mo.gov/ or http://www.house.mo.gov/ http://www.senate.mo.gov/ http://www.house.mo.gov/ Missouri State Board of Education: ttp://www.dese.mo.gov/stateboard/index.html ttp://www.dese.mo.gov/stateboard/index.html
Quality Physical Education Checklist by NASPE NASPE has developed a checklist to evaluate your schools PE program. Take it back and evaluate your school. There is an action plan included to improve your school’s program. www.naspeinfo.org
Evaluation of Presentation This power point will be available through the MOAHPERD website www.moahperd.org www.moahperd.org Please fill out the evaluation form and leave it at the door. Thank you.
Works Cited Trust for America’s Health. (F is For Fat), TFAH, July 2010, http://healthyamericans.org/reports/obesity2010 http://healthyamericans.org/reports/obesity2010 Quality Physical Education and Health into the 21 st Century, MOAHPERD Website: www.moahperd.org KAHPERD Report Card on Health and PE, (Kansas Dept of Education, 2010), http://www.kahperd.org/http://www.kahperd.org/ Shape of the Nation Report, 2010, http://www.aahperd.org/naspe/publications/upload/Shape-of-the- Nation-FinalPDF.pdf http://www.aahperd.org/naspe/publications/upload/Shape-of-the- Nation-FinalPDF.pdf National Association for Sport and Physical Education. (2009). National standards & guidelines for physical education teacher education (3rd ed.). Reston, VA: The Association.
Works Cited (continued) PE2020 Is About Building a Shared Vision for Physical Education in the Year 2020 and Beyond, (2010), http://www.aahperd.org/naspe/about/relatedLinks/pe2020/ http://www.aahperd.org/naspe/about/relatedLinks/pe2020/ Physical Activity for Children: A Statement of Guidelines for Children Ages 5-12, 2nd Edition (2003) Standards-Based Assessment of Student Learning: A Comprehensive Approach (1999) To Fat to Fight, 2010, http://cdn.missionreadiness.org/MR_Too_Fat_to_Fight-1.pdf http://cdn.missionreadiness.org/MR_Too_Fat_to_Fight-1.pdf Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The association between school based physical activity, including physical education, and academic performance. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 2010. http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/health_and_academics/pdf/pa- pe_paper.pdf http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/health_and_academics/pdf/pa- pe_paper.pdf