Presentation on theme: "Bienvenidos M-Lorena Alemán de la Garza Ph.D-Marcela Georgina Gómez Zermeño Universidad TecVirtual - Tecnológico de Monterrey."— Presentation transcript:
Bienvenidos M-Lorena Alemán de la Garza Ph.D-Marcela Georgina Gómez Zermeño Universidad TecVirtual - Tecnológico de Monterrey
Extracurricular Strategies to Teach Innovation ‒Science, technology, and innovation are essential ingredients to boost sustainable development processes in all nations. ‒The active search for new opportunity areas has created an urgent need for scientific, technological and educational innovations that can be adjusted to both business and governmental policies. ‒In Mexico, the Science and Technology Law explicitly introduces the concept of innovation as: "To generate a new product, design, process, service, method or organization or adding value to those already in existence". ‒Nevertheless, this concept might seem easy; it is very complex, since it must consider many social and educational factors.
Extracurricular Strategies to Teach Innovation ‒The UNESCO emphasizes that Higher Education Institutions have become the major figures in global change processes, widely contributing to economic and technological growth. ‒To "teach innovation", it is necessary to transcend the cognitive domain of academic subjects; implies promoting new pedagogical and didactic methods to enable the acquisition of: o techniques, o communication abilities and skills, o creativity and critical analysis, o independent thinking o teamwork in multicultural contexts.
Extracurricular Strategies to Teach Innovation ‒Since its foundation, the Tecnológico de Monterrey has implemented a continuous innovation process intended to “meet the educational demands that arise from social, economic, labor, scientific, and technological changes as well as the country´s development challenges”. ‒In its vision 2015, states to be the most recognized Higher Education institution of Latin America due to the leadership of its graduates in the private, public, and social sectors. ‒Promotes the research and technological development to encourage a knowledge-based economy, generate management models and business incubators; create models and innovative systems for the community sustainable development.
Extracurricular Strategies to Teach Innovation ‒Taking as a reference research teams who work on a specific line of investigation in the most important universities of the world, Tecnológico de Monterrey started in 2002 its own research model, which it called Research Chairs. ‒Research Chairs are groups of researchers set up with a senior lecturer, appointed lecturers, PhD, master and degree students, and post-PhD researchers
Extracurricular Strategies to Teach Innovation ‒Research Chairs must work on lines of investigation aligned with the strategic areas of research (ITESM, 2008). Strategic areas of the mission Research Chairs Biotechnology and food5 Health5 Manufacture and Design10 Mechatronics7 Nanotechnology6 Information and communication technologies20 Sustainable development9 Business16 Entrepreneurship3 Governance8 Social Sciences13 Humanities8 Regional development6 Social development3 Education4 Total123 Table 1 - Strategic research areas
Extracurricular Strategies to Teach Innovation ‒In average, the population above the age of 15 in Nuevo León has a superior schooling average of 9.8 years while in the rest of the country is 8.6 (INEGI, 2010). The state also has one of the higher levels of literacy. Figure 2. Nuevo León´s location ‒It´s government wants to achieve a life-long learning education of quality; equitable, comprehensive, pertinent, inclusive, and innovative, which would train citizens committed with a knowledge-based society and the sustainable development of the community (Nuevo León Department of Education, 2010).
Extracurricular Strategies to Teach Innovation ‒In compliance with the Law for the promotion of knowledge-based development, the Innovation and Technology Transfer Institute (I2T2) was created in 2005. ‒I2T2 is a public decentralized organism with its own legal personality, budget and resources. ‒Its mission is to promote and apply research and technological development into markets to generate economic growth in the state (MTYCIC, 2010).
Extracurricular Strategies to Teach Innovation ‒The Research Chairs with the term "innovation" in their name were included in the study: o Engineering Design and Innovation; o Design and Manufacture Innovation; o Innovation in optical communication systems; o Research and innovation on computational security; o Bioinformatics research and innovation; o Development and innovation of housing processes and technology; o Technology Innovation; o Educational and Technology Innovation; o Wealth Creation through innovation, technology and knowledge.
Extracurricular Strategies to Teach Innovation ‒Based on the "Management model of and for the innovation process" proposed by Edgar and Grant (2009), the questionnaire designed for this study comprises the following sections: o 1) “Management for and of the innovation processes” o 2) “Management of and for the innovative talent”
Extracurricular Strategies to Teach Innovation ‒When teaching innovation, it is necessary to go beyond the cognitive domain of the disciplines. ‒Teaching innovation involves promoting the use of new pedagogical and didactic methods by the lecturers, enabling the acquisition of techniques, abilities and capacities for communication, creativity and critical analysis, independent thinking and teamwork in multicultural contexts. ‒Among the ideas that emerged from the interviews with the leading lecturers, it was corroborated that innovation is composed by a series of elements like: the needs from the environment, openness to change, research, creativity, knowledge, problem solving, observation capacity, systemic thinking, competitive intelligence, and technological prediction.
Extracurricular Strategies to Teach Innovation ‒The elements for innovation that support the Chairs are: communication and teamwork, being able to apply innovation, and design of methodologies. ‒Results corroborate Edgar and Grant (2009) ideas such that innovation concepts refer to "new" products or processes, usually adding an advanced dimension of innovation speed; ‒Categorizing innovation has created a considerable debate in order to distinguish between innovation of products and innovation of processes ‒The architecture of innovation is the knowledge of the elements of the environment and how the elements can blend together.