O’Brien’s 5 Accomplishments Community Presence Community Participation Choice Competence Respect
TRADITIONAL Focus on deficits Group orientation; fit to program Professional control Service segmentation BEST PRACTICE Capacity search Integration; individualization Self determination; natural supports Holistic, seamless
High drop out rates Increasing placement in segregated facilities Low rates of post- secondary ed. Living at home Social isolation
Percent of youth aged 16 and above with an IEP that includes coordinated, measurable, annual IEP goals and transition services that will reasonably enable the student to meet post- secondary goals. Issue is QUALITY of plans.
ELEMENTARY SCHOOL MIDDLE SCHOOL HIGH SCHOOL POST-SCHOOL
Pre-school to elementary transition Apply for a Medicaid Waiver Include students in general education Develop a work ethic (responsibilities, task completion). Involve students in chores, etc. Increase independence (self-care skills, etc.) Build student choice and voice Continue to involve & empower parents Develop a transition plan to middle school
Inclusive education Extracurricular activities Career exploration Involvement in IEP conferences Work tasks with peers, as appropriate Independent living skills Transition planning for high school
Inclusive education Career exploration in inclusive settings Age-appropriate work experiences Extracurricular activities Self-determination & advocacy Student led Transition IEP meetings Exploration of/linkages with adult services
“Discovery”: Who is this person? Profile: Compile information Planning Meeting: ◦ PATH ◦ Personal Futures Planning ◦ MAPS, etc. Portfolio: For Employer Contact
Revise Goals and plans Tell people what you want Know Yourself Use the Self- determined Learning Model of Instruction Take Action Make Goals My Voice
Peers without disabilities exit high school at 18. By age 18, schools lose their relevance. Poor transition outcomes: Students & parents need to be better prepared.
Project SEARCH (http://projectsearch.us/http://projectsearch.us/ OSU’s TOPS Program (Transition Options in Postsecondary Settings)- And ecialed-transition ecialed-transition
Person Centered Planning Driving Medicaid WaiverSSI/SSDI GuardianshipWork Incentives Mental Health ServicesTransportation Voc RehabRecord Keeping Wills and Trusts Respite Care Adult Continuing Education Adult Service Employment Providers
SSA Work Incentive to encourage SSI recipients to work Youth and adults are eligible Excludes resources &/or income from being counted by SSA. Resources are “set aside” to fund vocational goal
Equipment Services such as job development, job coaching, personal care, transportation School Vehicle Other work-related supports
1. Positive Attitudes & a Sense of URGENCY 2. Person-centered Planning 3. Community-based Work Experiences 4. Longitudinal Preparation 5. Family Education & Support 6. Staff Expertise
7. Access to Quality Adult Services 8. Long-term Funding 9. Self-determination/Advocacy 10. Reliable/Affordable Transportation 11. Business Partnerships 12. Attention to Health & Wellness
Promising Practices in place in your area? Questions? Concerns?
Pat Rogan – Indiana University, IUPUI 317/ Thank You!