Presentation on theme: "NAYRE Charles Ballinger Executive Director Emeritus PO Box"— Presentation transcript:
1 NAYRE Charles Ballinger Executive Director Emeritus PO Box 711386 San Diego CAPhone: (619)Fax: (858)Web:National Association for Year-Round Education
2 Eight Reasons Given to Avoid Calendar Modification Children might be on differing schedules.Child care might not be available.Students might not find and hold jobs after calendar modification.Students might not be able to be involved in out-of-school activities, extracurricular activities, and sports.There is no air-conditioning during warm weather.Facility cleaning and maintenance will be disrupted.Teachers will have difficulty with in-service and graduate work.Family vacations will be difficult to schedule.
3 Six Generalized Reasons for Calendar Modification Modified, balanced calendars can effectively maintain student interest in learning.Students, learning differently, require different time configurations.Intersession classes provide faster remediation and advanced enrichment.Students learning a second language can benefit from the balanced calendar.Co-curricular and extracurricular activities can take place throughout the year and can reinforce previous learning.Teachers can take advantage of year-long opportunities for staff development.
4 School Year Flexibility 365 Days per calendar year180 Days of legislatively-mandated instruction annually-104 Weekend days (Saturday and Sunday)10 Winter Holidays (Christmas and New Year’s)11 Other Legal Holidays60 Remaining optional/flexible days
5 45-15 Single Track Model 45 Classroom Days 45 Classroom Days SchoolDaysOff15SchoolDaysOff15SchoolDaysOff15SchoolDaysOff45 Classroom Days45 Classroom Days45 Classroom Days45 Classroom Days
18 Instructional Considerations of Common Year-Round Calendars
19 Instructional Considerations of Common Year-Round Calendars
20 Short List of Common Intersession Classes ElementaryRemedial ClassesEnglish Grade 3Language Arts Grade 4Mathematics Grade 5Language Arts grade 5Science Grade 6Enrichment ClassesDiscovering DinosaursLearning About the OceanYoung PoetsScience in the LaboratoryExploring the Nation’s Capital
21 Short List of Common Intersession Classes High SchoolRemedial ClassesEnglish 9English 10Second Language LearnersAlgebra IAlgebra IIAmerican HistoryEnrichment ClassesAstronomyMusic AppreciationPsychologyHistory of ArtScience FairGeology
22 Length of School Year/Vacation 2004-05 - Canada
23 Length of School Year/Vacation 2004-05 Countries Other than the U.S. and Canada
24 Comparison of Calendars – US, Canada, Great Britain
25 Calendar Reform Research Generate new knowledge; resolve contradictions and inconsistencies. Attempt to control variablesEvaluationCollect systematic information to determine the extent to which educational objectives are actually realized. Initiated to guide and facilitate decision making and to determine effectivenessNOTE: School Districts in Large Part Utilize Evaluation Methodology
26 Research/Evaluation Results Bottom LineNo studies demonstrate effectiveness of traditional calendarNo studies demonstrate academic harm in any of the modified/balanced calendarsResultsMeta-analyses to date suggest a slight gain for all studentsGain of one month each year for 12 years equals 1.33 additional years on instruction.More significant gains noticeable in specific student populations known as educationally-challenged
27 National Association for Year-Round Education NAYREPO BoxSan Diego CAPhone: (619)Fax: (858)Web:National Association for Year-Round Education