Presentation on theme: "2014 IAHPERD State Conference “Real Costs of Public Education” November 20, 2014 Pheasant Run Brent Johnston Legislative Co-Chair Illinois High School."— Presentation transcript:
2014 IAHPERD State Conference “Real Costs of Public Education” November 20, 2014 Pheasant Run Brent Johnston Legislative Co-Chair Illinois High School & College Driver Education Association (IHSCDEA)
Today’s Presentation Goals Trends of How Districts use Waivers and Student Fees to Remove Teaching Positions Cause and Effect of High Student Fees Contracting Out Public Education – Is It Legal? Are Tenured Veteran Physical Education Teachers’ Jobs Safe in Illinois? Comparing Real Costs Between Course Disciplines
The Status of Education In Illinois Illinois ranks in the bottom; 49 out of 50 of all states in the nation regarding state funding for education Schools have gone without proper funding support now for over 3 decades Non-Core courses are most affected by the lack of funding
Driver Education In Illinois A Decade of Trouble Concerns For The Future Survival And Delivery Of High School Programs IHSCDEA Legislative Task Force We have been putting out fires since 2004
Trends of How Districts use Waivers and Fees In 2002: 8 districts apply for driver education waivers. High end $ In 2004: 43 districts apply for driver education waivers. High end $ Rep. Pihos Legislation in 2012 allowed $ student fees (no waiver needed) In 2014 – Waivers – Niles $450 New Trier $500
1.What is the point in having a law if you can get a waiver to avoid it? 2. Why is the discipline of driver education expected to “pay for itself” when other courses students elect to take are not? 3.At what point do course fees become too much and are no longer affordable to students and their parents? 4. When do Illinoisans draw a line in the sand and say “enough is enough regarding waivers above $250?” 5. Why are abnormal course fees allowed to be charged for a mandated safety course before students are charged similar fees in such areas as extracurricular activities and sports? Questions To School Districts in 2014
Enrollment in PHSDE has decreased in some schools by 38% between 2008 and 2012 (2008) 175,611 Total Sophomores161,586 Blue Slips Issued (92%) ( 2012) 175,654 Total Sophomores100,173 Blue Slips Issued (57%) Demographics – % of eligible Illinois DE (sophomore) students (100,123) are from the Suburban / Metro areas (Suburbs, Rockford, Springfield) An additional 20% of eligible DE students (35,131) are from the Chicago Public School System 23% of those eligible DE students (40,400) are from Rural areas Cause and Effect of High Student Fees
Number of Blue Slips Issued to Public High Schools in 2012 Total # of Sophomores Enrolled……………….175,654 Total # of Blue Slips Issued by ISBE………….100,173 Suburban / Metro Public Schools (57%)….…(57,098) Chicago Public School System (20%)……....(20,035) Rural Area Public Schools (23%)………...….(23,040)
Cause and Effect of High Student Fees Number of Certificate of Completions for Commercial Schools in 2012 Total # of Sophomores Enrolled……………….175,654 Total # of Completions Issued by ISOS…...……37,402*
Summary of Our Results In 2012, of those sophomore students who did take formal Driver Education 73% of Sophomore Students took PHSDE (100,173) 27% of Sophomore Students took CDTS (37,402*)
Summary of Our Results In 2012, out of 175,654 eligible DE sophomore students 137,575 blue slips were issued by ISBE and ISOS In that same year 38,079 sophomore students received no formal Driver Education at all This represents 22% of all eligible students that never took Driver Education What happens to them???
IHSCDEA Research Indicates Eligible students that don’t take PHSDE are not entirely being captured by Commercial Driver Training Schools (CDTS’s) From 2008 to 2012 the number of students that enrolled in CDTS’s only went up slightly…around an average of 1% (or) students per year During that same span of time, however, PHSDE lost on average 38% whereby the CDTS’s only picked up 1-2% of those students each year
Summary of Our Results Of those students who did not take DE in 2012, please note that none of the 38,079 students enrolled into a Commercial Driver Training School (CDTS) as those numbers were previously already statistically accounted for This means that this remaining 22% of the eligible students are still statistically unaccounted for as they elected to not take training at either a PHSDE or CDTS driver education program
IHSCDEA Research Indicates Research indicates that the remaining number of eligible DE students (38,079) are simply waiting until they are 18 years of age to obtain a driver’s license with no formal instruction whatsoever As a result, fatality rates for the year old age group, in both Illinois and nationally, have steadily increased 15-18% over that same period of time
Total Students vs. Blue Slips
IHSCDEA Research Indicates The Impact on Other Illinois Drivers In a 5-year span of time (2008 to 2012) the total # of potential drivers aged 16 to 21 in Illinois = 878,270 novice drivers Of that # of novice drivers, 22% (or) 193,220 young drivers are untrained as well as inexperienced and are not subject to any GDL requirements If only those drivers were on the road with you at the same time, approx. every 5 th car driving by would have a person driving that has little or no knowledge of how to control a car!
Impact On Illinois Physical Education Teachers As more and more students leave PHSDE, fewer DE instructors are needed Since many of these DE instructors have seniority over other colleagues in their department, they simply cross over to PE or Health and “RIFF” other instructors due to seniority In 2012, roughly 38,000 sophomore students elected to not take PHSDE The equivalent number of PHSDE instructors that potentially were lost during that same year (2012) based on that number of students statewide is approximately teachers
Cause and Effect of High Student Fees Cash-strapped school districts are looking for $$$ to run non-core courses such as Driver Education Administrators are undermining the intent of the Driver Education Act by raising student fees so high that students can no longer afford to take this mandated safety course at public schools Safety concerns notwithstanding, in the last 5 years PE teachers have either lost their jobs or retirees have not been replaced due to cutbacks in PHSDE
Contracting Out Public Education Is It Legal? Not only is it legal…it’s already happening!!! PHSDE is already being “contracted-out” by school districts in Byron, North Boone, Genoa-Kingston, Pecatonica and several other high schools near Rockford These high school districts are “supposedly” using ISBE certified instructors that teach in commercial driver training schools and use student fees AND state reimbursement to pay for it…all legal using the waiver system with little or no ISBE checks and balances
Potential Impact on Current PE / Health / DE Instructors Are PE and Health courses safe because they are mandated by Illinois law? ABSOLUTELY NOT!!! PHSDE is also a mandated Illinois law, but school districts and administrators found a loophole around it Free Public Education is at a paradigm shift…vouchers, student fees, contracting out, and Merit Pay are just the beginning of a new way to fund education in Illinois
Potential Impact on Current PE / Health / DE Instructors So you might ask… “What’s saving PE as a vital course here in Illinois? Is it because administrators and BOE’s are concerned with childhood obesity? Is it because recent research indicates that brain activity improves with physical activity? Nope!!! It’s because administrators don’t know how they would save any $$$ since it would take (2) teachers and (2) classrooms to replace just (1) PE instructor!
Potential Impact on Current PE / Health / DE Instructors If the PE mandate was suddenly dissolved, a typical larger school district would likely “RIFF” 3-4 Physical Education teachers or more Problem is…administrators would also need 6-8 classroom teachers to replace them and logistically, where do you put them…in the gymnasium or swimming pool? Schools would need to build hundreds of additional classrooms and hire hundreds of classroom teachers
Potential Impact on Current PE / Health / DE Instructors Opting out of Physical Education!!! Athletes…Marching Band Members…Cheerleaders What Student Group Is Going To Be Next? Waivers from PE to students who belong to a local Fitness Club??? School Districts that “contract out” Physical Education to a fitness club, club sport, or trainer???
Are Tenured Veteran Physical Education Teachers’ Jobs Safe in Illinois? The teaching profession is the only modern-day profession whereby a person is penalized for more experience and more education!!! For example, let’s say you are a 10 year certified and tenured PE / Health Instructor, but one of the bottom 3 on the seniority list in the department that also includes driver education. You have a wife, 2 kids, a new car, and a mortgage payment. You also have your Master’s Degree + 15 hours past your Master’s making roughly $60,000 per year. By today’s standards…financially you’re living a somewhat comfortable life with few worries
Are Tenured Veteran Physical Education Teachers’ Jobs Safe in Illinois? Every year since 1994, the IHSCDEA has been fighting the Illinois Legislature on bills that would completely demandate PHSDE. If we ever lose that constant fight, this is what you can expect. All 3 of those driver education instructors no longer have a course to teach because your school decided to drop PHSDE. However, they are not out of a job because all 3 instructors have more seniority than you do. They come back to PE or Health and start bumping 8, 9, & 10 year tenured teachers who now are the ones that get “RIFFED” by the school district
Are Tenured Veteran Physical Education Teachers’ Jobs Safe in Illinois? Here then lies the reason as to why I am presenting to you today and why our 2 professional organizations need to join legislative forces and constantly work together… “Where is a 33 year old 10 year veteran tenured PE / Health instructor who has 15 hours past his / her Master’s Degree making $60,000 + a year going to find a job at another school?” Simply stated…you won’t!!! Not only would you be competing for jobs with entry level college graduates, but you’ll also be competing with hundreds and hundreds of just recently “RIFFED” Physical Education / Health instructors that are experiencing the same fate as you are
Are Tenured Veteran Physical Education Teachers’ Jobs Safe in Illinois? Elementary and Middle School PE / Health teachers think you are off the hook here? Not if you are in a Unit District. High School instructors will start bumping Middle School and Elementary School instructors as everyone will be going into “survival mode.” Your only option to safeguard your family and yourself… Get as many PE / Health endorsements and certifications as you possibly can at all levels…Elementary / Middle School / High School…including your Driver Education Endorsement
Potential Impact on Current PE / Health / DE Instructors The IHSCDEA Board of Directors has instructed its entire membership to begin seeking teaching certification endorsements in course disciplines outside of the PE / Health / Driver Education fields. Those seeking a Master’s Degree (or) Master’s + start thinking outside the “PE Box”…Type 75…Counseling Degree…Science endorsement…coursework to get you closer to a Physical Therapy Degree…you may be closer than you think!!! Seeking your Driver Education Endorsement can provide you better marketability between schools and provide significant income from summer and non-traditional teaching hours
Potential Impact on Current PE / Health / DE Instructors The ISBE Driver Education Endorsement is an integral part of a larger Master’s Degree program that is available at Northern Illinois University… Masters of Industrial Management Department of Technology Northern Illinois University (NIU) This type of Master’s Degree would allow an educator to find a new job in the Industrial Management Corporate Business World
What are the Real Costs of PE, Health, PHSDE and Other Disciplines? Criteria Used for the IHSCDEA Research Study Collection of School Data Comparison of Course Disciplines Rankings of Course Disciplines Accessing the ISBE “FRIS System” Using the Interactive Salary Comparison Spreadsheet
Criteria Used for the IHSCDEA Research Study School Enrollment Departmental Teacher Salaries Departmental teacher Benefits Instructional Aides Salaries Instructional Aides Benefits Departmental Leaders / Facilitators Salaries Departmental Leaders / Facilitators Benefits Departmental Support Staff Salaries Departmental Support Staff Benefits Summer School Costs??? Departmental Travel Textbooks (3 year average budget) Capital Equipment (5 year average cost less depreciation) Annual departmental supplies Annual departmental consumables (not listed in supplies) Departmental field trip expenses Other pertinent departmental costs not listed above (please list separately) Amount of departmental state aide / state reimbursement per student Median instructor departmental salary + benefits Mean instructor departmental salary + benefits Total departmental costs (include only those costs listed above) Total # of students taught in department Total departmental cost per student (divide total departmental costs by the total # of departmental students)
Collection of School Data FOIA Information Request – 400 Public High Schools Surveyed 1.List and briefly describe all student fees required by the school from the highest student fee to the lowest student fee (include all academic, athletic, and extracurricular fees in the same list. 2.List the official total average cost to educate a student in FY that was listed in the school’s report card as required by ISBE. 3.Give the median certified teacher salary including benefits for FY for the entire school. 4.Give the mean certified teacher salary including benefits for FY for the entire school. 5.What was the total “instructional budget” of the school for FY ? 6.What was the total “operational budget” of the school for FY ? 7.What was the total “overall budget” of the school for FY ?
Comparison of Course Disciplines (6) Course Disciplines Were Compared in this Study English Math Science Social Studies PE / Health Driver Education
Comparison of Course Disciplines Average Cost Per Discipline / Student (Rankings Listed Most to Least Expensive) Mathematics $ #1 Science $ #2 English $ #3 Social Science's $ #4 PE / Health $ #5 Driver Education $ #6
Rankings of Course Disciplines Average Discipline Rankings Mathematics$646.12#1 Science$607.54#2 English$592.74#3 Social Studies$540.01#4 PE / Health$436.22#5 Driver Education$360.23#6
Conclusions of Study A Comparative Cost Analysis Between Other Disciplines and Driver Education Discipline Taught% More Expensive Than PHSDE Mathematics 44.2% Science40.7% English39.2% Social Sciences33.3% PE / Health17.4% Driver Education N/A
Final Conclusions of Study Public High School Driver Education 1st Most Costly1st Most Expensive Discipline1 out of % 2nd Most Costly 2nd Most Expensive Discipline 0 out of % 3rd Most Costly 3rd Most Expensive Discipline 4 out of % 4th Most Costly4th Most Expensive Discipline5 out of % 5th Most Costly5th Most Expensive Discipline11 out of % 6th Most Costly6th Most Expensive Discipline36 out of %
Final Conclusions of Study Out of (6) Disciplines Studied PHSDE Ranked in the 5th / 6th “Least Expensive” Slots in 82.5% of all High Schools Studied PHSDE Ranked in the Bottom Half of the “Most Expensive” Slots In 91.3% of all High Schools Studied
Professional Resources Access the Association Website Go to the very bottom and click on the following Illinois State Board of Education- Driver Education Division Again go to the very bottom and under “News and Information” click on the following Driver Education Cost Report Driver Education Cost Report – (34-06) (4/14)
Professional Resources Calculating the Real Costs of Driver Education How to Access the ISBE FRIS System Directly 1.Hold the “Control” Button Down and hit the “F” Key 2.Look for the “Search” menu bar that pops up 3.Type in your school name or school district # or name in order to access your school records