Presentation on theme: "ROMANIAN EDUCATION SYSTEM"— Presentation transcript:
1 ROMANIAN EDUCATION SYSTEM 4/11/2017ROMANIAN EDUCATION SYSTEMNelia COROBANĂLadies and gentlemen,I am Nelia Corobana coming from beautiful Romania. I am honored to be here today and for the next minutes I will present to you the Romanian education system.
2 AGENDA Introduction Levels of education Curricular content 4/11/2017AGENDAIntroductionLevels of educationPre-schoolPrimarySecondaryHigh schoolVocationalHigherCurricular contentRosia schoolConclusionsThe agenda of this presentation is as follows:a short introduction;description of main levels of formal education;curricular content;Rosia school as an example and conclusions
3 INTRODUCTION education - national priority; 4/11/2017INTRODUCTIONeducation - national priority;democratic, open and humanistic;equal opportunities for all citizens;tuition free;native language;higher education - financial and administrative autonomy;alternative models.In Romania kindergarten is optional under the age of six. At this age children must join preparatory school year, that is mandatory for entering first grade. Schooling in Romania starts at the age of seven, it is mandatory up to the tenth grade (corresponding to an age of sixteen or seventeen). The school educational cycle ends in the twelfth grade, when students graduate the baccalaureate. Higher education is aligned onto European Education Area.Education in Romania, as anywhere else in the world is based on principles. Our country, as an European country embraced principles like:education is a national priority;school must promote democracy, open and humanistic education;the education system offers equal opportunities for all citizens;education provided by state institutions is tuition free;members of ethnic minorities can learn in their native language;higher education institutions have financial and administrative autonomy;alternative models of education are accepted and encouraged.
4 LEVELS OF EDUCATION Pre-school education Primary education 4/11/2017LEVELS OF EDUCATIONPre-school educationPrimary educationSecondary educationHigh school educationVocationalHigher educationOn the slide are displayed the levels of education:Pre-school education - 3 to 6 years;Primary education – 6 to 10 years ;Secondary education -10 to14 years ;High school education – 14 to 18 years orVocational lower secondary level – 14 to 16 years;Higher education to 22/23 years
5 PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION communication math dancing swimming 4/11/2017 In the kindergarten children learn about computers, foreign languages (typically English, German or French), dancing and swimming. Along with learning different crafts children are accommodated with basics of communication and they are introduced to mathematics.Most kindergartens offer parents three types of programs, in order to suit the parents’ schedule: short schedule – 8 in the morning to 1 in the afternoon, tuition free; a medium schedule - 8 in the morning to 5 in the afternoon that offers three snacks and one meal, including after lunch sleeping periods (parents are charged for meals); and a long schedule on weekly basis for commuters.
6 PRIMARY SCHOOL EDUCATION 4/11/2017PRIMARY SCHOOL EDUCATIONgeneral programholidaysevaluationPrimary education takes place between the age of six or seven up to ten or eleven. Most elementary schools are public but in the last few years private competition started to grow in this area. One class of students can have up to 30 children which are guided, usually, by a teacher throughout the four years of this level, for the most subjects.School starts in the middle of September and ends in the middle of June, of the following year. The school year comprises 36 weeks of teaching divided in two terms and there are four holiday seasons (Christmas – 3 weeks, previously Easter, 11 weeks during the summer and an additional free week in November for students in the first four grades). During the week before Spring holiday special, extracurricular activities (trips, contests) replace classes. Classes are distributed over five days a week, lasts 45 minutes with 15 minutes break.At this level of education students are evaluated and graded using quantifiers like Excellent, Good, Satisfactory and Failed. Quantifiers are given throughout the year in a system of year long evaluation, on tests, schoolwork homework and projects. From first to second grade promotion is not conditioned by quantifiers, but from second to third and forth years 3 failed subjects will make the student repeat the all year. If only one or two subjects failed, in order to promote to next grade, the student has to pass a special exam with an assembly of teachers.
7 LOWER SECONDARY EDUCATION 4/11/2017LOWER SECONDARY EDUCATIONprogramevaluationintensive classesAt the end of the primary school, classes are changed based on the academic performances, on the parents options and on the school offer. Many schools have special classes (such an intensive English or informatics) providing additional classes for those subjects. Selection for such classes is done based on local tests. Starting with the 5th grade students have a different teacher for each subject and performance evaluation is different from primary school. One to ten grading system is used, one being the worst and ten being the best, five is the minimum requirement. The system of continuous assessment is also used, with individual marks for each test, oral examination, project, homework or class work. Some subjects (math and Romanian language) require a partial examination at the end of semester.Classes lasts 50 minutes with 10 minute break spread over five days a week.
8 HIGH SCHOOL national college standard highschool 4/11/2017HIGH SCHOOLnational collegestandard highschoolcraft and trades schoolAt the end of the 8th year of school, a nation wide test is taken by all students that promoted the eighth grade. The subjects for this tests are Romanian language and math. Graduates ethnic minority schools have to pass an additional test for the native language. In order to enroll in a high school the student must choose a list of high schools they desire to attend, based on the marks during the 5th to 8th grade and the results on the nation wide test.There are different types of high schools:National college, the most prestigious high school in our country, are all theoretical and are part of international programs like Cervantes, Socrates and so on;Standard high school;At this level of education are offered programs like science, humanities, technical, vocational or economics.Craft and trades school consists of two years qualifications such mecanics, cook, builder, etc.
9 ALTERNATIVE SCHOOLS Waldorf Step by step 4/11/2017 Different approaches to pedagogy are encouraged in Romania and in the school I am coming from there is a structure that provides students with Waldorf educational practice. This is a complementary option for children that prefer a practical rather than theoretical approach to education.
10 HIGHER EDUCATION admission to universities autonomy Bologna convention 4/11/2017HIGHER EDUCATIONadmission to universitiesautonomyBologna conventionHigh school graduates have to pass a national exam called Baccalaureate in order to apply for universities. This exam consists in oral and written tests . The results of this tests usually counts for admission to a university. However, having in consideration the autonomy of universities, they can have their own internal policies regarding admission, exams and conditions for graduation. In this area of education Romania joined the Bologna convention and organized this level in three main cycles: Bachelor's, Master's and Doctoral.
11 CURRICULAR CONTENT Language and communication; 4/11/2017CURRICULAR CONTENTLanguage and communication;Mathematics and natural sciences;People and society;Arts;Physical education;Technologies;Counselling and guidance.The curriculum framework for primary and lower secondary education includes the core curriculum and the curriculum at school's disposal. Subjects are grouped according to 7 curricular areas:Language and communication;Mathematics and natural sciences;People and society;Arts;Physical education;Technologies;Counselling and guidance.
12 ROŞIA SCHOOL SIBIU COUNTY ROMANIA www.scoalarosia.ro Ladies and gentlemen, for the next minutes I will try to capture your attention with a presentation about the school I am coming from.School building in Roşia
13 THE MISSION OF THE SCHOOL To meet students’ needsTo develop self-respect of studentsOur school intends to meet every student’s need to feel competent in an area of self-respect and respect for those around them, to ensure free, integral, harmonious development of human individuality, during consolidation of a autonomous and creative personality.
14 SCHOOL VISION Competencies Basics of culture Social feelings The integration of Romania in EU in 2007 imposed alignment and implementation of European schools’ values:Integrating fundamental competencies knowledge and skills specific to nowadays world;Integrating essential elements of a basic culture through learning Romanian language, a world wide spread language and computer’s language;Development of the feeling of cultural pertaining to historical, national and European cultureHarmonious development of students’ physical and hygiene education
15 GENERAL INFORMATION Cornăţel Daia Nou Caşolţ Daia Nouă Nucet Roşia Rosia is situated on 45° parallel, on the southern part of Transilvania, in an area with many hills, on Hartibaciu Valley, 16 Km from Sibiu.Comprises 7 villages:Cornăţel, at 10 kmDaia, at 4 kmNou, at 3 kmCaşolţ, at 8 kmDaia Nouă, at 6 kmNucet, at 14 kmRoşia
16 ROSIA SCHOOL FACILITIES School building in DaiaSchool building in CornăţelWaldorf School buildingThe school is composed of structures, former independent school entities, wich are now run like a single school. On this slide you can see the buildings of the school in different villages.School building in NouSchool building in Caşolţ
17 INFORMATION AND DOCUMENTATION CENTER 4/11/2017INFORMATION AND DOCUMENTATION CENTERIn this special area of the school students and teachers can study, read books and search the internet in order to solve different school projects.
18 NUCET – YOUNGSTERS’ CENTER 4/11/2017NUCET – YOUNGSTERS’ CENTERIn this center around 200 students from our community go to camp every summer.
19 STATISTICS FOR SCHOLAR YEAR 2012-2013 Educational levelsSpecial classesNumber of classesNumber of studentsPersonnelProgramsEducational levels- Preschool,primary and lower secondary;Special classes- Waldorf alternative education school, “Second Chance” for adults with unfinished education;Number of classes- 10 preschool, 20 primary, 20 secondary, 1 “Second Chance” secondary;Number of students- 898 (260 preschool, 638 primary and secondary);Personnel – 68 teachers, 9 maintenance, 2 auxiliary personnel;Equal opportunities in education is an international program that provided tutorials for main subjects (Romanian language and math), free summer camps, scholarships;After school for lower secondary;Tutorials for special educations needs students.
20 SCHOOL LOGISTICS Classrooms Laboratories The school has 58 classrooms and physics, chemistry, biology, Romanian language, math, history, geography labs. The school also benefits from a informatics lab, a kitchen for Waldorf section and all the necessary utilities for an efficient educational process.
21 RELATIONSHIP WITH THE COMMUNITY Support to familiesProjects with local authoritiesSupport from associationsThe school support parents in need by meetings, lectures, financing educational activities through collaboration projects with different associations.Local authorities support at their best our projects and the community.Different associations in the area responded to our needs developing projects and bringing sponsors for educational purposes.
22 EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES During the scholar year the school organizes extracurricular activities in order to make students feel closer to the school, to keep them busy for developing their skills and to promote the image of the school in our community.
23 4/11/2017Among the extracurricular activities I can bring to your attention a “Music School” sponsored by an Non Governmental Organization “Concordia”, a dance club for modern and traditional dances instructors being teachers from our school. This children take part in different contest at national and local level.
24 CLEANING AND SIGHTSEEING 4/11/2017CLEANING AND SIGHTSEEINGOne of our policies is to have extracurricular activities that bring together both fun and education. In this regard we like to clean different sites surrounding the community and in the same time with educating students for hygiene we can also go for sightseeing.
25 ROSIA’S TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS 18th century churchesOldest tree in the countyDaco-roman necropolisHârtibaciu defileEvangelic parohial house Roşia16th century house in Daiaoff road and bicycle routesEven though our commune is small there are a lot of interesting landmarks that attracts tourist all over the country.
27 4/11/2017DIFFERENT EVENTSTeachers encourage children and people from the community to take part in a lot of events. Being together, teachers, students parents, local authorities make us feel like a big family. We get closer to each other and in this way we can find better solutions for different problems that occur during the year.
28 4/11/2017On this slide you can see the dance club I mentioned you before, entertaining people in the community during a local festival.
29 CONCLUSIONS follow European guidelines resources - a major challenge 4/11/2017CONCLUSIONSfollow European guidelinesresources - a major challengeIn the end of this presentation I would like to highlight, that Romanian education system is struggling to keep up with the European education and in some situations we do succeed but we also have areas in which the lack of resources builds obstacles. We like to believe that with vision, ambition and perseverance we will be able to overcome this unfortunate situations.
30 Thank you for your kind attention! 4/11/2017Thank you for your kind attention!This concludes my presentation, thank you for your attention and if you have questions please feel free to ask.