Presentation on theme: "Chapter 14 Citizenship in School"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 14 Citizenship in School American Civics4/11/2017Chapter 14 Citizenship in SchoolSection 1: The U.S. School SystemSection 2: The Best Education for YouSection 3: Developing Your Life SkillsChapter 14
2Section 1: The U.S. School System The Main IdeaEducation is vital to American society and to American democracy. The U.S. school system helps prepare you to be a good citizen.Reading FocusWhy is education important?What are the levels of the U.S. school system?What American values can be found in education, and what challenges face schools today?
3Americans value education: Section 1: The U.S. School SystemAmericans value education:Important for citizens’ development —learning develops the talents of the individual; access to education creates opportunity to succeedImportant for the country’s development —future depends on Americans working for the common good; education teaches citizens to contribute to society
4The beginning of the U.S. school system: Section 1: The U.S. School SystemThe beginning of the U.S. school system:1647—law passed that required almost all towns in Massachusetts to set up public schoolsThomas Jefferson believed educated citizens were essential to democracy.1800s—Horace Mann worked to establish public schools for all children.1860s—The struggle for public, tax-supported schools gained ground.High schools began to appear after the Civil War.
5Levels of the U.S. school system: Section 1: The U.S. School SystemLevels of the U.S. school system:PreschoolKindergartenElementary schoolJunior high schoolHigh schoolHigher educationMany jobs require college and university training; well-educated citizens often earn higher incomes.
8freedom for any creed or religion SECTION 1Question: What values guide education in the United States today?freedom for any creed or religionlocal controlfree public educationAmerican Values in Educationcompulsory attendanceequal schooling for allenriching environment
9Section 2: The Best Education for You The Main IdeaYou can be successful in school if you are aware of the opportunities that your school has to offer and if you are prepared to take advantage of those opportunities.Reading FocusHow can being prepared for school help you be successful in school?What are the seven goals of education?How can extracurricular activities help you be successful in school?
10Seven goals of education: Section 2: The Best Education for YouSeven goals of education:Using basic learning skillsLearning to work with othersHealth educationTraining for your life’s workActive citizenshipConsiderate behaviorWise use of leisure time
11Preparing for class work and tests: Section 2: The Best Education for YouPreparing for class work and tests:Budget your time for studying and for tests.Select a regular study place with space, light, and silence.Take notes while reading.Understand your assignment.Get the most from your textbooks.Come prepared to participate in class.Review notes and find study partners for tests.
12Benefits of extracurricular activities: Section 2: The Best Education for YouBenefits of extracurricular activities:Allow you to work with others toward a goalDevelop individual abilities and interestsEncourage self-expressionMay help with college admissions and scholarshipsCreate opportunities to make new friends
13Question: How can a person best prepare for class work and tests? SECTION 2Question: How can a person best prepare for class work and tests?Take notes while you read.Select a quiet place to study.Keep materials you need close at hand.Make effective use of your textbook.How to Study
15Section 3: Developing Your Life Skills The Main IdeaOne of the key life skills you learn in school should be learning how to think. If you learn how to think critically, you will be able to solve many of the problems you face in school and in life.Reading FocusHow are learning and experience related?What are the steps involved in critical thinking?Why should you learn to think for yourself?
16Learning and experience are related: Section 3: Developing Your Life SkillsLearning and experience are related:All learning is a result of direct observation or participation in events.Conditioning involves motor responses and behavior resulting from an experience.Copying others, looking, listening, and role-playing are types of learning.Thinking involves awareness, interpretation, and understanding of experiences.
17Steps in thinking critically: Section 3: Developing Your Life SkillsSteps in thinking critically:Define the issueDistinguish fact from opinionWeigh the evidenceReach a conclusion
18Peoples’ thinking is influenced by Section 3: Developing Your Life SkillsPeoples’ thinking is influenced byfamilies, teachers, and friends.celebrities, mass media, and propaganda.social and work groups.
19People must think for themselves Section 3: Developing Your Life SkillsPeople must think for themselvesto be objective and free of bias.to vote wisely, understand current affairs, and solve problems.to allow our system of government to work.
20witness to stealing of a test SECTION 3Question: Why is it important to think for oneself, and what are the advantages and disadvantages of making certain choices?AdvantagesDisadvantagesChoice ASituation:witness to stealing of a testAdvantagesDisadvantagesChoice BChoice CAdvantagesDisadvantages
21Chapter 14 Wrap-Up1. What are the two main reasons Americans value education?2. Where did public schooling begin in the United States, and when did it become widespread?3. What approaches to learning and studying will make you more successful in school?4. How can extracurricular activities enhance your education?5. What must a student do to develop and exercise critical thinking skills?6. What are the benefits of thinking through problems and issues for yourself?