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MIDTERM TEST REVIEW U.S. History. Module I SSUSH1 U.S. History.

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1 MIDTERM TEST REVIEW U.S. History

2 Module I

3 SSUSH1 U.S. History

4 Colonial Standards A group of investors share risks & profits to settle colonies in the new world Joint Stock Company

5 Colonial Standards Joint Stock Company that founded first permanent English colony Virginia Company

6 Colonial Standards First permanent English settlement in the new world Jamestown

7 Colonial Standards Brown Gold; Cash crop that helped Jamestown survive and become wealthy Tobacco

8 Colonial Standards Native American chief that lived near Jamestown that was initially peaceful but relationship with colonist worsened Powhatan

9 Colonial Standards First representative government in the colonies House of Burgesses

10 Colonial Standards Class conflict between frontier farmers and landed class in Virginia that resulted in a small scale war Bacon’s Rebellion

11 Colonial Standards Used by colonies in the South as a labor source due to the increase of labor intensive tobacco cultivation Slavery

12 Colonial Standards War in New England that resulted in a permanent defeat and removal of Native Americans from Massachusetts King Phillip’s War

13 Colonial Standards Example of direct democracy and government by the people in New England Town Meetings

14 Colonial Standards Banished from Massachusetts for religious beliefs and settled a colony based on separation of church & state Roger Williams

15 Colonial Standards Colony established by Roger Williams that exercised religious tolerance and paying natives for their land Rhode Island

16 Colonial Standards Puritans used this to increase the membership of their church by allowing non-voting members that did not have a Conversion experience Half-Way Covenant

17 Colonial Standards Series of court hearings over 150 Massachusetts colonists accused of witchcraft were tried: 29 convicted – 19 hanged Salem witch Trials

18 Colonial Standards British king cancelled this because this colony refused to obey Navigation Acts and argued it was a independent Corporate Colony Massachusetts Charter

19 Colonial Standards Originally New York was known by this name New Amsterdam

20 Colonial Standards The land currently known as New York was owned by Dutch

21 Colonial Standards Colony established by Quakers escaping religious persecution in England Pennsylvania

22 Colonial Standards Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn

23 Colonial Standards Colony established by Catholics escaping religious persecution in England Maryland

24 Colonial Standards Founder of Maryland Lord Cecilius Calvert

25 Colonial Standards Region of the colonies that was more commercial, industrial, and trade based in its economy Northern Colonies

26 Colonial Standards Region of the colonies that was more agricultural, farming, and slave based in its economy Southern Colonies

27 Colonial Standards Reason the French settled Quebec Fur Trade

28 Colonial Standards Convinced many in the colonies that the Articles were too weak and needed to be changed Shay’s Rebellion

29 Colonial Standards Meeting held in Philadelphia Pennsylvania that eventually ended in the creation of a new U.S. system of government. Constitutional Convention

30 SSUSH2 U.S. History

31 Colonial Standards Economic Theory that the best way to become a stronger nation was to acquire the most wealth. Mercantilism

32 Colonial Standards Under Mercantilism this was a favorable balance of trade Exports greater than Imports

33 Colonial Standards Under Mercantilism, Great Britain wanted this from the Colonies Natural Resources

34 Colonial Standards Under Mercantilism, Great Britain passed these to control Colonial goods and trade Navigation Acts

35 Colonial Standards Under the Navigation Acts, all goods heading to or from the colonies had to be transported this way British Ships

36 Colonial Standards Under the Navigation Acts, all goods heading to or from the colonies had to be transported here British Ports

37 Colonial Standards British restrictions on colonial trade were designed to keep the colonies from Competing against Britain in trade

38 Colonial Standards This concept refers to the route of trade between the colonies and Europe Transatlantic Trade

39 Colonial Standards This journey in the transatlantic trade carried slaves to North America Middle Passage

40 Colonial Standards Example of social mobility and individualism in the American Colonies Benjamin Franklin

41 Colonial Standards Christian worship that preached that Americans needed to turn away from the corruption of English society and separate from Great Britain Great Awakening

42 SSUSH3 U.S. History

43 Colonial Standards War between Great Britain and France over territory in North America in 1754 French & Indian War

44 Colonial Standards This officially ended the French & Indian War Treaty of Paris 1763

45 Colonial Standards At the end of the French & Indian War, Great Britain changed many of its policies in America because of this Debt

46 Colonial Standards First direct tax on the colonist by Britain in an attempt to pay the war debt Stamp Act

47 Colonial Standards Colonial slogan used to express why they believed they should not have to pay taxes “No Taxation without Representation”

48 Colonial Standards American colonist responded to the Stamp Act using this strategy and made Britain repeal the act. Boycott

49 Colonial Standards Attempt by King George III to keep colonist from crossing Appalachian Mountains Proclamation of 1763

50 Colonial Standards Reason King George III Issued the Proclamation of 1763 Keep down conflict with Native Americans

51 Colonial Standards Response of colonist to the Proclamation of 1763 Went anyway

52 Colonial Standards British law that required colonists to print newspapers, documents, playing cards with a special stamp Stamp Act

53 Colonial Standards Group formed to oppose British actions colonist felt unfair. Dumped tea in harbor to oppose Tea Act. Sons of Liberty

54 Colonial Standards Event where Sons of Liberty dressed up like Native Americans and dumped tea in harbor to oppose Tea Act. Boston Tea Party

55 Colonial Standards Group that helped in colonial resistance by weaving fabric during boycotts to supply fabric to colonist. Daughters of Liberty

56 Colonial Standards Response to Boston Tea Party when Great Britain closed ports of Boston, forced troops to be housed in colonial homes, tried accused people in British courts Intolerable Acts

57 Colonial Standards Meeting called by colonists to protest the intolerable acts. Resulted in colonial militias formed to resist acts and an olive Branch petition sent to King George First Continental Congress

58 Colonial Standards Groups formed from different colonies to secretly meet to deal with British actions. 1 st organization linking colonies in opposition to British rule Committees of Correspondence

59 Colonial Standards Small pamphlet that convinced many colonist to support independence form Great Britain Common Sense

60 Colonial Standards Author of Common Sense Thomas Paine

61 SSUSH4 U.S. History

62 Revolution Standards Document that the colonies drafted to separate from Great Britain Declaration of Independence

63 Revolution Standards Author of the Declaration of Independence Thomas Jefferson

64 Revolution Standards English Philosopher that influenced Thomas Jefferson John Locke

65 Revolution Standards Life, Liberty, and Property given by Creator Natural Rights

66 Revolution Standards Idea that government had duty protect inalienable rights of people or be changed Social Contract Theory

67 Revolution Standards Influential French philosopher whose ideas were checks & balances and Separation of powers Montesquieu

68 Revolution Standards U.S. Ambassador of France that helped get French assistance during Revolution Benjamin Franklin

69 Revolution Standards French citizen that was aide to George Washington, suffered at Valley Forge, helped Franklin get French Assistance, and planned the Battle of Yorktown Marquis de Lafayette

70 Revolution Standards Turning point of the Revolution. U.S. Win & French decide to give aid afterward Battle of Saratoga

71 Revolution Standards Soldiers starved for the winter here and went without clothes, food, blankets, supplies. Valley Forge

72 Revolution Standards Washington crossed the Delaware River and surprised the British and won Battle of Trenton

73 Revolution Standards What was the significance of Washington’s crossing of the Delaware River Boosted Morale of the Troops

74 Revolution Standards Considered great military leader because he overcame many setbacks and didn’t give up George Washington

75 Revolution Standards French and American forces defeat the British on this peninsula to end the Revolution Battle of Yorktown

76 Revolution Standards General of the British forces captured at the Battle of Yorktown Lord Cornwallis

77 Revolution Standards Document that forced Great Britain to recognize the U.S. as an Independent nation Treaty of Paris 1783

78 SSUSH5 U.S. History

79 Constitution Standards Document that created the first government for the U.S. Articles of Confederation

80 Constitution Standards No Executive. No Judicial. 9 of 13 to pass laws. All 13 to Amend. No power to tax. Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation

81 Constitution Standards Convinced many in the colonies that the Articles were too weak and needed to be changed Shay’s Rebellion

82 Constitution Standards Meeting held in Philadelphia Pennsylvania that eventually ended in the creation of a new U.S. system of government. Constitutional Convention

83 Constitution Standards An agreement that allowed small states and large states to be equally represented in the new legislature. Great Compromise

84 Constitution Standards Argued the need for a strong centralized government. Supported Constitution Federalist

85 Constitution Standards Written by John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, James Madison to convince states to ratify the Constitution. The Federalist

86 Constitution Standards Group of People who refused to ratify the Constitution without a Bill of Rights Anti-Federalist

87 Constitution Standards Groups who join together to promote a certain argument and oppose different views. Factions

88 Constitution Standards Father of the Constitution, Author of the Virginia Plan and the Bill of Rights James Madison

89 Constitution Standards Leader of the Federalist Party and opposition to Thomas Jefferson Alexander Hamilton

90 Constitution Standards Leader of the Democratic Republicans and opposition to Alexander Hamilton Thomas Jefferson

91 Constitution Standards Dividing the government into three branches: Legislative, Executive, Judicial Separation of Powers

92 Constitution Standards Principle in the Constitution that makes sure that one branch does not overpower the other two Checks & Balances

93 Constitution Standards Influential French philosopher whose ideas were checks & balances and Separation of powers Montesquieu

94 Constitution Standards Minimizing the powers of the national government by listing only things it can do. Limited Government

95 Constitution Standards Agreement at the Constitutional convention to count a portion of slaves in determining state representation in the Congress 3/5ths Compromise

96 Constitution Standards Agreement at the Constitutional convention that the National government could regulate slave trade but not for 20 years Slave Trade Compromise

97 Constitution Standards First ten Amendments to the U.S. Constitution Bill of Rights

98 Constitution Standards Bill of Rights serves as a protector of these Individual & States’ rights

99 Constitution Standards First President of the United States of America George Washington

100 Constitution Standards Precedent established by George Washington were President serves 8 years Two-Term Presidency

101 Constitution Standards Speech given By George Washington when he left the Presidency Farewell Address

102 Constitution Standards Warning given in the Farewell address not to Join sides in foreign wars. Non Intervention in Europe

103 Constitution Standards Warning by Washington not to form certain factions. Avoid Formation of Political Parties

104 Constitution Standards Signaled to many that the U.S. government was strong under the Constitution. Whiskey Rebellion

105 Constitution Standards Second President of the United States. John Adams

106 Constitution Standards French tried to bribe U.S. officials in John Adams administration and eventually caused Adams to lose the Presidency. XYZ Affair

107 Constitution Standards Laws passed by John Adams administration to silence critics of the government. Alien & Sedition Acts

108 Constitution Standards Published argument by Jefferson and Madison that states did not have to obey federal laws if unconstitutional VA & KY Resolutions

109 Module II

110 SSUSH6 U.S. History

111 Constitution Standards Established a process whereby territories could become a state Northwest Ordinance 1787

112 Constitution Standards Northwest Ordinance outlawed this in the Northwest territory Slavery

113 Constitution Standards Established for the survey and sale of land in the Northwest territory Land Ordinance 1785

114 Constitution Standards Land Ordinance set aside the sell of one lot to finance this in the Northwest Territory Public Schools

115 Creating a Nation Standards This was outlawed in the Northwest Ordinance Slavery

116 Creating a Nation Standards The sale of one surveyed section of township financed this in the Land Ordinance Public Education

117 Creating a Nation Standards This established the process a territory had to use if it wanted to become a state Northwest Ordinance

118 Creating a Nation Standards Thomas Jefferson bought this and doubled the size of the U.S. in 1803 Louisiana Purchase

119 Creating a Nation Standards Thomas Jefferson purchased Louisiana from this country France

120 Creating a Nation Standards Thomas Jefferson purchased Louisiana from this leader Napoleon

121 Creating a Nation Standards This is how much Thomas Jefferson paid for Louisiana $15 million

122 Creating a Nation Standards This almost kept Thomas Jefferson from purchasing Louisiana Strict Interpretation

123 Creating a Nation Standards These individuals were commissioned by Thomas Jefferson to discover what was in Louisiana territory. Lewis & Clarke

124 Creating a Nation Standards Louis and Clarke were hired to look for a route here? Pacific Ocean

125 Creating a Nation Standards With the Louisiana Purchase Thomas Jefferson acquired possession of this Mississippi River

126 Creating a Nation Standards What did Thomas Jefferson originally want to buy from France Port Area of New Orleans

127 Creating a Nation Standards Second War between U.S. & Great Britain when the White House was Burned War of 1812

128 Creating a Nation Standards British policy of forcing U.S. Sailors into the British Navy. A cause of War of 1812 Impressment

129 Creating a Nation Standards Great Britain forcing U.S. Commercial ships to stop in England before going to Europe to trade. A cause of War of 1812 Interruption of Trade

130 Creating a Nation Standards A cause of War of 1812 where British refused to leave a certain area of the U.S. Forts / Ohio River Valley

131 Creating a Nation Standards The U.S. and Great Britain were competing for this in the Northwest Territory Fur Trade

132 Creating a Nation Standards U.S. Idea that the continent should belong to U.S. A cause of War of 1812 War Hawks of Congress wanted Canada Manifest Destiny

133 Creating a Nation Standards U.S. citizens believed Britain was doing this while in Northwest territory. A cause of War of 1812 Arming Native Americans

134 Creating a Nation Standards A word that means someone is trying to get trouble started Inciting

135 Creating a Nation Standards Americans felt this when they won the War of 1812 National Identity / Pride

136 Creating a Nation Standards This was burned down during the War of 1812 White House

137 Creating a Nation Standards This was what officially ended the War of 1812 Treaty of Ghent

138 Creating a Nation Standards Last Battle of War of 1812 fought after Treaty of Ghent Battle of New Orleans

139 Creating a Nation Standards Became a national hero after the War of 1812 Andrew Jackson

140 Creating a Nation Standards Man made technological wonder that connected East U.S. to West U.S. Erie Canal

141 Creating a Nation Standards Erie Canal connected water transportation from Atlantic Ocean to Great Lakes

142 Creating a Nation Standards Place that becomes a center for commerce and Trade; banking and finance due to ports and location New York City

143 Creating a Nation Standards River that connects port of New York to Erie Canal Hudson River

144 Creating a Nation Standards This is improved when canals, bridges, roads, and river transportation was improved in the U.S. Infrastructure

145 Creating a Nation Standards James Monroe warned European countries not to colonize here Western Hemisphere

146 Creating a Nation Standards The name of the document the President issued in 1820 to warn European powers not to colonize in Western Hemisphere Monroe Doctrine

147 SSUSH7 U.S. History

148 Creating a Nation Standards Era in U.S. History when skilled labor was outpaced by machines Industrial Revolution

149 Creating a Nation Standards Invented the Cotton Gin & Interchangeable Parts Eli Whitney

150 Creating a Nation Standards Increased the need for slaves and benefited the South Cotton Gin

151 Creating a Nation Standards Increased the efficiency of factories, machine repair, and benefited the North Interchangeable Parts

152 Creating a Nation Standards Eli Whitney put parts of these in a box, shook the box up, took them out and reassembled them Muskets

153 Creating a Nation Standards The cotton Gin & Interchangeable parts contributed to this splitting of the country in two Sectionalism

154 Creating a Nation Standards An issue that was argued in Congress each time new territory wanted to be a state Slavery

155 Creating a Nation Standards God wanted Americans to own all land from Atlantic to Pacific Ocean Manifest Destiny

156 Creating a Nation Standards Lone Star Republic won its independence from Santa Ana Texas

157 Creating a Nation Standards 100 Americans die & 400 Mexicans; Used by Texans to rally for winning the war Battle of the Alamo

158 Creating a Nation Standards Place where Santa Ana was captured and forced to recognize Texas Independence Battle of San Jacinto

159 Creating a Nation Standards Nickname today for Texas Lone Star State

160 Creating a Nation Standards U.S. argued Mexico’s northern border was here Rio Grande River

161 Creating a Nation Standards Mexico argued its northern border was here Nueces River

162 Creating a Nation Standards war over border of U.S. Mexican- American War

163 Creating a Nation Standards California, Utah, parts of New Mexico, Colorado acquired by U.S. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

164 Creating a Nation Standards U.S. paid $15 million and settled the southern border of the U.S. Gadsden Purchase

165 Creating a Nation Standards Occupied by Great Britain, U.S., Russia and was traveled by Lewis & Clarke Oregon Territory

166 Creating a Nation Standards U.S. citizens used this to move out and settle past the Rocky Mountains Oregon Trail

167 Creating a Nation Standards Campaign slogan used by James K. Polk to force Great Britain out of Oregon 54 – 40 or fight

168 Creating a Nation Standards Women’s movement to end the consumption of Alcohol Temperance

169 Creating a Nation Standards Movement to end slavery Abolitionism

170 Creating a Nation Standards Horace Mann was a reformer in this Common School

171 Creating a Nation Standards The right to vote Suffrage

172 Creating a Nation Standards Female leader that fought for women’s suffrage Elizabeth Cady Stanton

173 Creating a Nation Standards Organized by Elizabeth Cady Stanton in New York Seneca Falls Convention

174 Creating a Nation Standards Worded much like the declaration of Independence but included women Declaration of Sentiments

175 Creating a Nation Standards Time when white males got the chance to vote and participate in politics Jacksonian Democracy

176 Creating a Nation Standards Removed during Andrew Jackson’s administration as a requirement to vote Land

177 Creating a Nation Standards All white males could vote even if they did not own land Universal Suffrage

178 Creating a Nation Standards Route taken by Cherokee during forced removal by President Andrew Jackson Trail of Tears

179 Creating a Nation Standards President Jackson’s rewarding supporters and friends with government jobs Spoils System

180 Creating a Nation Standards Type of people that benefitted under Jacksonian Democracy Common Man

181 Creating a Nation Standards Americans experience this during Andrew Jackson’s Administration Nationalism

182 SSUSH 8 U.S. History

183 Divided Nation Slave rebellion in Southampton, VA in 1831 that angered southerners Nat Turner Rebellion

184 Divided Nation White abolitionist publisher of The Liberator William Lloyd Garrison

185 Divided Nation Former slave turned abolititionist and publisher of the North Star Frederick Douglas

186 Divided Nation Parents owned slaves but spoke out against slavery as abolitionist Grimke Sisters

187 Divided Nation Split the country in two and disallowed slavery North of a certain line of latitude Missouri Compromise

188 Divided Nation Line of Latitude that split the U.S. half free and half slave 36-30

189 Divided Nation South Carolina refused to abide by a tariff in 1828 and President Jackson threatens military force to enforce it. Nullification Crisis

190 Divided Nation The idea that a state has more power that the national government State’s Rights Ideology

191 Divided Nation Leader from South Carolina that refused to abide by Tariff of 1832; former Vice President John C. Calhoun

192 Divided Nation Pamphlet written by John C. Calhoun arguing S.C. had the right to declare Tariff Null & Void South Carolina Exposition & Protest

193 Divided Nation Document written by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison that influences John C. Calhoun VA & KY Resolutions

194 Divided Nation Bill passed by U.S. Congress giving President Andrew Jackson authority to use military force in the Nullification Crisis Force Bill

195 Divided Nation The division of the United States into two separate regions Sectionalism

196 Divided Nation The idea that God wanted Americans to own all land from Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. Manifest Destiny

197 Divided Nation Central argument in Congress that arose when territories applied for statehood Expansion of Slavery

198 Divided Nation States entered either as slave or free would throw this off Balance of Power - Congress

199 Divided Nation War between the U.S. and Mexico over the border Mexican American War

200 Divided Nation Proposal in Congress to disallow slavery in the lands acquired in Mexican Cession Wilmot Proviso

201 Divided Nation New Mexico established, Popular sovereignty New Mexico, California free state, fugitive slave law, slave trade abolished in D.C. Compromise of 1850

202 Divided Nation States get to determine for themselves through elections if they will be slave or free Popular Sovereignty

203 SSUSH 9 U.S. History

204 Divided Nation Repealed Missouri Compromise of 1820 and granted popular sovereignty to states to determine slave issue Kansas- Nebraska Act

205 Divided Nation States get to determine for themselves through elections if they will be slave or free Popular Sovereignty

206 Divided Nation An example of how popular sovereignty failed to settle issue of expansion of slavery Bleeding Kansas

207 Divided Nation Supreme Court case that determined that no African American – even if free- could not be considered a citizen. Further, the court determined that popular sovereignty and the Missouri Compromise of 1820 were unconstitutional. Dred Scott Case

208 Divided Nation An attempt to capture the federal arsenal at Harper’s Ferry, VA to arm slaves for rebellion John Brown’s Raid

209 Divided Nation The act of a state to separate from the United States Secession

210 Divided Nation Incident that caused South Carolina to secede from the Unites States in 1861 Election of Abraham Lincoln

211 Divided Nation Lincoln’s primary goal in the Civil War Save (Preserve) the Union

212 Divided Nation “With malice toward none, with charity for all.” Lincoln expressed need to rebuild and not punish south. 2 nd Inaugural Address

213 Divided Nation “A new birth of freedom.” Speech dedicating a cemetery on the sight of a battlefield. Gettysburg Address

214 Divided Nation Presidential emergency powers to deny possible spies right to go before a court Suspension of Habeas Corpus

215 Divided Nation General of Army of the Potomac; accepted surrender of Gen. Robert E. Lee Ulysses S. Grant

216 Divided Nation Confederate General; won Battle of Bull Run; Died in battle shot by his own men accidentally. “Stonewall” Jackson

217 Divided Nation General of the Army of Northern Virginia; Surrendered to General U.S. Grant Robert E. Lee

218 Divided Nation Destroyed Atlanta and went on March to the Sea to Savannah destroying South William T. Sherman

219 Divided Nation President of the Confederate States of America (CSA). President for the South. Jefferson Davis

220 Divided Nation Place where the Civil War began Fort Sumter

221 Divided Nation Bloodiest single day battle in the Civil War. Lee’s failure to win it encouraged Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation Antietam

222 Divided Nation Freed all slaves in the South to hurt the southern war effort; political strategy Emancipation Proclamation

223 Divided Nation United States split in two and the North gets control of the Mississippi River Vicksburg

224 Divided Nation Turning point of the Civil War. Last time the South would try to attack in the North. South would not recover from loses. Gettysburg

225 Divided Nation “A new birth of freedom.” Speech dedicating a cemetery on the sight of a battlefield. Gettysburg Address

226 Divided Nation Vitally important center of Confederate manufacturing and railway traffic attacked by Northern Army Battle for Atlanta

227 Divided Nation After Atlanta burned to the ground, route taken to Atlantic destroying rail, roads, bridges, crops, livestock March to the Sea

228 SSUSH 10 U.S. History

229 Divided Nation The rebuilding of the U.S. after the Civil War Reconstruction

230 Divided Nation Plans to reconstruct by Lincoln and Johnson to readmit southern states as fast as possible Presidential Reconstruction

231 Divided Nation Plans to reconstruct by Congress that required southern states to ratify 13 th, 14 th, 15 th amendments and reapply to re-enter Radical Republican Reconstruction

232 Divided Nation Considered “Black Harvard”; established in Atlanta, GA to train African Americans in Ministry & Education Morehouse College

233 Divided Nation Helped African Americans with food, clothing, jobs, medicine, medical care Freedman’s Bureau

234 Divided Nation Ended Slavery in the United States 13 th Amendment

235 Divided Nation Defined Citizenship, Due Process of states, equal protection clause 14 th Amendment

236 Divided Nation Granted suffrage to African Americans 15 th Amendment

237 Divided Nation Name used to explain 13 th, 14 th, 15 Amendments purpose Reconstruction Amendments

238 Divided Nation Laws passed to control freed Africans; deprived them of voting; forced freed men into forced labor Black Codes

239 Divided Nation Secret society formed to terrorize freed Africans; Murder, arson, threats to keep them from voting Ku Klux Klan

240 Divided Nation Congress can remove the President from office for “High crimes & Misdemeanors” Impeachment

241 Divided Nation President Impeached by Congress during Reconstruction Andrew Johnson

242 Divided Nation Law Johnson was accused of violating while president Tenure of Office Act

243 Divided Nation Number of votes in the senate that found Johnson not guilty Acquit by one vote

244 Divided Nation Union troops were withdrawn from the south in this agreement to select Rutherford B. Hayes President Compromise of 1877

245 Module III

246 SSUSH 11 U.S. History

247 Expansion and Reform Was influenced by the railroads and new technological advances Big Business

248 Expansion and Reform Railroads contribute to this happening in the U.S. after 1870 on a large scale Westward Expansion

249 Expansion and Reform This caused interruption in the lives of Native Americans Railroads

250 Expansion and Reform New technology that made steel stronger and cheaper Bessemer Process

251 Expansion and Reform A way to create a monopoly by buying out all your competitors Horizontal Integration

252 Expansion and Reform A way to create a monopoly by buying not only competitors but buying out natural resources, production, and distribution Vertical Consolidation

253 Expansion and Reform A business arrangement where there is one owner that sets prices, wages and controls the industry Monopoly

254 Expansion and Reform Main goal in the creation of Monopolies Eliminate Competition

255 Expansion and Reform A conglomeration of monopolies joined together to eliminate Competition Trust

256 Expansion and Reform Used Vertical Integration to form a monopoly over steel Carnegie

257 Expansion and Reform Railroad, completed in 1869, that run from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean Transcontinental Railroad

258 Expansion and Reform Main labor source on the western leg of the Transcontinental Railroad Chinese Labor

259 Expansion and Reform Used Horizontal and Vertical integration to form a monopoly on Oil John D. Rockefeller

260 Expansion and Reform The name of John D. Rockefeller’s business Standard Oil Company

261 Expansion and Reform Inventor that created the Light Bulb Thomas Edison

262 Expansion and Reform Edison invention that allowed people to work at night and see in the dark Electric Light Bulb

263 Expansion and Reform Invention of Edison’s that allowed people to enjoy themselves at the Movies Motion Pictures

264 Expansion and Reform Edison invention that allowed people to listen to records and recorded sound Phonograph

265 SSUSH 12 U.S. History

266 Expansion and Reform Immigration station located in New York Harbor; entrance point for immigrants entering on the East coast of U.S. Ellis Island

267 Expansion and Reform New Immigration after the Civil War; Immigrants did not speak English and were Jewish or Catholics and come from Southern & Eastern Europe

268 Expansion and Reform Concept used to explain the overpopulation of cities due to increased Immigration Urbanization

269 Expansion and Reform First organized and National labor union in the United States American Federation of Labor (AFL)

270 Expansion and Reform Leader of the American Federation of Labor (AFL) Samuel Gompers

271 Expansion and Reform Strategy used by Unions to stop work by workers refusing to work until demands are met Strike

272 Expansion and Reform This grew quickly because of the Railroad Western Population

273 Expansion and Reform Sioux leader that fought U.S. soldiers; led his people in exile in Canada, and finally agreed to settle on a reservation; later shot to death by government agents Sitting Bull

274 Expansion and Reform Massacre of Sioux in South Dakota where 300 women, children, and men killed by U.S. Soldiers Wounded Knee

275 Expansion and Reform Congressional law that attempted to assimilate native Americans into American Culture Dawes Act

276 Expansion and Reform Conflict that occurred when an owner of a cart company cut workers wages but did not lower their rent 1894 Pullman Strike

277 SSUSH 13 U.S. History

278 Expansion and Reform Political reform movement where people supported increased government regulation of business & industry Progressive Era

279 Expansion and Reform Novel that revealed the unsanitary conditions in the Chicago meat packing industry The Jungle

280 Expansion and Reform Journalist and author of The Jungle Upton Sinclair

281 Expansion and Reform Law made by Congress to force meat packers to make sure their food was safe to consume; Influenced by The Jungle Meat Inspection Act

282 Expansion and Reform Female progressive that opened a settlement house in Chicago to help the inner city poor Jane Addams

283 Expansion and Reform Settlement house that provided immigrants learn home economics, basic medical care, English, legal rights; established by Jane Addams Hull House

284 Expansion and Reform Concept that explains segregation laws that required separate public and private facilities for African Americans Jim Crow

285 Expansion and Reform Court case in 1896 that ruled that segregation in public and private facilities is acceptable Plessy v. Ferguson

286 Expansion and Reform Legal standard established by Plessy v. Ferguson Separate but Equal

287 Expansion and Reform Group formed to promote full social and economic equality for African Americans NAACP

288 Expansion and Reform NAACP stands for National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

289 Expansion and Reform First African American to graduate from Harvard University and founder of the NAACP WEB Dubois

290 Expansion and Reform Journalist that exposed the corrupt business practices of Standard Oil Company Ida Tarbell

291 Expansion and Reform Title of Ida Tarbell’s novel criticizing the unfair practices used by John D. Rockefeller History of Standard Oil

292 Expansion and Reform Reform journalists that investigated and exposed political corruption, child labor, slum conditions, social issues Muckrakers

293 Expansion and Reform A form of direct control of government by state citizens by forcing a public vote on an issue on the ballot bypassing state legislatures Initiative

294 Expansion and Reform A process where state legislators place a proposal for a law on the ballot to allow citizens to vote the law into effect Referendum

295 Expansion and Reform The power of state citizens to remove public officials from office before their term expires Recall

296 Expansion and Reform Initiative, referendum, recall increase ordinary citizens direct control of government which is also known as Direct Democracy

297 Expansion and Reform The 17 th Amendment of the United States Constitution requires this Direct Election of Senators

298 Expansion and Reform The direct election of senators meant that who would elect the 2 senators from each state Voters (Citizens of the State)

299 Expansion and Reform The 17 th Amendment increased ordinary citizens direct control of government which is also known as Direct Democracy

300 Expansion and Reform Before the 17 th Amendment, this is who selected U.S. Senators State Legislatures

301 Expansion and Reform Progressive era movement that reserved millions of acres of wilderness lands, particularly in western states Conservation Movement

302 Expansion and Reform This President’s efforts led to the establishment of a national park system that included Yosemite & Yellowstone Theodore Roosevelt

303 SSUSH 14 U.S. History

304 Expansion and Reform American feelings caused by Chinese immigrants accepting low wages for jobs whites had held causes wages to go down Anti-Asian sentiment

305 Expansion and Reform Law passed in 1882 by Congress banning all future Chinese Immigration Chinese Exclusion Act

306 Module IV

307 SSUSH 14 U.S. History

308 Becoming a World Power War 1899 that resulted from the U.S. helping Cuba against Spain Spanish- American War

309 Becoming a World Power U.S. Ship that exploded in Cuba and blamed on Spain U.S.S. Maine

310 Becoming a World Power War in which the U.S. quickly defeated the Spanish Navy, made the islands an American territory War in the Philippines

311 Becoming a World Power Americans were eager to spread democracy and open markets into Latin America Expansionism

312 Becoming a World Power Concept used to explain U.S. expansion into Latin America to get raw materials and open economic markets Imperialism

313 Becoming a World Power The U.S. and President Theodore Roosevelt helped Panama separate from this country? Columbia

314 Becoming a World Power REASON - The U.S. and President Theodore Roosevelt helped Panama separate from Columbia Access to Panama Canal

315 Becoming a World Power Leader of the Rough Riders up San Juan Hill in the war in Cuba against the Spanish Theodore Roosevelt

316 Becoming a World Power Extension of the Monroe Doctrine that said the U.S. would get involved in the affairs of Latin American Countries to end intervention of European Countries. Roosevelt Corollary

317 Becoming a World Power A manmade construction that made a faster sea route from the Atlantic to Pacific Oceans Panama Canal

318 Becoming a World Power Theodore Roosevelt’s foreign policy to implement the Roosevelt Corollary Big Stick Diplomacy

319 Becoming a World Power Big Stick refers to what new weapon owned by the United States Great White Fleet (Steel NAVY)

320 SSUSH 15 U.S. History

321 Becoming a World Power War fought from in Europe WWI

322 Becoming a World Power Year the U.S. Entered WWI 1917

323 Becoming a World Power U.S. Policy of staying out of world wars to entering the war as an allied power? Neutrality to Engagement

324 Becoming a World Power British cruise liner blown up by Germany without warning killing 128 Americans? Lusitania

325 Becoming a World Power Telegram sent from Germany to Mexico to form an alliance against the U.S. during WWI? Zimmerman Note

326 Becoming a World Power German policy of attacking neutral vessels at sea without warning? Unrestricted Submarine Warfare

327 Becoming a World Power This concept refers to issues in the U.S. homeland during WWI? Domestic Impact of WWI

328 Becoming a World Power Movement of African Americans during WWI to the Northern part of U.S. to fill Jobs? Great Migration

329 Becoming a World Power Law passed during WWI that made it illegal to speak out against the government or interfere with the military during WWI Espionage Act

330 Becoming a World Power Socialist put in Jail for 10 years during WWI for violating the Espionage Act? Eugene Debs

331 Becoming a World Power President of the U.S. during WWI? Woodrow Wilson

332 Becoming a World Power President Wilson’s plan to end all world Wars and create a worldwide peace? Fourteen Points

333 Becoming a World Power International Peacekeeping Organization formed in the 14 points? League of Nations

334 Becoming a World Power Main Reason U.S. Senators did not approve the Treaty of Versailles? Isolationism

335 Becoming a World Power Made it illegal to make, sell, or consumer Alcohol? Eighteenth Amendment

336 Becoming a World Power Era in U.S. History when drinking Alcohol was illegal? Prohibition

337 Becoming a World Power Extended Suffrage to women? Nineteenth Amendment

338 Becoming a World Power What does suffrage mean? Right to Vote

339 SSUSH 16 U.S. History

340 Becoming a World Power Economic system that disallowed private property; USSR in 1917 become this? Communism

341 Becoming a World Power Economic system where business are owned and controlled by the government? Socialism

342 Becoming a World Power Fear of the spread of communism and Socialism spreading during WWI? Red Scare

343 Becoming a World Power Used Mass Production make automobiles? Henry Ford

344 Becoming a World Power Mass Production achieved this way by Henry Ford? Assembly Line

345 Becoming a World Power Mass Production had this affect on the Automobile? Cheap & Affordable

346 Becoming a World Power Major form of communication in peoples homes in the 1920s? Radio

347 Becoming a World Power American culture was influenced by clothing, hairstyles, etc. seen in these? Movies

348 Becoming a World Power Artistic and Music movement that celebrated African American culture? Harlem Renaissance

349 Becoming a World Power Famous Jazz Trumpet player during the Harlem Renaissance? Louis Armstrong

350 Becoming a World Power Music based on old slave rhythms and music from new Orleans and the South? JAZZ

351 Becoming a World Power Most prominent poet and writer during the Harlem Renaissance? Langston Hughes

352 Becoming a World Power A row of music production and recording houses in Harlem; also a concept that refers to a group of composers? Tin Pan Alley

353 Becoming a World Power Most famous composer and song writer in Tin Pan Alley? Irving Berlin

354 SSUSH 17 U.S. History

355 National Crisis A severe economic recession in the 1930s that affected all the world’ industrialized nations? Great Depression

356 National Crisis Businesses made more products than they could sell? Overproduction

357 National Crisis Resulted from the increase in prices of goods and the low wages of workers? Underconsumption

358 National Crisis October 1929 the U.S. was beginning to show signs of slowing down; stockholders panicked and sold their stock causing this? Stock Market Crash 1929

359 National Crisis Risky investments in stock to make a profit? Usually buying stock on credit or installment plans. Speculation

360 National Crisis The practice of making a down payment on stock and then making installment plans? Buying on Margin

361 National Crisis A labor condition brought about by the Great Depression? Widespread Unemployment

362 National Crisis A serious drought that caused many farmers to lose their farms? Dustbowl

363 National Crisis Farmers also caused the Dustbowl by doing this to the land causing soil erosion? Over-farming

364 National Crisis Many farmers did this when they lost their homes in the Dust Bowl? Migration West/ California

365 National Crisis Makeshift huts and living areas made by the homeless and unemployed? Hoovervilles

366 National Crisis Hoovervilles were named after this individual blamed for the Great Depression? President Herbert Hoover

367 National Crisis “There is nothing to fear, but fear itself” President FDR, March 1933 Referring to? Great Depression

368 National Crisis “There is nothing to fear, but fear itself” President FDR, March 1933 Referring to? Great Depression

369 SSUSH 18 U.S. History

370 National Crisis President of the United States during the Great Depression and WWII? Franklin Delano Roosevelt

371 National Crisis Series of Programs established by FDR to end the Great Depression? New Deal

372 National Crisis This was created to make jobs for the unemployed in the South? Tennessee Valley Authority

373 National Crisis The TVA also provided this for the Rivers in Tennessee? Flood Control

374 National Crisis The TVA used dams to create this for rural people in the seven southern states? Electricity

375 National Crisis Reform during FDR’s New Deal that established collective bargaining rights for workers and prohibited unfair labor practices. Wagner Act

376 National Crisis What were employers prohibited from doing after passage of the Wagner Act? Interfere in workers right to Unionize

377 National Crisis The Wagner Act is also known as? National Labor Relations Act (NLRA)

378 National Crisis Because laborers were protected under the NLRA this happened in the U.S.? Industrial Unionism

379 National Crisis This provided old age insurance for retirees 65 or older, unemployment, aid for the disabled and families with dependent children? Social Security Act

380 National Crisis Prominent first lady that became a symbol of women’s activism and social progress? Eleanor Roosevelt

381 National Crisis Louisiana Senator that became FDRs biggest critic, proposed a home, food, and clothes for every American? Huey Long

382 National Crisis Judiciary Reorganization bill of 1937 when FDR attempted to change the size of the U.S. Supreme Court? Court Packing Bill

383 National Crisis How many Justices did FDR want to place on the Supreme Court in 1937? Six

384 National Crisis Why did FDR want to change the size of the Supreme Court? The Supreme Court was declaring his New Deal programs unconstitutional

385 National Crisis Series of laws passed by Congress during WWII to keep FDR from selling weapons to warring countries? Neutrality Act

386 SSUSH 19 U.S. History

387 National Crisis Threatened a march on Washington, D.C. to protest discrimination in hiring practices in defense industries in WWII? A. Phillip Randolph

388 National Crisis In response to Randolph’s threats FDR issued this? Executive Order

389 National Crisis FDR’s Executive Order called on employers in defense industries to stop this? Discrimination in hiring practices

390 National Crisis World War II was waged in these years?

391 National Crisis What was the major cause of WWII? Expansionistic policies of Germany, Japan, Italy

392 National Crisis The act of Great Britain, France, and allies allowing Hitler to expand into the Rhineland & Sudetenland without resistance ? Appeasement

393 National Crisis The U.S. showed it’s disapproval of Japan expanding into Manchuria by doing this? Embargo on scrap iron, gas, and oil products

394 National Crisis “Yesterday, December 7, 1941, a date which will live in infamy,…” FDR Refers to? Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor

395 National Crisis When did the U.S. enter World War II? 1941

396 National Crisis “December 7, 1941 is a day which will live in infamy” Surprise Attack by Japan Pearl Harbor

397 National Crisis Japan responded to the U.S. embargo on scrap iron, gas, and oil products when it? Attacked Pearl Harbor naval base

398 National Crisis Geographic location of Pearl Harbor? Pacific Ocean / Hawaii

399 National Crisis These two groups were also placed in Internment Camps during WWII by the U.S. German- Americans & Italian Americans

400 National Crisis Program created by FDR to get around the Neutrality Acts and loan Great Britain and France Weapons? Lend-Lease Program

401 National Crisis Analogy used by FDR to get Americans to support Lend-Lease Act? Fire Hose

402 National Crisis Turning point of WWII in the Pacific. U.S. surprise attack on Japanese Navy destroying it? Battle of Midway

403 National Crisis After the battle of Midway, the U.S. went on the offensive doing this? Island Hopping

404 National Crisis Largest air and sea invasion in Normandy that pushed Germany out of France? D-Day

405 National Crisis Secret name for the invasion of Normandy that resulted in D-day? Operation Overlord

406 National Crisis Allied Commander in charge of Operation Overlord? Eisenhower

407 National Crisis May 8, 1945 when Russia invaded Berlin Germany and ended the war in Europe? VE-Day

408 National Crisis Allied Commander over the Pacific theater of war that accepted the Surrender of Japan? Gen. Douglas McArthur

409 National Crisis A term that refers getting soldiers, equipping them, and moving them into war? Mobilization

410 National Crisis This expanded the draft during WWII to make more men enter the armed forces? Selective Service Act

411 National Crisis Mandatory government system created to conserve scarce goods for Soldiers overseas during WWII? Rationing

412 National Crisis Under rationing, every family was given a book of coupons for red meat, sugar, coffee, and gas called? C-Books

413 National Crisis Term that refers to Singer Sewing machine and other industries changing form domestic production to making guns & ammunition? War-time conversion

414 National Crisis This government agency was created during WWII complete war-time conversion? War Productions Board

415 National Crisis The U.S. government raised money in these three ways to pay for WWII? Selling war bonds, raising income taxes, borrowing money

416 National Crisis Since men were at war this group of people worked in factories? Women in War Industries

417 National Crisis This propaganda poster figure represented women in the war industries? Rosie the Riveter

418 National Crisis This was a group of women that filled noncombat positions in the Military otherwise filled by men? Women’s Auxiliary Army Corps (WAACS)

419 National Crisis Secret Project code that referred to the plan to develop the Atomic Bomb? Manhattan Project

420 National Crisis Location in the U.S. where the first Atomic Bomb was tested? Los Alamos, New Mexico

421 National Crisis Where in the World was the first two Atomic bombs dropped during WWII? Hiroshima & Nagasaki, Japan

422 National Crisis This individual ordered the A- Bombs dropped on Japan? President Harry Truman

423 National Crisis Reason Truman believed that the U.S. Invasion of Japan would cause? Massive Casualties

424 National Crisis Reason Truman gave for giving the order? Save American Lives

425 National Crisis Germany, Italy, and Japan? Axis Powers

426 National Crisis U.S., France, Great Britain, Russia? Allies

427 National Crisis Arena of War fought in Europe and ended with D- Day and the fall of Berlin? European Theater

428 National Crisis Arena of war fought in Pacific Ocean and ended with Midway and bombing of Hiroshima & Nagasaki? Pacific Theater

429 National Crisis This was Germany’s systematic killing of Jewish people during WWII? Holocaust

430 National Crisis This was what the Allies conducted to punish German Officers for crimes against humanity? Nuremburg Trials

431 SSUSH 20 U.S. History

432 America as a World Power Era after WWII when the U.S. and capitalist nations competed with communist Russia over control of Europe? Cold War

433 America as a World Power Financial program created to give money to western European nations and other nations in rebuilding and opposing communism after WWII? Marshall Plan

434 America as a World Power Proclamation given by President Harry Truman that the U.S. would help any country resisting communist control? Truman Doctrine

435 America as a World Power U.S. foreign policy to stop the spread of communism throughout the world? Containment Policy

436 America as a World Power U.S., Great Britain, France and other Atlantic based nations formed this after WWII? North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

437 America as a World Power In response to NATO, Russia and other communist nations formed this after WWII? Warsaw Pact

438 America as a World Power Economic system where there is no private property or market system? Communism

439 America as a World Power The idea that if one country fell to communism those beside it would soon fall too? Domino Theory

440 America as a World Power Asian country that fell to communism after a civil war between nationalist and communist? China

441 America as a World Power Communist leader of China? Mao Zedong

442 America as a World Power In 1950, The U.S. went to war against the Northern Communist half of this country? Korean War

443 America as a World Power This person come to power, as a result of fear brought about by the fall of China and Korea to communism? Senator Joseph McCarthy

444 America as a World Power Paranoia that the U.S. government had been infiltrated by Communist spies? McCarthyism

445 America as a World Power The fear created by McCarthyism is referred to as? Red Scare 1950s

446 America as a World Power Event when the leader of the Communist took over a country not to far from Florida? Cuban Revolution

447 America as a World Power Communist leader of Cuba during the 1957 Revolution? Fidel Castro

448 America as a World Power Failed attempt by the CIA of the U.S. to train Cuban rebels to invade Cuba, assassinate Fidel Castro, and take over? Bay of Pigs

449 America as a World Power 13 day standoff when the U.S. and Russian come close to having a nuclear war? Cuban Missile Crisis

450 America as a World Power Two leaders involved in the Cuban Missile Crisis? John F. Kennedy & Nikita Khrushchev

451 America as a World Power The Cuban Missile Crisis ended when the U.S. promised to not invade Cuba and pull U.S. nuclear missiles out of? Turkey

452 America as a World Power President of the U.S. responsible for Bay of Pigs invasion? John F. Kennedy

453 America as a World Power U.S. War that happened in Asia from because communist Ho Chi Mihn was trying to take over? Vietnam War

454 America as a World Power Made many Americans question if U.S. should be involved in Vietnam war because of Television coverage of violence? Tet Offense

455 America as a World Power This happened in 1968 as a result of the Tet Offensive? Opposition to the War

456 America as a World Power This was responsible for the Anti-vietnam war movement in 1968? Television coverage of Tet Offensive

457 America as a World Power Geographic separation of North and South Korea? 38 th Parallel

458 America as a World Power Geographic separation of North and South Vietnam? 17 th Parallel

459 America as a World Power The Cuban Missile Crisis was so scary because Russian missiles were located close to? Florida

460 SSUSH 21 U.S. History

461 America as a World Power The first unmanned satellite put into outer space? Sputnik I

462 America as a World Power Country that launched Sputnik I? Soviet Union

463 America as a World Power Eisenhower responded to Sputnik I by establishing? NASA

464 Module V

465 SSCG 21

466 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Huge growth of population after WWII from mid 1940s – 1960s? Baby Boom

467 Post World War II: Domestic Changes First master-planned community in America located on New York’s Long Island? Levittown

468 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Congressional authorized Construction of a national network of highways to connect every major city in America? Interstate Highway Act

469 Post World War II: Domestic Changes This was a major reason that Eisenhower pushed for the Interstate Highway Act? National Defense

470 Post World War II: Domestic Changes The Interstate Highway Act also improve this type of transportation? Travel from Suburbs to City

471 Post World War II: Domestic Changes For the first time in U.S. History the 1960 Presidential election was influenced by this? Television

472 Post World War II: Domestic Changes This caused many in the U.S. to become sympathetic to the Civil Rights movement? News Coverage

473 Post World War II: Domestic Changes This changed communication in the United States from home to home? Personal Computer / Internet

474 Post World War II: Domestic Changes This improved communication throughout the United States? Cellular Phone

475 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Cell phone & Personal computer caused this in the United States? Communications Revolution

476 Post World War II: Domestic Changes This permitted more tolerable working conditions in skyscrapers and other buildings used to conduct business? Air Conditioning

477 SSCG 22

478 Post World War II: Domestic Changes U.S. President responsible for integrating the U.S. Military and the Federal Government? President Harry Truman

479 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Organizing government jobs and military positions regardless of race? Integration

480 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Harry Truman’s action integrating the federal government? Executive Order 9980

481 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Harry Truman’s action integrating the U.S. Military? Executive Order 9981

482 Post World War II: Domestic Changes First African American to integrate professional baseball? Jackie Robinson

483 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Team Jackie Robinson played for when integrated professional sports? Brooklyn Dodgers

484 Post World War II: Domestic Changes U.S. Supreme Court that integrates Schools throughout the United States? Brown v. Board of Education (1954)

485 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Browned reversed the decision in this case? Plessy v. Ferguson (1894)

486 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Plessy established this legal principle? “Separate but Equal” doctrine

487 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Arkansas Governor that resisted the Brown decision? Orval Faubus

488 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus used this to keep black kids from going to school with whites? National Guard

489 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Orval Faubus used the National Guard to block black students entrance to this school? Little Rock’s Central High School

490 Post World War II: Domestic Changes President that reacted to Governor Faubus’ resistance to Brown? President Eisenhower

491 Post World War II: Domestic Changes President Eisenhower responded this way to Little Rock incident in Arkansas? Forced Integration with U.S. Military

492 Post World War II: Domestic Changes The Civil Rights leader from Atlanta Georgia? Martin Luther King, Jr.

493 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Letter written by Martin Luther King, Jr.? Letter from Birmingham Jail

494 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Martin Luther King, Jr. addressed this group of people in his Letter from Birmingham Jail? White Ministers

495 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Martin Luther King, Jr. defended this in his Letter from Birmingham Jail? Civil Disobedience / Protest & Demonstrations

496 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Made by MLK, Jr. in Washington, D.C. at the Lincoln Memorial asking for peace and racial harmony? “I have a dream” speech

497 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Law that prohibited discrimination based on race, religion, national origin, and gender; Ended Jim Crow? Civil Rights Act of 1964

498 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Outlawed literacy tests and created programs to register minority voters in the South; Justice Department to oversee voting is fair? Voting Rights Act of 1965

499 SSCG 23

500 Post World War II: Domestic Changes During the 1950’s and 1960s, one of the most liberal Supreme Courts; Issued Brown (1954), Miranda (1963)? Warren Court

501 Post World War II: Domestic Changes U.S. Supreme Court case that said police must inform suspects of their constitutional rights at the time of arrest? Miranda v. Arizona

502 Post World War II: Domestic Changes The Warren Court expanded this during the 1950s and the 1960s liberal movement? Individual Rights

503 Post World War II: Domestic Changes This tragedy happened in 1963 in Dallas Texas, but helped push Civil Rights legislation through Congress in 1964? Assassination of John F. Kennedy

504 Post World War II: Domestic Changes This Vice President become President of the United States after JFK’s assassination? Lyndon B. Johnson

505 Post World War II: Domestic Changes President Johnson had this due to the assassination of JFK and used it to push his domestic package through Congress? Political Capital

506 Post World War II: Domestic Changes This is the name of President Johnson’s Domestic plan? Great Society Program

507 Post World War II: Domestic Changes The Great Society Program declared this throughout the U.S.? War on Poverty

508 Post World War II: Domestic Changes This was part of the Great Society Program and offered medical help to elderly people? Medicare

509 Post World War II: Domestic Changes This year was full of social and political turmoil in the United States? 1968

510 Post World War II: Domestic Changes In 1968, this televised event in Vietnam caused many to oppose the war with public protests? Tet Offensive

511 Post World War II: Domestic Changes The event resulted in many African Americans rioting in cities across the U.S.? Martin Luther King, Jr. Assassination

512 Post World War II: Domestic Changes This was passed by Congress one week after MLK, Jr’s death and prevented discrimination in housing? Civil Rights Act of 1968

513 Post World War II: Domestic Changes This individual was killed while running for President and supported Civil Rights and withdrawal from Vietnam in 1968? Robert F. Kennedy

514 Post World War II: Domestic Changes This televised riot in 1968 showed police in riot gear beating anti-war rioters and spraying them with tear gas? Democratic National Convention

515 Post World War II: Domestic Changes This made people wander if the American form of government could tolerate dissent? Democratic National Convention

516 SSCG 24

517 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Founded by MLK, Jr. to carry out nonviolent marches, protests, demonstrations against racial discrimination; remains nonviolent? SCLC

518 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Founded by African American college students, used sit-ins, Freedom rides, originally nonviolent but turned militant in the “black power” movement? SNCC

519 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Rides on buses in southern states to see if laws against segregation would be enforced on buses? Freedom Rides

520 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Whites and blacks would sit together at lunch counters across south to oppose segregation in public cafes? Sit-Ins

521 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Modern feminist organization created to promote equal rights and opportunities for Women? NOW

522 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Book written that stated that it was a myth that women wanted to be a domesticated house wife and not enter professional careers? Feminine Mystique

523 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Author of Feminine Mystique and a leader of the National Organization for Women (NOW)? Betty Friedan

524 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Mexican American civil rights leader for Hispanic immigrant farm laborers? Cesar Chavez

525 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Chavez founded this movement to used nonviolent protest to promote the rights of Hispanic workers? United Farm Workers (UFW)

526 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Cesar Chavez used this non- violent strategy to get grape growers to negotiate a contract with the UFW? Boycott

527 Post World War II: Domestic Changes This is the product that Cesar Chavez and UFW boycotted? California Table Grapes

528 Post World War II: Domestic Changes This individual became the leader of the Modern Environmental Movement? Rachel Carson

529 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Rachel Carson was the author of this book? Silent Spring

530 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Silent Spring led the environment movement by opposing use of this in farming? Chemicals/Pesticides

531 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Silent Spring led the environment movement by opposing use of this particular insecticide? DDT

532 Post World War II: Domestic Changes April 22 intended to inspire awareness and appreciation for the earth’s environment? Earth Day

533 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Federal Agency with the purpose of enforcing laws aimed at maintaining a safe and clean environment? Environmental Protection Agency

534 Post World War II: Domestic Changes Movement to turn back (Backlash) liberal agendas by cutting social welfare, taxes, decrease the size of government? Conservative Movement

535 Post World War II: Domestic Changes This candidate won the Republican nomination for President in 1964 signaling the rise of the Conservative Movement? Barry Goldwater

536 Post World War II: Domestic Changes This conservative won the President Election of 1968? Richard Nixon

537 SSCG 25

538 Post World War II: Domestic Changes 1973 Supreme Court case that said women had a 4 th Amendment Privacy right to Abortion within the first trimester of Pregnancy? Roe v. Wade

539 Post World War II: Domestic Changes 1978 Supreme Court case that said race could be used when considering applications to college? Bakke v. University of California

540 Post World War II: Domestic Changes The Supreme Court, in the Bakke case, said that this was unconstitutional and could not be used in considering college applications? Quota System

541 Post World War II: Domestic Changes This concept refers to preferential hiring practices of African Americans and other Minorities? Affirmative Action

542 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush First U.S. President to resign from office? Richard Nixon

543 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush Nixon was successful in doing this? Opening China

544 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush Nixon opened China by using this foreign policy? Detente

545 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush Nixon was forming good relations with China in order to use China as? Leverage in negotiating with Soviet Union

546 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush Nixon tried to cover-up his advisors being involved in the Break-in of the Democratic National headquarters? Watergate Scandal

547 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush Watergate had this affect on the opinion of the U.S. people about government? Distrust of Government

548 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush This person became President of the United States when Richard M. Nixon resigned? Gerald Ford

549 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush This was Ford’s first official act as President of the United States? Pardoned Nixon

550 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush President Ford also did this while in office? Granted Amnesty to Draft Dodgers

551 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush This President tried to bring peace to the Middle East? Jimmy Carter

552 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush This was a meeting set up by Carter with Egyptian President and Israeli Prime Minister in 1978 to sign a peace treaty? Camp David Accords

553 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush The Egyptian President that met at the Camp David Accords? Anwar Sadat

554 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush The Israeli Prime Minister that met at the Camp David Accords? Menachem Begin

555 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush The Shah of Iran (Friend of U.S.) was ousted by Muslim religious leader Ayatollah Khomeini? Iranian Revolution 1979

556 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush President Carter allowed this person into the U.S. to receive medical treatment which caused an outrage in Iran? Shah of Iran

557 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush Iranian revolutionaries invaded U.S. embassy in Iran and took 52 American Captives to retaliate to the Shah in the U.S.? Iranian Hostage Crisis

558 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush Conservative President in the 1980s that wanted to decrease the size and role of the federal government? Ronald Reagan

559 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush Economic theory to cut social welfare programs, give tax cuts to business, and increase Defense spending ? Reaganomics

560 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush In Reaganomics, this term refers to workers benefiting from the increase in business profits? Trickle Down Economics

561 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush This group of people was hurt by Reaganomics Budget Cuts? Lower income Americans

562 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush Reagan’s biggest failure in international policy; Used profits from gun sales to Iran to fund a rebellion in Nicaragua? Iran-Contra Scandal

563 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush This individual accepted most of the blame for the Iran Contra Affair during Reagan’ administration? Oliver North

564 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush This was President Reagan’s biggest International success? Collapse of the Soviet Union / End of the Cold War

565 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush President Reagan became friends with Soviet Prime Minister Mikhail Gorbachev and Reagan gets credit for this? Fall of Berlin Wall

566 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush Reagan’s Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) to implement satellites in Space to be an anti- missile system defense was called ? Star Wars

567 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush Second President of the United States to be Impeached? Bill Clinton

568 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush President Clinton and the leaders of Canada and Mexico signed this to remove trade barriers between their countries? NAFTA

569 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush NAFTA stands for this? North American Free Trade Agreement

570 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush NAFTA provided this to Canada, Mexico, and the U.S.? Free Trade (tariff free) trade zone

571 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush Opponents (people who disagreed) with NAFTA believed it would do this? Send Jobs to Mexico / Harm the Environment

572 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush This is what President Bill Clinton was impeached for? Perjury

573 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush Perjury means? Lying under Oath

574 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush President Bill Clinton was impeached for this because he asked Monica to lie? Obstruction of Justice

575 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush The importance of this was emphasized in the 2000 Presidential Election? Electoral College

576 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush Twin towers of the World Trade Center in New York, & the Pentagon were attacked by Terrorists on this day? September 11, 2001

577 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush The terroristic attack in 2001 is known as? 9/11

578 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush This Person was President of the United States during 9/11? George W. Bush

579 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush U.S. Congress declared war on this after 9/11? War on Terror

580 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush This terrorist group was responsible for 9/11 attacks? Al Qaeda

581 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush Leader of the terrorist group was responsible for 9/11 attacks? Osama Bin Laden

582 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush U.S. invaded this nation to eliminate Al Qaeda Training Camps? Afghanistan

583 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush This was the name of the invasion of Afghanistan? Operation Enduring Freedom

584 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush U.S. invaded this nation to prevent Saddam Hussein from providing Al-Qaeda terrorists with Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)? Iraq

585 Changing Political Ideologies: Carter-Bush This was the name of the invasion of Iraq? Operation Iraqi Freedom


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