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Year 6 Revision booklet One sheet per topic

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1 Year 6 Revision booklet One sheet per topic
Mind map, note or questionnaire type form Some links to the internet For a general revision site go to: Year 6 Revision booklet

2 A Food Chain shows what eats what. Grass  RabbitFox
Plants make oxygen and use carbon dioxide Animals make carbon dioxide and use oxygen Plants and animals are interdependent Polar bear adaptations Streamlined body for strong swimming Interdependence & Adaptation Thick White Fur for camouflage and warmth Sharp Claws for digging burrows and catching fish Adapting to the environment increases an organisms chance of survival Plants need : Oxygen, heat and water to germinate, to grow they also need light (to make their food) and nutrients for strong growth A Food Web is many connected food chains A Food Chain shows what eats what. (The arrow shows into whose mouth the food goes.) Grass  RabbitFox Year 6 Revision booklet

3 All Micro-organisms do MRSGREN
6B All Micro-organisms do MRSGREN (Movement, Respiration, Sensitivity, Growth, Reproduction, Excretion, Nutrition) Yeast is a micro-organism. For yeast to perform its life processes, it needs water, warmth and food (sugar). We make dough rise by the carbon dioxide produced by when yeast respires. Microbes are tiny! 10 or 20 would fit onto the very tip of a needle! Micro-Organisms Microbes or Germs (bacteria & viruses) Good microbes: Make beer, wine, cheese & yoghurt Bad microbes Cause flu, tooth decay, chickenpox and food poisoning Word List: Bacteria- Tiny living organism Virus- Tiny organism which causes smallpox (which was cured by a Edward Jenner using a vaccination) Germ- General term for bacteria or Virus Year 6 Revision booklet

4 More About Dissolving 6C SPEED AMOUNT
Stir, grains of sugar into hot tea for a quick sweet drink! Factors which affect how solids dissolve INCREASE SPEED AMOUNT Reduce grain size Stir Increase Temp’ Y N Dissolving is a Physical (Reversible) Change It creates a mixture. You can separate mixtures using: Coloured dyes- Chromatography (each colour separated) Insoluble solids/ liquid – Filtration (gets the solid) Soluble solids/ liquid – Evaporation (gets the solid) Soluble solids/ liquid – Distillation (gets the liquid) Many liquids mixed – Fractional distillation (eg Crude oil) Making a salt (solute) & water (solvent) mixture by dissolving table salt (sodium chloride) in water. The result is a clear colourless SOLUTION. A copper sulphate (solute) & water (solvent) mixture is a clear blue SOLUTION. Sand is insoluble in water and can be removed from water by filtration. To separate salt & sand mixture: Add water to mixture – salt dissolves Filter –removes insoluble sand Evaporate – removes water White salt is left behind! To see how changes of state occur, go to: Year 6 Revision booklet

5 Reversible & Irreversible Changes
6D Reversible & Irreversible Changes Chemical (Irreversible) Changes Burning or Combustion Cooking Neutralising (vinegar & bicarbonate) A process making new substances with new properties ( e.g. Solid + Liquid makes a gas, or 2 liquids mix and change colour!) Physical (Reversible) Changes Evaporation: Liquid  Gas Condensation: Gas  Liquid Melting: Solid  Liquid Freezing: Liquid  Solid Subliming: Solid  Gas Subliming: Gas Solid Dissolving solid into a liquid Word List REVERSIBLE: Able to be changed back to the way it was before IRREVERSIBLE: Cannot be changed back to the way it w as before. BURNING: To set something on fire (combustion). This is also oxidation as oxygen from the air is necessary for burning. DISSOLVING: When a solid substance ‘disappears’ in a liquid SEPARATION: A method used to sort materials which have somehow become mixed up. The Fire Triangle Fuel Heat Oxygen Fire is an irreversible change Year 6 Revision booklet

6 Forces are measured in Newtons
Forces in Action 6E Upthrust Friction Thrust Air resistance Nessie Thrust = Friction = Constant speed Thrust > Friction = Speeding up Thrust < Friction = Slowing Down Weight Heavy ocean liners float because the upthrust from the weight of water displaced equals the weight of the liner! Forces are measured in Newtons Weight Graph showing how Nessie’s speed changes when she falls out of a plane reaches a constant speed (220m/s) and then her parachute opens so she slows down to 30m/s! Forces can only: 1 Change a thing’s direction 2 Change a thing’s shape 3 Slow a thing down 4 Speed a thing up Speed (m/s) Time (secs) Year 6 Revision booklet

7 How We See Things 6F Light is reflected off objects into our eye
The sun is the major LIGHT SOURCE . Other light sources are light bulbs and fire. Light travels in straight lines with an arrow for direction Light reflects best of shiny smooth objects like a mirror. In a mirror left appears right and vice versa. This is LATERAL INVERSION Transparent Periscopes enable you to see above or below and uses two mirrors at 45° A B C C B A Mirror Translucent Mirrors at 45° Opaque Shadows change as the object is moved nearer to or farther from the screen. Near the screen – dark, sharp shadows Near the candle – light fuzzy shadow Year 6 Revision booklet

8 Electricity: Changing Circuits
Series Circuit Parallel Circuit One break in the circuit and the whole circuit stops working. More batteries mean brighter bulbs. Batteries last longer. One break may not stop the whole circuit from working. All the bulbs are the same better brightness. Batteries run out more quickly. You can turn the bulbs off separately. + A Series Circuit ‘A’ is smaller A + Know your symbols Cells , Bulb, Ammeter Voltmeter, Switch (open), (closed) Resistor, Variable Resistor, Fuse Diode A Parallel Circuit ‘A’ is bigger A Electricity is a flow of charge To see how you can affect the brightness of bulbs in a circuit go to: Year 6 Revision booklet

9 Enquiry into Environmental Issues
6G Enquiry into Environmental Issues How do I frame a question? What is a fair test? Why do I repeat an experiment several times? What measurements should I make? How should I record my results (table or graph) What type of graph (bar chart or line graph)? A Bar Chart A Line Graph Discontinuous variable Continuous variable Year 6 Revision booklet

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