Presentation on theme: "Case 1. To Build a Production Power Boat. A Production Power Boat The boat itself is Length 8 M, Beam 2.5 M, DISP 3200 KG, HP 225 Yamaha Outboard. What."— Presentation transcript:
A Production Power Boat The boat itself is Length 8 M, Beam 2.5 M, DISP 3200 KG, HP 225 Yamaha Outboard. What is production? To mass produce, or to build enough boats that it becomes an advantage economically The number of boats built to become economically viable depends on the method and the tooling outlay What are the construction options and what tooling do they require FRP. Aluminium, Plywood Composite
FRP Production This is the most common method of building a number of boats economically The tooling required are a set of moulds which are usually female and can be made up of Hull, Deck and Cabin Top, interior structure, and interior liner To make the mould a plug is required The plug is finished to a high standard and the mould is laminated on the surface of the plug to form a female mould A very similar process to the lamination of the finished parts in the female moulds The tooling (moulds) for this construction technique are expensive to build, there is a high initial outlay
Aluminium Production The building of Aluminium production boats is more recent than FRP and is very successful particularly in the size range under 12 metres The success of Aluminium as a boatbuilding material is due to several factors, its strength to weight and the fact that it does not require painting Tooling is less expensive than FRP, boats are built from pre cut panel shapes either using C&C router or by hand made patterns In this way entire boat kits can be pre cut, fitting together by welding
Plywood Composite This method of building boats dates back to the 1950’s The combination of Resin, Plywood, glass fibre and foam has become the material combination used for one of, or limited production building We could really call this construction composite and although plywood is a substantially heavier core than foam it is less expensive and stronger than foam The tooling for building boats in this method is probably the least cost although a job lot of patterns should be stored for every boat built Because the other two production construction methods are more efficient for reasons we will investigate, plywood composite is more suited to one or several boats
Comparisons of Methods The outlay in the cost of tooling to build an FRP production boat means that design alterations can not be considered The success of a production build relies on many factors such as careful market analysis, Quality building techniques, marketing of product, and location of the operation. Aluminium boatbuilding is noisy, welders are employed along with boatbuilders to piece together the components Aluminium boats are most suited to a developed hull (conical development) Both FRP and Composite construction allow any hull shape to be built All modern factories must provide safe working environment for staff, and the ability to control temperature and humidity to ensure modern products are applied successfully.
Methods of Construction FRP A typical FRP construction will take place in a temperature, humidity controlled environment Once the moulds are prepared the laminate process will either be by hand lamination or by chopper gun The Gel coat is sprayed onto the surface of the mould and let to tack off before the laminating commences The process is quick in Boatbuilding terms Finished product is generally quite heavy compared to aluminium or Composite The product comes out of the mould with one finished gelcoat surface
Methods of Construction Aluminium construction for a production boat is reliant on C&C cut components assembled and tack welded to form the hull, decks, and cabin
Aluminium Construction Aluminium is a material which is suitable for different methods to be used to form up the boat The material itself forms a protective surface when exposed to UV rays, this means that there is no necessity to paint other than for appearance Aluminium is Isotropic
Plywood Composite This is a very good and proven method of constructing boats, however it is not as well suited to production building. The surface of the plywood needs to be protected with epoxy resin to avoid dry rot, the epoxy must be protected with a 2 pot paint system to avoid UV damage This means that there is a large amount of cost in protecting the substrate of a plywood or wooden boat On a more positive note wood is light, strong, and the finished article can be superior in finish and performance Boats of any design or shape can be built of plywood, timber, foam and glass cloth. The modern wooden boat is a composite construction not to be compared with carvel construction
Advantages and Disadvantages Positive Any shape of boat can be built in wooden composite style and new boats can be altered to suit owner requirements and performance improvements There is little tooling cost in plywood composite construction Plywood composite does not have the condensation problems of other materials FRP boats are produced quickly with markedly less labour cost and are rot free. FRP boats retain their value because there are many of each design FRP vessels have market acceptance
Advantages and Disadvantages Aluminium boats are rot free Aluminium boats can be constructed as a production boat without the high cost tooling Aluminium boats do not need surface coatings except underwater Negative Plywood Composite boats are slow to build, therefore expensive by comparison Aluminium boats tend to look commercial when unpainted, they are prone to Galvanic corrosion problems FRP moulded boats are not able to be altered to keep up with modern design ideas, because of the limited life of gel coat there surface finish can break down in a relatively short time END
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