Presentation on theme: "Liner Predictive Pitch Synchronization Voiced speech detection, analysis and synthesis Jim Bryan Florida Institute of Technology ECE5525 Final Project."— Presentation transcript:
Liner Predictive Pitch Synchronization Voiced speech detection, analysis and synthesis Jim Bryan Florida Institute of Technology ECE5525 Final Project December 7, 2010
Pitch synchronous windowing is a critical part of many speech processing algorithms Homomorphic filtering, for example, is based on the principle that the pitch frequency may be “liftered” from the vocal tract response via simple subtraction Linear prediction based signal reconstruction simpler with Pitch synchronous windowing covariance method need pitch synchronous glottal closed portion of the speech.
Window selection for overlap and add reconstruction Bartlett, simple triangle Hann raised cosine types Hamming raised cosine types
Window over lap and add Frame Rate verses Frame length considerations
Linear Prediction wide search pitch period estimation Single 12 th order all pole model Voiced speech is contained within the sample window Use inverse filtering to get glottal pulses Take autocorrelation of the residual to determine pitch period
Pitch synchronous Processing Segment speech waveform so that the frame length is 3 pitch periods. Make sure the window length is even. Set the Hamming window length to frame length and the frame rate to ½ the frame length Generate a 12 pole LP model for each frame. Inverse filter each frame and save the AR model coefficients and residual in a matrix, where each row is a residual. Take the autocorrelation of the residual of the frame. Find the autocorrelation peak. Determine the pitch period for each frame based on the autocorrelation of the residual of the frame. If the frame does not have a valid pitch period, determine if the frame is fricative or plosive. If the variance of the autocorrelation is low, the frame is fricative. Otherwise the frame is plosive. Save the pitch period for each frame in a vector along with the peak of the autocorrelation as well as the fricative or plosive status. Reconstruct the frame by filtering the residual with the AR coefficients, or synthesize the waveform by estimating the glottal pulse train, adding impulsive fricative noise or a single impulse for plosive frames. Over lap and add segments to reconstruct the signal. Compare to the original speech using SSE
Conclusions Many speech processing applications use a combination of windowing and overlap and add for signal resonstruction Pitch synchronous windowing necessary for accurate results in speech processing. Homomorphic deconvolution requires it. A single set of coefficients for a single voiced sound appears to be a reasonable approach Pitch period estimation, is extracted from the residual of the inverse filtered voiced sound through the autocorrelation function Pitch synchronous windowing a good foundation for all type of signal processing applications