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WWI I.Intro II.WWI (1914/17-18) A.Battlefront 1.Origins-Wilson 2.US & War B.Homefront A.Big Government B.Society & Economy III.Conc. Key Terms Lusitania.

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Presentation on theme: "WWI I.Intro II.WWI (1914/17-18) A.Battlefront 1.Origins-Wilson 2.US & War B.Homefront A.Big Government B.Society & Economy III.Conc. Key Terms Lusitania."— Presentation transcript:

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2 WWI I.Intro II.WWI (1914/17-18) A.Battlefront 1.Origins-Wilson 2.US & War B.Homefront A.Big Government B.Society & Economy III.Conc. Key Terms Lusitania Zimmerman Telegram Selective Service Act William McAdo Anti-German Hysteria

3 WWI Alliances & Major Powers (1914/17-18) Allies Great Britain France Russia Serbia Central Powers Germany Italy Austria-Hungary Turkey

4 Spark Assassinated in Sarajevo by Serbians; June, 1914 Francis Ferdinand & wife; heir to throne in Austria-Hungary

5 WWI Alliances & Major Powers (1914/17-18) Allies Great Britain France Russia Serbia Central Powers Germany Italy Austria-Hungary Turkey

6 US President Goal: Wanted US to remain neutral Woodrow Wilson ( )

7 What Events Led US To Fight? 1.German Submarine warfare 2.Zimmerman Telegram

8 Road To War: Lusitania Americans were warned not to go on ship. Lusitania (British passenger liner)

9 Road To War: Lusitania New York newspapers carried warnings like this from the German embassy. Image Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

10 Road To War: Lusitania Americans were warned not to go on ship. Lusitania (British passenger liner) Torpedoed in ,200 died (128 Americans). Germany pledged to stop sub-warfare.

11 Zimmerman Telegram (1917) 1.Mexico should attack US. 2.Germany would help Mexico defeat US. 3.Mexico would recapture land previously lost to US. Message from German Foreign Minister to Mexican Government:

12 Germany’s Gamble In 1917 (If they acted quickly, they could end the war) Zimmerman Telegram Germany resumed sub-warfare US declared war (1917): The gamble failed!

13 WWI Alliances & Major Powers (1914/17-18) Allies Great Britain France Russia Serbia Central Powers Germany Italy Austria-Hungary Turkey United States

14 Selective Service Act (Draft) (1917) 1.All males became eligible. 2.Lottery system was developed. 3.1 in 5 draftees were born outside US. Sheet Music For A New Song

15 How To Pay For WWI Secretary of Treasury Income tax rates were raised They borrowed William McAdo

16 Liberty Bonds Posters Encouraged People to Buy War Bonds Actor Douglas Fairbanks at a War Bond Rally

17 Economy Economic Boom! Manufacturing increased 33% Real wages increased 20% Mining Industry “Boomed;” Poster Printed In Several Languages Image Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

18 Farmers Prospered Corn$.70/bushel$1.52/bushel Cotton$.12/lb.$.29/lb.

19 Race Relations “Great Migration” About 500,000 blacks moved North for jobs

20 Race Relations Race Riots East St. Louis, Illinois Groups of whites burned the homes of black residents At least 39 blacks died African-American Family Just Arrived in Chicago Image Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

21 Women Roles Women’s Roles 11,000 served in Navy overseas 1 million worked in industry This Advertisement Encouraged Women to Enter the Workforce Image Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

22 Patriotism & Volunteerism Food Administration Slogans were common: –“Meatless Mondays” & “Wheatless Wednesdays” –“Serve beans, by all means” Image Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. Food Administration Poster

23 Anti-German Hysteria (Patriotism Turned Ugly) 1.Americans began to fear all things German (food). 2.Personal attacks… 3.In Michigan: a)City of Berlin changed to Marne b)German language was abandoned in public schools 4.Prohibition of alcohol

24 WWI I.Intro II.WWI (1914/17-18) A.Battlefront 1.Origins-Wilson 2.US & War B.Homefront A.Big Government B.Society & Economy III.Conc. Key Terms Lusitania Zimmerman Telegram Selective Service Act William McAdo Anti-German Hysteria


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