M.A.I.N M ilitarism= the development of armed forces & their use as a tool of diplomacy A lliance System= countries form alliances with one another to help provide international security I mperialism= building of empires by extending their economic & political control over various peoples around the world N ationalism= the devotion to the interests & culture of one’s nation
1. The Alliance System Triple Entente: Triple Alliance:
2. Militarism & Arms Race 187018801890190019101914 94130154268289398 Total Defense Expenditures for the Great Powers [Ger., A-H, It., Fr., Br., Rus.] in millions of £s. 1910-1914 Increase in Defense Expenditures France10% Britain13% Russia39% Germany73%
The Schlieffen Plan -Germany invades Belgium Aug. 3, 1914 -Invade Belgium, then onto Paris, France, then Russia
Mobilization It's a long way to Tipperary, It's a long way to go; It's a long way to go; It's a long way to Tipperary, It's a long way to Tipperary, To the sweetest girl I know! To the sweetest girl I know! Goodbye, Piccadilly, Goodbye, Piccadilly, Farewell, Leicester Square, Farewell, Leicester Square, It's a long, long way to Tipperary, It's a long, long way to Tipperary, But my heart's right there! But my heart's right there! It's a long way to Tipperary, It's a long way to go; It's a long way to Tipperary, To the sweetest girl I know! Goodbye, Piccadilly, Farewell, Leicester Square, It's a long, long way to Tipperary, But my heart's right there! Home by Christmas! No major war in 50 years! Nationalism! HHHHome by Christmas! NNNNo major war in 50 years! NNNNationalism!
Americans are Divided Socialists - criticize war as capitalist & imperialist Pacifists - belief that war was evil & America needs to set an example of peace to rest of world Home Country Ties - many sympathized with the country in which they had emigrated from Economic Ties - most tied to Allied Powers, less to Germany Outcome: Remain NEUTRAL
War Hits Home -British blockade German coast -German U-Boats counter-blockade Outcome : American ships & civilians caught in middle May 1915 British liner Lusitania sunk (128 Americans die) August 1915 British liner Arabic sunk (2 American die) March 1916 French liner Sussex sunk (5 Americans die )
War is inevitable……. -Woodrow Wilson is re-elected in 1916 -January 1917 calls for “a peace without vicotory…..a peace between equals” -Germany ignores Wilson’s call for peace -January 31…. Kaiser Wilhelm declares Germany will resume “Unrestricted Submarine Warfare” in British waters
The Zimmerman Telegram -German foreign minister sends telegram to German ambassador in Mexico -Suggested Mexico declare war with U.S. and Germany would support them in alliance
The Yanks Are Coming! April 1917 The Yanks Are Coming! April 1917
The Airplane “Squadron Over the Brenta” Max Edler von Poosch, 1917
The Flying Aces of World War I Eddie Rickenbacher, US Francesco Barraco, It. Rene Pauk Fonck, Fr. Manfred von Richtoffen, Ger. [The “Red Baron”] Willy Coppens de Holthust, Belg. Eddie “Mick” Mannoch, Br.