Presentation on theme: "HAZARDOUS WASTE TRAINING NJ Solid Waste Management Act &"— Presentation transcript:
1 HAZARDOUS WASTE TRAINING NJ Solid Waste Management Act & Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
2 The Regulations 1976 Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) 1984 Hazardous and Solid Waste AmendmentsFederal Standards 40CFR Parts 260 to 2991999 NJ Solid Waste Management ActState Standard NJAC 7:26G
3 Major Goals of RCRAReduce wastes and provide for conservation of resources.Protect human health and the environment from potential harm caused by improper waste disposal and from dangers posed by leaking underground storage tanks.Management of Hazardous Waste from “Cradle-to-Grave”
4 “Solid Waste” Anything no longer needed or wanted Regulatory term for garbage, trash or refuseCan be liquids, contained gases or solidsHazardous Wastes are a specific category of Solid Waste
5 Hazardous Waste Generators Obtain EPA generator ID numberDetermine if waste is hazardousAdhere to land disposal restrictionsManifest waste shipmentsDesignate a transporter and a Treatment, Storage and Disposal Facility (TSDF) that each possess an EPA ID numberPrepare and implement a contingency planPerform record keeping and reporting requirementsPay all applicable fees
6 Training Requirements As documented in NJAC7:26-9.4(g) and 40CFR263.34(d)(5)(iii)Hazardous waste generators must ensure that all employees are thoroughly familiar with proper waste handling and emergency procedures, relevant to their responsibilities during normal facility operations and emergencies.Initial training with annual review
7 A Hazardous WasteAny solid, liquid, semi-solid or contained gaseous material that is capable of posing a substantial present or potential hazard to human health, living organisms or the environment when improperly treated, stored, transported, disposed of or otherwise managed.Failure to make a waste determination is a serious and common breach of the RCRA regulations
8 How to Determine if a Waste is Hazardous 1 Specifically Listed MaterialsF-List: non-specific sources (click on 40 CFR § atK-List: specific sources (click on 40 CFR § atP-List: acute hazardous waste (click on 40 CFR § at (http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/osw/hazwaste.htmU-List: toxic waste (click on 40 CFR § and scroll past the P list to the U list atC-List: hazardous constituents (click on 40 CFR Part 261 Subpart C atX-List: State list from non-specific sources
9 How to Determine if a Waste is Hazardous 2 Has been found to be fatal to humans in low doses.In the absence of human toxicity data it has been shown in studies to:Oral LD50 (rat): less than 50mg/kgInhalation LC50 (rat): less than 2 mg/LDermal LD50 (rabbit): less than 200 mg/kgCapable of causing or significantly contributing to an increase in serious irreversible or incapacitating reversible, illness.
10 How to Determine if a Waste is Hazardous 3 Exhibit a Hazardous Characteristic (see Training Documentation for more information and definitions)IgnitableCorrosiveReactiveToxic (D-List)If you need help send an to D. Smith or J. Mazzocca
11 Hazardous Waste Generator Categories Generator StatusMonthly Production (non-acutely hazardous waste)Total Volume Accumulation LimitOn Site Accumulation TimeLQG: Large Quantity Generator1000 kg/month or more (see note)no limit90 days or lessSQG: Small Quantity Generator>100 kg/month but <1000 kg/monthless than 6000 kg180 days or less; 270 days if transported over 200 milesCESQG: Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generatorno more than 100 kg/monthless than 1000 kgNo time restriction if quantity restrictions are metNote: 1 kg of acute hazardous waste, 100 kg residue or clean up of acute waste puts site into LQG status.
13 Actual Hazardous Waste Generated DateManifestWeight(lbs)(kg)P-Waste(kg and oz)1/16/2003NJA13936327/10/2003NJA6983170.45kg(16oz)12/18/2003NJA2877/15/2004NJA7393351/13/2005NJA11355150.1kg(3.4oz)7/14/2005NJA9364251/12/2006NJA12765797/13/2006NJA2120962
14 New Waste Inventory Log DATEWASTE NAMEQUANTITYTYPE/SIZECONTAINERPHYSICALDESCRIPTIONLOCATION
15 Satellite Accumulation Area Area must be at or near point of generation and under the control of the operatorMay have many SAA’s on CampusLess than 55 gallon hazardous waste or 1 quart acutely hazardous waste (P-list)Moved to storage area within 3 days of filling
16 Satellite Accumulation Area Incompatible waste must be segregatedContainers must be compatible with waste, in good condition, kept closed, managed to prevent rupture or leak, have secondary containmentClearly marked as “Hazardous Waste”Label with Contents & ConcentrationClearly marked start date and date filledVisible for inspection
17 On-Site Storage Less than: 180 days, 6,000 kg Segregate incompatible wasteStore according to hazard classificationMinimize risk of explosion, release into the environmentMust use secondary containmentUse “Hazardous Waste Inventory Log”Must inspect weekly; retain records for 3 years!
18 Example Hazardous Waste Label CHEMICAL NAME APPROXIMATE %_____________________ ____________COURSE: ____________________________FILL START DATE: _______FILL END DATE:_____
19 HAZARDOUS WASTE CONTAINER/STORAGE AREA INSPECTION LOG Location ITEM Date of Inspection1Are containers in good condition, not leaking and closed when not in use?2Are containers marked “Hazardous Waste,” dated with legible labels that are visible?2Are incompatible wastes segregated properly?3Are storage dates within appropriate time period?4Appropriate spill control present?5Signature of inspectorCorrective action(s) taken31Inspections must be performed weekly and the Inspection Log must be retained for a period of three years.2If all conditions are OK place a check in that section. If conditions were not OK make a note in that section and describe corrective action taken (use additional sheets as necessary).3Consult MSDS for proper storage conditions.4Stockton is currently a SQG; hazardous waste must not be stored for longer than 180 days or 6 months5Containment system must have sufficient capacity to contain 10% of the volume of containers or the volume of the largest container, whichever is greater.
20 Container Rules NJAC 7:26-8.4 Container or liner that held hazardous waste is empty if:All waste have been removed that can be removed using practices commonly employed to remove materials from that type of container (pouring, pumping and aspirating)No more than 2.5 cm (one inch) of residue remain on the bottom
21 Container Rules NJAC 7:26-8.4 Container or liner that held hazardous waste that is a compressed gas is empty when the pressure in the container approaches atmospheric.
22 Container Rules NJAC 7:26-8.4 Container or liner that held an acute hazardous waste is empty if:All waste have been removed that can be removed using practices commonly employed to remove materials from that type of container (pouring, pumping and aspirating)No more than 2.5 cm (one inch) of residue remain on the bottomThe container or liner has been triple rinsed using a solvent capable of removing the acutely hazardous waste (rinsing solvents are acutely hazardous waste!)
23 Container Rules NJAC 7:26-8.4 Container or liner that held an PCB hazardous waste is empty if:All waste have been removed that can be removed using practices commonly employed to remove materials from that type of container (pouring, pumping and aspirating)No more than 2.5 cm (one inch) of residue remain on the bottomThe container or liner has been triple rinsed in accordance with 40CFR761 with a suitable solvent containing 50 ppm PCB’s or less, the solubility of PCB’s in the solvent being five percent or more by weight
25 EPA/NJ Universal Waste Rule Categories of Universal WasteBatteriesPesticidesLampsMercury-containing equipmentPlant Management coordinates disposal and regulatory compliance of Universal Waste on Campus
26 Universal Waste Generator Categories SQHUWLQHUWQuantity limit< 5,000 kg on site §273.6> 5,000 kg on site 273.6EPA Identification No.Not required §273.12Required §273.32Accumulation limit< 5,000 kg §273.6No limitStorage time limit1 year, unless for proper recovery, treatment, or disposal §273.151 year, unless for proper recovery, treatment, or disposal §273.35ManifestNot required §273.19Not required, but must keep basic shipping records §273.39Personnel trainingBasic training §273.16Basic training geared toward employee responsibilities §273.36
27 Used Oil 40CFR279Any oil that has been refined from crude oil, or any synthetic oil, that has been used and as a result of such use is contaminated by physical or chemical impurities
28 Used Oil “Management Standards” Safe handlingLabel all containers and tanksKeep in good conditionDo not mix with hazardous wasteMaximize recyclingMinimize disposal
29 Waste Minimization Program SQG-must make a “good faith effort”Substitution of less hazardous materialsRecycleReduce scale of useControlled inventory/avoid duplicationPurchase only what you need
30 Contingency Plan - 265 Subpart D A document setting out an organized, planned, and coordinated course of action to be followed in case of a fire, explosion, or discharge of hazardous waste or hazardous waste constituents which could threaten human health or the environment.Not required for SQGCollege has “Emergency Operations Plan”
31 Preparedness and Prevention Facilities must be maintained and operated to minimize the possibility of fire, explosion, or any unplanned sudden or non-sudden release of hazardous waste or hazardous waste constituents to the air, soil, or surface water which could threaten human health or the environment
32 Required Equipment Alarm system-emergency instruction Telephone/radio to call for emergency assistancePortable fire extinguishers, fire control, spill control and decontamination equipmentWater with adequate volume and pressure to supply emergency equipmentMust be tested and maintained to assure operational for emergencies
33 Emergency Procedures Emergency Coordinator on-site or on-call Post next to telephoneName and telephone number of emergency coordinator (Campus Police dial 911)Location of fire extinguishers, spill control material and fire alarmTelephone number of fire department, unless there is a direct line. (Campus Police dial 911)Ensure employees are trained to handle hazardous waste and emergencies.Facility must properly respond to and report an emergency
34 Emergency Procedures Protection of life and health Protection of property and environmentEvacuate BuildingNotify Campus Police x911If safe, if trained, begin control measures
35 Emergency Response First Responder Awareness Level Likely to witness or discover releaseProtect yourselfCall for trained personnelSecure areaFirst Responder Operations LevelRespond for purpose of protecting people, property and the environment from the effects of the release. Respond from a safe distance and keep from spreading.
36 Hazardous Waste Emergency Operating Procedures Number 6901 Purpose: To ensure that all facility personnel are able to respond effectively to emergencies by familiarizing them with emergency procedures, emergency equipment and emergency systems.PPE, fire extinguishers, respirators, alarm systems
37 Building Evacuation - Procedure 6921 Audible bell/horn and Visual strobe lightExit through the nearest doorAssemble in parking lotEvacuees bring valuables and outside garmentsLast person exiting area should lock doorsFailure to evacuate is a violation of NJ Statute and violators are subject to penalties.Elevators should not be used during evacuationSignal to return given by Campus Police or Fire Official.
38 Laboratory Emergency Shutdown Procedure Stop ActivitiesClose Fume HoodsCap chemical containersTurn off electrical devices not on generatorsTurn off gas cylindersNot on purge of moisture sensitive instrumentation or reactive materialsTurn off Bunsen burnersVent cryogenic liquidsLock Laboratory
39 Spills and Emergencies 2004-8 Small quantity liquids less than 2.5 gallonsConfineNeutralizing Agent or Absorbent MixturesLet evaporate, if volatile turn off ignition and heat sourcesClean up and dispose of according to hazard classificationSmall quantity solidsSweep low toxicity substances into dust pan and place in solid waste container for disposal. Staff to determine hazard classification and disposal procedures.
40 Large Quantity Spills Evacuate area Call Campus Police x911 Call Director of Plant Management x4221Call Director of Academic Laboratories x4490F-Wing assemble in courtyard between D, E and F wings.A&S assemble in front courtyardLab Director will notify appropriate Regulatory Agencies
41 Hazardous Waste Disposal Every Budget Unit Manager is responsible for the safe storage and disposal of the hazardous waste generated in their unit!Watch the amounts you generate in a given month and let us know if you are approaching the SQG limits!!!!Every Budget Unit Manager is responsible for ensuring their staff are fully trained!All employees working with hazardous chemicals must be familiar with lawful disposal procedures!
42 Penalties for Violation of Rules ~460 Line Item Penalties $300-$50,000Failure to properly manage waste containers - $2,000Failure to clearly mark containers with accumulation start date or make visible for inspection - $5,000Failure to mark container with words “Hazardous Waste” - $1,000Failure of facility owner or operator to provide required classroom or on-the-job training for facility personnel. - $2,000