Presentation on theme: "HAZARDOUS WASTE TRAINING NJ Solid Waste Management Act & Resource Conservation and Recovery Act."— Presentation transcript:
HAZARDOUS WASTE TRAINING NJ Solid Waste Management Act & Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
The Regulations 1976 Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) 1984 Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments –Federal Standards 40CFR Parts 260 to NJ Solid Waste Management Act –State Standard NJAC 7:26G
Major Goals of RCRA Reduce wastes and provide for conservation of resources. Protect human health and the environment from potential harm caused by improper waste disposal and from dangers posed by leaking underground storage tanks. Management of Hazardous Waste from “Cradle-to-Grave”
“Solid Waste” Anything no longer needed or wanted Regulatory term for garbage, trash or refuse Can be liquids, contained gases or solids Hazardous Wastes are a specific category of Solid Waste
Hazardous Waste Generators –Obtain EPA generator ID number –Determine if waste is hazardous –Adhere to land disposal restrictions –Manifest waste shipments –Designate a transporter and a Treatment, Storage and Disposal Facility (TSDF) that each possess an EPA ID number –Prepare and implement a contingency plan –Perform record keeping and reporting requirements –Pay all applicable fees
Training Requirements As documented in NJAC7:26-9.4(g) and 40CFR263.34(d)(5)(iii) Hazardous waste generators must ensure that all employees are thoroughly familiar with proper waste handling and emergency procedures, relevant to their responsibilities during normal facility operations and emergencies. Initial training with annual review
A Hazardous Waste Any solid, liquid, semi-solid or contained gaseous material that is capable of posing a substantial present or potential hazard to human health, living organisms or the environment when improperly treated, stored, transported, disposed of or otherwise managed. Failure to make a waste determination is a serious and common breach of the RCRA regulations
How to Determine if a Waste is Hazardous 1 Specifically Listed Materials F-List: non-specific sources (click on 40 CFR § at CFR § K-List: specific sources (click on 40 CFR § at40 CFR § P-List: acute hazardous waste (click on 40 CFR § at (http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/osw/hazwaste.htm40 CFR § (http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/osw/hazwaste.htm U-List: toxic waste (click on 40 CFR § and scroll past the P list to the U list at CFR § C-List: hazardous constituents (click on 40 CFR Part 261 Subpart C at CFR Part 261 Subpart Chttp://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/osw/hazwaste.htm) X-List: State list from non-specific sources
How to Determine if a Waste is Hazardous 2 Has been found to be fatal to humans in low doses. In the absence of human toxicity data it has been shown in studies to: –Oral LD50 (rat): less than 50mg/kg –Inhalation LC50 (rat): less than 2 mg/L –Dermal LD50 (rabbit): less than 200 mg/kg Capable of causing or significantly contributing to an increase in serious irreversible or incapacitating reversible, illness.
How to Determine if a Waste is Hazardous 3 Exhibit a Hazardous Characteristic (see Training Documentation for more information and definitions) –Ignitable –Corrosive –Reactive –Toxic (D-List) If you need help send an to D. Smith or J. Mazzocca
Hazardous Waste Generator Categories Generator Status Monthly Production (non-acutely hazardous waste) Total Volume Accumulation Limit On Site Accumulation Time LQG: Large Quantity Generator 1000 kg/month or more (see note) no limit90 days or less SQG: Small Quantity Generator >100 kg/month but <1000 kg/month less than 6000 kg 180 days or less; 270 days if transported over 200 miles CESQG: Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generator no more than 100 kg/month less than 1000 kg No time restriction if quantity restrictions are met Note: 1 kg of acute hazardous waste, 100 kg residue or clean up of acute waste puts site into LQG status.
MonthJanuaryFebruaryMarchApril May JuneJulyTotal Pounds Pounds
Satellite Accumulation Area Area must be at or near point of generation and under the control of the operator May have many SAA’s on Campus Less than 55 gallon hazardous waste or 1 quart acutely hazardous waste (P-list) Moved to storage area within 3 days of filling
Satellite Accumulation Area Incompatible waste must be segregated Containers must be compatible with waste, in good condition, kept closed, managed to prevent rupture or leak, have secondary containment Clearly marked as “Hazardous Waste” Label with Contents & Concentration Clearly marked start date and date filled Visible for inspection
On-Site Storage Less than: 180 days, 6,000 kg Segregate incompatible waste Store according to hazard classification Minimize risk of explosion, release into the environment Must use secondary containment Use “Hazardous Waste Inventory Log” Must inspect weekly; retain records for 3 years!
HAZARDOUS WASTE CHEMICAL NAME APPROXIMATE % _____________________ ____________ COURSE: ____________________________ FILL START DATE: _______FILL END DATE:_____ Example Hazardous Waste Label
HAZARDOUS WASTE CONTAINER/STORAGE AREA INSPECTION LOGLocation ITEMDate of Inspection 1 Are containers in good condition, not leaking and closed when not in use? 2 Are containers marked “Hazardous Waste,” dated with legible labels that are visible? 2 Are incompatible wastes segregated properly? 3 Are storage dates within appropriate time period? 4 Appropriate spill control present? 5 Signature of inspector Corrective action(s) taken 3 1 Inspections must be performed weekly and the Inspection Log must be retained for a period of three years. 2 If all conditions are OK place a check in that section. If conditions were not OK make a note in that section and describe corrective action taken (use additional sheets as necessary). 3 Consult MSDS for proper storage conditions. 4 Stockton is currently a SQG; hazardous waste must not be stored for longer than 180 days or 6 months 5 Containment system must have sufficient capacity to contain 10% of the volume of containers or the volume of the largest container, whichever is greater.
Container Rules NJAC 7: Container or liner that held hazardous waste is empty if: –All waste have been removed that can be removed using practices commonly employed to remove materials from that type of container (pouring, pumping and aspirating) –No more than 2.5 cm (one inch) of residue remain on the bottom
Container or liner that held hazardous waste that is a compressed gas is empty when the pressure in the container approaches atmospheric. Container Rules NJAC 7:26-8.4
Container or liner that held an acute hazardous waste is empty if: –All waste have been removed that can be removed using practices commonly employed to remove materials from that type of container (pouring, pumping and aspirating) –No more than 2.5 cm (one inch) of residue remain on the bottom –The container or liner has been triple rinsed using a solvent capable of removing the acutely hazardous waste (rinsing solvents are acutely hazardous waste!) Container Rules NJAC 7:26-8.4
Container or liner that held an PCB hazardous waste is empty if: –All waste have been removed that can be removed using practices commonly employed to remove materials from that type of container (pouring, pumping and aspirating) –No more than 2.5 cm (one inch) of residue remain on the bottom –The container or liner has been triple rinsed in accordance with 40CFR761 with a suitable solvent containing 50 ppm PCB’s or less, the solubility of PCB’s in the solvent being five percent or more by weight Container Rules NJAC 7:26-8.4
EPA/NJ Universal Waste Rule Separate Category –low-toxicity, high volume waste Streamlined management program –Reduce regulatory burden, longer storage, reduced recordkeeping Primary Objective – encourage recycling
EPA/NJ Universal Waste Rule Categories of Universal Waste –Batteries –Pesticides –Lamps –Mercury-containing equipment Plant Management coordinates disposal and regulatory compliance of Universal Waste on Campus
Universal Waste Generator Categories SQHUWLQHUW Quantity limit< 5,000 kg on site §273.6> 5,000 kg on site EPA Identification No.Not required §273.12Required § Accumulation limit< 5,000 kg §273.6No limit Storage time limit1 year, unless for proper recovery, treatment, or disposal § year, unless for proper recovery, treatment, or disposal § ManifestNot required §273.19Not required, but must keep basic shipping records § Personnel trainingBasic training §273.16Basic training geared toward employee responsibilities §273.36
Used Oil 40CFR279 Any oil that has been refined from crude oil, or any synthetic oil, that has been used and as a result of such use is contaminated by physical or chemical impurities
Used Oil “Management Standards” Safe handling –Label all containers and tanks –Keep in good condition Do not mix with hazardous waste Maximize recycling Minimize disposal
Waste Minimization Program SQG-must make a “good faith effort” –Substitution of less hazardous materials –Recycle –Reduce scale of use –Controlled inventory/avoid duplication –Purchase only what you need
Contingency Plan Subpart D A document setting out an organized, planned, and coordinated course of action to be followed in case of a fire, explosion, or discharge of hazardous waste or hazardous waste constituents which could threaten human health or the environment. Not required for SQG College has “Emergency Operations Plan”
Preparedness and Prevention Facilities must be maintained and operated to minimize the possibility of fire, explosion, or any unplanned sudden or non-sudden release of hazardous waste or hazardous waste constituents to the air, soil, or surface water which could threaten human health or the environment
Required Equipment Alarm system-emergency instruction Telephone/radio to call for emergency assistance Portable fire extinguishers, fire control, spill control and decontamination equipment Water with adequate volume and pressure to supply emergency equipment Must be tested and maintained to assure operational for emergencies
Emergency Procedures Emergency Coordinator on-site or on-call Post next to telephone –Name and telephone number of emergency coordinator (Campus Police dial 911) –Location of fire extinguishers, spill control material and fire alarm –Telephone number of fire department, unless there is a direct line. (Campus Police dial 911) Ensure employees are trained to handle hazardous waste and emergencies. Facility must properly respond to and report an emergency
Emergency Procedures Protection of life and health Protection of property and environment Evacuate Building Notify Campus Police x911 If safe, if trained, begin control measures
Emergency Response First Responder Awareness Level –Likely to witness or discover release Protect yourself Call for trained personnel Secure area First Responder Operations Level –Respond for purpose of protecting people, property and the environment from the effects of the release. Respond from a safe distance and keep from spreading.
Hazardous Waste Emergency Operating Procedures Number 6901 Purpose: To ensure that all facility personnel are able to respond effectively to emergencies by familiarizing them with emergency procedures, emergency equipment and emergency systems. PPE, fire extinguishers, respirators, alarm systems
Building Evacuation - Procedure 6921 Audible bell/horn and Visual strobe light Exit through the nearest door Assemble in parking lot Evacuees bring valuables and outside garments Last person exiting area should lock doors Failure to evacuate is a violation of NJ Statute and violators are subject to penalties. Elevators should not be used during evacuation Signal to return given by Campus Police or Fire Official.
Laboratory Emergency Shutdown Procedure Stop Activities Close Fume Hoods Cap chemical containers Turn off electrical devices not on generators Turn off gas cylinders –Not on purge of moisture sensitive instrumentation or reactive materials Turn off Bunsen burners Vent cryogenic liquids Lock Laboratory
Spills and Emergencies Small quantity liquids less than 2.5 gallons –Confine –Neutralizing Agent or Absorbent Mixtures –Let evaporate, if volatile turn off ignition and heat sources –Clean up and dispose of according to hazard classification Small quantity solids –Sweep low toxicity substances into dust pan and place in solid waste container for disposal. Staff to determine hazard classification and disposal procedures.
Large Quantity Spills Evacuate area Call Campus Police x911 Call Director of Plant Management x4221 Call Director of Academic Laboratories x4490 F-Wing assemble in courtyard between D, E and F wings. A&S assemble in front courtyard Lab Director will notify appropriate Regulatory Agencies
Hazardous Waste Disposal Every Budget Unit Manager is responsible for the safe storage and disposal of the hazardous waste generated in their unit! –Watch the amounts you generate in a given month and let us know if you are approaching the SQG limits!!!! Every Budget Unit Manager is responsible for ensuring their staff are fully trained! –All employees working with hazardous chemicals must be familiar with lawful disposal procedures!
Penalties for Violation of Rules ~460 Line Item Penalties $300-$50,000 Failure to properly manage waste containers - $2,000 Failure to clearly mark containers with accumulation start date or make visible for inspection - $5,000 Failure to mark container with words “Hazardous Waste” - $1,000 Failure of facility owner or operator to provide required classroom or on-the-job training for facility personnel. - $2,000