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NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen 11.9.121 www.midnordictc.net Summary, NECL II WP 4.1 Report.

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Presentation on theme: "NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen 11.9.121 www.midnordictc.net Summary, NECL II WP 4.1 Report."— Presentation transcript:

1 NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen Summary, NECL II WP 4.1 Report

2 VACANT INDUSTRY SITES PRIVATE INDUSTRIAL ROAD TRUCKS OF 100 BRT-TONS MREAL bleached CTMP (chemi-thermomechanical pulp) MILL 2NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen

3 NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen NECL II WP 4.1 Study Objectives in work package 4.1 are to analyze existing cargo flows in the NECL 2 corridor, to find potential cargo flows and locate cargo-owners, exporters and importers who may be willing to transport their goods in the corridor in the future. Another target in WP 4.1 is to show passenger flows which could support new ferry connection from city of Kaskinen to Sweden. Limitations of the study Work Package 4.1 is focused on cargo traffic. Railway cargo traffic and road cargo traffic in Finland, Sweden and Norway are analyzed. Railway cargo traffic analysis between Finland and Russia is mainly focused on transit traffic analysis. Also cargo traffic at sea has been studied. In this report, passenger traffic on NECL 2 corridor has been studied only superficially by collecting and analyzing passenger statistics. Flight traffic and pipeline transports (mainly gas from Russia) has been excluded from this work. Objectives

4 4NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen Cargo volumes in liner traffic between Fin-Swe in 2010

5 NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen Import ,11 0,78 0, tons Export Cargo volumes in liner traffic between Fin-Swe in ,6 % 9,5 % 84 % 8,5 %

6 NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen

7 NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen Passenger traffic on ships between Finland and Sweden

8 NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen Questionnaires to export/import companies in Finland, Sweden and Norway

9 NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen Questionnaires to export/import companies in Finland, Sweden and Norway First questionnaires to Finnish companies were sent and second round of questionnaires was sent Questionnaire reached 546 companies of which 7 % answered First questionnaires to Swedish companies were sent , second round was sent and the third round was sent Questionnaire was sent to 286 companies, but it reached only 216 companies. This 216 is not the actual amount of recipients, because part of these surveys came back with “out of office” –notification Finally 13 companies from Sweden answered to the survey First questionnaires to Norwegian companies were sent and the second round was sent The questionnaire was sent to 360 Norwegian companies and it reached 198 companies. This 198 is not the actual amount of recipients, because there were approx. 20 out of office –messages and in more than 10 announcements where the person has quit work in the company Finally, ten companies answered the survey.

10 NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen

11 NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen

12 NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen Kaskinen–Sweden ferry line cargo estimation (tons/a), from ca to ca tons/a between Border crossing volumes via Storlien (tons/a), years and 2009 estimated Border crossing volumes mainly via Haparanda (tons/a) Ferry volumes/a across the Gulf of Bothnia between Finland-Sweden incl. Helsinki-Stockholm Total cargo flows via Storlien and Haparanda borders and ferry cargoes across the Gulf of Bothnia in and forecasted

13 NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen Conclusions It has estimated that from 2012 to 2016 the ferry line Kaskinen-Sundsvall/Härnösand can carry … tons/a This cargo movement onto Kaskinen-Sweden ferry line will need following conditions and actions: Suitable port in Sweden to attract cargoes Shipping company with well-experienced resources, significant marketing efforts and strong balance sheet to sustain even financial losses during first or second operational year, Client tailored schedule, Enough departure frequencies, Suitable vessel, Required single cabins and eating possibilities for lorry drivers and occasional passengers, Ferry to keep its schedules also in ice or stormy conditions, Enough lorry/trailer capacity also during summer tourist season Quality oriented and price competitive service.

14 NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen Conclusions Total international cargo traffic through Midnordic Green Transport Corridor via route Storlien- Haparanda/Gulf of Botnia will grow from 6,4 mill.tons in 2010 to ca. 7,55 mill.tons in From this ca 7 mill.tons/a Midnordic Green Transport Corridor together with new Kaskinen-Sweden ferry can achieve ca. 1,5….2,0 mill.tons/a by year 2016 incl. Trondheim-Sundsvall/Härnosand route if following development steps can be implemented: To implement infrastructural improvements (e.g electrification of Norwegian side railway etc), To increase throughput times and truck max loads on Norwegian roads, To establish the missing link i.e. a competitive ferry liner service between Kaskinen and a Swedish port, To develop railways infrastructure and connections between Kaskinen and Seinäjoki and further through Parikkala border to Russia. To have marketing personnel for ferry line both in Finland, Sweden and Norway, To minimize intermediate handling occasions while cargo in transit, To have enough ferry capacity (also in summer time) with suitable scheduling, To make the route price and quality competitive, To utilize renewable fuels in transport vehicles and to gain new cargoes from/to Russia to this Midnordic Green Transport Corridor.

15 STUDY ACT 4.2 Port Costs and Liner Ship Survey between Port of Kaskinen and Swedish Ports 15NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen

16 NECL II WP 4.2 Study Objectives Main focus in Work Package 4 activity 4.2 is to find and produce supporting data of port costs for the decision making of investors into a new cargo liner service. Analysis of different costs related to different ports and its infrastructure are examined in WP 4.2. Identification, description and analysis of available ferry ship alternatives have also been noticed. Limitations of the study This WP 4.2 study examines the route options for liner traffic from Port of Kaskinen, Finland to four different ports in Sweden. Geographical area in this study is located around the Gulf of Bothnia. In Finland this WP 4.2 study is focused on Port of Kaskinen and in Sweden focus area is located between Härnösand and Norrsundet. Examined ship types are Roro and RoPax vessels, because in WP 4.1 activity it was found out that most of the ferry cargo traffic between Finland and Sweden is transported by trucks with drivers or semi- trailers. The chosen ports for Roro-liner traffic must have a suitable Roro-ramp and other conditions for the liner ship operator. 16NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen

17 Cargo volumes in liner traffic between Fin-Swe in NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen

18 Cargo volumes in liner traffic 2010 Routetons Vaasa-Umeå Naantali-Kapellskär Turku-Kapellskär Turku-Stockholm Helsinki-Stockholm Cargo volumes in liner traffic 2011 Routetons Vaasa-Umeå Naantali-Kapellskär Turku-Stockholm Helsinki-Stockholm NEW 18NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen

19 Passenger traffic on ships between Fin – Swe NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen

20 Passenger traffic on ships in 2010 Routepersons Vaasa-Umeå Naantali-Kapellskär Turku-Stockholm Helsinki-Kapellskär Helsinki-Stockholm Passenger traffic on ships in 2011 Routepersons Vaasa-Umeå Naantali-Kapellskär Turku-Stockholm Helsinki-Kapellskär Helsinki-Stockholm NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen

21 TypeRoRo Built1979 Length (loa)138,7 Breadth (bm)16,5 Draft (max.summer)4,3 GT(Gross register tonnage)6 643 NT(Net register tonnage)1992 Ice class1A Lanemeters895 Number of cabins/passenger capacity19/64 M/s Gute M/s Ahtela TypeRoRo Built1991 Length (loa)139,5 m Breadth (bm)19,0 m Draft (max.summer)6,16 m GT8 610 tn NT2 710 tn Ice class1A Super Lanemeters1 425 m Number of cabins/passenger capacity6 cabins/12 persons 21NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen

22 M/s Finnarrow TypeRo-Pax Built1996 Length (loa)168,0 m Breadth (bm)27,7 m Draft (max.summer)6,00 GT tn NT7 799 tn Ice class1A Lanemeters2 400 m Number of cabins/passenger capacity94 cabins/274 persons M/s Midas TypeRoRo Built1990 Length (loa)108,35 Breadth (bm)17,00 Draft (max.summer)5,97 GT5 873 tn NT1 762 tn Ice class1A Lanemeters1 032 m Number of cabins/passenger capacity2 cabins/4 persons 22NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen

23 Compared route options for liner ship traffic 23NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen

24 24 Trondheim Belfast Reykjavik New liner connection proposals to Iceland and Northern Ireland Due to SECA (Sulphur Emission Control Area) regulations one possible route option in future could be Trondheim – Reykjavik, which is today operated mainly from Bergen. Another route option which is outside of the SECA-area is a route from Trondheim to Belfast if one can deviate enough above U.K. and thus not to cross SECA limits. The question is: Can enough cargoes be land transported to Trondheim in able to fill the Reykjavik and/or Belfast liner ship? NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen

25 Port of SundsvallPort of Kaskinen ArrivalDepartureArrivalDeparture Mon-12:0021:0023:00 Tue06:0012:0021:0023:00 Wed06:0012:0021:0023:00 Thu06:0012:0021:0023:00 Fri06:0023:00-- Sat--08:00- Sun17:00--10:00 A tentative schedule is planned so that there are 5 departures / week from Port of Kaskinen and 5 departures / week from Swedish port 2 x (5 x 52 oneway voyages / year) = total 520 all voyages / year. Schedule option 1 25NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen

26 Schedule option 2 Port of Härnösand/NorrsundetPort of Kaskinen ArrivalDepartureArrivalDeparture MonHärnösand, 09:30Härnösand, 11:0020:0021:00 TueNorrsundet, 06:30Norrsundet, 13:0022:3024:00 WedHärnosand, 09:30Härnosand, 11:0020:0021:00 ThuNorrsundet, 06:30Norrsundet, 13:0022:3024:00 FriHärnösand, 09:30Härnösand, 11:0020:0021:00 SatNorrsundet, 06:30--- Sun-Norrsundet, 13:0022:3024:00 There are 6 departures/week from Kaskinen, 3 departures/week from Härnosand and 3 departures/week from Norrsundet. There exists 2 x 312 voyages/year = total 624 voyages, which requires a fast turnaround time of one hour in Kaskinen every second day. 26NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen

27 27NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen

28 28NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen

29 Conclusions * M/s Midas is the cheapest ship regarding port and fuel costs, but Midas does not technically fit to Kaskinen-Sweden route. Her access to the lowest hold is only through an elevator, which is a very slow and complicated handling system. According to the owner of Midas it is too expensive to modify Midas at shipyard to fulfill modern RoPax regulations and to fit her to passenger capacity of over 12 passengers. * Most suitable ship is m/s Gute with her low port costs, low fuel consumption, present RoPax status and passenger capacity of 88 persons, which fulfills the need to have enough passenger capacity/voyage due to lorry drivers, who do need a single cabin. As negative thing in Gute is her age, 33 years, she acts as a reserve ferry for Gotlands Rederi Ab and also a small negative thing is that she is rolling quite a lot in heavy sea conditions. * Most price competitive ports in Sweden are Härnosand and Söråker perhaps due to their more private status compared to Sundsvall. Full 100 % private status creates better possibilities for price flexibility and is not affected by a large client as owner like in Port of Sundsvall. Currently Söråker do not have a roro-ramp nor a checking inhouse hall for customs checking of lorries, which is required by Swedish customs. There is a modern inhouse hall and a suitable ramp in Härnosand. * Shortest voyage distances from Kaskinen are to Härnosand (92 nm) and to Söråker (102 nm). This can be steamed well between 6-8 hours depending on ship and weather/ice conditions. All ships do have an Ice class between IA or 1A Super (m/s Ahtela). 29NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen

30 Conclusions * Norrsundet is located only 30 km north from Gävle, only 10 km from E4 road and has a railway. There is a plan to dredge Norrsundet’s fairway depth from 7,1 meters upto 8,0 metres and also to make the entrance fairway more breadth, upto 70 meters. If turist passengers are not massively tried to attract then Norrsundet is the most favourable port in 2013 or in 2014 when the roro-ramp, customs inhouse hall and wider fairway breadth are implemented. It can be estimated that Norrsundet is the best among selected ports to attract the highest ferry cargo volumes due to quick connections to more south located regions in Sweden. * To serve for Midnordic Green Corridor between Trondheim-Åre/Östersund-Sundsvall/Härnosand and also to get more cargoes one can implement a schedule, which will serve from Kaskinen to Sundsvall and also every second voyage to Norrsundet. Both Norrsundet and Härnosand are quite cost competitive for liner traffic due to private status, same ownership and due other reasons not specified by port owners. * Based on interviews and finding in act 4.1 biggest cargo amounts can be reach if the Swedish liner destination is as south as possible to keep the schedule from Kaskinen, since most of lorry cargoes are headed to Stockholm area, Dalarna and more south towards Gothenburg regions. Ice conditions e.g. in Gävle entrance are very often quite hard compared to other ports like Norrsundet. 30NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen

31 Traffic volumes on the October Railway Border Crossing with Finland Kivijärvi – Vartius Import thousand tons % in Exports 1962 tons - 9.9% in Wärtsilä - Niirala Import 104,7 thousand tons: +12.1% in Export thousand tons: +1.6% in Svetogorsk - Imatrankoski Export thousand tons: - 0.8% in Buslovskaya - Vainikkala Import thousand tons: - 14% in Export 4128 tons: 19.7% in EXPORT for 10 months of 2012 amounted to 8.5 million tons, up 5.7% more than 10 months in IMPORT 10 months of 2012 amounted to thousand tons, which is 15.2% less than 10 months of | Развитие грузовых перевозок между Россией и Финляндией |

32 Viipuri Vysotsk Popovo Buslovskaja Kamennogorsk Losevo Sosnovo Pietari to Helsinki Ushkovo Ust-Luga Freight traffic removal Pietari - Losevo – Kamennogorsk - Viipuri - Ermilovo 57,8 blrd RUR Primorsk Ermilovo | Развитие грузовых перевозок между Россией и Финляндией | Removal of freight traffic at the organization of high-speed rail traffic St. Petersburg - Helsinki

33 SUUPOHJAN RADALLE BIODIESEL-VETURIT - KASKISTEN SATAMAAN BIODIESEL-LAITOS Raaka-aineet: Kalaperkuujätteet kalasatamasta, kasvihuonejäte(varret, lehdet ym), teurastamojätteet (Atria, Sjoki ym) Kasvisöljyn (ei ruokaketjusta) n tn laivaus Jakarta/Malesiasta tai Dakar/Senegalista Toiminnat: Laitos sataman teoll.tontille, josta putki laiturin säiliölle, josta tankkaukset(laivat, veturit, autot) Lisäksi säiliö Sjoen log.keskukseen, tankataan Sjoen rataliik. veturit ja autot, jakelu kiinteistöt Edut: Ympäristösäästöt, ei kumipyöräsiirtymää Biorail kokemus hyödyntää koko Suomen muita ei sähköistettyjä rataosuuksia. Edullisempaa biorail kun kallis sähköistys EU:n, Skandinavian ja Suomen tuki hankkeelle EHDOTUS – SUUPOHJA BIORAIL & KASKINEN BIOPORTMILL 33NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen

34 NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen – pier; 2 – operative raw storage 2*15Kt; 3 - product storage 2*15Kt; 4 – diesel fraction storage 4*1000t; 5 - chemical additives storage 4*1000t; 6 – tech. water volume; 7 – main electrical unit; 8 –main pumps unit; 9 – Hydrogen unit; 10 – tech. gases unit; 11 – main technologycal unit; 12 – shemical furnace; 13 – ”bio diesel” etherification unit with storage 8*300 tons; 14 – hard products storage with laboratory; 15 – rails heavy crane; 16 - railways cysterns loader/uploader; 17 – TEU yard;18 – 2*trucks-railwaycars loader apparel. Desulphurization plant incl. nr 13 Biodiesel plant with capasity of ca tons/a or larger

35 NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen

36 NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen

37 NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen

38 NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen

39 39NECL II ACT 4.1 & 4.2 at Kaskinen

40 40 FROM PAPERS AND SEMINARS TO REAL WORK = > CHANGE OF MIDNORDIC GREEN CORRIDOR TO BE A PROMOTING COMPANY, WHICH WILL HIRE MARKETING EXPERTS TO SEACH FOR FERRY AND RAIL CARGOES AND TRANSPORT CONTRACTS WITH DIRECT NEGOTITIONS WITH EXPORT/IMPORT INDUSTRY AND WITH TRANSPORT COMPANIES IN SCANDINAVIA AND IN RUSSIA/CHINA ETC.


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