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Caskets Cap Openings. 4 Basic Styles 1) perfection full-couch 1) perfection full-couch 2) perfection half-couch 2) perfection half-couch 3) single hinged.

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Presentation on theme: "Caskets Cap Openings. 4 Basic Styles 1) perfection full-couch 1) perfection full-couch 2) perfection half-couch 2) perfection half-couch 3) single hinged."— Presentation transcript:

1 Caskets Cap Openings

2 4 Basic Styles 1) perfection full-couch 1) perfection full-couch 2) perfection half-couch 2) perfection half-couch 3) single hinged panel 3) single hinged panel 4) slip panel (slip top, priest casket) 4) slip panel (slip top, priest casket)

3 Shell Designs 4 basic styles: 4 basic styles: 1) elliptic 2) octagon 3) round corner: “curved corner formed by the addition of a rounded corner piece that has been stamped or milled during the manufacturing process. The corner is welded in position.” 4) Square/miter corner: “sides and ends are joined at a 90 degree angle”

4 Body Panels 1) flaring square 1) flaring square 2) vertical side 2) vertical side 3) urnside 3) urnside

5 Cap Closure Gasket: Gasket: Locking Mechanisms on Gasketed Caskets: Locking Mechanisms on Gasketed Caskets: 1) Sliding Lock Bar 1) Sliding Lock Bar 2) Lever Lock 2) Lever Lock 3) Threaded Fastener 3) Threaded Fastener

6 Closing Mechanisms on Non-gasketed Caskets 1) Latch Closure 1) Latch Closure 2) Threaded Fastener 2) Threaded Fastener 3) Chemical Compounds: butyl tape or epoxies 3) Chemical Compounds: butyl tape or epoxies 4) Hermetically Sealed 4) Hermetically Sealed

7 Casket Sizes Metal: 23/24 X 78 inches (6 ½ feet) Metal: 23/24 X 78 inches (6 ½ feet) Interior height inches Interior height inches Wood: 22 X 75 inches Wood: 22 X 75 inches Interior height inches Interior height inches Oversize Caskets: Oversize Caskets: “X” = +2 inches width and +3 inches in length “X” = +2 inches width and +3 inches in length “XX” = +4 inches width and +6 inches in length “XX” = +4 inches width and +6 inches in length Standard burial vault = 30 X 86 inches

8 Infant and Children’s Caskets Range = 12 inches to 5 feet 6 inches Range = 12 inches to 5 feet 6 inches Increase in 6 inch increments. Increase in 6 inch increments. Widths are proportional to length. Widths are proportional to length. Vacuum-formed or injection-molded polymer plastics are common. Vacuum-formed or injection-molded polymer plastics are common. Many are combination units. Many are combination units.

9 Vaults “an outer enclosure which offers protection from the earth load as well as possessing sealing qualities” “an outer enclosure which offers protection from the earth load as well as possessing sealing qualities” Outer Burial Container Outer Burial Container “any container which is designed for placement in the grave around the casket, but not limited to containers, commonly known as burial vaults, grave boxes and grave liners” “any container which is designed for placement in the grave around the casket, but not limited to containers, commonly known as burial vaults, grave boxes and grave liners”

10 Purpose of Vault 1) support the weight of the earth over the grave (earth load/static load) 1) support the weight of the earth over the grave (earth load/static load) 2) limit the intrusion of outside elements 2) limit the intrusion of outside elements differential load: short duration differential load: short duration dynamic load: varies in intensity dynamic load: varies in intensity impact load: sudden and powerful application of force impact load: sudden and powerful application of force Standard dimension: 30 X 86 inches Standard dimension: 30 X 86 inches

11 Concrete Vaults May or may not be internally reinforced: smooth steel bar/rebar May or may not be internally reinforced: smooth steel bar/rebar Lining materials: polystyrene, ABS, stainless steel, copper, bronze, asphalt Lining materials: polystyrene, ABS, stainless steel, copper, bronze, asphalt Exterior treatments: decorative and/or protective Exterior treatments: decorative and/or protective Galvanized: “steel that has been coated with zinc for increased resistance to rust” Galvanized: “steel that has been coated with zinc for increased resistance to rust”

12 Metal Vaults Most common: steel, stainless steel, and copper Most common: steel, stainless steel, and copper Common thickness: 12-7 gauge Common thickness: 12-7 gauge Shallow base and a top/dome Shallow base and a top/dome Uses the “diving bell” principle Uses the “diving bell” principle Dome: “the top of an air seal burial vault which entraps air as it is put in position; it also supports the weight of the earth above” Dome: “the top of an air seal burial vault which entraps air as it is put in position; it also supports the weight of the earth above”

13 Fiberglass and Polymer Vaults Often use air seal principle but some use the top seal principle. Often use air seal principle but some use the top seal principle.

14 Methods of Vault Closure Top Seal: “utilizes an epoxy compound in conjunction with tongue-in-groove construction at the top edge and the lid of the vault” Top Seal: “utilizes an epoxy compound in conjunction with tongue-in-groove construction at the top edge and the lid of the vault” Air Seal: “utilizes the air pressure created by placing the dome of the vault onto the base of the vault” Air Seal: “utilizes the air pressure created by placing the dome of the vault onto the base of the vault” Double Seal: “a method of closure that utilizes the principle of the air seal in conjunction with an epoxy material at the junction of the dome and the base of the vault” Double Seal: “a method of closure that utilizes the principle of the air seal in conjunction with an epoxy material at the junction of the dome and the base of the vault”

15 Grave Liners Purpose: support the weight of the earth covering the grave Purpose: support the weight of the earth covering the grave Materials used: concrete, wood, polymer and fiberglass Materials used: concrete, wood, polymer and fiberglass Types: grave box - “an outer enclosure consisting of a body and a one or two piece lid” Types: grave box - “an outer enclosure consisting of a body and a one or two piece lid” sectional/concrete sectional – “a grave liner consisting of 6 or 8 slabs of unfinished concrete placed around the casket” sectional/concrete sectional – “a grave liner consisting of 6 or 8 slabs of unfinished concrete placed around the casket”


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